Bjerkreim

Bjerkreim is a municipality in Rogaland county, Norway. It is located in the traditional district of Dalane. The administrative centre of the municipality is the village of Vikeså. Other villages in the municipality include Bjerkreim and Øvrebygd.

Bjerkreim kommune
View of the Bjerkreim landscape
View of the Bjerkreim landscape
Official logo of Bjerkreim kommune
Rogaland within
Norway
Bjerkreim within Rogaland
Bjerkreim within Rogaland
Coordinates: 58°39′25″N 06°08′48″E / 58.65694°N 6.14667°E / 58.65694; 6.14667Coordinates: 58°39′25″N 06°08′48″E / 58.65694°N 6.14667°E / 58.65694; 6.14667
CountryNorway
CountyRogaland
DistrictDalane
Established1 Jan 1838
Administrative centreVikeså
Government
 • Mayor (2019)Kjetil Slettebø (Sp)
Area
 • Total650.56 km2 (251.18 sq mi)
 • Land577.31 km2 (222.90 sq mi)
 • Water73.25 km2 (28.28 sq mi)  11.3%
Area rank173 in Norway
Population
 (2020)
 • Total2,787
 • Rank240 in Norway
 • Density4.8/km2 (12/sq mi)
 • Change (10 years)
7.9%
Demonym(s)Bjerkreimsbu[1]
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
ISO 3166 codeNO-1114
Official language formNynorsk[2]
Websitebjerkreim.kommune.no

Nature has been generous in giving Bjerkreim many idyllic places, making Bjerkreim a good place to live by living in a countryside environment, but still relatively close to a major city, Stavanger. Bjerkreim has one of the most important salmon rivers in Norway, Bjerkreimselva. The most important livelihoods are agriculture and small-scale industries.

The 651-square-kilometre (251 sq mi) municipality is the 173rd largest by area out of the 356 municipalities in Norway. Bjerkreim is the 240th most populous municipality in Norway with a population of 2,787. The municipality's population density is 4.8 inhabitants per square kilometre (12/sq mi) and its population has increased by 7.9% over the previous 10-year period.[3][4]

General informationEdit

 
View of the lake Indra Vinjavatnet

The parish of Birkrem was established as a municipality on 1 January 1838 (see formannskapsdistrikt law). On 1 January 1965, there were many municipal changes in Norway due to the work of the Schei Committee. On that date, the Nedre Maudal area of Bjerkreim (population: 40) was transferred to the neighboring municipality of Gjesdal.[5]

NameEdit

The municipality (originally the parish) is named after the old Bjerkreim farm (Old Norse: Bjarkarheimr), since the first Bjerkreim Church was built there. The first element is the genitive case of bjørk which means "birch" and the last element is heimr which means "homestead" or "farm". Before 1889, the name was written "Birkrem".[6]

Coat of armsEdit

The coat of arms was granted on 11 July 1986. The green and white arms are canting, showing a white (or silver) birch branch on a green background. This was chosen since the name of the municipality is derived from the Norwegian word for birch, bjørk.[7]

ChurchesEdit

The Church of Norway has one parish (sokn) within the municipality of Bjerkreim. It is part of the Dalane prosti (deanery) in the Diocese of Stavanger.

Churches in Bjerkreim
Parish (sokn) Church name Location of the church Year built
Bjerkreim Bjerkreim Church Bjerkreim 1835
Ivesdal Chapel Øvrebygd 1876

GovernmentEdit

All municipalities in Norway, including Bjerkreim, are responsible for primary education (through 10th grade), outpatient health services, senior citizen services, unemployment and other social services, zoning, economic development, and municipal roads. The municipality has 2 primary schools and 2 kindergartens. The municipality is governed by a municipal council of elected representatives, which in turn elect a mayor.[8] The municipality falls under the Dalane District Court and the Gulating Court of Appeal. A notable local politician is Olaf Gjedrem, mayor from 1979 to 1993 and later a member of the national parliament.

Municipal councilEdit

The municipal council (Kommunestyre) of Bjerkreim is made up of 17 representatives that are elected to four year terms. The executive committee of the council has 5 members, who also make up the authority's planning and economic committee. The mayor of Bjerkreim leads both the council and the executive committee. Currently, the party breakdown is as follows:

Bjerkreim Kommunestyre 2020–2024 [9]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)2
 Conservative Party (Høgre)4
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristeleg Folkeparti)4
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)6
 Liberal Party (Venstre)1
Total number of members:17


Bjerkreim Kommunestyre 2015–2019 [10]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)2
 Progress Party (Framstegspartiet)1
 Conservative Party (Høgre)4
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristeleg Folkeparti)4
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)5
 Liberal Party (Venstre)1
Total number of members:17


Bjerkreim Kommunestyre 2012–2015 [11]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)2
 Progress Party (Framstegspartiet)1
 Conservative Party (Høgre)6
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristeleg Folkeparti)3
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)4
 Liberal Party (Venstre)1
Total number of members:17


Bjerkreim Kommunestyre 2008–2011 [10]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)2
 Conservative Party (Høgre)5
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristeleg Folkeparti)4
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)5
 Liberal Party (Venstre)1
Total number of members:17


Bjerkreim Kommunestyre 2004–2007 [10]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)2
 Conservative Party (Høgre)5
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristeleg Folkeparti)4
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)6
Total number of members:17


Bjerkreim Kommunestyre 2000–2003 [10]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)2
 Conservative Party (Høgre)4
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristeleg Folkeparti)5
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)6
Total number of members:17


Bjerkreim Kommunestyre 1996–1999 [12]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)2
 Conservative Party (Høgre)2
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristeleg Folkeparti)4
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)9
Total number of members:17


Bjerkreim Kommunestyre 1992–1995 [13]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)2
 Conservative Party (Høgre)2
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristeleg Folkeparti)5
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)7
 Local list (Bygdelista)1
Total number of members:17


Bjerkreim Kommunestyre 1988–1991 [14]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)2
 Conservative Party (Høgre)3
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristeleg Folkeparti)5
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)5
 Local list (Bygdelista)2
Total number of members:17


Bjerkreim Kommunestyre 1984–1987 [15]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)2
 Conservative Party (Høgre)2
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristeleg Folkeparti)6
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)6
 Local list (Bygdelista)1
Total number of members:17


Bjerkreim Kommunestyre 1980–1983 [16]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)1
 Conservative Party (Høgre)4
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristeleg Folkeparti)5
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)6
 Local list (Bygdelista)1
Total number of members:17


Bjerkreim Kommunestyre 1976–1979 [17]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristeleg Folkeparti)5
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)9
 Local list (Bygdelista)3
Total number of members:17


Bjerkreim Kommunestyre 1972–1975 [18]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)1
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristeleg Folkeparti)5
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)8
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)3
Total number of members:17


Bjerkreim Kommunestyre 1968–1971 [19]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)1
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristeleg Folkeparti)4
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)7
 Liberal Party (Venstre)4
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)1
Total number of members:17


Bjerkreim Kommunestyre 1964–1967 [20]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)1
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristeleg Folkeparti)3
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)8
 Liberal Party (Venstre)2
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)3
Total number of members:17


Bjerkreim Heradsstyre 1960–1963 [21]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)1
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristeleg Folkeparti)2
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)9
 Liberal Party (Venstre)3
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)2
Total number of members:17


Bjerkreim Heradsstyre 1956–1959 [22]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristeleg Folkeparti)3
 Farmers' Party (Bondepartiet)8
 Liberal Party (Venstre)3
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)3
Total number of members:17


Bjerkreim Heradsstyre 1952–1955 [23]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Conservative Party (Høgre)1
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristeleg Folkeparti)2
 Farmers' Party (Bondepartiet)9
 Liberal Party (Venstre)4
Total number of members:16


Bjerkreim Heradsstyre 1948–1951 [24]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)1
 Conservative Party (Høgre)1
 Farmers' Party (Bondepartiet)10
 Liberal Party (Venstre)4
Total number of members:16


Bjerkreim Heradsstyre 1945–1947 [25]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)2
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)14
Total number of members:16


Bjerkreim Heradsstyre 1938–1941* [26]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)2
 Conservative Party (Høgre)2
 Joint List(s) of Non-Socialist Parties (Borgarlege Felleslister)10
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)2
Total number of members:16


GeographyEdit

Bjerkreim municipality lies at the northern end of the hilly, rugged Dalane district, just south of the very flat Jæren district. There are several large lakes in Bjerkreim including Austrumdalsvatnet, Byrkjelandsvatnet, Hofreistæ, and Ørsdalsvatnet.

ClimateEdit

Climate data for Bjerkreim
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Daily mean °C (°F) −0.5
(31.1)
−0.6
(30.9)
1.5
(34.7)
4.5
(40.1)
9.5
(49.1)
13.0
(55.4)
14.2
(57.6)
14.3
(57.7)
11.0
(51.8)
8.0
(46.4)
3.5
(38.3)
0.8
(33.4)
6.6
(43.9)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 180
(7.1)
132
(5.2)
152
(6.0)
87
(3.4)
106
(4.2)
115
(4.5)
136
(5.4)
177
(7.0)
240
(9.4)
270
(10.6)
253
(10.0)
217
(8.5)
2,065
(81.3)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1 mm) 14.8 11.0 13.8 10.9 12.7 11.8 11.6 14.3 17.2 17.7 18.4 15.9 170.1
Source: Norwegian Meteorological Institute[27]

TransportationEdit

The main means of transportation to Bjerkreim is via the European route E39 highway which passes through the municipality from south to north. The municipality lies in the southwestern part of the country. The distance to the nearest airport, Stavanger airport in Sola, is approximately 40 minutes by car.

Notable peopleEdit

  • Olaf Gjedrem (born 1948 in Bjerkreim) a Norwegian politician, Mayor of Bjerkreim 1979 to 1993
  • Ragnar Bjerkreim (born 1958 in Bjerkreim) a Norwegian composer of film scores [28]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Navn på steder og personer: Innbyggjarnamn" (in Norwegian). Språkrådet.
  2. ^ "Forskrift om målvedtak i kommunar og fylkeskommunar" (in Norwegian). Lovdata.no.
  3. ^ Statistisk sentralbyrå (2020). "Table: 06913: Population 1 January and population changes during the calendar year (M)" (in Norwegian).
  4. ^ Statistisk sentralbyrå (2020). "09280: Area of land and fresh water (km²) (M)" (in Norwegian).
  5. ^ Jukvam, Dag (1999). "Historisk oversikt over endringer i kommune- og fylkesinndelingen" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Statistisk sentralbyrå.
  6. ^ Rygh, Oluf (1915). Norske gaardnavne: Stavanger amt (in Norwegian) (10 ed.). Kristiania, Norge: W. C. Fabritius & sønners bogtrikkeri. pp. 47–49.
  7. ^ "Civic heraldry of Norway - Norske Kommunevåpen". Heraldry of the World. Retrieved 27 June 2016.
  8. ^ Hansen, Tore, ed. (12 May 2016). "kommunestyre". Store norske leksikon (in Norwegian). Kunnskapsforlaget. Retrieved 6 April 2019.
  9. ^ "Tall for Norge: Kommunestyrevalg 2019 - Rogaland". Valg Direktoratet. Retrieved 30 June 2020.
  10. ^ a b c d "Table: 04813: Members of the local councils, by party/electoral list at the Municipal Council election (M)" (in Norwegian). Statistics Norway. Retrieved 30 June 2020.
  11. ^ "Tall for Norge: Kommunestyrevalg 2011 - Rogaland". Valg Direktoratet. Retrieved 30 June 2020.
  12. ^ "Kommunestyrevalget 1995" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo-Kongsvinger: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1996. Retrieved 30 June 2020.
  13. ^ "Kommunestyrevalget 1991" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo-Kongsvinger: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1993. Retrieved 30 June 2020.
  14. ^ "Kommunestyrevalget 1987" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo-Kongsvinger: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1988. Retrieved 30 June 2020.
  15. ^ "Kommunestyrevalget 1983" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo-Kongsvinger: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1984. Retrieved 30 June 2020.
  16. ^ "Kommunestyrevalget 1979" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1979. Retrieved 30 June 2020.
  17. ^ "Kommunevalgene 1975" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1977. Retrieved 30 June 2020.
  18. ^ "Kommunevalgene 1972" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1973. Retrieved 30 June 2020.
  19. ^ "Kommunevalgene 1967" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1967. Retrieved 30 June 2020.
  20. ^ "Kommunevalgene 1963" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1964. Retrieved 14 May 2020.
  21. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1959" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1960. Retrieved 14 May 2020.
  22. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1955" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1957. Retrieved 14 May 2020.
  23. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1951" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1952. Retrieved 14 May 2020.
  24. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1947" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1948. Retrieved 14 May 2020.
  25. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1945" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1947. Retrieved 14 May 2020.
  26. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1937" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1938. Retrieved 16 May 2020.
  27. ^ "eKlima Web Portal". Norwegian Meteorological Institute. Archived from the original on 14 June 2004.
  28. ^ IMDb Database retrieved 19 January 2021

External linksEdit