The Confederation Line (French: Ligne de la Confédération) is a light metro line under construction in Ottawa, Ontario, Canada. The Confederation Line will be part of the O-Train network operated by OC Transpo along with the existing diesel-powered Trillium Line. While using light rail rolling stock and technology (e.g. pantograph electrical pickup from overhead catenary rather than a third rail), the Confederation Line is completely grade separated.
Test train exiting the St-Laurent station tunnel
|Stations||13 (+16 approved in stage 2)|
|Planned opening||September 2019|
|Owner||City of Ottawa|
|Rolling stock||Alstom Citadis Spirit|
|Line length||12.5 km (7.8 mi)|
|Track gauge||1,435 mm (4 ft 8 1⁄2 in) standard gauge|
|Electrification||1500 V DC, Overhead Catenary|
|Operating speed||80 km/h (50 mph)|
The project was approved by Ottawa City Council and the contract was awarded in December 2012. Construction began in 2013 and the line is expected to open in September 2019. At a cost of just over $2.1 billion, it was the largest infrastructure project awarded in the history of the city before being surpassed by the Stage 2 extension of the line which will cost $2.57 billion.
The line was approved unanimously by the City Council on December 19, 2012, after many years of debate on a rapid transit network for the city. It represents the initial phase of the network and will be implemented through a 30-year Design-Build-Finance-Maintenance agreement with the Rideau Transit Group. The Citadis Spirit light train will be used to provide passenger service.
On June 8, 2016, a sinkhole opened in the middle of Rideau Street near its intersection with Sussex Drive, 25 metres (82 ft) above the LRT tunnel construction, swallowing three lanes of the street and a parked van. The collapse forced evacuation of the Rideau Centre and the closing of a number of local streets and businesses; no one was injured or killed, but the nearly-completed tunnel was flooded, submerging a roadheader. Repairs were completed, and the city was cleared of any wrong-doing.
Testing of the line’s rolling stock began in late 2016, and was planned to continue through most of the following year before the line was expected to open to the public in November 2018. In September 2018, it was announced that the line would not open on schedule and would instead open in early 2019. In March 2019, this was pushed back to sometime between April and June 2019. In May 2019, the opening of the line was again delayed, until the third quarter of 2019, due to concerns about train operations.
Route and stationsEdit
The Confederation Line reaches from Tunney's Pasture station in the west to Blair station in the east, a distance of 12.5 kilometres (7.8 mi) including a 2.5-kilometre (1.6 mi) tunnel running under Queen Street in the central business district. The line connects to the existing Bus Rapid Transitway at both ends, and to the O-Train Trillium Line at Bayview station.
With the grade separation, it is expected that travel time from one end to another will be less than 25 minutes. The train frequency will be every 5 minutes or better during peak hours and every 15 minutes or better after 11PM (except Sunday). The hours of operation for the Confederation Line will be:
|Monday to Thursday||5 am to 1 am|
|Friday||5 am to 2 am|
|Saturday||6 am to 2 am|
|Sunday||8 am to 11 pm|
There is no synchonization in the schedule for the last Confederation and Trillium line trains at Bayview station. (As of 2019[update], Trillium Line trains stop running just after mid-night Monday through Saturday, and at 11:30PM on Sundays.) Thus, it would be possible for a passenger to be stranded at Bayview if trains on one line arrive after the last train on the other has departed.
There are 13 stations in Stage 1 of the project. The three downtown subway stations have 120-metre (390 ft) platforms; the remainder are 90 metres (300 ft) with provisions for future expansion.
All stations will display an illuminated red "O" at the entrance. Every station will have fare vending machines selling Presto cards, single-ride tickets, day passes, family passes and multi-day passes; vending machines will accept cash, debit cards and credit cards. Stations will have an information phone as well as emergency phones for those requiring assistance; vending machines will also provide a video chat feature. Access through the fare gates to station platforms is via Presto card, U-Pass, STO Multi card, barcoded ticket or barcoded bus transfer. All 13 Stage 1 stations will have elevators, and nine will have escalators. Station stairways will have a channel for passengers to push a bicycle. Four of the 13 stations will have public washrooms.
The four major major transfer stations—Blair, Hurdman, Bayview, and Tunney's Pasture—will have a fare-paid area so that passengers transferring between bus and O-Train need not go through fare gates. uOttawa, Tremblay and Cyrville stations will not have nearby connecting buses. Lyon station will be the major hub for STO (Société de transport de l’Outaouais) buses connecting with OC Transpo services.
|Blair||Connects with the East Transitway to Orleans|
|Cyrville||Transitway station demolished and rebuilt to handle LRT in 2015.|
|St-Laurent||Integrates with the St. Laurent Shopping Centre and connects to east end bus routes|
|Tremblay||Connects with Via Rail inter-regional services at Ottawa station. A pedestrian bridge connects to Raymond Chabot Grant Thornton Park north of the Queensway.|
|Hurdman||Connects to the Southeast Transitway to south Ottawa|
|Lees||Serves existing high-density residential buildings|
|uOttawa||Serves the University of Ottawa. Replaces the previous Campus station.|
|Rideau||Located under Rideau Street and integrated with the Rideau Centre complex. Replaces the existing Mackenzie King station and will be a major transfer station, providing transfers between the Confederation Line and the city's urban bus routes to the east (Montreal Road) and south (Bank Street).|
|Parliament||Located under Queen Street, replacing the Bank and Metcalfe stations. Connects to the Sun Life Centre and Heritage Place.|
|Lyon||Located under Queen Street, replacing the Bay and Kent stations. To be integrated with Place de Ville's underground concourse and a future Claridge residential development.|
|Pimisi||Located in LeBreton Flats under the Booth Street bridge. Connects with Gatineau buses.|
|Bayview||Connects with the north–south Trillium Line to south Ottawa.|
|Tunney's Pasture||A major federal government employment area. Connects with the West Transitway towards Barrhaven and Kanata.|
|Stage 2 West|
|Westboro||Will replace the existing Transitway station|
|Dominion||Will replace the existing Transitway station|
|Cleary||Will be located next to Cleary Avenue|
|New Orchard||Will be built as part of a cut-and-cover tunnel along the Byron Linear Park|
|Lincoln Fields||Will replace the existing Transitway station. This station will feature three platforms and will be the point where the western portion of the Confederation Line splits off with one branch heading south towards Algonquin station and the other branch west towards Moodie station.|
|Queensview||Will be located near OC Transpo's Pinecrest garage between Queensview drive and the 417. A pedestrian bridge across the 417 has also been proposed.|
|Pinecrest||Will be located just west of Pinecrest Road and south of the existing Transitway station|
|Bayshore||Will replace the existing Transitway station|
|Moodie||Will replace the newly built Transitway station. A new maintenance and storage facility will be built beyond this station on the west side of Moodie drive.|
|Iris||Will replace the existing Transtiway station|
|Algonquin||Will replace Baseline station. The station will be renamed to Algonquin to better associate with the nearby Algonquin College campus.|
|Stage 2 East|
|Montreal||Will be built across Montreal Road and replace the existing Transitway station|
|Jeanne d'Arc||Will be built in the median of Highway 174 below Jeanne d'Arc Boulevard|
|Orléans||Will be built in the median of the 174 below Orléans Boulevard|
|Place d'Orléans||Will be built in the median of the 174 and connect to the existing pedestrian bridge to connect to the Park and Ride and the Place d'Orleans Shopping Centre|
|Trim||Will be located at Trim road|
As part of the winning consortium for the project, Alstom will provide 34 Citadis Spirit LRVs. It is the company's first order for modern light rail vehicles in North America, competing directly with similar models such as the Siemens S70 (which was originally ordered for the original extension plan for the Trillium Line but was later cancelled). Derived from the earlier Citadis X-04 series used in Europe, they will be assembled in Alstom's plant in Hornell, New York with final assembly in Ottawa at a new depot and rail yard at Belfast Road and St-Laurent Boulevard, directly behind OC Transpo's headquarters and main bus depot (down the track from Tremblay station).
Signalling on the line will be handled by Thales' SelTrac semi-automatic communication-based train control (CBTC) technology. Thales will design, build, maintain the system, and support its installation and commissioning.
An additional 38 Citadis Spirit vehicles were ordered by the city as part of the Stage 2 extension project with four of them being assembled well in advance to supplement the Stage 1 fleet.
The system has encountered operational issues with the train set during winter storms, including heating systems failing to work, communications systems failing, and body work on cars dropping off. The SNC-Lavalin-led Rideau Transit Group will need to complete testing before the system can be transferred to OCTranspo, and this is expected to result in a delayed opening of the system.
|O-Train maintenance facility|
|Location||805 Belfast Road|
|Owned by||OC Transpo|
|Structure type||train storage shed, maintenance facility, administration building|
All cars will be stored at the Belfast Yard at 805 Belfast Road, with connecting track to the Confederation Line. Part of the 6.5-hectare (16-acre) site was an existing OC Transpo facility. The yard site was created by combining this facility with the properties of a number of private business. All existing structures were demolished in 2013, and the new facilities were completed in 2016. The facility has a storage shed, maintenance facilities and an administration office. Final assembly for some of the LRVs was completed here.
In mid-April 2015, OC Transpo posted a list of bus route changes as a result of the closure of the Transitway between Hurdman station and Blair station. As a result of the closure, many new routes are being created, such as route 91, and existing routes modified, most notably routes 61, 62, 94 and 95. Many routes will use new bus-only lanes on Highway 417, and several others will be altered or shortened to avoid serving the construction area. The changes are meant to provide extra service to those in areas affected by the Transitway closure, and to avoid as many delays as possible while construction on the Confederation Line progresses. A side project on the 417 highway was completed in 2016.
In November 2013, the City of Ottawa released its new transportation master plan, which included plans to build 35 kilometres (22 mi) of new rapid transit and 19 new stations. This also included plans to extend the Confederation Line westward to Moodie station and to Baseline station, and eastward to Place d'Orleans station. In July 2015, the city released a functional report on the Stage 2 system expansion, which added plans to extend the Confederation Line eastward from Place d'Orleans station to Trim station. An extension westward to Moodie Drive from Bayshore station was announced in February 2017. This totals an extension of 11 stations westward and 5 stations eastward.
Construction is expected to start in Q2 2019, as the initial line becomes operational. The full system would be operational by 2025, with the extension to Trim operational by 2024. The city is currently working on finalizing plans for the current gap in service between Dominion station and Lincoln Fields station where buses travel on the Sir John A. Macdonald Parkway a little over 4 kilometres (2.5 mi) without stopping. The plan calls for burying trains for most of the route, creating a shorter, straighter alignment. The new route will also include two new LRT stations in an urban area with plenty of densification opportunities.
- Porter, Kate (June 18, 2019). "RTG promises to hand over LRT to city in August". CBC.ca. Retrieved June 18, 2019.
- "How often will it come?". OC Transpo.
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O-Train passengers could be boarding the expanded and newly named Trillium Line by mid-November
- "Design, Build, Finance and Maintenance of Ottawa's Light Rail Transit (OLRT) Project" (PDF). Disposition 47. Ottawa City Council. 19 December 2012.[permanent dead link]
- "2015 Look Ahead" (PDF). Confederation Line. 2015. Archived from the original on 2015-09-25. Retrieved 2015-06-11.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)
- Schepers (December 4, 2012), p.6
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- Schepers (December 4, 2012), p.1
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- "Ready for Rail: How Often Will It Come? | Ottawa Confederation Line". www.ligneconfederationline.ca. Retrieved 2018-10-11.
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"Alstom launches North American light rail vehicle with Ottawa contract". Railway Gazette. 2013-02-14. Archived from the original on 2014-09-06.
With a similar configuration to Citadis Dualis tram-trains used in the French cities of Nantes and Lyon, the version of the Citadis Spirit for Ottawa will be a 100% low-floor LRV with a top speed of 100 km/h and space for bicycles. It will be equipped to operate in 'extreme' winter conditions.
- Vantuono, William (February 14, 2013). "Alstom finalizes Ottawa LRT contract". Railway Age. Retrieved June 20, 2017.
- "Ottawa LRT signalling award for Thales". Global Rail News. March 5, 2013. Archived from the original on April 10, 2013.
- "Take the 'Eh-Train': Ottawa reveals names of 40 LRT cars". CBC. Retrieved 2018-10-11.
- "Report to: Council" (PDF). 2019-02-22. Retrieved 2019-02-25.
- "OC Transpo - On Track 2018". April 2015. Retrieved 19 April 2015.
- "Transportation Master Plan". City of Ottawa. Retrieved 2 March 2015.
- City of Ottawa (2015-06-29). "Stage 2 LRT". Stage 2 LRT Resources. City of Ottawa. Retrieved 2015-07-06.
- Willing, Jon (2017-02-17). "'The west is finally in': $3.6B rail package includes LRT to Moodie Drive". Ottawa Citizen. Retrieved 2017-08-19.
- "Stage 2 - East, West and South". City of Ottawa. 2015. Retrieved 2015-08-01.
- "Unsatisfied with City proposal partially bury western extension". Ottawa Citizen. Archived from the original on June 19, 2013. Retrieved June 12, 2013.
- Schepers, Nancy (December 4, 2012). "Design, Build, Finance and Maintenance of Ottawa's Light Rail Transit (OLRT) Project" (PDF). Report to Council. City of Ottawa. Retrieved June 20, 2017.
- Schepers, Nancy (June 22, 2015). Report to Finance and Economic Development Committee 29 June 2015 and Council 8 July 2015. Submitted on June 22, 2015 by Nancy Schepers, Executive Advisor, Light Rail Planning and Implementation. File Number: ACS2015-CMR-OCM-0017. Subject: Stage 2 Light Rail Transit (LRT) Environmental Assessment and Functional Design Report. Retrieved July 6, 2015.
- OC Transpo's Announcement video of their chosen Light Rail Vehicle