European route E39
E 39 is the designation of a 1330 km long north-south road in Norway and Denmark, running from Klett just south of Trondheim to Aalborg, via Orkanger, Vinjeøra, Halsa ... Straumsnes, Krifast, Batnfjordsøra, Molde ... Vestnes, Skodje, Ålesund ... Volda ... Nordfjordeid ... Sandane, Førde, Lavik ... Instefjord, Knarvik, Bergen, Os ... Stord, Sveio, Aksdal, Bokn ... Rennesøy, Randaberg, Stavanger, Sandnes, Ålgård, Helleland, Flekkefjord, Lyngdal, Mandal, Kristiansand ... Hirtshals, Hjørring, and Nørresundby. Several sections are via ferry, denoted by ... in the above list. In total there are nine ferries, the highest number of ferries for a single road in Europe.
|Length||1,330 km (830 mi)|
|North end||Klett, Norway|
|South end||Aalborg, Denmark|
|International E-road network|
In Norway, E39 is part of Norwegian national road system, and is as such developed and maintained by the public roads administration. E39 is mostly a two-lane undivided road, only relatively short sections near Stavanger, Trondheim and Bergen are motorways or semi-motorways.
Møre og Romsdal countyEdit
- Bergsøysund Bridge 931 m
- Gjemnessund Bridge 1257 m
- Molde Airport, Årø
- Rv64→ Fannefjordstunnelen direction Åndalsnes
- ferry from Molde to Vestnes (Furnes dock, 35 minutes)
- E136 at Skorgenes, jointly with E39 until Spjelkavika
- Fv653 Furene → Eiksund tunnel
- New route without ferry Volda-Fyrde-Grodås-Nordfjordeid
- Kviven Tunnel 6 490 m
Sogn og Fjordane countyEdit
- Rv55 at Vadheim
- Bogstunnelen (3,482 m)
- ferry from Lavik to Ytre Oppedal (20 min, 1-2 departures per hour, fee)
- E16 at Nyborg
- Motorway Vågsbotn – Eidsvåg (5 km)
- Fløyfjellstunnelen (two parallel tunnels, 3195 and 3825 m)
- 3 Toll stations at Sandviken, Nygårdsbroen and Fjøsangerveien
- Bergen Airport, Flesland
- Rv49 at Jektevik
- Stordabrua/Stord Bridge (1076 m)
- Bømlafjordtunnelen/Bømlafjord Tunnel (7888 m, 262 m below s.l.)
- E134 At Aksdal
- 2 Toll stations at Randabergveien and Forus
- Motorway Schancheholen–Sandved (12 km)
- Stavanger Airport, Sola
Vest Agder CountyEdit
- Toll Vesterveien in Kristiansand
- E18 At Kristiansand
- E39 Hirtshals, Denmark (2-3 hours, 2-5 departures/day, fee)
In 1786, a royal decision was made to establish a postal route between Bergen and Trondheim. From the establishment of mail in Norway in 1647 until then, all mail between those cities went over to Oslo. To begin with, the route was for large parts usable for walking and horse riding only, but in the following decades it was rebuilt to allow horse carriages. Several parts required boat. The route was Bergen–Åsane–Hordvik–(boat over Salhusfjorden)–Isdal–Hundvin–Gulen–Rutledal–(boat over Sognefjorden)–Leirvik(Hyllestad)–Flekke–Dale–Bygstad–Førde–Jølster–Gloppen-(boat over Nordfjord)–Faleide(Stryn)–Hornindal–Hellesylt–Stranda–(boat along Storfjorden)–Sjøholt–Vestnes-(boat over Romsdalsfjorden)–Molde–Angvik–(boat over Tingvollfjorden)–Tingvoll–(boat over Halsafjord)–Stangvik–Skei–Rindal–Orkanger–Trondheim. The 1786 decision also included a mail route between Stavanger and Bergen. In 1858, mail was rerouted to newly established steam ships Bergen–Vadheim, and the mail route changed to Vadheim–Sande–Førde, in parts precisely along today's route.
Since 1990, a number of long bridges and tunnels have replaced four of the ferries. The bridges and tunnels are:
- Nordhordland Bridge (1994)
- Gjemnessund Bridge and Bergsøysund Bridge (1992)
- Stord Bridge and Bømlafjord Tunnel (2000)
- Kviven Tunnel and further tunnels (2012)
Other large road projects include:
- Klett–Orkanger (2005)
- Orkanger–Høgkjølen (2015)
- Lote Tunnel (1966)
- Bogs Tunnel (2004) and the adjacent Norevik Tunnel (2012)
- Masfjord Tunnel and adjacent tunnels (1986-1995)
- Eikefet Tunnel (1980)
- Fløyfjell Tunnel (1989)
- Mastrafjord Tunnel (1982)
The route Trondheim – Ålesund – Bergen – Stavanger – Kristiansand was named E39 in 2000. Kristiansund – Stavanger was earlier riksveg 1 (national highway 1, "coastal through-road") from 1992 and riksveg 14 before 1992. Stavanger – Kristiansand was part of E18, and Trondheim – Kristiansund was riksveg 65 and riksveg 71.
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- A 15 km long motorway south of Bergen is under construction and expected to be finished in 2022.
- The world's deepest and longest underwater road tunnel, the 27-kilometre-long (17 mi) and 390-metre-deep (1,280 ft) Rogfast, was started (first blasting) in 2018 and is expected to be opened in 2025-26.
- The entire route Stavanger – Kristiansand is planned to be rebuilt into motorway or semi-motorway.
- There are plans to replace every ferry link with a fixed connection, but each presents a costly technical challenge as the fjords are wide and very deep, so the plans are controversial and uncertain (except Rogfast).
The E39 FerriesEdit
The E39 ferries are operated by Fjord1 except the Volda-Folkestad ferry, which is operated by Tide Sjø.
Domestic car ferries on the E39 are regarded as an integral part of national highways. Ferries operate according to a published timetable and standard prices for vehicles and passengers.  The E39 includes the following ferry routes from North to South (approximate crossing time in minutes):
- Halsa - Kanestraum 20 min.
- Molde - Vestnes 35 min.
- Solevåg - Festøya 20 min.
- Volda - Folkestad 10 min.
- Anda - Lote 10 min.
- Lavik - Oppedal 20 min.
- Halhjem - Sandvikvåg 40 min.
- Arsvågen - Mortavika 22 min.
- Kristiansand - Hirtshals 3 hours 15 minutes
From Norway E 39 goes with ferry from Kristiansand to Hirtshals in north Denmark. Ferries are run by Colorline and Fjordline. In Denmark E 39 is a motorway from the south of Hirtshals to the north of Aalborg. The exits are:
- Meiner vegen var for dårleg strødd
- National Public Roads Administration of Norway, website
- Historiske kart 22D 12; 23C 9; 28B 4; 28B 8; 29A 1; 29A 5: Hordaland / Sogn og Fjordane
- "Fjord1 website". Archived from the original on 2009-02-19. Retrieved 2009-02-20.
- Can Norway win the global race to build a 'floating tunnel'? CNN 29th January 2019
- Color Line
- Fjord Line
- 3D-animation the Sognefjord