Ålesund (Norwegian pronunciation: [ˈôːɫəsʉn] ), sometimes spelled Aalesund in English, is a municipality in Møre og Romsdal County, Norway. It is part of the traditional district of Sunnmøre and the centre of the Ålesund Region. The town of Ålesund is the administrative centre of Ålesund Municipality, as well as the principal shipping town of the Sunnmøre district. The town is a sea port and is noted for its concentration of Art Nouveau architecture. Although sometimes internationally spelled by its older name Aalesund, this spelling is obsolete in Norwegian. However, the local football club Aalesunds FK still carries that spelling, having been founded before the official change.

Ålesund Municipality
Ålesund kommune
Aalesund  (historic name)
Part of town seen from Aksla viewpoint
Part of town seen from Aksla viewpoint
Møre og Romsdal within Norway
Møre og Romsdal within Norway
Ålesund within Møre og Romsdal
Ålesund within Møre og Romsdal
Coordinates: 62°28′40″N 06°11′25″E / 62.47778°N 6.19028°E / 62.47778; 6.19028
CountryNorway
CountyMøre og Romsdal
DistrictSunnmøre
Established1 January 1838
 • Created asFormannskapsdistrikt
Administrative centreÅlesund
Government
 • Mayor (2023)Håkon Lykkebø Strand (Frp)
Area
 • Total632.51 km2 (244.21 sq mi)
 • Land607.41 km2 (234.52 sq mi)
 • Water25.10 km2 (9.69 sq mi)  4%
 • Rank#184 in Norway
Population
 (2023)
 • Total67,250
 • Rank#13 in Norway
 • Density111.2/km2 (288/sq mi)
 • Change (10 years)
Increase +9.1%
DemonymsÅlesundar
Ålesunder[1]
Official language
 • Norwegian formNynorsk[2]
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
ISO 3166 codeNO-1507[4]
WebsiteOfficial website

The 633-square-kilometre (244 sq mi) municipality is the 184th largest by area out of the 356 municipalities in Norway. Ålesund is the 13th most populous municipality in Norway with a population of 67,250. The municipality's population density is 111.2 inhabitants per square kilometre (288/sq mi) and its population has increased by 9.1% over the previous 10-year period.[5][6]

General information edit

Population development, 1951–2008
 
Source: Statistics Norway

In 1793, the port of Aalesund was granted limited ladested rights. Later, in 1824, it was granted full ladested rights. In 1835, Ålesund had 482 inhabitants.[7] On 1 January 1838, the new formannskapsdistrikt law went into effect, granting limited local self-government to all parishes in Norway. Therefore, on that date, the small ladested of Aalesund became a small municipality with its own council. It was surrounded by the large rural municipality of Borgund. In 1848, it was upgraded to the status of a kjøpstad, a more important market town.

On 1 January 1875, part of Borgund Municipality (population: 902) was transferred to the town of Ålesund. In 1922, another part of Borgund Municipality (population: 1,148) was transferred to the town of Ålesund. During the 1960s, there were many municipal mergers across Norway due to the work of the Schei Committee. On 1 January 1968, most of the neighbouring municipality of Borgund (population: 20,132) was merged with the town of Ålesund. This merger vastly increased the land area of the municipality and more than doubled the population of Ålesund, for a new total population of 38,589. On 1 January 1977, the island of Sula and some small surrounding islets (population: 6,302) were separated from Ålesund to form the new Sula Municipality.[8]

On 1 January 2020, the municipality of Ålesund was greatly enlarged when Haram Municipality, Skodje Municipality, Sandøy Municipality, and Ørskog Municipality were merged with Ålesund to form one large municipality of Ålesund.[9]

On 1 January 2024, the northern part of the municipality that used to be part of the old Haram Municipality before 2020 was separated from Ålesund to become a separate municipality once again.[10]

Toponymy edit

A part of the town was originally known as Kaupangen Borgund. The Old Norse word kaupangr means "marketplace" or "town", thus the market town for Borgund. The Old Norse form of the current name was Álasund. The first element of that (probably) is the plural genitive case of áll which means "eel". The last element is sund which means "strait" or "sound".[11] On 21 December 1917, a royal resolution enacted the 1917 Norwegian language reforms. Prior to this change, the name was spelled Aalesund with the digraph "Aa", and after this reform, the name was spelled Ålesund, using the letter Å instead.[12][13]

Coat of arms edit

The coat of arms was granted on 1 April 1898. The arms have a red field (background) and the charge is a fishing boat on the water with three cod fish beneath the boat. The charge has a tincture of argent which means it is commonly colored white, but if it is made out of metal, then silver is used. A mural crown is depicted above the escutcheon. The arms symbolize the importance of fishing for Ålesund. The type of ship was typical for the fishing vessels in the 18th and 19th century and is taken from a drawing made in 1762. The waves and three fish were added to the drawing in the arms. The arms were designed by Andreas Bloch. The municipal flag has the same design as the coat of arms.[14][15]

The arms are shown in the Kaffe Hag album with the boat sailing right instead of sailing left.

Churches edit

The Church of Norway has twelve parishes (sokn) within the municipality of Ålesund. It is part of the Nordre Sunnmøre prosti (deanery) in the Diocese of Møre. The seat of the deanery is at Ålesund Church.

 
Ålesund Church
Churches in Ålesund
Parish (sokn) Church name Location of the church Year built
Borgund Borgund Church Borgund 1130
Brattvåg Brattvåg Church Brattvåg 1977
Hildre Church Hildrestranda 1905
Ellingsøy Ellingsøy Church Ellingsøya 1998
Hamnsund Hamnsund Church near Søvik 1875
Haram og Fjørtoft Fjørtoft Church Fjørtofta 1878
Haram Church Austnes 1838
Lepsøy Chapel Lepsøya 1896
Sandøy Sandøy Church Sandøya 1812
Harøy Church Harøya 1934
Skodje Skodje Church Skodje 1860
Spjelkavik Spjelkavik Church Spjelkavik 1987
Vatne Vatne Church Vatne 1868
Volsdalen Volsdalen Church Nørvøya (in Ålesund city) 1974
Ålesund Ålesund Church Aspøya (in Ålesund city) 1909
Skarbøvik Church Heissa 1995
Ørskog Ørskog Church Sjøholt 1873

History edit

 
Ålesund, Norway, ca. 1895, before the fire

According to local legend, Ålesund was founded by Gangerolf (outside of Norway better known as Rollo), in the 9th century.[16] the 10th-century founder of the dynasty of the dukes of Normandy, hailed from the community of Giske, north-west of Ålesund. At least three statues of Rollo exist: in the town park in Ålesund, in the city of Rouen, France, and in Fargo, North Dakota, United States.

By 1835, Ålesund had grown to a population of 482,[7] and in 1848 it was given the status of a town.[16] By 1900, the population had increased to 11,777.[17]

In the night of 23 January 1904, the town was the scene of the Ålesund Fire, one of the most terrible of the many conflagrations to which Norwegian towns, once built largely of wood, have been subjected. Practically the entire town was destroyed during the night, a gale aiding the flames, and the population had to leave the town in the middle of the night with only a few minutes' notice. Only one person died in the fire, the 76-year-old Ane Heen, but more than 10,000 people were left without shelter.[18]

 
Jugendstilsenteret – The Art Nouveau Centre of Norway

Kaiser Wilhelm of Germany had often been on vacation to Sunnmøre. After the fire, he sent four warships with materials to build temporary shelters and barracks. After a period of planning, the town was rebuilt in stone, brick, and mortar in Jugendstil, the architectural style of the time. The structures were designed by approximately 20 master builders and 30 Norwegian architects, most of them educated in Trondheim and Charlottenburg, Berlin, drawing inspiration from all over Europe. To honor Wilhelm, one of the most frequented streets of the town is named after him.

The town has an unusually consistent architecture, most of the buildings having been built from stone in Art Nouveau style,[16] between 1904 and 1907. Jugendstilsenteret is a national interpretation centre, visitors can learn more about the town fire, the rebuilding of the town and the Art Nouveau style. Ålesund is a partner in the Art nouveau network, a European network of co-operation created in 1999 for the study, safeguards and development of the Art nouveau.

The term "Little London" was often applied to the community during the occupation of Norway by Nazi Germany due to the Norwegian resistance work that took place here. Among other things, the city was central to the flights to Scotland and England.

Geography edit

The municipality of Ålesund occupies seven of the large outer islands in the county of Møre og Romsdal: Hessa, Aspøya, Nørvøya, Oksenøya, Ellingsøya, Humla, and Tørla. The town centre is located on the islands Aspøya and Nørvøya, while Hessa and Oksenøya contain residential areas. There are also many other smaller surrounding islands.

The second largest island, Ellingsøya, used to be accessible only by boat or by road via Skodje Municipality, but the undersea Ellingsøy Tunnel was built in 1987 to make traveling between the island and the town centre more convenient. The tunnel is 3,481 metres (11,421 ft) long, and was upgraded in 2009.

Situated 236 kilometres (147 mi) north northeast of the city of Bergen, Ålesund is adjacent to the Hjørund and Geiranger fjords, the latter being on UNESCO's list of World Heritage Sites.[19]

The municipality covers an area of 93 square kilometres (36 sq mi). The population (2017) is 47,199, making the population density of 506.6 inhabitants per square kilometre (1,312/sq mi). The population of the agglomeration, which includes parts of the neighbouring Sula Municipality, is 48,460.[20] The municipality also contains three smaller separate urban areas on the island of Ellingsøya: Hoffland, Årset, and Myklebost with a total population of 1,279.[20] Other villages include Løvika and Spjelkavik, both on Oksenøya.

Climate edit

Ålesund has a temperate oceanic climate (Köppen Cfb), also known as a marine west coast climate. The driest season is April- July. The wettest season is September – January, and the wettest month is December. The mean annual temperature of 8.1 °C (46.6 °F) is extremely warm for the latitude of 62°N. This is in a large part due to the mild autumns and winters, which can sometimes experience strong winds. The record low is from January 2010, and the record high is from July 2018. The warmest temperature ever recorded in the municipality is 34.4 °C (93.9 °F) at a weather station a little east (inland) of the city itself. Atlantic lows can sometimes cause warm winter highs in Ålesund due to foehn effect from winds being forced over the mountains in Sunnmørsalpene.

Climate data for Ålesund 1991–2020 (15 m, Ålesund IV, extremes 1991–2022)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 15.7
(60.3)
16.5
(61.7)
16.6
(61.9)
22.4
(72.3)
26.2
(79.2)
25.7
(78.3)
31.5
(88.7)
28
(82)
24.8
(76.6)
22.7
(72.9)
20.3
(68.5)
16.5
(61.7)
31.5
(88.7)
Daily mean °C (°F) 3.3
(37.9)
2.7
(36.9)
3.8
(38.8)
6.4
(43.5)
9.3
(48.7)
12.2
(54.0)
14.5
(58.1)
14.8
(58.6)
12.3
(54.1)
8.4
(47.1)
5.7
(42.3)
3.6
(38.5)
8.1
(46.5)
Record low °C (°F) −10
(14)
−9.8
(14.4)
−7.6
(18.3)
−3.5
(25.7)
−1
(30)
2.3
(36.1)
5.6
(42.1)
6.3
(43.3)
1.3
(34.3)
−2.1
(28.2)
−7.2
(19.0)
−8.7
(16.3)
−10
(14)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 146
(5.7)
128
(5.0)
127
(5.0)
77
(3.0)
73
(2.9)
83
(3.3)
81
(3.2)
126
(5.0)
153
(6.0)
169
(6.7)
150
(5.9)
176
(6.9)
1,489
(58.6)
Source: Norwegian Meteorological Institute[21]

Government edit

Ålesund Municipality is responsible for primary education (through 10th grade), outpatient health services, senior citizen services, welfare and other social services, zoning, economic development, and municipal roads and utilities. The municipality is governed by a municipal council of directly elected representatives. The mayor is indirectly elected by a vote of the municipal council.[22] The municipality is under the jurisdiction of the Møre og Romsdal District Court and the Frostating Court of Appeal.

Municipal council edit

The municipal council (Kommunestyre) of Ålesund is made up of 47 representatives that are elected to four year terms. The tables below show the current and historical composition of the council by political party.

Ålesund kommunestyre 2023–2027 [23]  
Party name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
  Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet) 7
  Progress Party (Framstegspartiet) 13
  Green Party (Miljøpartiet Dei Grøne) 1
  Conservative Party (Høgre) 11
  Industry and Business Party (Industri‑ og Næringspartiet) 1
  Christian Democratic Party (Kristeleg Folkeparti) 2
  Red Party (Raudt) 1
  Centre Party (Senterpartiet) 1
  Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti) 2
  Liberal Party (Venstre) 1
 Ålesund List (Ålesundlista)7
Total number of members:47
Ålesund kommunestyre 2019–2023 [24]  
Party name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
  Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet) 16
  Progress Party (Framstegspartiet) 13
  Green Party (Miljøpartiet Dei Grøne) 4
  Conservative Party (Høgre) 15
  The Christians Party (Partiet Dei Kristne) 1
  Christian Democratic Party (Kristeleg Folkeparti) 5
  Pensioners' Party (Pensjonistpartiet) 2
  Red Party (Raudt) 1
  Centre Party (Senterpartiet) 10
  Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti) 2
  Liberal Party (Venstre) 2
 Ålesund List (Ålesundlista)6
Total number of members:77
Ålesund kommunestyre 2015–2019 [25]  
Party name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
  Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet) 18
  Progress Party (Fremskrittspartiet) 8
  Green Party (Miljøpartiet De Grønne) 1
  Conservative Party (Høyre) 9
  Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti) 5
  Centre Party (Senterpartiet) 1
  Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti) 1
  Liberal Party (Venstre) 3
 Ålesund List (Ålesundlista)3
Total number of members:49
Ålesund kommunestyre 2011–2015 [26]  
Party name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
  Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet) 12
  Progress Party (Fremskrittspartiet) 11
  Conservative Party (Høyre) 14
  Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti) 5
  Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti) 1
  Liberal Party (Venstre) 4
 Ålesund List (Ålesundlista)2
Total number of members:49
Ålesund kommunestyre 2007–2011 [25]  
Party name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
  Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet) 10
  Progress Party (Fremskrittspartiet) 13
  Conservative Party (Høyre) 8
  Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti) 6
  Centre Party (Senterpartiet) 1
  Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti) 3
  Liberal Party (Venstre) 3
 Cross-party list for Ålesund (Tverrpolitisk liste for Ålesund)5
Total number of members:49
Ålesund kommunestyre 2003–2007 [25]  
Party name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
  Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet) 10
  Progress Party (Fremskrittspartiet) 18
  Conservative Party (Høyre) 8
  Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti) 7
  Pensioners' Party (Pensjonistpartiet) 1
  Centre Party (Senterpartiet) 2
  Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti) 6
  Liberal Party (Venstre) 1
 Cross-party list for Ålesund (Tverrpolitisk liste for Ålesund)7
 Common list for traffic, environment, and schools in Ålesund (Fellesliste for trafikk, miljø og skole i Ålesund)1
Total number of members:61
Ålesund kommunestyre 1999–2003 [25]  
Party name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
  Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet) 10
  Progress Party (Fremskrittspartiet) 10
  Conservative Party (Høyre) 11
  Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti) 10
  Red Electoral Alliance (Rød Valgallianse) 1
  Centre Party (Senterpartiet) 1
  Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti) 4
  Liberal Party (Venstre) 1
 Cross-party list (Tverrpolitisk liste)13
Total number of members:61
Ålesund kommunestyre 1995–1999 [27]  
Party name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
  Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet) 12
  Progress Party (Fremskrittspartiet) 9
  Conservative Party (Høyre) 10
  Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti) 7
  Red Electoral Alliance (Rød Valgallianse) 1
  Centre Party (Senterpartiet) 3
  Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti) 3
  Liberal Party (Venstre) 2
 Cross-party list for Ålesund (Tverrpolitisk liste for Ålesund)14
Total number of members:61
Ålesund kommunestyre 1991–1995 [28]  
Party name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
  Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet) 14
  Progress Party (Fremskrittspartiet) 7
  Conservative Party (Høyre) 17
  Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti) 8
  Red Electoral Alliance (Rød Valgallianse) 1
  Centre Party (Senterpartiet) 4
  Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti) 7
  Liberal Party (Venstre) 3
Total number of members:61
Ålesund kommunestyre 1987–1991 [29]  
Party name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
  Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet) 17
  Progress Party (Fremskrittspartiet) 11
  Conservative Party (Høyre) 16
  Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti) 8
  Pensioners' Party (Pensjonistpartiet) 4
  Red Electoral Alliance (Rød Valgallianse) 1
  Centre Party (Senterpartiet) 1
  Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti) 3
  Joint list of the Liberal Party (Venstre) and
Liberal People's Party (Liberale Folkepartiet)
4
Total number of members:61
Ålesund kommunestyre 1983–1987 [30]  
Party name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
  Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet) 19
  Progress Party (Fremskrittspartiet) 5
  Conservative Party (Høyre) 18
  Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti) 9
  Red Electoral Alliance (Rød Valgallianse) 1
  Centre Party (Senterpartiet) 2
  Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti) 3
  Liberal Party (Venstre) 4
Total number of members:61
Ålesund kommunestyre 1979–1983 [31]  
Party name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
  Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet) 17
  Progress Party (Fremskrittspartiet) 1
  Conservative Party (Høyre) 21
  Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti) 10
  New People's Party (Nye Folkepartiet) 1
  Red Electoral Alliance (Rød Valgallianse) 1
  Centre Party (Senterpartiet) 2
  Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti) 2
  Liberal Party (Venstre) 6
Total number of members:61
Ålesund kommunestyre 1975–1979 [32]  
Party name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
  Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet) 17
  Conservative Party (Høyre) 14
  Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti) 13
  New People's Party (Nye Folkepartiet) 3
  Centre Party (Senterpartiet) 3
  Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti) 2
  Liberal Party (Venstre) 6
 Non-party election list for Sula (Upolitisk Valliste for Sula)8
 Non-party election list for Borgund (Upolitisk Valliste for Borgund)3
Total number of members:69
Ålesund kommunestyre 1971–1975 [33]  
Party name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
  Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet) 20
  Conservative Party (Høyre) 10
  Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti) 10
  Centre Party (Senterpartiet) 5
  Socialist People's Party (Sosialistisk Folkeparti) 3
  Liberal Party (Venstre) 12
  Local List(s) (Lokale lister) 9
Total number of members:69
Ålesund kommunestyre 1967–1971 [34]  
Party name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
  Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet) 23
  Conservative Party (Høyre) 12
  Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti) 8
  Centre Party (Senterpartiet) 2
  Socialist People's Party (Sosialistisk Folkeparti) 3
  Liberal Party (Venstre) 14
  Local List(s) (Lokale lister) 7
Total number of members:69
Ålesund bystyre 1963–1967 [35]  
Party name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
  Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet) 27
  Conservative Party (Høyre) 12
  Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti) 6
  Socialist People's Party (Sosialistisk Folkeparti) 1
  Liberal Party (Venstre) 15
Total number of members:61
Ålesund bystyre 1959–1963 [36]  
Party name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
  Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet) 25
  Conservative Party (Høyre) 11
  Communist Party (Kommunistiske Parti) 1
  Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti) 6
  Liberal Party (Venstre) 18
Total number of members:61
Ålesund bystyre 1955–1959 [37]  
Party name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
  Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet) 27
  Conservative Party (Høyre) 11
  Communist Party (Kommunistiske Parti) 1
  Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti) 7
  Liberal Party (Venstre) 15
Total number of members:61
Ålesund bystyre 1951–1955 [38]  
Party name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
  Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet) 26
  Conservative Party (Høyre) 10
  Communist Party (Kommunistiske Parti) 1
  Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti) 7
  Liberal Party (Venstre) 16
Total number of members:60
Ålesund bystyre 1947–1951 [39]  
Party name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
  Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet) 21
  Conservative Party (Høyre) 11
  Communist Party (Kommunistiske Parti) 4
  Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti) 7
  Liberal Party (Venstre) 17
Total number of members:60
Ålesund bystyre 1945–1947 [40]  
Party name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
  Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet) 24
  Conservative Party (Høyre) 9
  Communist Party (Kommunistiske Parti) 6
  Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti) 8
  Liberal Party (Venstre) 13
Total number of members:60
Ålesund bystyre 1937–1941* [41]  
Party name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
  Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet) 25
  Conservative Party (Høyre) 11
  Liberal Party (Venstre) 22
  Local List(s) (Lokale lister) 2
Total number of members:60
Note: Due to the German occupation of Norway during World War II, no elections were held for new municipal councils until after the war ended in 1945.
Ålesund bystyre 1934–1937 [42]  
Party name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
  Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet) 21
  Conservative Party (Høyre) 13
  Communist Party (Kommunistiske Parti) 1
  Liberal Party (Venstre) 20
Total number of members:60
Ålesund bystyre 1931–1934 [43]  
Party name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
  Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet) 23
  Temperance Party (Avholdspartiet) 6
  Communist Party (Kommunistiske Parti) 1
  Liberal Party (Venstre) 17
  Joint list of the Conservative Party (Høyre) and the Free-minded People's Party (Frisinnede Folkeparti) 13
Total number of members:60
Ålesund bystyre 1928–1931 [44]  
Party name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
  Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet) 20
  Temperance Party (Avholdspartiet) 7
  Communist Party (Kommunistiske Parti) 5
  Liberal Party (Venstre) 15
  Joint list of the Conservative Party (Høyre) and the Free-minded Liberal Party (Frisinnede Venstre) 8
  Local List(s) (Lokale lister) 5
Total number of members:60
Ålesund bystyre 1925–1928 [45]  
Party name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
  Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet) 4
  Temperance Party (Avholdspartiet) 9
  Social Democratic Labour Party
(Socialdemokratiske Arbeiderparti)
14
  Liberal Party (Venstre) 16
  Joint list of the Conservative Party (Høyre) and the Free-minded Liberal Party (Frisinnede Venstre) 13
 Workers' Common List (Arbeidernes fellesliste)4
Total number of members:60
Ålesund bystyre 1922–1925 [46]  
Party name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
  Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet) 11
  Temperance Party (Avholdspartiet) 8
  Social Democratic Labour Party
(Socialdemokratiske Arbeiderparti)
20
  Liberal Party (Venstre) 7
  Joint list of the Conservative Party (Høyre) and the Free-minded Liberal Party (Frisinnede Venstre) 14
Total number of members:60
Aalesund bystyre 1919–1922 [47]  
Party name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
  Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet) 22
  Temperance Party (Avholdspartiet) 9
  Liberal Party (Venstre) 9
  Joint list of the Conservative Party (Høyre) and the Free-minded Liberal Party (Frisinnede Venstre) 12
Total number of members:52

Mayors edit

The mayors (Nynorsk: ordførar) of Ålesund:[48][49]

  • 1837–1839: Peder Tonning
  • 1840–1840: Peder Jalles Øwre
  • 1841–1842: Niels Albert Vogt Tonning
  • 1843–1843: Lauritz Peder Tostrup
  • 1844–1844: Niels Albert Vogt Tonning
  • 1845–1845: Hans Lund Schjølberg
  • 1846–1848: Andreas Mathias Sanne
  • 1849–1852: Anton Magnus Søeberg
  • 1853–1853: Andreas Mathias Sanne
  • 1854–1855: Christian August Bendixen
  • 1856–1856: Andreas Mathias Sanne
  • 1857–1857: Christian August Bendixen
  • 1858–1860: Joakim Anderssen
  • 1861–1863: Andreas Mathias Sanne
  • 1864–1864: Johannes Aarflot
  • 1865–1867: Jens Thuesen
  • 1868–1870: Andreas Mathias Sanne
  • 1871–1871: Leonhard Elisar Holmboe
  • 1872–1875: Christian Henrichsen
  • 1876–1881: Johannes Aarflot (H)
  • 1882–1882: Joakim Andersen
  • 1883–1891: Johannes Aarflot (H)
  • 1892–1895: Ivar Waldemar Brøgger (H)
  • 1896–1896: Joachim Holmboe Rønneberg (H)
  • 1897–1898: Anton Johan Rønneberg (V)
  • 1899–1901: Ivar Waldermar Brøgger (H)
  • 1902–1904: Henrik Frisak (V)
  • 1905–1907: Johannes Aarflot, Jr. (H)
  • 1908–1909: Henrik Frisak (V)
  • 1910–1910: Jørgen Anton Johnsen Øwre (H)
  • 1911–1912: Kristian Friis Petersen (V)
  • 1913–1913: Kristian Fredrik Brøgger
  • 1914–1915: Anders N. Aarsæther
  • 1916–1916: Peter Elias Karolius Sæter (V)
  • 1917–1918: Tore Toresen Berset (V)
  • 1919–1919: Peter Elias Karolius Sæter (V)
  • 1920–1921: Anton Ludvig Alvestad (Ap)
  • 1922–1922: Tore Toresen Berset (V)
  • 1923–1925: Elias Røsvik (Ap)
  • 1926–1927: Tore Toresen Berset (V)
  • 1928–1928: Kristoffer Bernhard Hagen (V)
  • 1929–1930: Jacob Rørstad (V)
  • 1931–1931: Rasmus Theodor Berg (V)
  • 1932–1933: Kristoffer Bernhard Hagen (V)
  • 1934–1934: Harald Kristian Thoresen (Ap)
  • 1935–1935: Jon Petrus Hovde (V)
  • 1936–1936: Kristoffer Bernhard Hagen (V)
  • 1937–1937: Jon Petrus Hovde (V)
  • 1938–1940: Rasmus Theodor Berg (V)
  • 1940–1941: Nicolai Helseth (NS)
  • 1941–1945: Gustav Sveen (NS)
  • 1945–1945: Rasmus Theodor Berg (V)
  • 1946–1947: Harald Kristian Thoresen (Ap)
  • 1948–1949: Kristian Langlo (V)
  • 1950–1951: Bjarne Fjærtoft (V)
  • 1952–1953: Ole Grebstad (V)
  • 1954–1955: Paulus Giørtz (H)
  • 1956–1958: Oscar Andreas Ingebrigtsen (Ap)
  • 1959–1965: Dagfinn Flem (V)
  • 1966–1967: Karsten Larsen (H)
  • 1968–1975: Gustav M. Flisnes (DNF)
  • 1976–1977: Johannes Giske (KrF)
  • 1978–1979: Olav Helge Balsnes (H)
  • 1980–1987: Svein Tømmerdal (H)
  • 1988–1989: Leidulf Dahle (Ap)
  • 1990–1993: Kjell-Arne Slinning (KrF)
  • 1994–1995: Asbjørn Måløy (Ap)
  • 1995–1999: Asbjørn Rutgerson (LL)
  • 1999–2007: Arve Tonning (H)
  • 2007–2015: Bjørn Tømmerdal (H)
  • 2015–2023: Eva Vinje Aurdal (Ap)
  • 2023-present: Håkon Lykkebø Strand (FrP)[50]

Economy edit

 
Aalesund (Norway) by night

The town of Ålesund has the most important fishing harbour in Norway. The town's fishing fleet is one of the most modern in Europe. In the 1950s and 1960s, Ålesund was one of the chief stations of the herring fishery business.

In relation to the relatively large fishing fleet belonging to Ålesund and nearby harbours, a large shipbuilding and ship equipment industry has evolved. There are no longer any yards building ships in Ålesund proper; its last shipyard – Liaaen Shipyard - evolved into ship repairs and since the late 1990s has mainly been serving the offshore industry through the company Liaaen Technology[51] that merged and rebranded to Strata Møre in 2007. In the neighbouring communities, however, shipyards continue to operate successfully: Vard, Ulstein Verft,[52] Kleven Maritime,[53] and Havyard Group.[54]

When oil was found in the North Sea in the 1970s, the local fishing fleet ship owners seized the opportunity and rebuilt fishing vessels to serve the infant oil exploration and production industry. Soon they were able to build purpose-designed vessels at local shipyards to serve the North Sea oil adventure even better. Today this has become a cornerstone industry in and around Ålesund through leading offshore supply ship owning companies Farstad,[55] Bourbon,[56] Olympic,[57] Havila,[58] and Rem.[59] Serving the ship building industry a large number of equipment manufacturers has evolved: Rolls-Royce,[60] Odim,[61] Sperre,[62] Optimar,[63] Ship Equip,[64] Jets,[63] and many more.

Ålesund and its surroundings also have a large furniture industry. Some well-known household items are manufactured here. To the east of Ålesund lies the Sykkylven Municipality where the Ekornes factory, producing furniture such as the StressLess chair, is located. Håhjem, another village near Ålesund, contains the headquarters of the Stokke company.

Ålesund is also one of the harbours at which the Hurtigruten arrives two times per day. As the cultural center of the region and with close proximity to the fjords, Ålesund is a tourist attraction.[65] The Atlanterhavsparken aquarium is another tourist attraction.[66]

Transportation edit

 
MS Polarlys in Ålesund (December 2005)

From Øye at the head of Hjørundfjorden, a road strikes south to the Nordfjorden, and from Maråk on Geirangerfjorden another strikes inland to Otta. The Rauma Line starts at Åndalsnes, 120 kilometres (75 mi) east of Ålesund, going to Dombås, then southwards on the Dovre Line to Lillehammer and Oslo. Ålesund is a port of call for passenger and freight vessels travelling between Bergen, Kingston upon Hull, Newcastle, Hamburg, and Trondheim, including the Hurtigruta (Norwegian Coastal Express) cruise ships, which arrive in Ålesund twice a day.

The town's airport, Ålesund Airport, Vigra, has several daily flights to/from Oslo, Bergen, Trondheim, and Copenhagen. It used to have several weekly flights to/from Riga (Riga International Airport) (AirBaltic) and London (London Gatwick Airport) but these routes have since ceased. In November 2012 KLM announced it would fly to Ålesund five days a week from Amsterdam starting in April 2013.[67]

Lately, there have been suggestions[clarification needed] of a high-speed rail link to Oslo, Bergen, and Trondheim, as well as metro-style local services to meet the needs of the expanding population of the town.[citation needed]

Culture edit

 
The inner harbour in winter

The Norwegian Centre of Art Nouveau Architecture, Jugendstilsenteret, is situated in Ålesund. It is a museum and interpretive center, with exhibitions telling the story of the town fire and Art Nouveu/Jugendstil in Norway and Europe.

Sunnmøre museum,[68] founded in 1931, is an outdoor folk museum devoted to the Norwegian coastal culture and way of life. Located on an area of 120 hectares (300 acres), it has more than 55 old and distinct houses from the past 300 years moved to the site, replicas of old Viking ships, and the Medieval Age Museum with artifacts from excavations of the old trading centre.

The local newspaper is Sunnmørsposten, founded in 1882 and published six days a week. The newspaper Arbeidernes blad was briefly published in Ålesund in 1898.[69][70] Ålesund is the site of the annual Norwegian Food Festival.

Education edit

Ålesund is home to a branch campus of the Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), after the Ålesund University College merged with NTNU on 1 January 2016. [71] This campus has approximately 1,800 students and 150 employees. The Ålesund School of Art (Norwegian: Ålesund Kunstskole) is a school for visual arts located in Ålesund. The Norwegian School of Management had a campus in Ålesund, but it closed on 1 August 2008.[72]

Ålesund videregående skole, also known as Latinskolen, formerly Aalesund Lærd- og Realskole, is the oldest secondary school in Ålesund, having been established in 1863.[73] Of the six upper secondary schools in Ålesund, Fagerlia videregående skole is the largest with room for approximately 1,000 students. Ålesund also has an international school for children aged 5–15.[74]

Gallery edit

Sport edit

The local football team, Aalesunds FK (Aalesunds Fotballklubb), was founded in 1914. The team played in the Norwegian top flight for the first time in the 2003 season. The club won its first Norwegian Cup in 2009 and won again in 2011. They played their home matches at Kråmyra Stadium until the 2005 season, when they relocated to the new Color Line Stadium, located approximately 1 kilometre (0.62 mi) outside the town centre. AaFK's supporter club is called "Stormen" and has about 2,000 members.

Notable people edit

 
Edvard Moser, 2015
 
Erik Tørrissen, 2011

Public Service & business edit

The Arts edit

 
Hedvig Mollestad, 2019
 
Bjørn Johan Muri, 2010
 
John Arne Riise, 2009
 
Nina Haver-Loeseth, 2018

Sport edit

In popular culture edit

  • Mark Kozelek wrote and performed an eponymous song about Ålesund under the Sun Kil Moon moniker, on the record Admiral Fell Promises.
  • Ålesund was shown briefly at about the 20:17 mark in the 1969 film, "It's Tough to Be a Bird", by Disney. The town is shown being stepped on by an enormous bird foot.

Twin towns – sister cities edit

Ålesund is twinned with:[76]

See also edit

References edit

  1. ^ "Navn på steder og personer: Innbyggjarnamn" (in Norwegian). Språkrådet.
  2. ^ "Knapt fleirtal for nynorsk i Ålesund". framtida.no (in Norwegian). 13 December 2019.
  3. ^ "Forskrift om målvedtak i kommunar og fylkeskommunar" (in Norwegian). Lovdata.no.
  4. ^ Bolstad, Erik; Thorsnæs, Geir, eds. (26 January 2023). "Kommunenummer". Store norske leksikon (in Norwegian). Kunnskapsforlaget.
  5. ^ Statistisk sentralbyrå. "Table: 06913: Population 1 January and population changes during the calendar year (M)" (in Norwegian).
  6. ^ Statistisk sentralbyrå. "09280: Area of land and fresh water (km²) (M)" (in Norwegian).
  7. ^ a b "Tabeller over Folkemængden i Norge den 31te December 1845" (PDF). ssb.no (in Norwegian). Retrieved 17 April 2023.
  8. ^ Jukvam, Dag (1999). Historisk oversikt over endringer i kommune- og fylkesinndelingen (PDF) (in Norwegian). Statistisk sentralbyrå. ISBN 9788253746845.
  9. ^ "Nye Ålesund" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 19 October 2017.
  10. ^ "Forskrift om gjennomføring av deling av Ålesund kommune til Haram kommune og Ålesund kommune" (PDF). Regjeringen.no (in Norwegian). Retrieved 18 January 2024.
  11. ^ "Betydningen Ålesund" (in Norwegian). Ålesund kommune. 2007. Archived from the original on 17 February 2009. Retrieved 16 October 2007.
  12. ^ "Norsk Lovtidende. 2den Afdeling. 1917. Samling af Love, Resolutioner m.m". Norsk Lovtidend (in Norwegian). Oslo, Norway: Grøndahl og Søns Boktrykkeri: 1000. 1917.
  13. ^ Den Nye rettskrivning : regler og ordlister (in Norwegian). Kristiania, Norge: Den Mallingske Boktrykkeri. 1918.
  14. ^ "Civic heraldry of Norway – Norske Kommunevåpen". Heraldry of the World. 24 July 2022. Retrieved 15 April 2023.
  15. ^ "Ålesund, Møre og Romsdal". Flags of the World. Retrieved 15 April 2023.
  16. ^ a b c "Ålesund | Norway". Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved 19 May 2023.
  17. ^ "Folketællingen i Kongeriket Norge" (PDF). ssb.no (in Norwegian). 3 December 1900. Retrieved 17 April 2023.
  18. ^ "Historical journey in the Municipality of Aalesund". www.alesund.kommune.no. 2010. Archived from the original on 24 July 2011. Retrieved 10 October 2010.
  19. ^ "West Norwegian Fjords – Geirangerfjord and Nærøyfjord". UNESCO. Retrieved 16 October 2007.
  20. ^ a b Statistisk sentralbyrå (1 January 2012). "Urban settlements. Population and area, by municipality".
  21. ^ "EKlima". Archived from the original on 28 January 2021. Retrieved 7 February 2021.
  22. ^ Hansen, Tore; Vabo, Signy Irene, eds. (20 September 2022). "kommunestyre". Store norske leksikon (in Norwegian). Kunnskapsforlaget. Retrieved 14 October 2022.
  23. ^ "Kommunestyrevalg 2023 - Møre og Romsdal". Valgdirektoratet. Retrieved 16 January 2024.
  24. ^ "Kommunestyrevalg 2019 – Møre og Romsdal" (in Norwegian). Statistics Norway. Retrieved 19 October 2019.
  25. ^ a b c d "Table: 04813: Members of the local councils, by party/electoral list at the Municipal Council election (M)" (in Norwegian). Statistics Norway.
  26. ^ "Kommunestyrevalg 2011 – Møre og Romsdal" (in Norwegian). Statistics Norway. Retrieved 19 October 2019.
  27. ^ "Kommunestyrevalget 1995" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo-Kongsvinger: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1996. Retrieved 1 May 2020.
  28. ^ "Kommunestyrevalget 1991" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo-Kongsvinger: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1993. Retrieved 1 May 2020.
  29. ^ "Kommunestyrevalget 1987" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo-Kongsvinger: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1988. Retrieved 1 May 2020.
  30. ^ "Kommunestyrevalget 1983" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo-Kongsvinger: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1984. Retrieved 1 May 2020.
  31. ^ "Kommunestyrevalget 1979" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1979. Retrieved 1 May 2020.
  32. ^ "Kommunevalgene 1975" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1977. Retrieved 1 May 2020.
  33. ^ "Kommunevalgene 1972" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1973. Retrieved 1 May 2020.
  34. ^ "Kommunevalgene 1967" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1967. Retrieved 1 May 2020.
  35. ^ "Kommunevalgene 1963" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1964. Retrieved 1 May 2020.
  36. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1959" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1960. Retrieved 1 May 2020.
  37. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1955" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1957. Retrieved 1 May 2020.
  38. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1951" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1952. Retrieved 1 May 2020.
  39. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1947" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1948. Retrieved 1 May 2020.
  40. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1945" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1947. Retrieved 1 May 2020.
  41. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1937" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1938. Retrieved 1 May 2020.
  42. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1934" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1935. Retrieved 3 May 2020.
  43. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1931" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1932. Retrieved 3 May 2020.
  44. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1928" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1929. Retrieved 3 May 2020.
  45. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1925" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1926. Retrieved 3 May 2020.
  46. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1922" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1923. Retrieved 3 May 2020.
  47. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1919" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1920. Retrieved 3 May 2020.
  48. ^ "Tidligere ordførere" (in Norwegian). Ålesund kommune. Archived from the original on 5 March 2016.
  49. ^ Ordførerne i Ålesund 1838–1948 (in Norwegian). Ålesund: Sunnmørspostens trykkeri. 1957.
  50. ^ Stenberg, Marius André Jenssen; Kippernes, Mari Aandahl (17 September 2023). "Håkon Lykkebø Strand (27) frå Frp blir ordførar i Ålesund". NRK (in Norwegian). Retrieved 16 January 2024.
  51. ^ "Home". liaaen.no.
  52. ^ "Ulstein Group". Archived from the original on 13 August 2015. Retrieved 4 May 2010.
  53. ^ "Home". klevenmaritime.no.
  54. ^ "Home". havyard.com.
  55. ^ "Home". farstad.com.
  56. ^ "Home". bourbon-offshore.com.
  57. ^ "Home". olympic.no.
  58. ^ "Home". havila.no.
  59. ^ "Home". rem.no.
  60. ^ "Home". rolls-royce.com.
  61. ^ "Parkert". Archived from the original on 19 December 2021. Retrieved 4 May 2010.
  62. ^ "Home". sperre.com.
  63. ^ a b "Optimar – Fish handling with care". optimar.no. Retrieved 17 April 2023.
  64. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 8 February 2016. Retrieved 4 May 2010.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  65. ^ "Ålesund & Sunnmøre". Visit Norway. Retrieved 22 January 2019.
  66. ^ "The Times & The Sunday Times". thetimes.co.uk. Retrieved 28 March 2018.
  67. ^ "KLM to launch scheduled service to Ålesund". klm.com. Retrieved 28 March 2018.
  68. ^ "Sunnmøre Museum, Aalesund". sunnmore.museum.no. Retrieved 31 August 2017.
  69. ^ Aalhus, Fride Vedde (2010). Sunnmørsposten: strategier og konkurransesituasjon (PDF). Bergen: University of Bergen. p. 11. Retrieved 30 December 2019.
  70. ^ Roland, Asle (1979). "Arbeideraviser og arbeiderorganisering. Avisaktivitet i den norske arbeiderbevegelsen 1880–1903". Tidsskrift for Arbeiderbevegelsens Historie. 1: 44. Retrieved 30 December 2019.
  71. ^ "NTNU History". Retrieved 6 February 2024.
  72. ^ "Om BI Ålesund" (in Norwegian). Archived from the original on 4 October 2007. Retrieved 16 October 2007.
  73. ^ Ivar Gunnar Braaten. "Ja til Latinskolen" (in Norwegian). Archived from the original on 12 January 2008. Retrieved 16 October 2007.
  74. ^ "AaIS – Home". Aalesund International School. Retrieved 13 October 2019.
  75. ^ "Mattis Mathiesen". IMDb. Retrieved 12 February 2023.
  76. ^ "Vennskapsbyer". åbv.no (in Norwegian). Ålesund Kommune. Retrieved 31 January 2021.

External links edit