1915 Çanakkale Bridge

The 1915 Çanakkale Bridge (Turkish: 1915 Çanakkale Köprüsü; pronounced Chanakkalè), also known as the Dardanelles Bridge (Çanakkale Boğaz Köprüsü), is a road suspension bridge in the province of Çanakkale in northwestern Turkey. Situated just south of the coastal towns of Lapseki and Gelibolu, the bridge spans the Dardanelles strait, about 10 km (6.2 mi) south of the Sea of Marmara.[2] The bridge was officially opened by President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan on 18 March 2022 after roughly five years of construction.[4] The year "1915" in the official Turkish name honours an important Ottoman naval victory against the navies of United Kingdom and France during World War I.

1915 Çanakkale Bridge
Dardanelles Bridge


1915 Çanakkale Köprüsü
Çanakkale Boğaz Köprüsü
1915 Çanakkale Bridge 20220327.jpg
Çanakkale bridge, March 2022
Coordinates40°20′24″N 26°38′10″E / 40.34000°N 26.63611°E / 40.34000; 26.63611Coordinates: 40°20′24″N 26°38′10″E / 40.34000°N 26.63611°E / 40.34000; 26.63611
Carries6 lanes of O-6
Maintenance walkways on each side
CrossesDardanelles
LocaleÇanakkale Province, Turkey
Official name1915 Çanakkale Köprüsü
Website1915canakkale.com/en-us
Characteristics
DesignSuspension
Total length4,608 m (15,118 ft)
Width45.06 m (148 ft)
Height334 m (1,096 ft)
Longest span2,023 m (6,637 ft)
Clearance below70 m (230 ft)
History
DesignerCOWI A/S and PEC (Pyunghwa Engineering Consultants)
Constructed byDaelim, Limak, SK, Yapı Merkezi[1]
Construction startMarch 2017[2]
Construction end26 February 2022
Opened18 March 2022; 3 months ago (2022-03-18)
Statistics
Toll200[3]
Location

The bridge is the longest suspension bridge in the world—with a main span of 2,023 m (6,637 ft), the bridge surpasses the Akashi Kaikyo Bridge (1998) in Japan by 32 m (105 ft).[5][6] It is the centrepiece of the planned 321-kilometre long (199 mi) US$2.8 billion Kınalı-Balıkesir Motorway, which will connect the O-3 and O-7 motorways in East Thrace to the O-5 motorway in Anatolia.[7]

The bridge is the first fixed crossing over the Dardanelles[8] and the sixth one across the Turkish Straits, after three bridges over the Bosphorus and two tunnels under it.[9]

Design and costEdit

The bridge's tender project was designed by Tekfen Construction and Installation and detailed designed by COWI A/S [10] and PEC (Pyunghwa Engineering Consultants in South Korea, for cable design and approach bridge design packages only). Arup and Aas-Jakobsen participated in the project as Independent Design Verifier (IDV). The Administrator consultants are Tekfen[11] and T-ingénierie.

The total length of the bridge is 3,563 m (11,690 ft) and together with the approach viaducts the length reaches 4,608 m (15,118 ft), which surpasses the total length of the Osman Gazi Bridge and its approach viaducts by 527 m (1,729 ft), to become the longest bridge of any type in Turkey.[12]

The height of the bridge's two towers is 318 m (1,043 ft),[note 1] making it the second tallest bridge in Turkey, after the Yavuz Sultan Selim Bridge, and the third tallest structure in the country. Internationally, the bridge is the sixth tallest bridge in the world, surpassing the Sutong Bridge in China. The deck of the bridge is 72.8 m (239 ft) high and 45.06 m (147.8 ft) wide, with a maximum thickness of 3.5 m (11 ft). The deck carries six lanes of motorway (three in each direction), together with two walkways on each side for maintenance.[12]

According to President Erdoğan, the bridge cost 2.5 billion ($2.7 billion) to build, but would save 415 million ($458 million) per year from a reduction of fuel consumption and carbon emissions.[13]

HistoryEdit

Proposals for a bridge spanning the Dardanelles Strait[14] have existed since the 1990s. A bridge was proposed again in 2012, and in 2014, it was placed in the Turkish government's future transportation projects list.[15] In September 2016, the government officially launched the bridge building project.[15] Bids for the contract to construct the bridge were made in 2017.[16] The contract was awarded to a consortium containing Turkish companies Limak Holding and Yapı Merkezi, alongside South Korean companies DL Holdings and SK Ecoplant.[17]

Construction began in March 2017.[18] The bridge was initially scheduled for completion in September 2023,[17] and later brought forward to March 2022.[18] On 16 May 2020, the second tower was completed, on the Gallipoli side (European coast).[19] By 13 November 2021 all block decks were installed.[4] The toll bridge opened for traffic on 18 March 2022, with a toll price of 200 lira (€13.60).[13]

SymbolismEdit

Some symbolic figures are associated with the bridge:

  • the number 1915 in the name,
  • the height of intersection point of main cable (318 m),[20]
  • and the opening date (18 March),

are all related to the date of the Ottoman naval victory, on 18 March 1915, during the naval operations in the Gallipoli campaign. Meanwhile, the length of the bridge's main span (2023 metres) refers to the centennial of the Turkish Republic (1923–2023).[7]

GalleryEdit

Comparison of notable bridgesEdit

Comparison of the side elevations of the 1915 Çanakkale Bridge and some notable bridges at the same scale. (click for interactive version)

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ 318 m is elevation of IP (Intersection Point) of main cable which is important for design, actual tower height considering tower top enclosure is 334 m.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Four consortia in $2.6 bln Dardanelles bridge bid". Hürriyet Daily News. Anadolu Agency. 26 January 2017. Archived from the original on 4 February 2017. Retrieved 26 May 2017.
  2. ^ a b "Canakkale 1915 Bridge". Road Traffic Technology. Archived from the original on 6 January 2018. Retrieved 6 January 2018.
  3. ^ "Cumhurbaşkanı Erdoğan, 1915 Çanakkale Köprüsü'nün geçiş ücretini açıkladı". ntv.com.tr (in Turkish). NTV. 18 March 2022. Archived from the original on 18 March 2022. Retrieved 18 March 2022.
  4. ^ a b "Turkey opens record-breaking bridge between Europe and Asia". CNN. Archived from the original on 20 March 2022. Retrieved 19 March 2022.
  5. ^ "Why Turkey Built the World's Longest Suspension Bridge". The B1M. Retrieved 22 May 2022.
  6. ^ "Groundbreaking ceremony for bridge over Dardanelles to take place on March 18". Hürriyet Daily News. 17 March 2017. Retrieved 22 May 2022.
  7. ^ a b "Groundbreaking ceremony for bridge over Dardanelles to take place on March 18". Hürriyet Daily News. 17 March 2017. Archived from the original on 18 March 2017. Retrieved 19 March 2017.
  8. ^ "Turkey inaugurates 1st bridge over Dardanelles Strait-Xinhua". www.xinhuanet.com. Retrieved 20 March 2022.
  9. ^ "Bosphorus Strait | All About Turkey". www.allaboutturkey.com. Retrieved 20 March 2022.
  10. ^ "Cowi Canakkale". Archived from the original on 20 March 2022. Retrieved 15 May 2018.
  11. ^ "Çanakkale to be site of Turkey's longest bridge". Hürriyet Daily News. 28 January 2012. Archived from the original on 20 March 2022. Retrieved 11 January 2017.
  12. ^ a b ERM (December 2017). Çevresel ve Sosyal Etki Değerlendirmesi (ÇSED) Raporu – 1915 Çanakkale Köprüsü ve Malkara-Çanakkale Otoyolu Projesi (PDF) (Report). ERM. Archived from the original (PDF) on 31 August 2018. Retrieved 31 August 2018.
  13. ^ a b "Turkey builds massive bridge linking Europe and Asia". AP NEWS. 18 March 2022. Archived from the original on 18 March 2022. Retrieved 20 March 2022.
  14. ^ "World's Longest Suspension Bridge Takes Shape in Turkey". Engineering News-Record. 29 September 2021. Retrieved 22 March 2022.
  15. ^ a b "A bridge on Çanakkale Strait finally in the works". Daily Sabah. 2 September 2014. Retrieved 22 March 2022.
  16. ^ "Four consortia in $2.6 bln Dardanelles bridge bid". Hürriyet Daily News. 26 January 2017. Retrieved 22 March 2022.
  17. ^ a b "Turkey Starts Dardanelles Suspension-Bridge Project". Engineering News-Record. 28 March 2018. Retrieved 22 March 2022.
  18. ^ a b "Towers complete on world's longest suspension bridge". New Civil Engineer. 7 September 2020. Retrieved 22 March 2022.
  19. ^ "Last steel block placed in Çanakkale 1915 Bridge". hurriyetdailynews.com. 16 May 2020. Archived from the original on 20 October 2020. Retrieved 13 July 2020.
  20. ^ "1915 Çanakkale Köprüsü'nün 318 metrelik çelik kuleleri tamamlandı". A Haber (in Turkish). Archived from the original on 24 May 2021. Retrieved 24 May 2021.

External linksEdit