Third Mainland Bridge

Third Mainland Bridge is the longest of three bridges connecting Lagos Island to the mainland, the others are the Eko and Carter bridges.[1] It was the longest bridge in Africa until 1996 when the 6th October Bridge located in Cairo was completed. The bridge starts from Oworonshoki which is linked to the Apapa-Oshodi expressway and Lagos-Ibadan expressway, and ends at the Adeniji Adele Interchange on Lagos Island.[2] There is also a link midway through the bridge that leads to Herbert Macaulay Way, Yaba. The bridge was built by Julius Berger Nigeria PLC. The phase one of the project was commissioned by President Shehu Shagari in 1980 and completed by President Ibrahim Babangida in 1990; it measures about 11.8 km in length.

Third Mainland Bridge
Third Main-Land Bridge.jpg
Coordinates6°30′00″N 3°24′05″E / 6.5°N 3.4014°E / 6.5; 3.4014
CarriesVehicular Traffic
CrossesLagos Lagoon
(connects Lagos Island to Lagos Mainland)
LocaleLagos, Lagos State, Nigeria
Official nameIbrahim Babangida Bridge
Characteristics
Total length11.8 km (7.3 miles)
History
Constructed byJulius Berger, PGH Venture
Opened1990
Statistics
Daily trafficvery high
TollNo
Location
Third Mainland Bridge
Aerial view of Adekunle sea front Third mainland bridge, Lagos, Nigeria 01.jpg
Third mainland bridge .jpg
Third Mainland Bridge 1.jpg
Third Mainland Bridge.jpg
Third-mainland-bridge-lagos.jpg

By 2006, many commuters had reported that the Third Mainland Bridge was vibrating noticeably, indicating that it needed urgent attention.[3] As a result, remedial work was commenced on portions of the bridge at different times, leading to intermittent partial closure of the bridge.[4] In January 2013, this work was completed.

Long view of Third Mainland Bridge from Makoko.jpg
The third Mainland Bridge.jpg

Recently, there have been rumours of cracks on the bridge. This, however, was denied by authorities.[5] The eight-lane bridge experienced a new look during the last repairing exercise, painting the bridge guide with the colours of Nigeria: green, white, green, and also general painting was done out for a new look. The repair works on the bridge were completed and the bridge was reopened on October 30, 2012.

The Third Mainland Bridge Lagos .jpg
Moving with a bicycle on Third Mainland Bridge, Lagos.jpeg
Third-mainland-bridge-at-night.jpg

The Third Mainland Bridge has very high vehicular traffic on weekdays, as many residents commute to and from the Lagos Mainland to the Island, which is the commercial hub of Lagos State. Residents in Ikeja, Agboyi-Ketu, Ikorodu, Isheri, Oworonshoki, Gbagada, Yaba, Maryland and Oshodi often use the bridge on their daily commutes. The Third Mainland Bridge is an essential part of Lagos' daily commuting, and as such requires to be constantly renovated. It has also come to be a major Lagos icon, offering different views of Lagos -- the Lagos Lagoon, the University of Lagos waterfront and Makoko, a shanty town built on the Lagos Lagoon.

On 6 July 2020, it was announced that the Third Mainland Bridge will be closed for six months due to repairs.[6] The bridge was to undergo another round of repairs from Friday, July 24, 2020 to January 24, 2021 for the replacement of bearings and worn-out expansion joints.[7]

ConstructionEdit

In the 1970s, following the end of Nigeria's civil war, a period of increasing oil price followed and Nigeria went through series of economic upturns. A need for improved infrastructural facilities especially in the capital city of Lagos that had gone through a period of port congestion and then an upward tick in vehicular traffic created the impetus for a third bridge linking the commercial-oriented Lagos Island with the growing urban settlements of mainland Lagos.[8]

 
The Third Mainland Bridge cutting through neighborhoods burning refuse near the highway. Both the highway and the burning trash cause air pollution that harms the communities near the highway.

A contract was awarded for a third mainland bridge in 1976. Construction of the bridge was done in phases. The first phase was contracted to a PGH consortium, a venture consisting, Impresit Girola and Borini Prono, while Trevi Group provided support services for piling. The first phase was designed to be 5 kilometers in length, starting from the Island and ending at Ebute Metta, towards Yaba.[8] The bridge elevates to 3 kilometers above the water and made from pre-stressed reinforced concrete. Foundation piles had varying depths of between 36 and 54 meters and pile diameter is based on potential carrying road, diameters of 1500mm are used for the main bridge crossing the Lagos lagoon and for the slipway and approach roads, pile diameter was between 800mm and 1200mm. The first phase was completed in 1980.[8]

The second phase from Ebute-Metta to Oworonshoki was awarded to Julius Berger in Nigeria.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Nigeria: Phase 1 construction of Third Mainland Bridge on Schedule". Construction Review Online. 22 September 2020. Retrieved 28 December 2020.
  2. ^ "'Third Mainland Bridge structurally stable, maintenance to avert rigidity'". The Guardian Nigeria News - Nigeria and World News. 19 July 2020. Retrieved 28 December 2020.
  3. ^ Anxiety over Third Mainland Bridge
  4. ^ Third Mainland bridge shut for two months
  5. ^ "Third Mainland Bridge is safe — Official". The Guardian Nigeria News - Nigeria and World News. 9 November 2021. Retrieved 24 February 2022.
  6. ^ "FG to Shut Third Mainland Bridge for 6 Months". Nairametrics. 6 July 2020. Retrieved 10 November 2020.
  7. ^ "'Third Mainland Bridge structurally stable, maintenance to avert rigidity'". guardian.ng. 19 July 2020. Retrieved 28 December 2020.
  8. ^ a b c "Bridge that gap". African Construction. IPC Building and Contract Journals: 28–29. June 1979.

Coordinates: 6°30′00″N 3°24′05″E / 6.50000°N 3.40139°E / 6.50000; 3.40139

Some certain articulated vehicles and trailers have been restricted from using the bridge.