European route E39
European route E39 is the designation of a 1,330-kilometre-long (830 mi) north–south road in Norway and Denmark, running from Klett just south of Trondheim to Aalborg, via Bergen, Stavanger and Kristiansand. In total there are nine ferries, the highest number of ferries for a single road in Europe.
|Length||1,330 km (830 mi)|
|North end||Klett, Norway|
|South end||Aalborg, Denmark|
|International E-road network|
In Norway, E39 is part of Norwegian national road system, and is as such developed and maintained by the public roads administration. E39 is mostly a two-lane undivided road, only relatively short sections near Stavanger, Trondheim and Bergen are motorways or semi-motorways.
Møre og Romsdal countyEdit
- Bergsøysund Bridge 931 m
- Gjemnessund Bridge 1257 m
- Molde Airport, Årø
- Rv64→ Fannefjordstunnelen direction Åndalsnes
- ferry from Molde to Vestnes (Furnes dock, 35 minutes)
- E 136 at Skorgenes, jointly with E39 until Spjelkavika
- Fv650 Sjøholt → Linge ferry dock
- E 136 at Spjelkavika, jointly with E39 from Skorgenes at Tresfjord
- Fv653 Furene → Eiksund tunnel
- New route without ferry Volda-Fyrde-Grodås-Nordfjordeid
- Kviven Tunnel, 6,490 metres (21,290 ft)
- Rv55 at Vadheim
- Bogstunnelen (3,482 m)
- ferry from Lavik to Ytre Oppedal (20 min, 1–2 departures per hour, fee)
- E 16 at Nyborg
- Motorway Vågsbotn – Eidsvåg (5 km)
- Fløyfjellstunnelen (two parallel tunnels, 3195 and 3825 m)
- 3 Toll stations at Sandviken, Nygårdsbroen and Fjøsangerveien
- Bergen Airport, Flesland
- Rv49 at Jektevik
- Stordabrua/Stord Bridge (1076 m)
- Bømlafjordtunnelen/Bømlafjord Tunnel (7888 m, 262 m below s.l.)
- E 134 At Aksdal
- 2 Toll stations at Randabergveien and Forus
- Motorway Schancheholen–Sandved (12 km)
- Stavanger Airport, Sola
- Toll Vesterveien in Kristiansand
- E 18 At Kristiansand
- E 39 Hirtshals, Denmark (2–3 hours, 2–5 departures/day, fee)
Domestic car ferries on the E39 are regarded as an integral part of national highways. Ferries operate according to a published timetable and standard prices for vehicles and passengers.  The E39 includes the following ferry routes from North to South (approximate crossing time in minutes):
- Halsa–Kanestraum 20 min.
- Molde–Vestnes 35 min.
- Solavågen–Festøya 20 min.
- Anda–Lote 10 min.
- Lavik–Oppedal 20 min.
- Halhjem–Sandvikvåg 45 min.
- Arsvågen–Mortavika 25 min.
In 1786, a royal decision was made to establish a postal route between Bergen and Trondheim. From the establishment of mail in Norway in 1647 until then, all mail between those cities went over to Oslo. To begin with, the route was for large parts usable for walking and horse riding only, but in the following decades it was rebuilt to allow horse carriages. Several parts required boat. The route was Bergen–Åsane–Hordvik–(boat over Salhusfjorden)–Isdal–Hundvin–Gulen–Rutledal–(boat over Sognefjorden)–Leirvik (Hyllestad)–Flekke–Dale–Bygstad–Førde–Jølster–Gloppen-(boat over Nordfjord)–Faleide (Stryn)–Hornindal–Hellesylt–Stranda–(boat along Storfjorden)–Sjøholt–Vestnes-(boat over Romsdalsfjorden)–Molde–Angvik–(boat over Tingvollfjorden)–Tingvoll–(boat over Halsafjord)–Stangvik–Skei–Rindal–Orkanger–Trondheim. The 1786 decision also included a mail route between Stavanger and Bergen. In 1858, mail was rerouted to newly established steam ships Bergen–Vadheim, and the mail route changed to Vadheim–Sande–Førde, in parts precisely along today's route.
Since 1990, a number of long bridges and tunnels have replaced four of the ferries. The bridges and tunnels are:
- Nordhordland Bridge (1994)
- Gjemnessund Bridge and Bergsøysund Bridge (1992)
- Stord Bridge and Bømlafjord Tunnel (2000)
- Kviven Tunnel and further tunnels (2012)
Other large road projects include:
- Klett–Orkanger (2005)
- Orkanger–Høgkjølen (2015)
- Lote Tunnel (1966)
- Bogs Tunnel (2004) and the adjacent Norevik Tunnel (2012)
- Masfjord Tunnel and adjacent tunnels (1986–1995)
- Eikefet Tunnel (1980)
- Fløyfjell Tunnel (1989)
- Mastrafjord Tunnel (1982)
The route Trondheim–Ålesund–Bergen–Stavanger–Kristiansand was named E39 in 2000. Kristiansund–Stavanger was earlier riksveg 1 (national highway 1, "coastal through-road") from 1992 and riksveg 14 before 1992. Stavanger–Kristiansand was part of E18, and Trondheim – Kristiansund was riksveg 65 and riksveg 71.
- A 15-kilometre-long (9.3 mi) motorway south of Bergen is under construction and expected to be finished in 2022.
- The world's deepest and longest underwater road tunnel, the 27-kilometre-long (17 mi) and 392-metre-deep (1,286 ft) Rogfast, was started (first blasting) in 2018 and is expected to be opened in 2028–29.
- The entire route from Stavanger to Kristiansand is planned to be rebuilt into 4 lane motorway before 2030, in total 144 kilometres (89 mi) remaining (as of 2021) to be built.
- There are plans to replace every ferry link with a fixed connection. There are seven, but each presents a costly technical challenge as the fjords are wide and very deep, so the plans are controversial and uncertain (except Rogfast).
Apart from Rogfast, two projects have a time plan, although delayed:
- Hordfast (south of Bergen) is prioritised because having the highest number of ferry ships, five in operation, and second-most amount of vehicle traffic after Rogfast. It is prioritised despite being probably the most technically challenging of all these crossings. A five kilometre long floating bridge over Bjørnafjorden is planned, new world record, in a stormy area, with clearing for ship traffic below. And a suspension bridge over Langenuen with 1,700-metre-long (5,600 ft) span, one of the longest in the world. Construction start is planned for around 2030. The total cost for Hordfast is estimated to 37 billion NOK ($US 4.2 billion) in part paid by road tolls of around 400 NOK.
- A crossing of Romsdalsfjorden (Ålesund–Molde), having a 16-kilometre-long (9.9 mi) undersea tunnel and a 2000 meter long suspension bridge with 1,650 meters (5,410 ft) long span. Construction start is planned for around 2030.
- The remaining four fjord crossings are more unsure, but are being investigated.
- Sognefjorden: a 4 km long floating bridge is considered.
- Nordfjorden: a 1.8 km long suspension bridge with a 1.5 km span is considered.
- Sulafjorden and Vartdalsfjorden: a 4 km long floating bridge plus a 2 km long suspension bridge is considered.
- Halsafjorden: a 3 km long floating bridge is considered.
- Kristiansand – Hirtshals 3 hours 15 minutes
From Norway E39 goes with ferry from Kristiansand to Hirtshals in north Denmark. Ferries are run by Colorline and Fjordline. In Denmark E39 is a motorway from the south of Hirtshals to the north of Aalborg. The exits are:
- National Public Roads Administration of Norway, website
- "Fjord1 website". Archived from the original on 19 February 2009. Retrieved 20 February 2009.
- Can Norway win the global race to build a 'floating tunnel'? CNN 29 January 2019
- 3D-animation the Sognefjord
- Historiske kart 22D 12; 23C 9; 28B 4; 28B 8; 29A 1; 29A 5: Hordaland / Sogn og Fjordane
- "The E39 Coastal Highway Route". Statens vegvesen. Retrieved 19 July 2020.
- Color Line
- Fjord Line
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to E39.|
|Wikivoyage has a travel guide for European route E39.|