Skellefteå

Skellefteå (Swedish: [ɧɛˈlɛ̌ftɛɔ], locally [ʂɛˈlɛ̌ftɛ] (About this soundlisten)) is a city and the seat of Skellefteå Municipality in Västerbotten County, Sweden, with 32,775 inhabitants in 2010.[2] The municipality had approximately 72,000 inhabitants at the end of 2013.[2]

Skellefteå
Skellefteå in images
Skellefteå in images
Coat of arms of Skellefteå
Nickname(s): 
Schtaan, Guldstaden (Goldtown), Skellhell[1]
Skellefteå is located in Västerbotten
Skellefteå
Skellefteå
Skellefteå is located in Sweden
Skellefteå
Skellefteå
Coordinates: 64°45′N 20°57′E / 64.750°N 20.950°E / 64.750; 20.950Coordinates: 64°45′N 20°57′E / 64.750°N 20.950°E / 64.750; 20.950
CountrySweden
ProvinceVästerbotten
CountyVästerbotten County
MunicipalitySkellefteå Municipality
Area
 • City21.74 km2 (8.39 sq mi)
Population
 (31 December 2010)[2]
 • City32,775
 • Density1,507/km2 (3,900/sq mi)
 • Urban
72 025
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Area code(s)+46 0910

The city is a historically industrial city with mining being a large industry, especially for gold – hence the nickname "Gold Town". Politically it is a Social Democratic stronghold. The city is a well-known ice hockey town, with its main team Skellefteå AIK playing in the Swedish top division: the SHL, which they have won on several occasions.

The city was incorporated in 1845 and grew to its current population size mostly in the 1950s and 1960s, growing only slowly since. It is the second largest city in Västerbotten after Umeå and is located roughly halfway between it and Luleå. The Skellefte River passes through the city and it is located around 15 kilometres (9.3 mi) from the Bothnian Bay open sea. Skellefteå is served by Skellefteå Airport, IATA airport code SFT but locally known as Falmark because of the village nearby, also around 15 kilometres (9.3 mi) from the city centre to the south. Passenger rail service is planned to resume in April 2022.[3]

HistoryEdit

 
An overview of Skellefteå and City Hall (center) in 1870.
 
A street of Nygastan Skellefteå on 1927

The name Skellefteå is recorded to having been spelled as Skelepht in 1327.[citation needed] On Carta marina the name is spelt Skellitta. The origin of the name remains unknown, but is assumed to be of Sami origin.

From the 14th century on, attempts were made to Christianize Skellefteå. A parish was formed and a church built. However, for the most part, the entire large Northern Swedish territory of Norrland was not Christianized until several hundred years after the rest of Sweden, and many northern areas such as Skellefteå remained unexplored well past the Middle Ages.

Not before the very end of the 17th century did the indigenous Sami people of Northern Sweden begin turning to Christianity, much due to the efforts by the Northern Swedish superintendent Mathias Steuchius, who worked hard to accomplish this. Several Sami priests were killed for this reason.

Eventually, the reason for the sudden awakened interest towards Skellefteälven and the surrounding areas was the great northern fishing grounds of salmon. The increased demand for fish was sparked by a stricter enforcement of the annual month-long fasting by the Catholic Church, whereby meat was substituted by fish.[citation needed]

The actual city of Skellefteå is one of the youngest cities of Norrland. It was founded in 1845 by the vicar Nils Nordlander.

TodayEdit

In the 20th century, Skellefteå evolved to an industrial and mining city and many wooden houses were demolished to make room for brick buildings.[citation needed] Skellefteå is now trying to become a leading city in education with the construction of Floraskolan, a school that mostly focuses on entrepreneurial learning.[4]

It will become the home of a massive battery plant made by Northvolt by circa 2023.[5]

The largest private employer in Skellefteå is the mining company Boliden AB, with about 1,200 employees. The mine's copper ore contains particles of gold, silver and platinum. Skellefteå is still referred to as the "Goldtown".[by whom?]

During the 1990s, the computer industry flourished, subsidiaries of Ericsson and Tieto Enator becoming important employers.

IndustryEdit

SportsEdit

Notable peopleEdit

PeopleEdit

SportspeopleEdit

OtherEdit

ArtistsEdit

ClimateEdit

Skellefteå is transitioning from a subarctic climate (Dfc) to continental with mild summers and cold, snowy winters. In the 21st century the climate has more resembled the latter. The climate is somewhat moderated by the Bothnia Bay, although maritime effects are limited, ensuring very mild summer temperatures for a coastal area so far north.

Climate data for Skellefteå Airport (2006–2020 averages, extremes 1970–1992 & 2006–2020 & snow depth from Kusmark)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 8.5
(47.3)
10.2
(50.4)
15.1
(59.2)
21.5
(70.7)
29.2
(84.6)
34.0
(93.2)
32.4
(90.3)
30.7
(87.3)
23.3
(73.9)
20.3
(68.5)
12.5
(54.5)
10.2
(50.4)
34.0
(93.2)
Mean maximum °C (°F) 4.3
(39.7)
4.8
(40.6)
8.8
(47.8)
14.6
(58.3)
23.8
(74.8)
27.1
(80.8)
28.0
(82.4)
26.4
(79.5)
20.0
(68.0)
13.7
(56.7)
7.9
(46.2)
5.3
(41.5)
29.3
(84.7)
Average high °C (°F) −4.0
(24.8)
−3.5
(25.7)
1.6
(34.9)
7.1
(44.8)
13.7
(56.7)
18.6
(65.5)
21.2
(70.2)
19.6
(67.3)
14.2
(57.6)
6.8
(44.2)
1.6
(34.9)
−0.9
(30.4)
8.0
(46.4)
Daily mean °C (°F) −7.8
(18.0)
−7.8
(18.0)
−3.1
(26.4)
2.4
(36.3)
8.5
(47.3)
13.5
(56.3)
16.4
(61.5)
14.9
(58.8)
10.1
(50.2)
3.7
(38.7)
−1.2
(29.8)
−4.3
(24.3)
3.8
(38.8)
Average low °C (°F) −11.6
(11.1)
−12.0
(10.4)
−7.8
(18.0)
−2.3
(27.9)
3.2
(37.8)
8.4
(47.1)
11.6
(52.9)
10.2
(50.4)
6.0
(42.8)
0.6
(33.1)
−4.0
(24.8)
−7.6
(18.3)
−0.4
(31.2)
Mean minimum °C (°F) −25.3
(−13.5)
−25.3
(−13.5)
−21.0
(−5.8)
−9.7
(14.5)
−4.0
(24.8)
0.8
(33.4)
6.0
(42.8)
3.5
(38.3)
−1.3
(29.7)
−8.2
(17.2)
−14.4
(6.1)
−19.3
(−2.7)
−28.7
(−19.7)
Record low °C (°F) −35.3
(−31.5)
−36.9
(−34.4)
−32.5
(−26.5)
−18.4
(−1.1)
−6.6
(20.1)
−1.7
(28.9)
3.2
(37.8)
−1.9
(28.6)
−6.1
(21.0)
−18.1
(−0.6)
−27.7
(−17.9)
−37.1
(−34.8)
−37.1
(−34.8)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 44.3
(1.74)
34.3
(1.35)
31.8
(1.25)
29.4
(1.16)
44.9
(1.77)
58.7
(2.31)
71.2
(2.80)
62.1
(2.44)
64.2
(2.53)
61.6
(2.43)
52.2
(2.06)
58.0
(2.28)
612.7
(24.12)
Average extreme snow depth cm (inches) 47
(19)
58
(23)
61
(24)
45
(18)
3
(1.2)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
6
(2.4)
15
(5.9)
35
(14)
67
(26)
Source 1: SMHI Open Data for Skellefteå Airport, precipitation[10]
Source 2: SMHI Open Data for Skellefteå Airport, temperature[11]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Skellhell inte så illa som du tror". March 2011. Archived from the original on 20 June 2013. Retrieved 7 March 2014.
  2. ^ a b c d "Tätorternas landareal, folkmängd och invånare per km2 2005 och 2010" (in Swedish). Statistics Sweden. 14 December 2011. Archived from the original on 10 January 2012. Retrieved 10 January 2012.
  3. ^ "Nattåget Norrland kommer till Skellefteå". News Powered by Cision (in Swedish). Retrieved 2021-04-13.
  4. ^ Kommun, Skellefteå (2019-10-02). "Presentation av Floraskolan och Florahallen". www.skelleftea.se (in Swedish). Retrieved 2019-11-09.
  5. ^ plats, Skellefteå se-Ge idéerna (2018-01-30). "Etablering av batterifabrik". portal.skelleftea.se (in Swedish). Retrieved 2019-11-09.
  6. ^ Milne, Richard; Hall, Ben (2019-12-02). "Europe First: how Brussels is retooling industrial policy". www.ft.com. Retrieved 2020-03-09.
  7. ^ Mark Crowther. "The Week In Chess 233". London Chess Center. Retrieved 2019-06-10.
  8. ^ suentus po 147. "Skelleftea World Cup 1989". chessgames.com. Retrieved 2019-06-18.
  9. ^ Invalidname. "Chess (musical)". en.wikipedia.org. Retrieved 2019-06-18.
  10. ^ "Open Data for Skellefteå" (in Swedish). Swedish Meteorological and Hydrological Institute. Retrieved 7 March 2021.
  11. ^ "Open Data for Skellefteå" (in Swedish). Swedish Meteorological and Hydrological Institute. Retrieved 7 March 2021.

External linksEdit

  Media related to Skellefteå at Wikimedia Commons