Tangail

Tangail (Bengali: টাঙ্গাইল, [ʈaŋgail]), formerly the Arail city of Greater Mymensingh, is a major city of the Dhaka Division in the central region of Bangladesh.[2] It sits on the bank of the Louhajang River,[3] 98 km north-west of Dhaka, the national capital.[4] It is considered the main urban area of the Tangail District, and is the 23rd largest city in Bangladesh.

Tangail

টাঙ্গাইল
Tangail
Bangla transcription(s)
From top to bottom: 1. The City Skyline from "Suparibagan"; 2. The Open Stage of Tangail Poura Uddan; 3. Tangail District Court Building; 4. The city gate called "Shamsul Huq Toron"; 5. DC Lake at District Headquarters
From top to bottom: 1. The City Skyline from "Suparibagan"; 2. The Open Stage of Tangail Poura Uddan; 3. Tangail District Court Building; 4. The city gate called "Shamsul Huq Toron"; 5. DC Lake at District Headquarters
Nickname(s): 
Tangail City
Tangail is located in Bangladesh
Tangail
Tangail
Location of Tangail in Bangladesh
Coordinates: 24°15′52″N 89°55′05″E / 24.264423°N 89.918140°E / 24.264423; 89.918140Coordinates: 24°15′52″N 89°55′05″E / 24.264423°N 89.918140°E / 24.264423; 89.918140
CountryBangladesh
DivisionDhaka Division
DistrictTangail District
UpazilaTangail Sadar Upazila
Incorporated1887
Government
 • TypePourashava
 • Present MayorMd.Jamilur Rahman Miron (Bangladesh Awami League)
Area
 • Total29.04 km2 (11.21 sq mi)
Elevation
14 m (46 ft)
Population
 (2017)
 • TotalIncrease220,000
Time zoneUTC+6 (BST)
Postal codes
1900, 1901, 1902
Area code(s)0921
Websitetangailpourashava.gov.bd
[1]

EtymologyEdit

During the early 19th century, horse carts were the favorable transportation medium for carrying goods and passengers in the present-day city area. This led to traffic composed of long lines of horse carts. Thus, many believe the name Tangail originated from the Bengali word tanga, meaning horse carts.[5]

HistoryEdit

Tangail has been a popular local business center since the early 19th century.[6] In 1860, the central area of the Greater Mymensingh District was shifted from Atia due to the fertile land and high elevation near the Louhajong River. This prompted the district's name to change to Tangail.[7] The Municipal Corporation, or Paurasabha, was established on July 1, 1887.

WardsEdit

The Pourashava divided the city into five wards.

Ward No. Area
1 Tangail Kanda Para, Par Dighulia, Akur Takur Para
2 Korer Betka, Mirer Betka, Nondir Betka, Sabalia, Dorun, Ashekpur, Nagor Jalfai, Boali
3 Garai, Berai, Kazipur, Bachrakandi, Potol, Bajitpur, Berabuchna, Valluk kandi
4 Kagmari, Sontosh, Aloa, Boitta, Patuli, Ekrampur
5 Kalipur, Dighulia, Sakrail, Kaiyamara, Beradoma, Basha, Khanpur

It was later redistricted into four wards:

  • Ward no. 1, as Central
  • Ward no. 2, as Betka
  • Ward no. 3, as Dighulia
  • Ward no. 4, as Santosh

In 1988, it was further subdivided into six wards:

  • Ward no. 1, as Central
  • Ward no. 2, as Betka
  • Ward no. 3, as Dighulia
  • Ward no. 4, as Santosh
  • Ward no. 5, as Zila Sadar
  • Ward no. 6, as Kazipur

In 1999, the city was subdivided into 18 wards, its present organization.[8]

Politics and infrastructureEdit

The first city election was held in November 1887. In that election, eight ward commissioners from four wards were elected by the direct vote of the citizens of the city. The Subdivision Commissioner of Tangail during that time, Shashi Shekhar Dutt, was appointed as the first administrator of Tangail city. The city was poorly developed, with a lack of paved roads and roadside lamps. Thus, the regional Zamindars and subdivision board provided financial support to dig ponds, lakes, and canals. Those sources served the local people with a safe water supply.[9]

In the early 1900s, the Pourashava authority installed kerosene roadside lamps. The Pourashava gradually became populated in the first half of the 20th century. At that time, many tube wells were set up in the town. The main modes of transportation were horsecars and cattle in the town.[10]

Electricity was established in the town in the early 1930s. In the 1960s, paved roads were constructed, connecting the city to Dhaka. Bridges, culverts, and water supply were installed at this time.[11]

In 1985, Tangail City was promoted from a C Class city to a B Class city. In 1989, the Pourashava was promoted to A-Class. In the 1990s, the city was financed by the Asian Development Bank and the Government of Bangladesh to develop water supply, sanitation, wastewater drainage, bus terminals, supermarkets, and other infrastructure.[12]

SportsEdit

All important sports events in the city are held in Tangail Stadium, which is beside Bhashani Hall and Tangail Eidgah. The stadium has hosted national events. It is the home venue of Bangladesh Football Premier League club Team BJMC. It was converted into a cricket stadium in 2015. First Division Cricket is regularly hosted in this venue.[13]

Organization and sizeEdit

The total area of Tangail is 35.22 km2. The government of Bangladesh has planned to expand the city. After expansion, it will have a proposed area of 81.75 km2.[14] The city consists of 18 wards and 64 mahallas until 2016.[15]

Ward No. Region Households Population (2011)
1 Akur Takur Para-north, Dewla, District hq 2070 10388
2 Enayetpur 2142 8760
3 West Akur Takur Para, North Kagmara, South Kagmara 3205 13903
4 Bepari Para, Fakir Para, Bera Doma, Dighulia, Char Dighulia 2119 9208
5 Kalipur, Lakshimpur, Sarutia, Shakrail 1614 7235
6 College Para, Paradise Para, Par Dighulia-part 1569 6712
7 Baluk Kandi, Bagbari, Patuli Bhabani Bagbari, Uttar Santosh-part, Santosh Palpara 1674 7325
8 Aloa Bhabani Pahim, Aloa Pahim, Dakshin Santosh-part 1797 8026
9 Aloa Baratia, Aloa Paikasta, Aloa Tarini, Baluk Kandi-part, Char Patuli, Purba Aloa, Aloa Bhabani 1888 8575
10 Bajitpur, Berai, Basrakandi, Kazipur, Patal 1458 6189
11 Berabuchna, Kachua Para,Kanda Para 1929 7536
12 Adi Tangail, Bepari Para, Bil Para 1628 7160
13 Tangail Mahalla, Chayanir Bazar, Pachanir Bazar, Thana Para, Uttar Thana Para 1792 7572
14 Purba Adalat Para, Adalat Para, Biswas Betka-part S.W corn, Shaha Para 2790 11786
15 Ashekpur, Biswas Betka-part 2745 12118
16 Akur Takur Para-part, Par Dighulia-part 2459 10670
17 Kumudini College Para, Munshi Para, Registry Para, Biswas Betka-west 2128 11081
18 Kodalia, Sabalia 2600 13168[16]

TransportEdit

 
"New Bus Terminal", Dewla, Tangail.

It takes approximately 1 hour and 55 minutes to reach Tangail from Dhaka, via Kaliakair and Tongi. The distance between Dhaka and Tangail is around 98  km. Several bus lines run to Tangail from the Mohakhali (মহাখালী) bus terminal. Among them are the Nirala, Dhaleshwari, Jathika, and High Choice bus lines.[citation needed]

Several trains are available that run from Dhaka to Tangail. Among them, the most popular is The Sirajganj Express. Other notable intercity trains that stop in the Tangail railway station are Padma Express, Ekota Express, Nilsagor Express, Silk City Express, Tangail Express, Sundarban Express, Drutojan Express, and Rangpur Express. Some local trains also stop at this station. Those are Rajshahi Express, Rajshahi Mail, and Fast Passenger.[17]

Bangabandhu Bridge, the largest bridge in Bangladesh, connects Tangail and Sirajganj.[18]

Traditional foodsEdit

ParksEdit

EducationEdit

The literacy rate of the city area is 71.8%.[citation needed]

SchoolsEdit

  1. Bindu Basini Govt. Boys' High School (established in 1880 by zamindar of Santosh of the famous Roy Chowdhury family)
  2. Bindu Basini Govt. Girls' High School (established in 1882 by zamindar of Santosh of the famous Roy Chowdhury family)
  3. Police Lines High School
  4. Santosh Jannabi Govt. High School
  5. Vivekananda High School
  6. Zila Sadar Girls' High School
  7. Shibnath High School
  8. P.T.I. High School
  9. Sristy Academy School
  10. Mirzapur Cadet College,
  11. Tangail Polytechnic Institute
  12. Major General Mahmudul Hassan College
  13. Kumudini College
  14. Govt. Sheikh Fazilatunnesa Mujib Mohila College
  15. Vivekananda College
  16. Sristy College of Tangail
  17. Shaheen School and Colleg
  18. Govt. Saadat College in Karatia
  19. Tangail Medical College
  20. Bangabandhu Textile Engineering College
  21. Textile Institute of Tangail
  22. Mawlana Bhashani Science and Technology University[19]
  23. Bulbul Residential Model School, Tangail Sadar, Tangail.
  24. Athail Shimul High School Ghatail Tangail
  25. Ibrahim Khan Government College Bhuapur Tangail.

ReligionEdit

Religions of Tangail City, 2011[20]
Religion Percent
Muslims
88.2%
Hindus
11.7%
Others
.1%

The majority of Tangail city's population are Muslim (88.2%), like most other parts of Bangladesh. Other religious groups include Hindus (11.7%), Christians (0.08%) and Buddhists (0.02%).

Notable residentsEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Population Census 2011: National Volume-3: Urban Area Report" (PDF). Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics. p. 8. Retrieved 31 January 2016.
  2. ^ mcFee, James (21 April 2017). City Maps Tangail Bangladesh. Soffer Publishing.
  3. ^ "Land grabbers choke Tangail's louhajong river". The Daily Star Bangladesh. 30 June 2015. Retrieved 13 February 2016.
  4. ^ "Tangail | Bangladesh". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 18 September 2020.
  5. ^ "Tangail Trip Planner". Inspirock. Retrieved 25 October 2020.
  6. ^ "Porabarir Chomchom goes international, puts Tangail on the map". Dhaka Tribune. 19 December 2019. Retrieved 25 October 2020.
  7. ^ "Tangail ward". Retrieved 25 October 2020.
  8. ^ Hosen, Elias. "Effect of Water Logging in Tangail Paurashava" (PDF). Journal of Science and Technology.
  9. ^ Crelis, Rammelt. "The Waterways of Tangail: Failures to Learn from Flood-Control Efforts in the Brahmaputra Basin of Bangladesh". Water Alternatives. 22 (1).
  10. ^ "Tangail thana". Retrieved 25 October 2020.
  11. ^ Blankespoor, Brian. "Bridge to Bigpush or Backwash? Market Integration, Reallocation, and Productivity Effects of Jamuna Bridge in Bangladesh" (PDF). mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de.
  12. ^ "আমাদের কথা". tangailpourashava.gov.bd. Retrieved 14 October 2020.
  13. ^ "Tangail Premier Cricket League begins Friday". Dhaka Tribune. 28 November 2019. Retrieved 29 September 2020.
  14. ^ http://tangailpourashava.gov.bd/page/article/90
  15. ^ "District LGED". oldweb.lged.gov.bd. Retrieved 25 October 2020.
  16. ^ "Tangail Pourashava C01 P-97,98,99". Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics. 16 June 2011. Retrieved 11 January 2016.
  17. ^ "Train schedule of Tangail station". Bangladesh Railway. 1 June 2001.
  18. ^ "Bangabandhu Jamuna Multipurpose Bridge". Banglapedia. Retrieved 14 September 2020.
  19. ^ "Mawlana Bhasani Science & Technology University". 13 February 2016.
  20. ^ "Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics Region Census 2011". Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 20 September 2014.

External linksEdit