Kano State (Hausa: Jihar Kano) is one of the 36 states of Nigeria, located in the northern region of the country. As of the most recent national census (2006), Kano State is the most populous in Nigeria. The recent official estimates taken in 2016 by the National Bureau of Statistics found that Kano State was still the largest state by population in Nigeria. Created in 1967 from the former Northern Region, Kano State borders Katsina State to the northwest, Jigawa State to the northeast, Bauchi State to the southeast, and Kaduna State to the southwest. The state's capital and largest city is the city of Kano, the second most populous city in Nigeria after Lagos.
Jihar Kano (Hausa)
Centre of Commerce, Tumbin Giwa
Location of Kano State in Nigeria
|Date created||May 27, 1967|
|• Governor||Abdullahi Umar Ganduje|
|• Deputy Governor||Nasiru Yusuf Gawuna|
|• Total||20,131 km2 (7,773 sq mi)|
|Area rank||20th of 36|
| • Estimate |
|over 20 million|
|• Rank||1st of 36|
|• Density||470/km2 (1,200/sq mi)|
|• Total||$12.39 billion|
|• Per capita||$1,288|
|Time zone||UTC+01 (WAT)|
|ISO 3166 code||NG-KN|
low · 27th of 37
|^1 Preliminary results|
Modern day Kano State was the site of numerous kingdoms and empires, including the Kingdom of Kano, which was centered in Dalla Hill and existed from prior to 1000 AD to 1349. In 1349, the Sultanate of Kano would be established with Yaji I as its first Sultan. In the 15th century, Kurmi Market was opened, which helped Kano become a center of commercial activity in Hausaland; the market remains open in the 21st century and its historic importance is reflected in the state's nickname, the Centre of Commerce. During the 16th and 17th centuries, the Sultanate of Kano would establish itself as the most powerful of the Hausa Kingdoms. In 1903, the British Empire would conquer the Kano Emirate, incorporating the region into the Northern Nigeria Protectorate. The major ethnic groups in pre-colonial Kano City were the Hausa, Fulani, Beriberi (Kanuri), Tuareg, Arab and Nupe, most people in Kano city have come to use the Hausa language as a first language and some have accepted Hausa as an ethnic identification.
Since independence, Kano State has developed a diverse economy, establishing itself as a center for industry, agriculture, and Islamic banking. The Hausa and Fulani make up a majority of Kano State's population. The Hausa language is the dominant language in the state, as it is in most of Northern Nigeria. Challenges faced by Kano State in the 21st century include attacks by Islamist terrorist group Boko Haram, inter-religious violence, and extreme poverty. A Muslim-majority state, Kano State is one of the twelve states in Nigeria to operate under Sharia law within the legal framework of the Nigerian Constitution.
An important early center of commerce in the region was Kurmi Market, founded by the Emir of Kano Muhammadu Rumfa in 1463 CE. Subsequent leaders made contributions to the emergence of Kano as a leading commercial centre in Sudanic Africa. During the time of the Kano Emirate, Emir Ibrahim Dabo made a number of administrative reforms, seeking to increase commerce in the region.
Leaders during this time encouraged traders to move from Katsina, capitalising on raids from the Hausa Sultanate of Maradi. The Jihad leaders of the Caliphate encouraged Kola nut trade and Kano was the greatest beneficiary with an annual turnover of about $30 million. Craft industries also evolved in the pre-colonial period contributing to the prosperity of the province.
After a British occupation of the region, culminating in the Battle of Kano in February 1903, the region became a part of the Northern Nigeria Protectorate. Kano later became a part of the Northern Region of Nigeria. Kano state was created on May 27, 1967. In 1991, part of Kano State was separated to form Jigawa State.
Many large markets exist within Kano today, such as Kurmi Market, Kwari Market, Sabon Gari Market and Dawanau Market. Many of these markets specialize in a certain product, such as textiles or grain.
Subsistence and commercial agriculture is mostly practised in the outlying districts of the state. Some of the food crops cultivated are millet, cowpeas, sorghum, maize and rice for local consumption while groundnuts and cotton are produced for export and industrial purposes. During the colonial period and several years after the country's independence, the groundnuts produced in the state constituted one of the major sources revenue of the country. Kano State is a major producer of hides and skins, sesame, soybean, cotton, garlic, gum arabic and chili pepper.
Kano State is the second-largest industrial Centre after Lagos State in Nigeria and the largest in Northern Nigeria with textile, tanning, footwear, cosmetics, plastics, enamelware, pharmaceuticals, ceramics, furniture and other industries. Others include agricultural implements, soft drinks, food and beverages, dairy products, vegetable oil, animal feeds etc. Kano is also the center of a growing Islamic banking industry in Nigeria.
The tourist attractions in the state include:
- Kurmi Market established in the 15th century
- Kano's centuries-old city wall
- Gidan Rumfa (Emir's Palace, the oldest continuous site of authority in Nigeria)
- Kano Zoo
- Dala and Gwauron Dutse
- Gidan makama (Kano Museum)
- Government Girls Secondary School, Dala
- Government Girls Secondary School, Madobi
- Government Girls Secondary School, Shekara
- Government Secondary School, Gwale
- Government Secondary School, Kofar Nassarawa
- Government Secondary School, Kwalli
- Government Secondary School, Kwankwaso
- Government Secondary School, Madobi
- Government Secondary School, Sabuwar Kofa
- Government Secondary School, Sharada
- Government Secondary School, Warure
- Government Secondary School, Gwammaja
- Government Secondary School, Dala
- Governors College Kano
- Hassana Sufi Government Girls Secondary School
- Maryam Aloma Government Girls Secondary School
- Mero Tijjani Science Secondary School, Kano
- Science Secondary School, Dawaikin Tofa
- Science Secondary School, Dawakin Kudu
- Science Secondary School, Kano
- Government Technical College Ungogo
- Government Technical College Bagauda
- Government Arabic Secondary School Kantsi
- Government Technical College Wudil
- Government Technical College Kano
- Government Technical College Danbatta
Kano State is home to five universities: one federal university, one regimented federal university, two states universities, and one private university.
- Bayero University Kano (BUK), founded in 1977.
- Nigeria Police Academy Wudil, founded as the 37th federal university in 2011.
- Kano State University of Technology (KUST), founded in 2001.
- Skyline University Nigeria (SUN), founded in 2018.
- Yusuf Maitama Sule University, Kano (YUSMUK), founded in 2012.
Polytechnics and CollegesEdit
The following is a list of the approved Polytechnics and Colleges in the state of Kano:
- Aminu Dabo School of Health Sciences & Technology
- Aminu Kano College of Islamic and Legal Studies, Kano
- College of Arts, Sciences and Remedial Studies, Kano (CAS),
- Emirate College of Science and Health Technology, Kano
- Federal College of Agricultural Produce Technology, Kano
- Federal College of Education, Technical Bichi
- Rabi'u Musa Kwankwaso College of Advance and Remedial Studies, Tudun Wada (RMK CARS)
- Sa'adatu Rimi College of Education, Kumbotso
- School of Health Technology, Kano
- School of Hygiene, Kano
- School of Midwifery, Dambatta
- School of Midwifery, Gwarzo
- School of Nursing, Kano
- School of Nursing, Madobi
- School of Post Basic Midwifery, Gezawa
The following is a list of research centres and institutes in the state of Kano:
- Aminu Kano Centre for Democratic Research & Training
- Centre For Research and Documentation, Kano
- Digital Bridge Institute, Kano
- Hydraulic Equipment Development Institute, Kano
- Institute for Agricultural Research, Kano
- International Crops Research Institute for Semi Arid Tropics, Kano
- International Institute of Tropical Agriculture, Kano
Local Government AreasEdit
Kano State consists of forty-four (44) Local Government Areas (LGAs). They are:
|LGA Name||Area (km2)||Census 2006
|Kano Municipal||17||371,243||Kofar Kudu||700|
|Kano Metropolitan Area||499||2,828,861||700|
|Dawakin Tofa||479||246,197||Dawakin Tofa||701|
|Rimin Gado||225||103,371||Rimin Gado||701|
|Northern Kano State||8,332||3,143,899||701 to 704|
|Tudun Wada||1,204||228,658||Tudun Wada||710|
|Garun Mallam||214||118,622||Garun Mallam||711|
|Dawakin Kudu||384||225,497||Dawakin Kudu||713|
|Southern Kano State||11,554||3,410,922||710 to 713|
According to the 2006 PON census figures from Nigeria Kano State had a population totalling 9,401,288. Officially, Kano State is the most populous state in the country. The state is mostly populated by the Hausa and Fulani people.
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|Wikisource has the text of the 1905 New International Encyclopedia article "Kano".|