Lyngdal

About this soundLyngdal  is a municipality in Agder county, Norway. It is located in the traditional district of Lister. The administrative centre of the municipality is the town of Alleen. Some of the main villages in Lyngdal include Austad, Fleseland, Hæåk, Korshamn, Kvås, Skomrak, and Svenevik.

Lyngdal kommune
View of the Lyngdal Church
View of the Lyngdal Church
Official logo of Lyngdal kommune
Agder within
Norway
Lyngdal within Agder
Lyngdal within Agder
Coordinates: 58°10′09″N 07°03′21″E / 58.16917°N 7.05583°E / 58.16917; 7.05583Coordinates: 58°10′09″N 07°03′21″E / 58.16917°N 7.05583°E / 58.16917; 7.05583
CountryNorway
CountyAgder
DistrictLister
Administrative centreAlleen
Government
 • Mayor (2013)Jan Kristensen (H)
Area
 • Total391.17 km2 (151.03 sq mi)
 • Land370.10 km2 (142.90 sq mi)
 • Water21.07 km2 (8.14 sq mi)
Area rank241 in Norway
Population
 (2017)
 • Total10,389
 • Rank129 in Norway
 • Density23.2/km2 (60/sq mi)
 • Change (10 years)
16.6%
Demonym(s)Lyngdøl[1]
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
ISO 3166 codeNO-4225
Official language formNeutral[2]
Websitewww.lyngdal.kommune.no

The municipal economy centers around wood processing, agriculture, and commerce. Tourism is also central to the community, with the beaches along the Lyngdalsfjorden and Rosfjorden being popular resorts during the summer.

The 391-square-kilometre (151 sq mi) municipality is the 241st largest by area out of the 422 municipalities in Norway. Lyngdal is the 129th most populous municipality in Norway with a population of 8,588. The municipality's population density is 23.2 inhabitants per square kilometre (60/sq mi) and its population has increased by 16.6% over the last decade.[3]

General informationEdit

 
Satellite view of Lyngdal
 
View of Fleseland on the Rosfjorden

The parish of Aa was established as the municipality of Lyngdal on 1 January 1838 (see formannskapsdistrikt). On 1 January 1909, the municipality was split into three: Austad in the south (population: 1,263), Kvås in the north (population: 736) and Lyngdal in the central area (population: 2,698). During the 1960s, there were many municipal mergers across Norway due to the work of the Schei Committee. On 1 January 1964, the municipalities of Austad (population: 608), Kvås (population: 493), Lyngdal (population: 2,916) as well as the Gitlevåg area (population: 103) in Spangereid municipality, west of Lenesfjorden, were all merged to form one large municipality of Lyngdal. On 1 January 1971, the Ytre Skarstein and Indre Skarstein areas of Lyngdal (population: 21) was transferred to the neighboring municipality of Farsund. On 1 January 2001, the municipality of Lyngdal declared that the municipal centre of Alleen would be a town called Lyngdal.[4]

On 1 January 2020, the neighboring municipalities of Audnedal and Lyngdal will be merged into a new, larger municipality called Lyngdal.[5]

NameEdit

The municipality is named after the Lyngdalen valley in which the municipality is located. The Old Norse form of the name was Lygnudalr. The first element is the genitive case of the river name Lygna and the last element is dalr which means "valley" or "dale". The river name is derived from logn which means "quietness" and so the meaning is "the quiet one". Prior to 1908, the parish (but not the municipality) of Lyngdal was called Aa, named after the vicarage. The name of the vicarage was first mentioned in 1312 as "a Am", the dative plural of á which means '(small) river'. The farm lies between two rivers.[6]

Coat of armsEdit

The coat of arms is from modern times; they were granted on 27 March 1987. The arms are green with a white cow facing left in the center. The local breed of cows (lyngdalsku) is very well known in Norway and at the yearly cattle fair traders from all over Southern and Western Norway visit the municipality.[7]

ChurchesEdit

The Church of Norway has three parishes (sokn) within the municipality of Lyngdal. It is part of the Lister prosti (deanery) in the Diocese of Agder og Telemark.

Churches in Lyngdal
Parish (Sokn) Church Name Location of the Church Year Built
Austad Austad Church Austad 1803
Korshamn Chapel Korshamn 1906
Kvås Kvås Church Kvås 1836
Lyngdal Lyngdal Church Lyngdal 1848

HistoryEdit

 
Population of Lyngdal, 1900-2001 (SSB).

The island of Sælør on the southern coast of the municipality is mentioned in Snorre, as the king Saint Olav spent a winter here in 1028. Based around the port of Agnefest, Lyngdal prospered on maritime trade, and in 1771 an application was made for status as a small coastal town. Its coastal location also facilitated emigration; in the 17th and 18th century largely to the Dutch Republic, and in the 19th century to the United States.

Even before the merger of the municipalities in 1964, the parishes of Austad and Kvås, together with Å (or Aa - Lyngdal proper), made up the greater Lyngdal parish. A census from 1801 showed 3529 inhabitants in the area that today makes up Lyngdal: 1850 in Å, 929 in Austad, 585 in Kvås and 165 in the eastern part of Spangereid. The number today is approximately 8000 inhabitants.[8]

Religious life and missionary work have always had a strong position in Lyngdal, and worthy of special note is the minister and Gabriel Kielland (1796–1854), who served in the parish from 1837–1854, and his wife Gustava (1800–1889). Known today as a missionary pioneer and a popular songwriter, Gustava also wrote one of the first autobiographies by a woman in Norway: her "Reminiscence from my Life" from 1880.[9]

GeographyEdit

 
Agnefest in the south of Lyngdal has since 1771 an approved natural harbor on the Rosfjord

Lyngdal is a coastal municipality that and borders Lindesnes municipality to the southeast, Audnedal to the northeast, Hægebostad to the north, and Kvinesdal and Farsund to the west. Lyngdal municipality includes the southern portion of the Lyngdalen valley which follows the river Lygna to the Lyngdalsfjorden in the west. The Lenesfjorden, Grønsfjorden, and Rosfjorden also are located in the southern part of Lyngdal. As part of Lyngdal village there is Agnefest on site in the south with a natural harbour at Rosfjorden; the harbour is registered since 1771.

ClimateEdit

Climate data for Lyngdal
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Daily mean °C (°F) −0.4
(31.3)
−0.5
(31.1)
1.9
(35.4)
5.0
(41.0)
10.1
(50.2)
13.7
(56.7)
14.7
(58.5)
14.6
(58.3)
11.2
(52.2)
8.0
(46.4)
3.7
(38.7)
1.0
(33.8)
6.9
(44.4)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 167
(6.6)
112
(4.4)
118
(4.6)
79
(3.1)
104
(4.1)
95
(3.7)
109
(4.3)
148
(5.8)
198
(7.8)
219
(8.6)
223
(8.8)
173
(6.8)
1,745
(68.7)
Source: Norwegian Meteorological Institute[10]

GovernmentEdit

All municipalities in Norway, including Lyngdal, are responsible for primary education (through 10th grade), outpatient health services, senior citizen services, unemployment and other social services, zoning, economic development, and municipal roads. The municipality is governed by a municipal council of elected representatives, which in turn elect a mayor.

Municipal councilEdit

The municipal council (Kommunestyre) of Lyngdal is made up of 29 representatives that are elected to four year terms. Currently, the party breakdown is as follows:[11]

Lyngdal Kommunestyre 2015–2019
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)3
 Progress Party (Fremskrittspartiet)3
 Conservative Party (Høyre)12
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)6
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)3
 Liberal Party (Venstre)2
Total number of members:29

TransportationEdit

Bus lines from/through Lyngdal Bus Terminal:

Line Destination
451 Lyngdal - Flekkefjord/Kvinesdal
781 Lyngdal - Snartemo S
900 Kristiansand - Mandal - Farsund
900 Kristiansand - Mandal - Lista
900 Lyngdal - Farsund-Lista

Notable peopleEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Navn på steder og personer: Innbyggjarnamn" (in Norwegian). Språkrådet.
  2. ^ "Forskrift om målvedtak i kommunar og fylkeskommunar" (in Norwegian). Lovdata.no.
  3. ^ Statistisk sentralbyrå (2017). "Table: 06913: Population 1 January and population changes during the calendar year (M)" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2017-11-05.
  4. ^ Jukvam, Dag (1999). "Historisk oversikt over endringer i kommune- og fylkesinndelingen" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Statistisk sentralbyrå.
  5. ^ "Nye Lyngdal kommune Informasjonsbrosjyre" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Lyngdal kommune. Retrieved 2017-11-05.
  6. ^ Rygh, Oluf (1912). Norske gaardnavne: Lister og Mandals amt (in Norwegian) (9 ed.). Kristiania, Norge: W. C. Fabritius & sønners bogtrikkeri. pp. 229–230.
  7. ^ "Civic heraldry of Norway - Norske Kommunevåpen". Heraldry of the World. Retrieved 2016-10-23.
  8. ^ "Folkemengde ved folketellingene, 1769-2001" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Statistisk Sentralbyrå. 2001. Retrieved 2008-01-09.
  9. ^ "History". Lyngdal Municipality. Archived from the original on 2012-04-20. Retrieved 2008-01-09.
  10. ^ "eKlima Web Portal". Norwegian Meteorological Institute. Archived from the original on 2004-06-14.
  11. ^ "Table: 04813: Members of the local councils, by party/electoral list at the Municipal Council election (M)" (in Norwegian). Statistics Norway. 2015.
  12. ^ "Abraham Berge". Norwegian Encyclopedia AS. Retrieved February 24, 2014.
  13. ^ "Teis Lundegaard". Norwegian Encyclopedia AS. Retrieved February 24, 2014.
  14. ^ "Haugeland, Trygve ( from 1914 to 1998 )". Stortinget. Retrieved February 24, 2014.
  15. ^ "Kjell Elvis burner for children from Burma". Lyngdals Avis. Archived from the original on March 5, 2014. Retrieved February 24, 2014.
  16. ^ "Ingvild Stensland". Norwegian Encyclopedia AS. Retrieved February 24, 2014.
  17. ^ Legislative Reference Bureau (1962). The Wisconsin Blue Book. Legislative Reference Bureau. p. 61.

External linksEdit