Stranda

Stranda is a municipality in Møre og Romsdal county, Norway. It is part of the Sunnmøre region. The administrative centre of the municipality is the village of Stranda. Stranda consists of three smaller villages and one larger central village. The smaller villages are Hellesylt, Geiranger, and Liabygda. The central village, Stranda (same name as the municipality), has about 2,600 inhabitants. Stranda Municipality is known for tourist attractions like the Geirangerfjorden Sunnylvsfjorden and its skiarea at Strandafjellet

Stranda kommune
View of the village of Stranda
View of the village of Stranda
Official logo of Stranda kommune
Møre og Romsdal within
Norway
Stranda within Møre og Romsdal
Stranda within Møre og Romsdal
Coordinates: 62°11′29″N 06°56′56″E / 62.19139°N 6.94889°E / 62.19139; 6.94889Coordinates: 62°11′29″N 06°56′56″E / 62.19139°N 6.94889°E / 62.19139; 6.94889
CountryNorway
CountyMøre og Romsdal
DistrictSunnmøre
Established1 Jan 1838
Administrative centreStranda
Government
 • Mayor (2011)Jan Ove Tryggestad (Sp)
Area
 • Total865.87 km2 (334.31 sq mi)
 • Land844.64 km2 (326.12 sq mi)
 • Water21.23 km2 (8.20 sq mi)  2.5%
Area rank134 in Norway
Population
 (2020)
 • Total4,523
 • Rank191 in Norway
 • Density5.4/km2 (14/sq mi)
 • Change (10 years)
−0.2%
Demonym(s)Strandar
Strander[1]
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
ISO 3166 codeNO-1525
Official language formNynorsk[2]
Websitestranda.kommune.no

The 866-square-kilometre (334 sq mi) municipality is the 134th largest by area out of the 356 municipalities in Norway. Stranda is the 191st most populous municipality in Norway with a population of 4,523. The municipality's population density is 5.4 inhabitants per square kilometre (14/sq mi) and its population has decreased by 0.2% over the previous 10-year period.[3][4]

General informationEdit

The parish of Stranden was established as a municipality on 1 January 1838 (see formannskapsdistrikt law). On 1 January 1892, the northern district of the municipality (population: 850) was separated to form the new Stordal Municipality. This left Stranda with 1,459 residents. The spelling was changed to Stranda in 1918. During the 1960s, there were many municipal mergers across Norway due to the work of the Schei Committee. On 1 January 1965, Sunnylven Municipality (population: 1,221) was merged into Stranda, forming a new, larger Stranda Municipality.[5]

NameEdit

The Old Norse form of the name was Strǫnd. The name is identical with the word strǫnd which means "beach" or "strand". Before 1918, the name was written Stranden.[6]

Coat of armsEdit

The coat of arms was granted on 2 May 1986 and were designed by Jarle Skuseth. The arms show a gold and blue figure which symbolizes the fjords and mountains hovering over the beach.[7]

ChurchesEdit

The Church of Norway has four parishes (sokn) within the municipality of Stranda. It is part of the Austre Sunnmøre prosti (deanery) in the Diocese of Møre.

Churches in Stranda
Parish (sokn) Church name Location of the church Year built
Stranda Stranda Church Stranda 1838
Liabygda Liabygda Church Liabygda 1917
Sunnylven Sunnylven Church Hellesylt 1859
Geiranger Geiranger Church Geiranger 1842

GeographyEdit

 
The Geirangerfjord as seen from Dalsnibba

The West Norwegian Fjords, entailing Geirangerfjord and Nærøyfjord was inscribed on UNESCO's World Heritage List in 2005 at the 29th Session of the World Heritage Committee in Durban, South Africa. The West Norwegian Fjords is the first natural World Heritage site in Norway, and the third natural site in the NordicBaltic region.

The West Norwegian Fjords are characterised as the best geologically developed and preserved example of classic fjord landscape. The geology and ongoing erosional processes have provided a basis for the active development of ecological and biological processes as well as the development of traditional, in part extreme, land use that has not harmed the integrity of the natural site.

Due to its natural environment, this scenic area is one of the most visited in the Nordic countries.[citation needed] The area has examples of landforms shaped and developed by ice and water, a landscape with significant geomorphological features, and a very young landscape in terms of Earth history that is continuously being formed by active erosional processes. The area represents the most extreme and dramatic fjord landscape in the world[citation needed] and has an exceptional aesthetic importance.[citation needed]

The Seven Sisters waterfall is located along the Geirangerfjord. The mountain Dalsnibba and the lake Djupvatnet are located along Norwegian County Road 63 in the southern part of the municipality. The mountains of Kvitegga and Hornindalsrokken lie on the southern municipal border.

GovernmentEdit

All municipalities in Norway, including Stranda, are responsible for primary education (through 10th grade), outpatient health services, senior citizen services, unemployment and other social services, zoning, economic development, and municipal roads. The municipality is governed by a municipal council of elected representatives, which in turn elect a mayor.[8] The municipality falls under the Sunnmøre District Court and the Frostating Court of Appeal.

Municipal councilEdit

The municipal council (Kommunestyre) of Stranda is made up of 25 representatives that are elected to four year terms. The party breakdown of the council is as follows:

Stranda Kommunestyre 2020–2023 [9]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)3
 Progress Party (Framstegspartiet)5
 Green Party (Miljøpartiet Dei Grøne)1
 Conservative Party (Høgre)3
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristeleg Folkeparti)1
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)12
Total number of members:25
Stranda Kommunestyre 2016–2019 [10]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)3
 Progress Party (Framstegspartiet)5
 Conservative Party (Høgre)3
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristeleg Folkeparti)2
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)11
 Liberal Party (Venstre)1
Total number of members:25
Stranda Kommunestyre 2012–2015 [11]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)3
 Progress Party (Framstegspartiet)8
 Conservative Party (Høgre)3
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristeleg Folkeparti)2
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)8
 Liberal Party (Venstre)1
Total number of members:25
Stranda Kommunestyre 2008–2011 [10]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)2
 Progress Party (Framstegspartiet)12
 Conservative Party (Høgre)2
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristeleg Folkeparti)2
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)4
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)1
 Liberal Party (Venstre)2
Total number of members:25
Stranda Kommunestyre 2004–2007 [10]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)3
 Progress Party (Framstegspartiet)9
 Conservative Party (Høgre)3
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristeleg Folkeparti)3
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)3
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)2
Total number of members:23
Stranda Kommunestyre 2000–2003 [10]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)4
 Progress Party (Framstegspartiet)5
 Conservative Party (Høgre)5
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristeleg Folkeparti)4
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)5
 Liberal Party (Venstre)2
Total number of members:25
Stranda Kommunestyre 1996–1999 [12]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)5
 Conservative Party (Høgre)5
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristeleg Folkeparti)8
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)8
 Liberal Party (Venstre)3
Total number of members:29
Stranda Kommunestyre 1992–1995 [13]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)5
 Progress Party (Framstegspartiet)1
 Conservative Party (Høgre)7
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristeleg Folkeparti)5
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)5
 Liberal Party (Venstre)1
 Local list for Sunnylven (Bygdeliste for Sunnylven)5
Total number of members:29
Stranda Kommunestyre 1988–1991 [14]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)6
 Conservative Party (Høgre)7
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristeleg Folkeparti)5
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)3
 Liberal Party (Venstre)3
 Local list for Sunnylven (Bygdeliste for Sunnylven)5
Total number of members:29
Stranda Kommunestyre 1984–1987 [15]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)8
 Conservative Party (Høgre)6
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristeleg Folkeparti)5
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)3
 Liberal Party (Venstre)3
 Local list for Sunnylven (Bygdeliste for Sunnylven)4
Total number of members:29
Stranda Kommunestyre 1980–1983 [16]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)6
 Conservative Party (Høgre)5
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristeleg Folkeparti)6
 Liberal People's Party (Liberale Folkepartiet)1
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)4
 Liberal Party (Venstre)2
 Local list for Sunnylven (Bygdaliste for Sunnylven)4
 Local list for Geiranger (Bygdeliste for Geiranger)1
Total number of members:29
Stranda Kommunestyre 1976–1979 [17]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)6
 Conservative Party (Høgre)2
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristeleg Folkeparti)6
 New People's Party (Nye Folkepartiet)2
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)5
 Liberal Party (Venstre)2
 Local list for Sunnylven (Bygdaliste for Sunnylven)5
 Local list for Geiranger (Bygdeliste for Geiranger)1
Total number of members:29
Stranda Kommunestyre 1972–1975 [18]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)8
 Conservative Party (Høgre)2
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristeleg Folkeparti)5
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)10
 Liberal Party (Venstre)4
Total number of members:29
Stranda Kommunestyre 1968–1971 [19]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)8
 Conservative Party (Høgre)2
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristeleg Folkeparti)5
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)9
 Liberal Party (Venstre)5
Total number of members:29
Stranda Kommunestyre 1964–1967 [20]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)6
 Conservative Party (Høgre)2
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristeleg Folkeparti)5
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)5
 Liberal Party (Venstre)3
Total number of members:21
Stranda Heradsstyre 1960–1963 [21]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)6
 Conservative Party (Høgre)1
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristeleg Folkeparti)6
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)4
 Liberal Party (Venstre)3
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)1
Total number of members:21
Stranda Heradsstyre 1956–1959 [22]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)5
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)16
Total number of members:21
Stranda Heradsstyre 1952–1955 [23]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)2
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)14
Total number of members:16
Stranda Heradsstyre 1948–1951 [24]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)2
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)14
Total number of members:16
Stranda Heradsstyre 1945–1947 [25]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)2
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)14
Total number of members:16
Stranda Heradsstyre 1938–1941* [26]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)1
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)15
Total number of members:16

MayorEdit

The mayors of Stranda (incomplete list):

  • 2011-present: Jan Ove Tryggestad (Sp)
  • 2003-2011: Frank Sve (FrP)
  • 1999-2003: Inge Gjærde (H)
  • 1992-1999: Anne Lise Lunde (KrF)
  • 1988-1992: Inge Gjærde (H)

TourismEdit

 
Cruise ships at Geiranger

Tourism has long and strong traditions in Stranda. The villages of Geiranger and Hellesylt have long been well-known destinations. The first cruise ship with tourists from abroad came to Geiranger in 1869. Today, Geiranger is the second largest cruise ship port in Norway, visited by 160 cruise ships every summer. The Coastal Steamer (Hurtigruten) runs daily round trips Ålesund-Geiranger from April to mid-September. Altogether about 700,000 tourists visit Geiranger each summer.

Royal persons, especially Queen Sonja, have contributed to make the fjord famous all over the world. By annual trips, visiting, and even spending the night on these abandoned mountains farms such as Skageflå, and publishing a book about these trips with her own photos that have also been exhibited in New York, among other places. Other historic farms include Knivsflå and Me-Åkernes.

Sports and leisureEdit

In the alpine area at Strandafjellet, there are six Ski tows and alpine pistes. Each winter alpine competitions are hosted there. Strandafjellet is one of the few places in the world where one could actually ski from the top of a mountain and go the whole way down, to the fjord. Every year roughly 250 telemark skiers, alpineskiers and snowboarders come together in the race Alperittet, from 1,230 metres (4,040 ft) above sea level and down to the fjord. The Geiranger – From Fjord to Summit race runs from Geiranger to Dalsnibba each year.

CultureEdit

In Hellesylt, one may visit Hægstad Gård which contains woodcarvings, scenes from Peer Gynt by Henrik Ibsen, and in Geiranger the new Norwegian Fjord Centre shows local history and pictures from Geiranger.

Trade and industryEdit

The municipality of Stranda has a great variety as to trade and industry. About 160 farms produce milk and meat products. Many factories have long traditions for making meat products, especially salted and cured meat. Also the making of furniture and textile products is an important industry that gives good work to many persons. Stranda is the place where P.I. Langlo industrialized the furniture industry in Norway in 1919.[27] (There is almost no unemployment in the area). The Grandiosa factory, Norway's biggest pizza-producing factory is situated in Stranda. There are also much aquafarming and many fish processing factories in the municipality. Tourism is, of course, a very important business in the whole district.

In popular cultureEdit

Notable residentsEdit

 
Olaf Skavlan, 1891
 
Øyvind Skarbø, 2016

See alsoEdit

  • Norwegian Colony, a Norwegian community in California established by families from Stranda.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Navn på steder og personer: Innbyggjarnamn" (in Norwegian). Språkrådet.
  2. ^ "Forskrift om målvedtak i kommunar og fylkeskommunar" (in Norwegian). Lovdata.no.
  3. ^ Statistisk sentralbyrå (2020). "Table: 06913: Population 1 January and population changes during the calendar year (M)" (in Norwegian).
  4. ^ Statistisk sentralbyrå (2020). "09280: Area of land and fresh water (km²) (M)" (in Norwegian).
  5. ^ Jukvam, Dag (1999). "Historisk oversikt over endringer i kommune- og fylkesinndelingen" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Statistisk sentralbyrå.
  6. ^ Rygh, Oluf (1908). Norske gaardnavne: Romsdals amt (in Norwegian) (13 ed.). Kristiania, Norge: W. C. Fabritius & sønners bogtrikkeri. p. 126.
  7. ^ "Civic heraldry of Norway - Norske Kommunevåpen". Heraldry of the World. Retrieved 25 August 2019.
  8. ^ Hansen, Tore, ed. (12 May 2016). "kommunestyre". Store norske leksikon (in Norwegian). Kunnskapsforlaget. Retrieved 6 April 2019.
  9. ^ "Tall for Norge: Kommunestyrevalg 2019 - Møre og Romsdal" (in Norwegian). Statistics Norway. Retrieved 19 October 2019.
  10. ^ a b c d "Table: 04813: Members of the local councils, by party/electoral list at the Municipal Council election (M)" (in Norwegian). Statistics Norway.
  11. ^ "Tall for Norge: Kommunestyrevalg 2011 - Møre og Romsdal" (in Norwegian). Statistics Norway. Retrieved 19 October 2019.
  12. ^ "Kommunestyrevalget 1995" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo-Kongsvinger: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1996. Retrieved 1 May 2020.
  13. ^ "Kommunestyrevalget 1991" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo-Kongsvinger: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1993. Retrieved 1 May 2020.
  14. ^ "Kommunestyrevalget 1987" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo-Kongsvinger: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1988. Retrieved 1 May 2020.
  15. ^ "Kommunestyrevalget 1983" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo-Kongsvinger: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1984. Retrieved 1 May 2020.
  16. ^ "Kommunestyrevalget 1979" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1979. Retrieved 1 May 2020.
  17. ^ "Kommunevalgene 1975" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1977. Retrieved 1 May 2020.
  18. ^ "Kommunevalgene 1972" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1973. Retrieved 1 May 2020.
  19. ^ "Kommunevalgene 1967" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1967. Retrieved 1 May 2020.
  20. ^ "Kommunevalgene 1963" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1964. Retrieved 1 May 2020.
  21. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1959" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1960. Retrieved 1 May 2020.
  22. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1955" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1957. Retrieved 1 May 2020.
  23. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1951" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1952. Retrieved 1 May 2020.
  24. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1947" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1948. Retrieved 1 May 2020.
  25. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1945" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1947. Retrieved 1 May 2020.
  26. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1937" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1938. Retrieved 1 May 2020.
  27. ^ Gjærde, Asbjørn (1990). Stranda, Industri og samfunn (in Norwegian). Ålesund, Norge: Stranda Sogelag. p. 64.
  28. ^ "The Wave (2015) Bølgen (original title)". IMDb. Retrieved 16 March 2016.
  29. ^ IMDb Database retrieved 24 November 2020
  30. ^ IMDb Database retrieved 24 November 2020

External linksEdit