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Rogaland [²ruːɡɑlɑn] (About this soundlisten) is a county in Western Norway, bordering Hordaland, Telemark, Aust-Agder, and Vest-Agder counties. Rogaland is the center of the Norwegian petroleum industry. In 2016, Rogaland had an unemployment rate of 4.9%, one of the highest in Norway.[1] In 2015, Rogaland had a fertility rate of 1.78 children per woman, which is the highest in the country.[2]

Rogaland fylke
County
Obrestad Lighthouse in December 2009
Obrestad Lighthouse in December 2009
Coat of arms of Rogaland fylke
Coat of arms
Rogaland within Norway
Rogaland within Norway
Coordinates: 59°N 06°E / 59°N 6°E / 59; 6Coordinates: 59°N 06°E / 59°N 6°E / 59; 6
CountryNorway
CountyRogaland
RegionVestlandet
County IDNO-11
Administrative centreStavanger
Government
 • County mayorSolveig Ege Tengesdal
  Christian Democratic Party
  (2015–present)
Area
 • Total9,378 km2 (3,621 sq mi)
 • Land8,590 km2 (3,320 sq mi)
Area rank#13 in Norway, 2.82% of Norway's land area
Population (2016)
 • Total470,175
 • Rank4 (9.02% of country)
 • Density50/km2 (130/sq mi)
 • Change (10 years)18.3 %
Demonym(s)Rogalending
Time zoneUTC+01 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02 (CEST)
Official language formNeutral
Income (per capita)(€20,000) 155,000 NOK
GDP (per capita)(€34,000) 267,000 NOK (2008)
GDP national rank4 (6.63% of country)
Websitewww.rogfk.no
Data from Statistics Norway

The Diocese of Stavanger for the Church of Norway includes all of Rogaland county.

Contents

EtymologyEdit

Rogaland is the Old Norse name of the region which was revived in modern times. During Denmark's rule of Norway until the year 1814, the county was named Stavanger amt, after the large city of Stavanger. The first element is the plural genitive case of rygir which is probably referring to the name of an old Germanic tribe (see Rugians). The last element is land which means "land" or "region". In Old Norse times, the region was called Rygjafylki.[3]

Coat-of-armsEdit

The coat-of-arms is from modern times; they were granted on 11 January 1974. The arms are blue with a white or silver pointed cross in the centre. The cross is based on the old stone cross in Sola, the oldest national monument in Norway. It was erected in memory of Erling Skjalgsson after his death in 1028. This type of cross was very common in medieval Norway.[4]

GeographyEdit

Rogaland is mainly a coastal region with fjords, beaches, and islands, the principal island being Karmøy. The vast Boknafjorden is the largest bay, with many fjords branching off from it.

Stavanger/Sandnes, the third-largest urban area of Norway, is located in central Rogaland and it includes the large city of Stavanger and the neighboring municipalities of Sandnes, Randaberg, and Sola. Together, this conurbation is ranked above the city Trondheim in population rankings in Norway.

There are many cities/towns in Rogaland other than Stavanger and Sandnes. They include Haugesund, Egersund, Sauda, Bryne, Kopervik, Åkrehamn, and Skudeneshavn.

Karmøy has large deposits of copper (some from the Visnes mine was used in the construction of the Statue of Liberty)[5]. Sokndal has large deposits of ilmenite. Rogaland is the most important region for oil and gas exploration in Norway, and the Jæren district in Rogaland is one of the country's most important agricultural districts.

HistoryEdit

There are remains in Rogaland from the earliest times, such as the excavations in a cave at Viste in Randaberg (Svarthola). These include the find of a skeleton of a boy from the Stone Age. Various archeological finds stem from the following times, the Bronze Age and the Iron Age. Many crosses in Irish style have been found. Rogaland was called Rygjafylke in the Viking Age. Before Harald Fairhair and the Battle of Hafrsfjord, it was a petty kingdom. The Rugians were a tribe possibly connected with Rogaland.

Culture and tourismEdit

A series of festivals and congresses of international fame and profile are arranged, such as The Chamber Music Festival, The Maijazz Festival, The Gladmat (lit. food with a happy smile) Festival, and The ONS event, which has been held in Stavanger every second year since 1974. The ONS is a major international conference and exhibition with focus on oil and gas, and other topics from the petroleum industry. The Concert Hall and Music Complex at Bjergsted and the Stavanger Symphony Orchestra provide important inspiration in the Norwegian musical environment. Another annual event in Stavanger is The World Tour Beach Volleyball. During this tournament, the downtown is converted into a beach volleyball arena.

Rogaland is home to many natural wonders, like Prekestolen, Kjerag and Gloppedalsura. In Stavanger, there is an archeological museum with many artifacts from early history in Rogaland. An Iron Age farm at Ullandhaug in Stavanger is reconstructed on the original farm site dating back to 350–500 AD. The Viking Farm is a museum located at Karmøy.

Administrative divisionsEdit

The county is conventionally divided into traditional districts. These are Haugalandet north of the Boknafjorden, Ryfylke in the mountainous east, Jæren to the southwest, Dalane in the far south, and the Stavanger region.

Rogaland has a total of 26 municipalities:

DemographicsEdit

Religion in Rogaland[6][7]
religion percent
Christianity
85.47%
Islam
1.53%
Buddhism
0.24%
Other/atheism
12.76%

Total population:[8][9]

YearPop.±%
1951211,512—    
1961239,052+13.0%
1971268,684+12.4%
1981305,490+13.7%
1991337,906+10.6%
2001375,225+11.0%
2011436,087+16.2%
2021 (est.)
525,729+20.6%
2031 (est.)
594,278+13.0%

Notable residentsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Østerud, Tor Ingar (2016-02-26). "58 percent more unemployed engineers and IT people". Norway Today. Retrieved 2016-07-23.
  2. ^ "Total fertility rate, women, by county". Statistics Norway. 2015. Retrieved 2016-07-23.
  3. ^ Store norske leksikon. "Rogaland" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2016-07-21.
  4. ^ "Civic heraldry of Norway – Norske Kommunevåpen". Heraldry of the World. Retrieved 2016-07-05.
  5. ^ "Origin of the copper of the statue of Liberty". Statue-de-la-liberte. Retrieved 3 August 2017.
  6. ^ Statistics Norway – Church of Norway. Archived 2012-07-16 at Archive.is
  7. ^ Statistics Norway – Members of religious and life stance communities outside the Church of Norway, by religion/life stance. County. 2006–2010
  8. ^ Statistics Norway.
  9. ^ Projected population – Statistics Norway
  10. ^ "Ebbell, Bendix". Store norske leksikon. Kunnskapsforlaget. 2007.[permanent dead link]

External linksEdit