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Kano State is a state located in northern Nigeria. Kano was created on May 27, 1967 from part of the Northern Region, and borders Katsina State to the northwest, Jigawa State to the northeast, Bauchi State to the southeast and Kaduna State to the southwest. The state's capital is the city of Kano.
Centre of Commerce, Tumbin Giwa
Location of Kano State in Nigeria
|Date created||May 27, 1967|
|• Governor||Abdullahi Umar Ganduje|
|• Deputy Governor||Nasiru Yusuf Gawuna|
|• Total||20,131 km2 (7,773 sq mi)|
|Area rank||20th of 36|
| • Estimate |
|• Rank||1st of 36|
|• Density||470/km2 (1,200/sq mi)|
|• Total||$12.39 billion|
|• Per capita||$1,288|
|Time zone||UTC+01 (WAT)|
|ISO 3166 code||NG-KN|
low · 27th of 37
|^1 Preliminary results|
An important early center of commerce in the region was Kurmi Market, founded by the Emir of Kano Muhammadu Rumfa in 1463 CE. Subsequent leaders made contributions to the emergence of Kano as a leading commercial centre in Sudanic Africa. During the time of the Kano Emirate, Emir Ibrahim Dabo made a number of administrative reforms, seeking to increase commerce in the region. Leaders during this time encouraged traders to move from Katsina, capitalising on raids from the Hausa Sultanate of Maradi. The Jihad leaders of the Caliphate encouraged Kola nut trade and Kano was the greatest beneficiary with an annual turnover of about $30 million. Craft industries also evolved in the pre-colonial period contributing to the prosperity of the province.
After a British invasion of the region, culminating in the Battle of Kano in February 1903, the region became a part of the Northern Nigeria Protectorate. Kano lated became a part of the Northern Region of Nigeria. Kano state was created on May 27, 1967. In 1991, part of Kano State was separated to form Jigawa State.
Many large markets exist within Kano today, such as the Kurmi Market, the Kwari Market, and the Dawanau Market. Many of these markets specialize in a certain product, such as textiles or grains.
Subsistence and commercial agriculture is mostly practised in the outlying districts of the state. Some of the food crops cultivated are millet, cowpeas, sorghum, maize and rice for local consumption while groundnuts and cotton are produced for export and industrial purposes. During the colonial period and several years after the country's independence, the groundnuts produced in the state constituted one of the major sources revenue of the country. Kano State is a major producer of hides and skins, sesame, soybean, cotton, garlic, gum arabic and chili pepper.
Kano State is the second-largest industrial centre after Lagos State in Nigeria and the largest in Northern Nigeria with textile, tanning, footwear, cosmetics, plastics, enamelware, pharmaceuticals, ceramics, furniture and other industries. Others include agricultural implements, soft drinks, food and beverages, dairy products, vegetable oil, animal feeds etc. Kano is also the center of a growing Islamic banking industry in Nigeria.
The tourist attractions in the state include:
- Kurmi Market established in the 15th century,
- Kano's centuries-old city wall,
- Gidan Rumfa (Emir's Palace, the oldest continuous site of authority in Nigeria)
- Kano Zoo
- Dala and Gwauron Dutse
- Gidan makama (Kano Museum)
Kano State is home to four universities: one federal university, two states universities, and one private university.
- Bayero University Kano (BUK), founded in 1977.
- Kano University of Science and Technology (KUST), founded in 2001.
- Yusuf Maitama Sule University Kano (YUSMUK), founded in 2012.
- Skyline University Nigeria (SUN), founded in 2018.
Polytechnics and CollegesEdit
The following is a list of the approved Polytechnics and Colleges in the state of Kano:
- Federal College of Education, Kano
- Federal College of Education (Technical), Bichi
- Federal College of Agricultural Produce Technology, Kano
- Kano State Polytechnic
- Kano State School of Health Technology
- Kano State School of Hygiene
- Kano State College of Arts, Sciences and Remedial Studies (CAS, Kano)
- Rabi'u Musa Kwankwaso College of Advance and Remedial Studies (RMK CARS, T/Wada)
- Audu Bako School of Agriculture, Dambatta
- Aminu Kano College of Islamic and Legal Studies, Kano
- Sa'adatu Rimi College of Education, Kano
- Aminu Dabo School of Health Sciences & Technology
- Emirate College of Science and Health Technology Riyiyar Zaki
The following is a list of research centres and institutes in the state of Kano:
- Aminu Kano Center for Democratic Research & Training
- Center For Research and Documentation, Kano
- Institute For Agricultural Research, Kano
- International Institute of Tropical Agriculture, Kano
- International Crops Research Institute for Semi Arid Tropics, Kano
- Hydraulic Equipment Development Institute, Kano
- Digital Bridge Institute, Kano
Local Government AreasEdit
Kano State consists of forty-four (44) Local Government Areas (LGAs). They are:
|LGA Name||Area (km2)||Census 2006
|Local Government chairman and the Head of the Local Government Council|
|Fagge||21||200,095||Waje||700||Alh. Habibu Saleh Mai Lemo (APC)|
|Dala||19||418,759||Gwanmaja||700||Alh. Ibrahim Suleiman Dan’isle (APC)|
|Gwale||18||357,827||Gwale||700||Alh. Abdullahi Zubair Imam (APC)|
|Kano Municipal||17||371,243||Kofar Kudu||700||Alh. Mukhtari Ishaq Yakasai (APC)|
|Tarauni||28||221,844||Unguwa Uku||700||Muazzam Abba Ibrahim (APC)|
|Nassarawa||34||596,411||Bompai||700||Alh. Lamin Sani Kawaji (APC)|
|Kumbotso||158||294,391||Kumbotso||700||Alh. Lawan Isma'il (APC)|
|Ungogo||204||365,737||Ungogo||700||Alh. Shehu Aliyu Ungogo (APC)|
|Kano Metropolitan Area||499||2,828,861||700|
|Dawakin Tofa||479||246,197||Dawakin Tofa||701||Alh. Saleh Rabiu (APC)|
|Tofa||202||98,603||Tofa||701||Alh. Yaro Inuwa (APC)|
|Rimin Gado||225||103,371||Rimin Gado||701||Alh. Halliru Audu Yalwa (APC)|
|Bagwai||405||161,533||Bagwai||701||Alh. Ado Isyaku Daddauda (APC)|
|Gezawa||340||282,328||Gezawa||702||Alh. Ibrahim Isa Jogana (APC)|
|Gabasawa||605||211,204||Zakirai||702||Alh. Ghali Adamu Garun Danga (APC)|
|Minjibir||416||219,611||Minjibir||702||Alh. Nasiru Garba Kunya (APC)|
|Dambatta||732||210,474||Dambatta||702||Muhammadu Audu Wango (APC)|
|Makoda||441||220,094||Makoda||702||Abubakar Salisu Makoda (APC)|
|Kunchi||671||110,170||Kunchi||703||Alh. Aminu Adamu Gwarmai (APC)|
|Bichi||612||278,309||Bichi||703||Alh. Muhammad Sani Muqaddas (APC)|
|Tsanyawa||492||157,730||Tsanyawa||703||Alh. Safiyanu Muhammad (APC)|
|Shanono||697||139,128||Shanono||704||Alh. Malami Ibrahim Shanono (APC)|
|Gwarzo||393||183,624||Gwarzo||704||Alh. Sunusi Abdullahi Gwarzo (APC)|
|Karaye||479||144,045||Karaye||704||Alh. Ibrahim Ahmad Karaye (APC)|
|Rogo||802||227,607||Rogo||704||Alh. Abubakar Mustapha Rogo (APC)|
|Kabo||341||153,158||Kabo||704||Alh. Mamuda Idris Kabo (APC)|
|Northern Kano State||8,332||3,143,899||701 to 704|
|Bunkure||487||174,467||Bunkure||710||Alh. Rabiu Bala (APC)|
|Kibiya||404||138,618||Kibiya||710||Yusuf Shehu Kibiya (APC)|
|Rano||520||148,276||Rano||710||Alh. Muhammadu Ubale Dan-Kawu (APC)|
|Tudun Wada||1,204||228,658||Tudun Wada||710||Engr. Ibrahim Nayola (APC)|
|Doguwa||1,473||150,645||Riruwai||710||Alh. Ali Abdu Doguwa (APC)|
|Madobi||273||137,685||Madobi||711||Alh. Lurwanu Umar Kanwa (APC)|
|Kura||206||143,094||Kura||711||Alh. Basiru Abubakar Turaki (APC)|
|Garun Mallam||214||118,622||Garun Mallam||711||Alh. Sa'adu Abashe (APC)|
|Bebeji||717||191,916||Bebeji||711||Alh. Mudansir Umar Bebeji (APC)|
|Kiru||927||267,168||Kiru||711||Nasiru Mu'azu Kiru (APC)|
|Sumaila||1,250||250,379||Sumaila||712||Abdulhamid Idris Rimi (APC)|
|Garko||450||161,966||Garko||712||Arc. Hamza Said Garun Ali (APC)|
|Takai||598||202,639||Takai||712||Alh. Inusa Abdullahi Dambazau (APC)|
|Albasu||398||187,639||Albasu||712||Alh. Hamisu Abdulhamid (APC)|
|Gaya||613||207,419||Gaya||713||Alh. Lawan Saleh (APC)|
|Ajingi||714||172,610||Ajingi||713||Alh. Isa Abdulkadir Tsangaya (APC)|
|Wudil||362||188,639||Wudil||713||Bello Abubakar (APC)|
|Warawa||360||131,858||Warawa||713||Alh. Ibrahim Abdullahi Danlasan (APC)|
|Dawakin Kudu||384||225,497||Dawakin Kudu||713||Alh. Maikudi Yusuf 'Yargaya (APC)|
|Southern Kano State||11,554||3,410,922||710 to 713|
According to the 2006 PON census figures from Nigeria Kano State had a population totalling 9,401,288. Officially, Kano State is the most populous state in the country. The state is mostly populated by the Hausa people.
- See List of Governors of Kano State for a list of prior governors
- "Nigeria:Federal States & Major Cities- Statistics & Maps on City Population". CITYPOPULATION. Retrieved May 12, 2014.
- "2006 PHC Priority Tables – NATIONAL POPULATION COMMISSION". population.gov.ng. Archived from the original on October 10, 2017. Retrieved October 10, 2017.
- "C-GIDD (Canback Global Income Distribution Database)". Canback Dangel. Retrieved August 20, 2008.
- "Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab". hdi.globaldatalab.org. Retrieved September 13, 2018.
- "About Kano". Kano State. December 30, 2017. Archived from the original on May 19, 2020. Retrieved May 19, 2020.
- "Kano Markets". Kano State. June 6, 2018. Archived from the original on May 19, 2020. Retrieved May 19, 2020.
- Miers, Suzanne; Klein, Martin A. (1999). Slavery and Colonial Rule in Africa. Psychology Press. ISBN 978-0-7146-4884-2.
- "CAPTURE OF KANO". West Gippsland Gazette (Warragul, Vic. : 1898 - 1930). May 19, 1903. p. 6. Retrieved May 19, 2020.
- "Islamic Finance Nigeria". SukFin. Retrieved May 7, 2020.
- "History, Facts & Figures | Bayero University, Kano". buk.edu.ng. Retrieved May 19, 2020.
- "BRIEF HISTORY OF KUST WUDIL – Kano University of Science and Technology, Wudil". Retrieved May 19, 2020.
- "ABOUT SKYLINE UNIVERSITY NIGERIA". sun.edu.ng. Retrieved May 19, 2020.
- IITA Research Station, Kano
-  Archived January 29, 2007, at the Wayback Machine
- Kano population statistics
- Ibrahim Ado-Kurawa (2003). "Brief History of Kano 999 to 2003". kanostate.net. Kano State Government Nigeria. Archived from the original on December 10, 2009. Retrieved December 7, 2009.
- "Commercial Agriculture Development Project (CADP)". 2010. Retrieved March 3, 2013.
|Wikisource has the text of the 1905 New International Encyclopedia article Kano.|