Rennesøy

Rennesøy is a former municipality in Rogaland county, Norway. It was merged into Stavanger municipality on 1 January 2020. It was located in the traditional district of Ryfylke. The administrative centre of the municipality is the village of Vikevåg. Other villages in Rennesøy included Askje and Sørbø. The municipality encompassed a number of islands on the south side of the Boknafjorden, north of the city of Stavanger.

Rennesøy kommune
View of the Askjesund Bridge in Rennesøy
View of the Askjesund Bridge in Rennesøy
Official logo of Rennesøy kommune
Rennesøy within Rogaland
Rennesøy within Rogaland
Coordinates: 59°06′04″N 05°43′55″E / 59.10111°N 5.73194°E / 59.10111; 5.73194Coordinates: 59°06′04″N 05°43′55″E / 59.10111°N 5.73194°E / 59.10111; 5.73194
CountryNorway
CountyRogaland
DistrictRyfylke
Established1 Jan 1838
Disestablished1 Jan 2020
Administrative centreVikevåg
Government
 • Mayor (2011)Dagny Sunnanå Hausken (Sp)
Area
 • Total65.51 km2 (25.29 sq mi)
 • Land64.90 km2 (25.06 sq mi)
 • Water0.61 km2 (0.24 sq mi)  0.9%
Area rank404 in Norway
 *Area at municipal dissolution.
Population
 (2017)
 • Total4,892
 • Rank207 in Norway
 • Density75.4/km2 (195/sq mi)
 • Change (10 years)
38.7%
Demonym(s)Rennesøybu[1]
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
ISO 3166 codeNO-1142
Official language formNeutral[2]
Created asFormannskapsdistrikt in 1838
Succeeded byStavanger in 2020
Websiterennesoy.kommune.no

At the time of its dissolution, the 66-square-kilometre (25 sq mi) municipality was the 404th largest by area out of the 422 municipalities in Norway. Rennesøy was the 207th most populous municipality in Norway with a population of 4,892. The municipality's population density is 75.4 inhabitants per square kilometre (195/sq mi) and its population has increased by 38.7% over the last decade.[3]

General informationEdit

 
Aerial view of the municipality
 
View of a farm on Mosterøy island
 
View of the Utstein Abbey on Klosterøy

The parish of Rennesø was established as a municipality on 1 January 1838 (see formannskapsdistrikt law). On 1 July 1884, the municipality was split in two with the islands of Mosterøy, Klosterøy, Fjøløy, Kvitsøy, and the western part of Åmøy forming the new municipality of Mosterøy, and the islands of Rennesøy and Brimse remained as Rennesøy municipality. This split left Rennesøy with 1,092 residents, less than half of its previous population. The island of Kvitsøy later became an independent municipality of its own.

On 1 July 1918, the Hanasand area of the neighboring municipality of Finnøy (population: 72) that was located on the island of Rennesøy was transferred to Rennesøy municipality.

During the 1960s, there were many municipal mergers across Norway due to the work of the Schei Committee. On 1 January 1965, the municipality of Mosterøy was merged back into Rennesøy. Prior to the merger, Rennesøy had 1,370 residents.[4]

On 1 January 2020, the municipalities of Finnøy, Rennesøy, and Stavanger were merge into one, large municipality called Stavanger.[5]

NameEdit

The municipality was named after the main island of the municipality, Rennesøy. The Old Norse form of the name was Rennisøy. The meaning of the first element is unknown and the last element is øy which means "island". Before 1918, the name was written "Rennesø".[6][7]

Coat of armsEdit

The coat of arms was granted on 20 February 1981. The arms show two silver/white crosiers on a blue background. The blue represents the ocean, an important feature for this island municipality. The crosiers represent the importance of Norway's oldest and best preserved monasteries, Utstein Abbey, located in the municipality.[8]

ChurchesEdit

The Church of Norway had two parishes (sokn) within the municipality of Rennesøy. It was part of the Tungenes prosti (deanery) in the Diocese of Stavanger.

Churches in Rennesøy
Parish (sokn) Church name Location of the church Year built
Mosterøy Askje Church Askje, Mosterøy island 1846
Utstein Church Klosterøy island 1280
Vestre Åmøy Chapel Åmøy island (western side) 1953
Rennesøy Hausken Church Vikevåg, Rennesøy island 1857
Sørbø Church Sørbø, Rennesøy island 1130

GeographyEdit

The island municipality sat on the south side of the large Boknafjorden. It consists of about 80 islands, most of which are uninhabited. The main islands are Rennesøy, Mosterøy, Klosterøy, Fjøløy, Sokn, Bru, Brimse, and the western part of Åmøy (the eastern part is part of Stavanger municipality). All of the main islands are connected together and to the mainland by a series of bridges and tunnels (except for Brimse which has a ferry connection). The Fjøløy Lighthouse is located in the northwestern part of the municipality, lighting a main shipping channel to Stavanger.[7]

Historical population
YearPop.±%
19511,483—    
19611,418−4.4%
19712,045+44.2%
19812,363+15.6%
19912,578+9.1%
20013,168+22.9%
20114,202+32.6%
20154,794+14.1%
Source: Statistics Norway.[9][10]

GovernmentEdit

All municipalities in Norway, including Rennesøy, are responsible for primary education (through 10th grade), outpatient health services, senior citizen services, unemployment and other social services, zoning, economic development, and municipal roads. The municipality is governed by a municipal council of elected representatives, which in turn elect a mayor.[11] The municipality fell under the Stavanger District Court and the Gulating Court of Appeal.

Municipal councilEdit

The municipal council (Kommunestyre) of Rennesøy was made up of 21 representatives that were elected to four year terms. The party breakdown of the final municipal council was as follows:

Rennesøy Kommunestyre 2016–2019 [12]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)3
 Progress Party (Fremskrittspartiet)4
 Conservative Party (Høyre)6
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)3
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)5
Total number of members:21
Rennesøy Kommunestyre 2012–2015 [13]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)3
 Progress Party (Fremskrittspartiet)3
 Conservative Party (Høyre)7
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)3
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)4
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)1
Total number of members:21
Rennesøy Kommunestyre 2008–2011 [12]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)3
 Progress Party (Fremskrittspartiet)5
 Conservative Party (Høyre)5
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)3
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)3
 Common list (Samlingsliste)2
Total number of members:21
Rennesøy Kommunestyre 2004–2007 [12]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)3
 Progress Party (Fremskrittspartiet)5
 Conservative Party (Høyre)5
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)3
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)3
 Common list (Samlingsliste)2
Total number of members:21
Rennesøy Kommunestyre 2000–2003 [12]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)3
 Progress Party (Fremskrittspartiet)3
 Conservative Party (Høyre)2
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)5
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)2
 Common list (Samlingsliste)4
 Cross-party list (Tverrpolitisk liste)2
Total number of members:21
Rennesøy Kommunestyre 1996–1999 [14]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)4
 Conservative Party (Høyre)5
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)4
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)4
 Cross-party list (Tverrpolitisk liste)4
Total number of members:21
Rennesøy Kommunestyre 1992–1995 [15]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)3
 Conservative Party (Høyre)4
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)4
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)8
 Non-party list (Upolitisk liste)2
Total number of members:21
Rennesøy Kommunestyre 1988–1991 [16]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)3
 Conservative Party (Høyre)6
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)5
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)6
 Liberal Party (Venstre)1
Total number of members:21
Rennesøy Kommunestyre 1984–1987 [17]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)4
 Conservative Party (Høyre)6
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)5
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)6
Total number of members:21
Rennesøy Kommunestyre 1980–1983 [18]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)1
 Conservative Party (Høyre)7
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)5
 Liberal People's Party (Liberale Folkepartiet)1
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)7
Total number of members:21
Rennesøy Kommunestyre 1976–1979 [19]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)1
 Conservative Party (Høyre)3
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)7
 New People's Party (Nye Folkepartiet)1
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)9
Total number of members:21
Rennesøy Kommunestyre 1972–1975 [20]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)1
 Conservative Party (Høyre)2
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)6
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)9
 Liberal Party (Venstre)3
Total number of members:21
Rennesøy Kommunestyre 1968–1971 [21]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)1
 Conservative Party (Høyre)3
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)5
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)8
 Liberal Party (Venstre)3
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)1
Total number of members:21
Rennesøy Kommunestyre 1964–1967 [22]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)5
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)4
 Joint List(s) of Non-Socialist Parties (Borgerlige Felleslister)3
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)1
Total number of members:13
Rennesøy Herredsstyre 1960–1963 [23]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)13
Total number of members:13
Rennesøy Herredsstyre 1956–1959 [24]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)13
Total number of members:13
Rennesøy Herredsstyre 1952–1955 [25]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)13
Total number of members:13
Rennesøy Herredsstyre 1948–1951 [26]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)12
Total number of members:12
Rennesøy Herredsstyre 1945–1947 [27]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)12
Total number of members:12
Rennesøy Herredsstyre 1938–1941* [28]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)12
Total number of members:12

TransportationEdit

 
View of the entrance to the Mastrafjord Tunnel

Since 1992, Rennesøy municipality has been connected to the mainland by a series of bridges and undersea tunnels. The Byfjord Tunnel connects the mainland to the island of Sokn, and it is part of the European route E39 highway. The island of Sokn is connected to the three islands of Åmøy, Bru, and Mosterøy by bridges. Mosterøy is connected to Fjøløy and Klosterøy by short bridges and to Rennesøy by the undersea Mastrafjord Tunnel. Rennesøy island is also connected to the island of Vestre Bokn (across the Boknafjorden) by ferry. Furthermore, the island of Rennesøy is connected to the two islands of Finnøy and Talgje in the neighboring municipality of Finnøy to the northeast by the Finnøy Tunnel.[7]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Navn på steder og personer: Innbyggjarnamn" (in Norwegian). Språkrådet.
  2. ^ "Forskrift om målvedtak i kommunar og fylkeskommunar" (in Norwegian). Lovdata.no.
  3. ^ Statistisk sentralbyrå (2017). "Table: 06913: Population 1 January and population changes during the calendar year (M)" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 4 November 2017.
  4. ^ Jukvam, Dag (1999). "Historisk oversikt over endringer i kommune- og fylkesinndelingen" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Statistisk sentralbyrå.
  5. ^ "Om nye Stavanger" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 4 November 2017.
  6. ^ Rygh, Oluf (1915). Norske gaardnavne: Stavanger amt (in Norwegian) (10 ed.). Kristiania, Norge: W. C. Fabritius & sønners bogtrikkeri. p. 257.
  7. ^ a b c Store norske leksikon. "Rennesøy – kommune" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 30 December 2015.
  8. ^ "Civic heraldry of Norway - Norske Kommunevåpen". Heraldry of the World. Retrieved 30 December 2015.
  9. ^ Projected population – Statistics Norway[permanent dead link]
  10. ^ Per 1 January 1965, 1142 Rennesøy and 1143 Mosterøy were merged to one municipality, 1142 Rennesøy.
  11. ^ Hansen, Tore, ed. (12 May 2016). "kommunestyre". Store norske leksikon (in Norwegian). Kunnskapsforlaget. Retrieved 28 June 2020.
  12. ^ a b c d "Table: 04813: Members of the local councils, by party/electoral list at the Municipal Council election (M)" (in Norwegian). Statistics Norway.
  13. ^ "Tall for Norge: Kommunestyrevalg 2011 - Rogaland". Valg Direktoratet. Retrieved 5 August 2020.
  14. ^ "Kommunestyrevalget 1995" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo-Kongsvinger: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1996. Retrieved 5 August 2020.
  15. ^ "Kommunestyrevalget 1991" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo-Kongsvinger: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1993. Retrieved 5 August 2020.
  16. ^ "Kommunestyrevalget 1987" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo-Kongsvinger: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1988. Retrieved 5 August 2020.
  17. ^ "Kommunestyrevalget 1983" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo-Kongsvinger: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1984. Retrieved 5 August 2020.
  18. ^ "Kommunestyrevalget 1979" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1979. Retrieved 5 August 2020.
  19. ^ "Kommunevalgene 1975" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1977. Retrieved 5 August 2020.
  20. ^ "Kommunevalgene 1972" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1973. Retrieved 5 August 2020.
  21. ^ "Kommunevalgene 1967" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1967. Retrieved 5 August 2020.
  22. ^ "Kommunevalgene 1963" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1964. Retrieved 5 August 2020.
  23. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1959" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1960. Retrieved 5 August 2020.
  24. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1955" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1957. Retrieved 5 August 2020.
  25. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1951" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1952. Retrieved 5 August 2020.
  26. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1947" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1948. Retrieved 5 August 2020.
  27. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1945" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1947. Retrieved 5 August 2020.
  28. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1937" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1938. Retrieved 5 August 2020.

External linksEdit