Kano State

Kano State is a state located in northern Nigeria.[6] Kano was created on May 27, 1967 from part of the Northern Region, and borders Katsina State to the northwest, Jigawa State to the northeast, Bauchi State to the southeast and Kaduna State to the southwest.[6] The state's capital is the city of Kano.[6]

Kano State
Kano State
Flag of Kano State
Flag
Official seal of Kano State
Seal
Nickname(s): 
Centre of Commerce, Tumbin Giwa
Location of Kano State in Nigeria
Location of Kano State in Nigeria
Coordinates: 11°30′N 8°30′E / 11.500°N 8.500°E / 11.500; 8.500Coordinates: 11°30′N 8°30′E / 11.500°N 8.500°E / 11.500; 8.500
Country Nigeria
Date createdMay 27, 1967
CapitalKano
Government
 • Governor[1]Abdullahi Umar Ganduje
 • Deputy GovernorNasiru Yusuf Gawuna
 • Senators
 • RepresentativesList
Area
 • Total20,131 km2 (7,773 sq mi)
Area rank20th of 36
Population
 (2006 census)[3]
 • Total9,401,288
 • Estimate 
(2011)
11,058,300[2]
 • Rank1st of 36
 • Density470/km2 (1,200/sq mi)
GDP (PPP)
 • Year2007
 • Total$12.39 billion[4]
 • Per capita$1,288[4]
Time zoneUTC+01 (WAT)
postal code
700001
ISO 3166 codeNG-KN
HDI (2018)0.483[5]
low · 27th of 37
Website[2]
^1 Preliminary results

HistoryEdit

An important early center of commerce in the region was Kurmi Market, founded by the Emir of Kano Muhammadu Rumfa in 1463 CE.[7] Subsequent leaders made contributions to the emergence of Kano as a leading commercial centre in Sudanic Africa.[citation needed] During the time of the Kano Emirate, Emir Ibrahim Dabo made a number of administrative reforms, seeking to increase commerce in the region.[8] Leaders during this time encouraged traders to move from Katsina, capitalising on raids from the Hausa Sultanate of Maradi.[citation needed] The Jihad leaders of the Caliphate encouraged Kola nut trade and Kano was the greatest beneficiary with an annual turnover of about $30 million.[citation needed] Craft industries also evolved in the pre-colonial period contributing to the prosperity of the province.[citation needed]

After a British invasion of the region, culminating in the Battle of Kano in February 1903, the region became a part of the Northern Nigeria Protectorate.[9] Kano lated became a part of the Northern Region of Nigeria.[6] Kano state was created on May 27, 1967.[6] In 1991, part of Kano State was separated to form Jigawa State.

EconomyEdit

Many large markets exist within Kano today, such as the Kurmi Market, the Kwari Market, and the Dawanau Market.[7] Many of these markets specialize in a certain product, such as textiles or grains.[7]

AgricultureEdit

Subsistence and commercial agriculture is mostly practised in the outlying districts of the state. Some of the food crops cultivated are millet, cowpeas, sorghum, maize and rice for local consumption while groundnuts and cotton are produced for export and industrial purposes. During the colonial period and several years after the country's independence, the groundnuts produced in the state constituted one of the major sources revenue of the country. Kano State is a major producer of hides and skins, sesame, soybean, cotton, garlic, gum arabic and chili pepper.

IndustryEdit

Kano State is the second-largest industrial centre after Lagos State in Nigeria and the largest in Northern Nigeria with textile, tanning, footwear, cosmetics, plastics, enamelware, pharmaceuticals, ceramics, furniture and other industries.[citation needed] Others include agricultural implements, soft drinks, food and beverages, dairy products, vegetable oil, animal feeds etc.[citation needed] Kano is also the center of a growing Islamic banking industry in Nigeria.[10]

TourismEdit

The tourist attractions in the state include:

  • Kurmi Market established in the 15th century,
  • Kano's centuries-old city wall,
  • Gidan Rumfa (Emir's Palace, the oldest continuous site of authority in Nigeria)
  • Kano Zoo
  • Dala and Gwauron Dutse
  • Gidan makama (Kano Museum)

EducationEdit

Post-Secondary InstitutionsEdit

UniversitiesEdit

Kano State is home to four universities: one federal university, two states universities, and one private university.

Polytechnics and CollegesEdit

The following is a list of the approved Polytechnics and Colleges in the state of Kano:

Research CentresEdit

The following is a list of research centres and institutes in the state of Kano:

  • Aminu Kano Center for Democratic Research & Training
  • Center For Research and Documentation, Kano
  • Institute For Agricultural Research, Kano
  • International Institute of Tropical Agriculture, Kano[14]
  • International Crops Research Institute for Semi Arid Tropics, Kano
  • Hydraulic Equipment Development Institute, Kano
  • Digital Bridge Institute, Kano

Local Government AreasEdit

Kano State consists of forty-four (44) Local Government Areas (LGAs). They are:

LGA Name Area (km2) Census 2006
population
Administrative capital Postal
Code
Local Government chairman and the Head of the Local Government Council
Fagge 21 200,095 Waje 700 Alh. Habibu Saleh Mai Lemo (APC)
Dala 19 418,759 Gwanmaja 700 Alh. Ibrahim Suleiman Dan’isle (APC)
Gwale 18 357,827 Gwale 700 Alh. Abdullahi Zubair Imam (APC)
Kano Municipal 17 371,243 Kofar Kudu 700 Alh. Mukhtari Ishaq Yakasai (APC)
Tarauni 28 221,844 Unguwa Uku 700 Muazzam Abba Ibrahim (APC)
Nassarawa 34 596,411 Bompai 700 Alh. Lamin Sani Kawaji (APC)
Kumbotso 158 294,391 Kumbotso 700 Alh. Lawan Isma'il (APC)
Ungogo 204 365,737 Ungogo 700 Alh. Shehu Aliyu Ungogo (APC)
Kano Metropolitan Area 499 2,828,861 700
Dawakin Tofa 479 246,197 Dawakin Tofa 701 Alh. Saleh Rabiu (APC)
Tofa 202 98,603 Tofa 701 Alh. Yaro Inuwa (APC)
Rimin Gado 225 103,371 Rimin Gado 701 Alh. Halliru Audu Yalwa (APC)
Bagwai 405 161,533 Bagwai 701 Alh. Ado Isyaku Daddauda (APC)
Gezawa 340 282,328 Gezawa 702 Alh. Ibrahim Isa Jogana (APC)
Gabasawa 605 211,204 Zakirai 702 Alh. Ghali Adamu Garun Danga (APC)
Minjibir 416 219,611 Minjibir 702 Alh. Nasiru Garba Kunya (APC)
Dambatta 732 210,474 Dambatta 702 Muhammadu Audu Wango (APC)
Makoda 441 220,094 Makoda 702 Abubakar Salisu Makoda (APC)
Kunchi 671 110,170 Kunchi 703 Alh. Aminu Adamu Gwarmai (APC)
Bichi 612 278,309 Bichi 703 Alh. Muhammad Sani Muqaddas (APC)
Tsanyawa 492 157,730 Tsanyawa 703 Alh. Safiyanu Muhammad (APC)
Shanono 697 139,128 Shanono 704 Alh. Malami Ibrahim Shanono (APC)
Gwarzo 393 183,624 Gwarzo 704 Alh. Sunusi Abdullahi Gwarzo (APC)
Karaye 479 144,045 Karaye 704 Alh. Ibrahim Ahmad Karaye (APC)
Rogo 802 227,607 Rogo 704 Alh. Abubakar Mustapha Rogo (APC)
Kabo 341 153,158 Kabo 704 Alh. Mamuda Idris Kabo (APC)
Northern Kano State 8,332 3,143,899 701 to 704
Bunkure 487 174,467 Bunkure 710 Alh. Rabiu Bala (APC)
Kibiya 404 138,618 Kibiya 710 Yusuf Shehu Kibiya (APC)
Rano 520 148,276 Rano 710 Alh. Muhammadu Ubale Dan-Kawu (APC)
Tudun Wada 1,204 228,658 Tudun Wada 710 Engr. Ibrahim Nayola (APC)
Doguwa 1,473 150,645 Riruwai 710 Alh. Ali Abdu Doguwa (APC)
Madobi 273 137,685 Madobi 711 Alh. Lurwanu Umar Kanwa (APC)
Kura 206 143,094 Kura 711 Alh. Basiru Abubakar Turaki (APC)
Garun Mallam 214 118,622 Garun Mallam 711 Alh. Sa'adu Abashe (APC)
Bebeji 717 191,916 Bebeji 711 Alh. Mudansir Umar Bebeji (APC)
Kiru 927 267,168 Kiru 711 Nasiru Mu'azu Kiru (APC)
Sumaila 1,250 250,379 Sumaila 712 Abdulhamid Idris Rimi (APC)
Garko 450 161,966 Garko 712 Arc. Hamza Said Garun Ali (APC)
Takai 598 202,639 Takai 712 Alh. Inusa Abdullahi Dambazau (APC)
Albasu 398 187,639 Albasu 712 Alh. Hamisu Abdulhamid (APC)
Gaya 613 207,419 Gaya 713 Alh. Lawan Saleh (APC)
Ajingi 714 172,610 Ajingi 713 Alh. Isa Abdulkadir Tsangaya (APC)
Wudil 362 188,639 Wudil 713 Bello Abubakar (APC)
Warawa 360 131,858 Warawa 713 Alh. Ibrahim Abdullahi Danlasan (APC)
Dawakin Kudu 384 225,497 Dawakin Kudu 713 Alh. Maikudi Yusuf 'Yargaya (APC)
Southern Kano State 11,554 3,410,922 710 to 713

DemographicsEdit

PopulationEdit

According to the 2006 PON census figures from Nigeria Kano State had a population totalling 9,401,288. Officially, Kano State is the most populous state in the country.[15] The state is mostly populated by the Hausa people.[16]

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1991 5,810,470—    
2006 9,401,288+61.8%
2016 13,076,900+39.1%
source:[17]

LanguagesEdit

The official language of Kano State is Hausa. Fula is also spoken.[18][verification needed]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ See List of Governors of Kano State for a list of prior governors
  2. ^ "Nigeria:Federal States & Major Cities- Statistics & Maps on City Population". CITYPOPULATION. Retrieved May 12, 2014.
  3. ^ "2006 PHC Priority Tables – NATIONAL POPULATION COMMISSION". population.gov.ng. Archived from the original on October 10, 2017. Retrieved October 10, 2017.
  4. ^ a b "C-GIDD (Canback Global Income Distribution Database)". Canback Dangel. Retrieved August 20, 2008.
  5. ^ "Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab". hdi.globaldatalab.org. Retrieved September 13, 2018.
  6. ^ a b c d e "About Kano". Kano State. December 30, 2017. Archived from the original on May 19, 2020. Retrieved May 19, 2020.
  7. ^ a b c "Kano Markets". Kano State. June 6, 2018. Archived from the original on May 19, 2020. Retrieved May 19, 2020.
  8. ^ Miers, Suzanne; Klein, Martin A. (1999). Slavery and Colonial Rule in Africa. Psychology Press. ISBN 978-0-7146-4884-2.
  9. ^ "CAPTURE OF KANO". West Gippsland Gazette (Warragul, Vic. : 1898 - 1930). May 19, 1903. p. 6. Retrieved May 19, 2020.
  10. ^ "Islamic Finance Nigeria". SukFin. Retrieved May 7, 2020.
  11. ^ "History, Facts & Figures | Bayero University, Kano". buk.edu.ng. Retrieved May 19, 2020.
  12. ^ a b "BRIEF HISTORY OF KUST WUDIL – Kano University of Science and Technology, Wudil". Retrieved May 19, 2020.
  13. ^ "ABOUT SKYLINE UNIVERSITY NIGERIA". sun.edu.ng. Retrieved May 19, 2020.
  14. ^ IITA Research Station, Kano
  15. ^ [1] Archived January 29, 2007, at the Wayback Machine
  16. ^ http://www.onlinenigeria.com/map.gif
  17. ^ Kano population statistics
  18. ^ Ibrahim Ado-Kurawa (2003). "Brief History of Kano 999 to 2003". kanostate.net. Kano State Government Nigeria. Archived from the original on December 10, 2009. Retrieved December 7, 2009.

Further readingEdit

External linksEdit