Tangail (Bengali: টাঙ্গাইল, [ʈaŋgail]) is a city of Dhaka Division in the central region of Bangladesh 98 km north-west of Dhaka, the capital. It is main urban area of Tangail District. The city is on the bank of Louhajang River.
|Upazila||Tangail Sadar Upazila-Part, Delduar Upazila-Part|
|• Present Mayor||Md.Jamilur Rahman Miron (Bangladesh Awami League)|
|• Total||29.04 km2 (11.21 sq mi)|
|Elevation||14 m (46 ft)|
|Time zone||UTC+6 (BST)|
1900, 1901, 1902
During the early 19th century, horse carts were the main transportation medium for carrying goods and passengers in the present city area. A long line of horse carts used to stand at that time. There is a common belief that the name Tangail has been originated from the word tanga meaning horse carts.
Tangail was a popular local business centre since the early 19th century. But the name came on focus when the headquarter of a subdivision of the Greater Mymensingh District was shifted in 1860 from Atia to there due to its fertility and high elevation near Louhajong River. At the same time, The subdivision was named as Tangail.
The Municipal Corporation or pourashava was established on 1 July 1887. During its establishment the town was composed of five wards.
|1||Tangail Kanda Para, Par Dighulia, Akur Takur Para|
|2||Korer Betka, Mirer Betka, Nondir Betka, Sabalia, Dorun, Ashekpur, Nagor Jalfai, Boali|
|3||Garai, Berai, Kazipur, Bachrakandi, Potol, Bajitpur, Berabuchna, Valluk kandi|
|4||Kagmari, Sontosh, Aloa, Boitta, Patuli, Ekrampur|
|5||Kalipur, Dighulia, Sakrail, Kaiyamara, Beradoma, Basha, Khanpur|
Afterwards, the pourashava was reshaped into four wards:
- Ward no. 1 as Central
- Ward no. 2 as Betka
- Ward no. 3 as Dighulia
- Ward no. 4 as Santosh
In 1988 it was subdivided into six wards:
- Ward no. 1 as Central
- Ward no. 2 as Betka
- Ward no. 3 as Dighulia
- Ward no. 4 as Santosh
- Ward no. 5 as Zila Sadar
- Ward no. 6 as Kazipur
After decisions for a few years, in 1999 the city was subdivided into 18 wards and gained its present shape.
The first election of the city was held in November 1887. In that election eight ward commissioners from four wards were elected by direct vote of the citizens of the city. On the other hand, the then Subdivision Commissioner of Tangail, Shashi Shekhar Dutt, was appointed as the first administrator of Tangail city. There was no pakka street in this city then. No lamp post could be seen in the roads. In the 1890s the city was lacking safe water supply, too. The regional zamindars and subdivision board came forward and helped financially to dig ponds, lakes and canals. Those sources served the local people with a safe water supply.
In the early 1900s, the pourashava authority lit the roads for the first time by kerosene lambs. The pourashava gradually became populated in the first half of the 20th century. At that time, many tube wells were set up in the town. The main way of transportation was horse cars in the town. People used cattle for transportation, too.
The people of Tangail used to visit Kolkata through Charabari by launch and Dhaka through Mymensingh. In the early 1930s, electricity line was first provided in the town. The rickshaws started to roll in town's streets. In the 1960s, pakka roads were constructed in the town. In the meantime, Tangail was directly connected to Dhaka by road. Many bridges and culverts were constructed to develop the area. The town got water by pipelines at that time.
In 1985 Tangail City was promoted to 'B Class' from 'C Class'. In 1989 the pourashava was promoted to 'A Class'. In the 1990s, The city was financed by Asian Development Bank and Government of Bangladesh to develop water supply, sanitation, wastewater drainage, bus terminal, supermarkets and other infrastructure.
Cricket is the most popular sport in Tangail. Football and kabaddi are also popular. All important sports events of the city are held in Tangail Stadium which is beside Bhashani hall and Tangail Eid-gah. The stadium has hosted national events. It was the home venue of Bangladesh Football Premier League club Team BJMC. It was converted into a cricket stadium in 2015. First Division Cricket is regularly hosted in this venue.
The total area of Tangail city is 35.22 km2. The government of Bangladesh has planned to expand the city. After expansion it will have a proposed area of 81.75 km2. The city consists of 18 wards and 64 mahallas until 2016.
|Ward No.||Region||Households||Population (2011)|
|1||Akur Takur Para-north, Dewla, District hq||2070||10388|
|3||West Akur Takur Para, North Kagmara, South Kagmara||3205||13903|
|4||Bepari Para, Fakir Para, Bera Doma, Dighulia, Char Dighulia||2119||9208|
|5||Kalipur, Lakshimpur, Sarutia, Shakrail||1614||7235|
|6||College Para, Paradise Para, Par Dighulia-part||1569||6712|
|7||Baluk Kandi, Bagbari, Patuli Bhabani Bagbari, Uttar Santosh-part, Santosh Palpara||1674||7325|
|8||Aloa Bhabani Pahim, Aloa Pahim, Dakshin Santosh-part||1797||8026|
|9||Aloa Baratia, Aloa Paikasta, Aloa Tarini, Baluk Kandi-part, Char Patuli, Purba Aloa, Aloa Bhabani||1888||8575|
|10||Bajitpur, Berai, Basrakandi, Kazipur, Patal||1458||6189|
|11||Berabuchna, Kachua Para,Kanda Para||1929||7536|
|12||Adi Tangail, Bepari Para, Bil Para||1628||7160|
|13||Tangail Mahalla, Chayanir Bazar, Pachanir Bazar, Thana Para, Uttar Thana Para||1792||7572|
|14||Purba Adalat Para, Adalat Para, Biswas Betka-part S.W corn, Shaha Para||2790||11786|
|15||Ashekpur, Biswas Betka-part||2745||12118|
|16||Akur Takur Para-part, Par Dighulia-part||2459||10670|
|17||Kumudini College Para, Munshi Para, Registry Para, Biswas Betka-west||2128||11081|
Karatia is the suburb of Tangail.
It takes approximately 1 hour and 55 minutes to reach Tangail from Dhaka city, via Kaliakair and Tongi. The distance is around 98 km. From Mohakhali (মহাখালী) bus terminal, several buses run to this city. Among them Nirala, Dhaleshwari, Jhatika and High Choice are notable.
Several trains are available from Dhaka to Tangail. Among them the most popular is "Sirajganj Express". Other notable intercity trains that stop in Tangail railway station are Padma Express, Ekota Express, Nilsagor Express, Silk City Express,tangail express, Sundarban Express, Drutojan Express, Rangpur Express etc. Some local trains stop in the station, too. Those are Rajshahi Express, Rajshahi Mail, Rangpur Express, Fast Passenger, etc. Jamuna Bridge, the largest bridge of Bangladesh, is situated here. Through this bridge, it is connected to sirajganj
The literacy rate of the city area is 71.8%.
There are eight notable high schools in the city:
- Bindu Basini Govt. Boys' High School (established in 1880 by zamindar of Santosh of the famous Roy Chowdhury family)
- Bindu Basini Govt. Girls' High School (established in 1882 by zamindar of Santosh of the famous Roy Chowdhury family)
- Shibnath High School
- Vivekananda High School
- Police Lines High School
- Zila Sadar Girls' High School
- Santosh Jannabi Govt. High School
- P.T.I. High SchoolTemplate:Tangail school 9.mirzapur Cadet College, 10.tangail Polytechnic Institute, Govt. shadot College, tangail school and College, There are several colleges in the city.
- Major General Mahmudul Hassan College
- Kumudini College
- Mawlana Mohammad Ali Govt. College
- Govt. Sheikh Fazilatunnesa Mujib Mohila College
- Vivekananda College
Furthermore, Tangail Medical College, Bangabandhu Textile Engineering College, Textile Institute of Tangail and Tangail Polytechnic Institute are located here. There is a technological university named Mawlana Bhashani Science and Technology University in Santosh, Tangail.
- Madhab Lal Choudhury, noted zamindar, philanthropist and educationist in pre-partition Bengal; headmaster of the Bindubashini Girls High School, named after Rani Bindu Basini Roy Chowdhurany, widow of the zamindar of Santosh, who patronized the school and following her death, managed by a Trust administered by her two sons, Pramath Nath Roy Chowdhury and Sir Monmath Nath Roy Chowdhury.
- Maulana Abdul Hamid Khan Bhashani, Islamic scholar, political leader, ex-president of the Awami League
- Shamsul Huq, first general secretary of the Awami League
- Abu Sayeed Chowdhury, second president of Bangladesh
- Abdul Mannan, Home and Family Planning Minister (1972-1975), MNA (1970), MP (1996-2001). Established: Tangail General Hospital, Govt. Sheikh Fajilatunnesa Mujib College, Atia College.
- Qader "Tiger" Siddiqi, erstwhile Pakistan Army havildar and famed Mukti Bahini leader (decorated Bir Uttom), MP 1999-2013 and founding leader of Kirshak Sromik Janata League
- SM Aslam Talukder aka Manna, film actor and producer
- Tarana Halim, M.P., Film Actress
Nayeem, Film Actor
Amit Hassan, Film Actor
- "Population Census 2011: National Volume-3: Urban Area Report" (PDF). Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics. p. 8. Retrieved 31 January 2016.
- "land grabbers choke Tangail's louhajong river". The Daily Star Bangladesh. 30 June 2015. Retrieved 13 February 2016.
- "Tangail Pourashava C01 P-97,98,99". Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics. 16 June 2011. Retrieved 11 January 2016.
- "Train schedule of Tangail station". Bangladesh Railway. 1 June 2001.
- "Tangail Polytechnic Institute". 13 February 2016.
- "Mawlana Bhasani Science & Technology University". 13 February 2016.
- "Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics Region Census 2011". Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 20 September 2014.