Bokn is a municipality in Rogaland county, Norway. It is located in the traditional district of Haugaland. The administrative centre of the municipality is the village of Føresvik, the only urban area in Bokn. Other villages in Bokn include Arsvågen, Trosnavåg, and Loten. The island municipality is mostly located on the three islands of Ognøya, Vestre Bokn, and Austre Bokn. All three main islands are connected to the mainland via a network of bridges.

Bokn kommune
View of Alvestadkroken in Bokn
View of Alvestadkroken in Bokn
Official logo of Bokn kommune
Bokn within Rogaland
Bokn within Rogaland
Coordinates: 59°12′01″N 05°25′23″E / 59.20028°N 5.42306°E / 59.20028; 5.42306Coordinates: 59°12′01″N 05°25′23″E / 59.20028°N 5.42306°E / 59.20028; 5.42306
CountryNorway
CountyRogaland
DistrictHaugaland
Established1849
Administrative centreFøresvik
Government
 • Mayor (2019)Osmund Våga (Sp)
Area
 • Total47.17 km2 (18.21 sq mi)
 • Land44.57 km2 (17.21 sq mi)
 • Water2.60 km2 (1.00 sq mi)  5.5%
Area rank348 in Norway
Population
 (2020)
 • Total852
 • Rank343 in Norway
 • Density19.1/km2 (49/sq mi)
 • Change (10 years)
2.5%
Demonym(s)Boknar[1]
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
ISO 3166 codeNO-1145
Official language formNynorsk[2]
Websitebokn.kommune.no

The 47-square-kilometre (18 sq mi) municipality is the 348th largest by area out of the 356 municipalities in Norway. Bokn is the 343rd most populous municipality in Norway with a population of 852. The municipality's population density is 19.1 inhabitants per square kilometre (49/sq mi) and its population has increased by 2.5% over the previous ten-year period.[3][4]

General informationEdit

 
View of Vestre Bokn island
 
View of Bokn Church

The municipality of Bokn (historically spelled Bukken) was established in 1849 when it was separated from the large municipality of Skudenes. Initially, Bokn had 1,035 residents. The borders of Bokn have not changed since that time.[5]

NameEdit

The municipality is named after the islands of Austre Bokn and Vestre Bokn (Old Norse: Bókn). The name is probably very old and its meaning is unknown. Before 1889, the name was written "Bukken".[6]

Coat of armsEdit

The coat of arms was granted on 8 August 1986. The arms are blue with six silver/white circles in the shape of a triangle. The blue background represents the sea and the 6 circles represent silver coins, which symbolize the richness from the sea since it is an island municipality and therefore dependent on fishing and sailing.[7]

ChurchesEdit

The Church of Norway has one parish (sokn) within the municipality of Bokn. It is part of the Haugaland prosti (deanery) in the Diocese of Stavanger.

Churches in Bokn
Parish (sokn) Church name Location of the church Year built
Bokn Bokn Church Føresvik 1847

Buildings and structuresEdit

There is a 168-metre (551 ft) tall guyed mast for FM-/TV-broadcasting at located at 59°13′13″N 5°25′42″E / 59.220156°N 5.428281°E / 59.220156; 5.428281.

GeographyEdit

 
Aerial view of the islands of Bokn

The island municipality of Bokn is located on the northern side of the Boknafjorden, at the southern end of the Karmsundet strait. The island of Karmøy lies to the west and the mainland of Tysvær is located to the northeast. The island municipality of Kvitsøy lies south of Bokn and the island municipality of Rennesøy lies to the southeast of Bokn.

Bokn is one of the smallest municipalities in Rogaland, consisting of three main islands: Ognøya, Austre Bokn, and Vestre Bokn. There are also some smaller, uninhabited islands surrounding the main islands.

The islands are rugged with many small hills with small lakes in the valleys. The hills are largely covered with heather, but bushes and trees are increasingly competing, especially birch. The highest point is the 297-metre (974 ft) high Boknafjellet, a small mountain on Vestre Bokn island.

ClimateEdit

Climate data for Foresvik, Bokn
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Daily mean °C (°F) 1.7
(35.1)
1.3
(34.3)
2.7
(36.9)
5.2
(41.4)
9.5
(49.1)
12.5
(54.5)
14.0
(57.2)
14.1
(57.4)
11.7
(53.1)
9.0
(48.2)
5.3
(41.5)
3.1
(37.6)
7.5
(45.5)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 120
(4.7)
85
(3.3)
105
(4.1)
70
(2.8)
75
(3.0)
85
(3.3)
95
(3.7)
130
(5.1)
180
(7.1)
175
(6.9)
170
(6.7)
145
(5.7)
1,435
(56.5)
Source: Norwegian Meteorological Institute[8]

GovernmentEdit

 
View of Austre Bokn island

All municipalities in Norway, including Bokn, are responsible for primary education (through 10th grade), outpatient health services, senior citizen services, unemployment and other social services, zoning, economic development, and municipal roads. The municipality is governed by a municipal council of elected representatives, which in turn elect a mayor.[9] The municipality falls under the Haugaland District Court and the Gulating Court of Appeal.

Municipal councilEdit

The municipal council (Kommunestyre) of Bokn is made up of 17 representatives that are elected to four year terms. Currently, the party breakdown is as follows:

Bokn Kommunestyre 2020–2024 [10]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)5
 Conservative Party (Høgre)4
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristeleg Folkeparti)1
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)7
Total number of members:17
Bokn Kommunestyre 2015–2019 [11]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)3
 Conservative Party (Høgre)5
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristeleg Folkeparti)1
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)8
Total number of members:17
Bokn Kommunestyre 2012–2015 [12]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)6
 Conservative Party (Høgre)5
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristeleg Folkeparti)1
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)5
Total number of members:17
Bokn Kommunestyre 2008–2011 [11]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)6
 Conservative Party (Høgre)4
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristeleg Folkeparti)1
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)6
Total number of members:17
Bokn Kommunestyre 2004–2007 [11]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)3
 Conservative Party (Høgre)7
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristeleg Folkeparti)2
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)5
Total number of members:17
Bokn Kommunestyre 2000–2003 [11]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)3
 Conservative Party (Høgre)5
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristeleg Folkeparti)3
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)6
Total number of members:17
Bokn Kommunestyre 1996–1999 [13]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)4
 Conservative Party (Høgre)4
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristeleg Folkeparti)2
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)7
Total number of members:17
Bokn Kommunestyre 1992–1995 [14]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)3
 Conservative Party (Høgre)4
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristeleg Folkeparti)2
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)8
Total number of members:17
Bokn Kommunestyre 1988–1991 [15]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)4
 Conservative Party (Høgre)4
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristeleg Folkeparti)2
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)7
Total number of members:17
Bokn Kommunestyre 1984–1987 [16]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)3
 Conservative Party (Høgre)4
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristeleg Folkeparti)3
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)7
Total number of members:17
Bokn Kommunestyre 1980–1983 [17]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)3
 Conservative Party (Høgre)6
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristeleg Folkeparti)3
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)5
Total number of members:17
Bokn Kommunestyre 1976–1979 [18]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)1
 Conservative Party (Høgre)3
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristeleg Folkeparti)3
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)10
Total number of members:17
Bokn Kommunestyre 1972–1975 [19]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)4
 Conservative Party (Høgre)3
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)10
Total number of members:17
Bokn Kommunestyre 1968–1971 [20]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)2
 Conservative Party (Høgre)2
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)9
 Liberal Party (Venstre)4
Total number of members:17
Bokn Kommunestyre 1964–1967 [21]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)3
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)8
 Liberal Party (Venstre)6
Total number of members:17
Bokn Heradsstyre 1960–1963 [22]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)2
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)7
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)4
Total number of members:13
Bokn Heradsstyre 1956–1959 [23]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)2
 Joint List(s) of Non-Socialist Parties (Borgarlege Felleslister)11
Total number of members:13
Bokn Heradsstyre 1952–1955 [24]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)12
Total number of members:12
Bokn Heradsstyre 1948–1951 [25]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 List of workers, fishermen, and small farmholders
(Arbeidarar, fiskarar, småbrukarar liste)
5
 Joint List(s) of Non-Socialist Parties (Borgarlege Felleslister)4
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)3
Total number of members:12
Bokn Heradsstyre 1945–1947 [26]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)12
Total number of members:12
Bokn Heradsstyre 1938–1941* [27]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)12
Total number of members:12

TransportationEdit

 
Bridge connecting Austre and Vestre Bokn islands

The three islands of Bokn are now linked via bridges to Tysvær municipality on the mainland. These bridges are part of the European route E39 highway and they are part of the main coastal highway between the cities of Stavanger and Bergen. There is a ferry connection southward across the Boknafjorden to Rennesøy which is connected by road to Stavanger. The planned Rogfast undersea tunnel will directly connect both sides of the Boknafjorden from Stavanger to Bokn, with a planned completion date of 2023.

EconomyEdit

Apart from a factory producing various tanks made of glassfiber-reinforced plastic (Bokn Plast), there is no industry on the islands other than some fish farming. People have traditionally lived off fishing and farming, but more recently, some work has been in the North Sea petroleum industry. Tourism is likely to play a bigger part in the future.

Notable peopleEdit

  • Asbjørn Kloster (1823 in Vestre Bokn – 1876) social reformer, minister, teacher, publisher and leader of the Norwegian temperance movement
  • Lars Elisæus Vatnaland (1892 in Bokn – 1983) a Norwegian politician, Mayor of Bokn municipality 1925 to 1934

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Navn på steder og personer: Innbyggjarnamn" (in Norwegian). Språkrådet.
  2. ^ "Forskrift om målvedtak i kommunar og fylkeskommunar" (in Norwegian). Lovdata.no.
  3. ^ Statistisk sentralbyrå (2020). "Table: 06913: Population 1 January and population changes during the calendar year (M)" (in Norwegian).
  4. ^ Statistisk sentralbyrå (2020). "09280: Area of land and fresh water (km²) (M)" (in Norwegian).
  5. ^ Jukvam, Dag (1999). "Historisk oversikt over endringer i kommune- og fylkesinndelingen" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Statistisk sentralbyrå.
  6. ^ Rygh, Oluf (1915). Norske gaardnavne: Stavanger amt (in Norwegian) (10 ed.). Kristiania, Norge: W. C. Fabritius & sønners bogtrikkeri. p. 430.
  7. ^ "Civic heraldry of Norway - Norske Kommunevåpen". Heraldry of the World. Retrieved 28 October 2015.
  8. ^ "eKlima Web Portal". Norwegian Meteorological Institute. Archived from the original on 14 June 2004.
  9. ^ Hansen, Tore, ed. (12 May 2016). "kommunestyre". Store norske leksikon (in Norwegian). Kunnskapsforlaget. Retrieved 28 June 2020.
  10. ^ "Tall for Norge: Kommunestyrevalg 2019 - Rogaland". Valg Direktoratet. Retrieved 2 July 2020.
  11. ^ a b c d "Table: 04813: Members of the local councils, by party/electoral list at the Municipal Council election (M)" (in Norwegian). Statistics Norway.
  12. ^ "Tall for Norge: Kommunestyrevalg 2011 - Rogaland". Valg Direktoratet. Retrieved 2 July 2020.
  13. ^ "Kommunestyrevalget 1995" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo-Kongsvinger: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1996. Retrieved 2 July 2020.
  14. ^ "Kommunestyrevalget 1991" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo-Kongsvinger: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1993. Retrieved 2 July 2020.
  15. ^ "Kommunestyrevalget 1987" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo-Kongsvinger: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1988. Retrieved 2 July 2020.
  16. ^ "Kommunestyrevalget 1983" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo-Kongsvinger: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1984. Retrieved 2 July 2020.
  17. ^ "Kommunestyrevalget 1979" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1979. Retrieved 2 July 2020.
  18. ^ "Kommunevalgene 1975" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1977. Retrieved 2 July 2020.
  19. ^ "Kommunevalgene 1972" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1973. Retrieved 2 July 2020.
  20. ^ "Kommunevalgene 1967" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1967. Retrieved 2 July 2020.
  21. ^ "Kommunevalgene 1963" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1964. Retrieved 2 July 2020.
  22. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1959" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1960. Retrieved 2 July 2020.
  23. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1955" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1957. Retrieved 2 July 2020.
  24. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1951" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1952. Retrieved 2 July 2020.
  25. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1947" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1948. Retrieved 2 July 2020.
  26. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1945" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1947. Retrieved 2 July 2020.
  27. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1937" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1938. Retrieved 2 July 2020.

External linksEdit