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Tangail (Bengali: টাঙ্গাইল, [ʈaŋgail]), formerly the Arail city of Greater Mymensingh, is a major city of the Dhaka Division in the central region of Bangladesh. It sits on the bank of the Louhajang River, 98 km north-west of Dhaka, the national capital. It is considered the main urban area of the Tangail District, and is the 23rd largest city in Bangladesh.
|Upazila||Tangail Sadar Upazila|
|• Present Mayor||Md.Jamilur Rahman Miron (Bangladesh Awami League)|
|• Total||29.04 km2 (11.21 sq mi)|
|Elevation||14 m (46 ft)|
|Time zone||UTC+6 (BST)|
1900, 1901, 1902
During the early 19th century, horse carts were the favorable transportation medium for carrying goods and passengers in the present-day city area. This led to traffic composed of long lines of horse carts. Thus, many believe the name Tangail originated from the Bengali word tanga, meaning horse carts.
Tangail has been a popular local business center since the early 19th century. In 1860, the central area of the Greater Mymensingh District was shifted from Atia due to the fertile land and high elevation near the Louhajong River. This prompted the district's name to change to Tangail. The Municipal Corporation, or Paurasabha, was established on July 1, 1887.
The Pourashava divided the city into five wards.
|1||Tangail Kanda Para, Par Dighulia, Akur Takur Para|
|2||Korer Betka, Mirer Betka, Nondir Betka, Sabalia, Dorun, Ashekpur, Nagor Jalfai, Boali|
|3||Garai, Berai, Kazipur, Bachrakandi, Potol, Bajitpur, Berabuchna, Valluk kandi|
|4||Kagmari, Sontosh, Aloa, Boitta, Patuli, Ekrampur|
|5||Kalipur, Dighulia, Sakrail, Kaiyamara, Beradoma, Basha, Khanpur|
It was later redistricted into four wards:
- Ward no. 1, as Central
- Ward no. 2, as Betka
- Ward no. 3, as Dighulia
- Ward no. 4, as Santosh
In 1988, it was further subdivided into six wards:
- Ward no. 1, as Central
- Ward no. 2, as Betka
- Ward no. 3, as Dighulia
- Ward no. 4, as Santosh
- Ward no. 5, as Zila Sadar
- Ward no. 6, as Kazipur
In 1999, the city was subdivided into 18 wards, its present organization.
Politics and infrastructureEdit
The first city election was held in November 1887. In that election, eight ward commissioners from four wards were elected by the direct vote of the citizens of the city. The Subdivision Commissioner of Tangail during that time, Shashi Shekhar Dutt, was appointed as the first administrator of Tangail city. The city was poorly developed, with a lack of paved roads and roadside lamps. Thus, the regional Zamindars and subdivision board provided financial support to dig ponds, lakes, and canals. Those sources served the local people with a safe water supply.
In the early 1900s, the Pourashava authority installed kerosene roadside lamps. The Pourashava gradually became populated in the first half of the 20th century. At that time, many tube wells were set up in the town. The main modes of transportation were horsecars and cattle in the town.
Electricity was established in the town in the early 1930s. In the 1960s, paved roads were constructed, connecting the city to Dhaka. Bridges, culverts, and water supply were installed at this time.
In 1985, Tangail City was promoted from a C Class city to a B Class city. In 1989, the Pourashava was promoted to A-Class. In the 1990s, the city was financed by the Asian Development Bank and the Government of Bangladesh to develop water supply, sanitation, wastewater drainage, bus terminals, supermarkets, and other infrastructure.
All important sports events in the city are held in Tangail Stadium, which is beside Bhashani Hall and Tangail Eidgah. The stadium has hosted national events. It is the home venue of Bangladesh Football Premier League club Team BJMC. It was converted into a cricket stadium in 2015. First Division Cricket is regularly hosted in this venue.
Organization and sizeEdit
The total area of Tangail is 35.22 km2. The government of Bangladesh has planned to expand the city. After expansion, it will have a proposed area of 81.75 km2. The city consists of 18 wards and 64 mahallas until 2016.
|Ward No.||Region||Households||Population (2011)|
|1||Akur Takur Para-north, Dewla, District hq||2070||10388|
|3||West Akur Takur Para, North Kagmara, South Kagmara||3205||13903|
|4||Bepari Para, Fakir Para, Bera Doma, Dighulia, Char Dighulia||2119||9208|
|5||Kalipur, Lakshimpur, Sarutia, Shakrail||1614||7235|
|6||College Para, Paradise Para, Par Dighulia-part||1569||6712|
|7||Baluk Kandi, Bagbari, Patuli Bhabani Bagbari, Uttar Santosh-part, Santosh Palpara||1674||7325|
|8||Aloa Bhabani Pahim, Aloa Pahim, Dakshin Santosh-part||1797||8026|
|9||Aloa Baratia, Aloa Paikasta, Aloa Tarini, Baluk Kandi-part, Char Patuli, Purba Aloa, Aloa Bhabani||1888||8575|
|10||Bajitpur, Berai, Basrakandi, Kazipur, Patal||1458||6189|
|11||Berabuchna, Kachua Para,Kanda Para||1929||7536|
|12||Adi Tangail, Bepari Para, Bil Para||1628||7160|
|13||Tangail Mahalla, Chayanir Bazar, Pachanir Bazar, Thana Para, Uttar Thana Para||1792||7572|
|14||Purba Adalat Para, Adalat Para, Biswas Betka-part S.W corn, Shaha Para||2790||11786|
|15||Ashekpur, Biswas Betka-part||2745||12118|
|16||Akur Takur Para-part, Par Dighulia-part||2459||10670|
|17||Kumudini College Para, Munshi Para, Registry Para, Biswas Betka-west||2128||11081|
It takes approximately 1 hour and 55 minutes to reach Tangail from Dhaka, via Kaliakair and Tongi. The distance between Dhaka and Tangail is around 98 km. Several bus lines run to Tangail from the Mohakhali (মহাখালী) bus terminal. Among them are the Nirala, Dhaleshwari, Jathika, and High Choice bus lines.
Several trains are available that run from Dhaka to Tangail. Among them, the most popular is The Sirajganj Express. Other notable intercity trains that stop in the Tangail railway station are Padma Express, Ekota Express, Nilsagor Express, Silk City Express, Tangail Express, Sundarban Express, Drutojan Express, and Rangpur Express. Some local trains also stop at this station. Those are Rajshahi Express, Rajshahi Mail, and Fast Passenger.
The literacy rate of the city area is 71.8%.
- Bindu Basini Govt. Boys' High School (established in 1880 by zamindar of Santosh of the famous Roy Chowdhury family)
- Bindu Basini Govt. Girls' High School (established in 1882 by zamindar of Santosh of the famous Roy Chowdhury family)
- Police Lines High School
- Santosh Jannabi Govt. High School
- Vivekananda High School
- Zila Sadar Girls' High School
- Shibnath High School
- P.T.I. High School
- Sristy Academy School
- Mirzapur Cadet College,
- Tangail Polytechnic Institute
- Major General Mahmudul Hassan College
- Kumudini College
- Govt. Sheikh Fazilatunnesa Mujib Mohila College
- Vivekananda College
- Sristy College of Tangail
- Shaheen School and Colleg
- Govt. Saadat College in Karatia
- Tangail Medical College
- Bangabandhu Textile Engineering College
- Textile Institute of Tangail
- Mawlana Bhashani Science and Technology University
- Bulbul Residential Model School, Tangail Sadar, Tangail.
- Athail Shimul High School Ghatail Tangail
- Ibrahim Khan Government College Bhuapur Tangail.
- Madhab Lal Choudhury, a noted Zamindar, philanthropist, and educationist in pre-partition Bengal. He was the headmaster of the Bindubashini Boys High School.
- Maulana Abdul Hamid Khan Bhashani, an Islamic scholar, political leader, and ex-president of the Awami League.
- Shamsul Huq, the first general secretary of the Awami League.
- Abu Sayeed Chowdhury, the second president of Bangladesh.
- Abdul Mannan, the Home and Family Planning Minister (1972-1975), MNA (1970), MP (1996-2001). He established The Tangail General Hospital, Govt. Sheikh Fazilatunnesa Mujib College, and Atia College.
- Qader "Tiger" Siddiqi, a Pakistan Army havildar, famed Mukti Bahini leader (decorated Bir Uttom) (MP 1999-2013), and founding leader of Kirshak Sromik Janata League.
- SM Aslam Talukder aka Manna, a film actor and producer.
- Tarana Halim, M.P., Film Actress
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