Ismailia Governorate (Arabic: محافظة الإسماعيلية Muḥāfāzah Al Ismāʿīliya, IPA: [muˈħɑfzˤah alʔesmæʕeˈlejjæ]) is one of the Canal Zone governorates of Egypt. Located in the northeastern part of the country, its capital is the city of Ismailia. It was named after Ismail Pasha, who as Ottoman Viceroy of Egypt, oversaw the country during the building of the Suez Canal. It is located between the other two Canal governorates; Port Said Governorate, in the Northern part of Egypt and Suez Governorate.
Ismailia Governorate on the map of Egypt
|• Governor||Hamdi Hamed Mohamed Osman|
|• Total||5,066 km2 (1,956 sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+2 (EET)|
high · 8th
|1966–2006, 2015 is an estimate|
The governorate is divided into municipal divisions, with a total estimated population as of July 2017 of 1,309,474. In the case of Ismailia governorate, there are 4 kism, 5 markaz and 1 new city.
|Anglicized name||Native name||Arabic transliteration||Population
(July 2017 Est.)
|Abu Suwir||مركز ابو صوير||Abū Ṣuwīr||206,863||Markaz|
|Ismailia 1||قسم أول الاسماعيلية||Al-Ismā'īliyah 1||43,226||Kism (fully urban)|
|Ismailia 2||قسم ثان الاسماعيلية||Al-Ismā'īliyah 2||229,209||Kism (fully urban)|
|Ismailia 3||قسم ثالث الاسماعيلية||Al-Ismā'īliyah 3||113,937||Kism (fully urban)|
|El Qantara||مركز القنطرة||Al-Qanṭarah||149,171||Markaz|
|El Qantara El Sharqiya||قسم القنطرة شرق||Al-Qanṭarah Sharq||56,536||Kism (urban and rural parts)|
|New Kasaseen||مركز القصاصين الجديده||Al-Qaṣāṣīn al-Jadīdah||100,000||New City|
|Tell El Kebir||مركز التل الكبير||At-Tall al-Kabīr||93,000||Markaz|
According to population estimates, in 2015 the majority of residents in the governorate lived in rural areas, with an urbanization rate of only 45.4%. Out of an estimated 1,178,641 people residing in the governorate, 643,778 people lived in rural areas as opposed to only 534,863 in urban areas.
Cities and townsEdit
As of 2017, seven cities (or towns) in Ismailia had a population of over 15,000 inhabitants.
|Anglicized name||Native name||Arabic transliteration||Nov. 1996 Census||Nov. 2006 Census||Population|
(July 2017 Est.)
|Abu Suwir El Mahata||أبو صوير المحطة||Abū Ṣuwayr al-Maḥaṭṭah||18,331||24,265||29,476|
|El Qantara El Sharqiya||القنطرة شرق||Al-Qanṭarah Sharq||12,116||20,685||28,613|
|New Kasaseen||القصاصين الجديدة||Al-Qaṣāṣīn al-Jadīdah||11,948||15,611||22,000|
|Tell El Kebir||التل الكبير||At-Tall al-Kabīr||31,410||26,891||37,000|
According to the Egyptian Governing Authority for Investment and Free Zones (GAFI), in affiliation with the Ministry of Investment (MOI), the following industrial zones are located in this governorate:
- Al Qantara Shark
- The 1st industrial zone
- Technology Valley
- The 2nd industrial zone
- Abu Khalifa
Annual film festivalEdit
Hashim El Nahas founded the Ismailia International Film Festival for Documentaries and Shorts and originally considered establishing it in Luxor. Instead this festival has been celebrating its annual events in Ismailia Governorate. It is sponsored by the Ministry of Culture, Ismailia Governorate, The National Cinema Center and other sponsors.
The Ismailia Governorate is on the banks of the Suez Canal and its Ismailia Canal extends from the Nile River near Cairo, to the Suez Canal at the city of Ismailia, on Lake Timsah. The Ismailia Canal was built to provide fresh water to workers during the building of the Suez Canal. The Suez Canal Authority headquarters is located in Ismailia.
Conflicts and warsEdit
From 1967 to 1970, Ismailia became a war zone and was damaged in the conflict with Israel. Many battles were fought, in and around Ismailia, including at the end of the conflict in the Battle of Ismailia and the area was able to begin rebuilding after a cease-fire was negotiated between Egypt and Israel in 1973.
Fishing landing sitesEdit
UN sustainable programmeEdit
After a successful SIP (Sustainable Ismailia Programme) from 1992-1997, the United Nations expanded the project to include the entire Governorate of Ismailia calling it SGIP (Sustainable Ismailia Governorate Programme). Its goal is to work with local partners to improve the communities in Ismailia.
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