Rogaland ([ˈrûːɡɑlɑn] ) is a county in Western Norway, bordering the North Sea to the west and the counties of Vestland to the north, Vestfold og Telemark to the east and Agder to the east and southeast. In 2020, it had a population of 479,892. The administrative centre of the county is the city of Stavanger, which is one of the largest cities in Norway.

Rogaland County
Rogaland fylke
Flag of Rogaland County
Official logo of Rogaland County
Rogaland County is located in Rogaland
Rogaland County
Rogaland County
Rogaland within Rogaland
Rogaland County is located in Norway
Rogaland County
Rogaland County
Rogaland County (Norway)
Coordinates: 59°N 06°E / 59°N 6°E / 59; 6
DistrictWestern Norway
Administrative centreStavanger
 • BodyRogaland County Municipality
 • Governor (2021)Bent Høie (H)
 • County mayor
Marianne Chesak (Ap)
 • Total9,377.31 km2 (3,620.60 sq mi)
 • Land8,575.70 km2 (3,311.10 sq mi)
 • Water801.61 km2 (309.50 sq mi)  8.5%
 • Rank#10 in Norway
 • Total482,645
 • Rank#4 in Norway
 • Density56.3/km2 (146/sq mi)
 • Change (10 years)
Increase +10.7%
Official language
 • Norwegian formNeutral
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
ISO 3166 codeNO-11[3]
Income (per capita)155,000 kr (2008)
GDP (per capita)267,000 kr (2008)
GDP national rank#4 in Norway
(6.63% of country)
WebsiteOfficial website

Rogaland is the centre of the Norwegian petroleum industry. In 2016, Rogaland had an unemployment rate of 4.9%, one of the highest in Norway.[4] In 2015, Rogaland had a fertility rate of 1.78 children per woman, which is the highest in the country.[5] The Diocese of Stavanger for the Church of Norway includes all of Rogaland county.

Etymology edit

Rogaland is the region's Old Norse name, which was revived in modern times. During Denmark's rule of Norway until the year 1814, the county was named Stavanger amt, after the large city of Stavanger. The first element is the plural genitive case of rygir which is probably referring to the name of an old Germanic tribe (see Rugians). The last element is land which means "land" or "region". In Old Norse times, the region was called Rygjafylki.[6]

Coat of arms edit

The coat of arms is modern; it was granted on 11 January 1974. The arms are blue with a white or silver pointed cross in the centre. The cross is based on the old stone cross in Sola, the oldest national monument in Norway. It was erected in memory of Erling Skjalgsson after his death in 1028. This type of cross was very common in medieval Norway.[7]

Geography edit

Rogaland is mainly a coastal region with fjords, beaches, and islands, the principal island being Karmøy. The vast Boknafjorden is the largest bay, with many fjords branching off from it.

Stavanger/Sandnes, the third-largest urban area of Norway, is in central Rogaland and it includes the large city of Stavanger and the neighboring municipalities of Sandnes, Randaberg, and Sola. Together, this conurbation is ranked above the city Trondheim in population rankings in Norway.

There are many cities/towns in Rogaland other than Stavanger and Sandnes. They include Haugesund, Egersund, Sauda, Jørpeland, Bryne, Kopervik, Åkrehamn, and Skudeneshavn.

Karmøy has large deposits of copper (some from the Visnes mine was used in the construction of the Statue of Liberty).[8] Sokndal has large deposits of ilmenite. Rogaland is the most important region for oil and gas exploration in Norway, and the Jæren district in Rogaland is one of the country's most important agricultural districts.

History edit

There are remains in Rogaland from the earliest times, such as the excavations in a cave at Viste in Randaberg (Svarthola). These include the find of a skeleton of a boy from the Stone Age. Various archeological finds stem from the following times, the Bronze Age and the Iron Age. Many crosses in Irish style have been found. Rogaland was called Rygjafylke in the Viking Age. Before Harald Fairhair and the Battle of Hafrsfjord, it was a petty kingdom. The Rugians were a tribe possibly connected with Rogaland.

Culture and tourism edit

A series of festivals and congresses of international fame and profile are arranged, such as The Chamber Music Festival, The Maijazz Festival, The Gladmat (lit. food with a happy smile) Festival, and The ONS event, which has been held in Stavanger every second year since 1974. The ONS is a major international conference and exhibition with focus on oil and gas, and other topics from the petroleum industry. The Concert Hall and Music Complex at Bjergsted and the Stavanger Symphony Orchestra provide important inspiration in the Norwegian musical environment. Another annual event in Stavanger is The World Tour Beach Volleyball. During this tournament, the downtown is converted into a beach volleyball arena.

Rogaland is home to many natural wonders, like Prekestolen, Kjerag and Gloppedalsura. In Stavanger, there is an archeological museum with many artifacts from early history in Rogaland. An Iron Age farm at Ullandhaug in Stavanger is reconstructed on the original farm site dating back to 350–500 AD. The Viking Farm is a museum at Karmøy.

Government edit

A county (fylke) is the chief local administrative area in Norway. The whole country is divided into 11 counties. A county is also an election area, with popular votes taking place every 4 years. In Rogaland, the government of the county is the Rogaland County Municipality. It includes 47 members who are elected to form a county council (Fylkesting). Heading the Fylkesting is the county mayor (fylkesordførar). Since 2020, the Rogaland County Municipality has been led by Marianne Chesak, the county mayor.

The county also has a County Governor (fylkesmann) who is the representative of the King and Government of Norway. Bent Høie is the incumbent governor, in office since 1 November 2021.

The municipalities in Rogaland are divided among several district courts (tingrett): Dalane District Court, Haugaland District Court, Jæren District Court, and Stavanger District Court. All of these courts are subordinate to the Gulating Court of Appeal district based in Bergen.

Subdivisions edit

Municipalities edit

Rogaland County has a total of 23 municipalities:[9][10]

Name Adm. Centre Location in
the county
Established Includes (former municipalities)
1101   Eigersund Egersund   1 Jan 1965 1101 Egersund
1113 Heskestad (part)
1115 Helleland
1103   Stavanger Stavanger   1 Jan 1838 1124 Håland (part)
1125 Madla
1126 Hetland (part)
1132 Fister (part)
1133 Hjelmeland og Fister (part)
1140 Sjernarøy
1141 Finnøy
1142 Rennesøy
1106   Haugesund Haugesund   1 Jan 1855 1152 Torvastad (part)
1153 Skåre
1108   Sandnes Sandnes   1 Jan 1838 1123 Høyland
1126 Hetland (part)
1128 Høle (part)
1129 Forsand (part)
1111   Sokndal Hauge   1 Jan 1838 1107 Sogndal
1112   Lund Moi   1 Jan 1838 1113 Heskestad (part)
1114   Bjerkreim Vikeså   1 Jan 1838
1119   Varhaug   1 Jan 1964 1117 Ogna
1118 Varhaug
1119 Nærbø
1120   Klepp Kleppe   1 Jan 1838
1121   Time Bryne   1 Jan 1838
1122   Gjesdal Ålgård   1 Jan 1838 1128 Høle (part)
1124   Sola Solakrossen   1 Jan 1930 1124 Håland (part)
1127   Randaberg Randaberg   1 July 1922
1130   Strand Jørpeland   1 Jan 1838 1129 Forsand (part)
1133   Hjelmeland Hjelmelandsvågen   1 July 1884 1131 Årdal
1132 Fister (part)
1133 Hjelmeland og Fister (part)
1134   Suldal Sand   1 Jan 1838 1136 Sand
1137 Erfjord
1138 Jelsa
1156 Imsland (part)
1135   Sauda Sauda   1 Jan 1842
1144   Kvitsøy Ydstebøhamn   1 Jan 1923
1145   Bokn Føresvik   1 Jan 1849
1146   Tysvær Aksdal   1 Jan 1849 1139 Nedstrand
1147 Avaldsnes (part)
1154 Skjold (part)
1149   Karmøy Kopervik   1 Jan 1965 1104 Skudeneshavn
1105 Kopervik
1147 Avaldsnes (part)
1148 Stangaland
1149 Åkra
1150 Skudenes
1152 Torvastad (part)
1151   Utsira Utsira   1 July 1924
1160   Vindafjord Ølensjøen   1 Jan 1965 1154 Skjold (part)
1155 Vats
1156 Imsland (part)
1157 Vikedal
1158 Sandeid
1159 Ølen

Districts edit

Cities edit

Parishes edit

  • Askøy (Askø)
  • Avaldsnes
  • Bjerkreim
  • Bokn (Bukken)
  • Bore
  • Domkirken, Stavanger
  • Egersund
  • Erfjord
  • Falnes
  • Ferkingstad
  • Finnøy (Hesby)
  • Fister
  • Forsand (Fossan)
  • Frue, see Hetland
  • Førdesfjorden
  • Gjestal
  • Haugesund
  • Hausken
  • Helleland
  • Hesby
  • Heskestad
  • Hetland
  • Hjelmeland
  • Hvidingsø
  • Høgsfjord
  • Høle
  • Høyland
  • Håland
  • Imsland
  • Jelsa (Jelsø)
  • Klepp
  • Kopervik
  • Kvitsøy (Hvidingsø)
  • Lund
  • Lye
  • Madla
  • Malle, see Madla
  • Mosterøy
  • Nedstrand (Hinderå)
  • Norheim
  • Nærbø
  • Nærem
  • Ogna
  • Orre
  • Randaberg (Randeberg)
  • Rennesøy
  • Riska (Riskekvernen)
  • Røldal (in Hordaland after 1848)
  • Sand
  • Sandeid
  • Sandnes
  • Sankt Johannes, Stavanger
  • Sankt Petri, Stavanger
  • Saude (Sauda)
  • Sjernarøy
  • Skjold
  • Skudenes
  • Skudeneshavn
  • Skåre
  • Sokndal
  • Sola (Sole)
  • Soma
  • Stavanger
  • Strand
  • Suldal
  • Sørbø
  • Talgøy (Talgje)
  • Tananger
  • Time (Lye)
  • Tjora
  • Torvastad (Torvestad)
  • Tysvær
  • Utsira
  • Utstein Kloster
  • Varhaug
  • Vats
  • Vedavågen
  • Vikedal
  • Vår Frue, see Hetland
  • Åkra
  • Åkra (old)
  • Åna-Sira
  • Årdal
  • Egersund Branch (LDS, 1899–1913)
  • Haugesund Branch (LDS, 1905–1950)
  • Stavanger Branch (LDS, 1850–1938)
  • Stavanger (Dissentermenigheter: Stavanger, Klepp, and Haugesund 1859–1903)
  • Stavanger (Vennenes Samfund- Quakers, 1821–1951)

Villages edit

Former municipalities edit

Education edit

Demographics edit

Religion in Rogaland[11][12]
religion percent

Total population:[13][14]

Historical population
2031 (est.)

In popular culture edit

Rogaland is a playable region within Norway in Assassin's Creed Valhalla, called Rygjafylke in the game. It is also the homeland of the game’s main character, Eivor Varinsdottir.

References edit

  1. ^ "Navn på steder og personer: Innbyggjarnamn" (in Norwegian). Språkrådet.
  2. ^ "Forskrift om målvedtak i kommunar og fylkeskommunar" (in Norwegian).
  3. ^ Bolstad, Erik; Thorsnæs, Geir, eds. (2023-01-26). "Kommunenummer". Store norske leksikon (in Norwegian). Kunnskapsforlaget.
  4. ^ Østerud, Tor Ingar (2016-02-26). "58 percent more unemployed engineers and IT people". Norway Today. Retrieved 2016-07-23.
  5. ^ "Total fertility rate, women, by county". Statistics Norway. 2015. Retrieved 2016-07-23.
  6. ^ Store norske leksikon. "Rogaland" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2016-07-21.
  7. ^ "Civic heraldry of Norway – Norske Kommunevåpen". Heraldry of the World. Retrieved 2016-07-05.
  8. ^ "Origin of the copper of the statue of Liberty". Statue-de-la-liberte. Archived from the original on 2017-08-15. Retrieved 3 August 2017.
  9. ^ List of Norwegian municipality numbers
  10. ^ moderniseringsdepartementet, Kommunal-og (October 27, 2017). "Nye kommune- og fylkesnummer fra 2020".
  11. ^ "Statistics Norway – Church of Norway". Archived from the original on July 16, 2012.
  12. ^ "Statistics Norway – Members of religious and life stance communities outside the Church of Norway, by religion/life stance. County. 2006–2010".
  13. ^ Statistics Norway.
  14. ^ "Statistikkbanken". Archived from the original on 2012-05-26.

External links edit