Vestland is a county in Norway established on 1 January 2020. The county is located in Western Norway and it is centred around the city of Bergen, Norway's second largest city. The administrative centre of the county is the city of Bergen where the executive and political leadership is based, but the County Governor is based in Hermansverk. The county is one of two counties in Norway that have Nynorsk as their official written language form (the others are neutral as to which form people use).
Vestland within Norway
|Administrative centres||Bergen, Leikanger|
|Other towns||Florø, Førde, Leirvik, Måløy, Odda|
|• Governor||Lars Sponheim|
|• County mayor||Jon Askeland (Sp)|
|• Total||33,870.99 km2 (13,077.66 sq mi)|
|• Land||31,978.41 km2 (12,346.93 sq mi)|
|• Water||1,892.58 km2 (730.73 sq mi) 5.6%|
(1 January 2021)
|Time zone||UTC+01:00 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+02:00 (CEST)|
|Official language form||Nynorsk|
Vestland was created in 2020 when the former counties of Hordaland and Sogn og Fjordane (with the exception of Hornindal municipality, which became part of Volda municipality in Møre og Romsdal county) were merged.
Vestland county is a newly created county, but it has been inhabited for centuries. The area was made up of many petty kingdoms under the Gulating during the Middle Ages. The northern part was the known as Firdafylke (now the Fjordane region; Nordfjord-Sunnfjord), the central are was known as Sygnafylke (now the Sogn region), and the southern part was known as Hordafylke.
In the early 16th century, Norway was divided into four len. The Bergenhus len was headquartered in Bergen and encompassed much of western and northern Norway including Firdafylke, Sygnafylke, Hordafylke, and Sunnmørafylke (in the present day Møre og Romsdal county). The new Bergenhus len was administered from the Bergenhus Fortress in the city of Bergen.
In 1662, the lens were replaced by amts. On 19 February 1662, a royal decree changed the name to Bergenhus amt. The new Bergenhus amt originally consisted of the present-day areas of Vestland and the Sunnmøre region of Møre og Romsdal, plus the far northern Nordlandene amt was subordinate to Bergenhus amt. The Sunnmøre region was transferred to Romsdalen amt in 1689 and the Nordlandene amt was separated around that time as well.
In 1763, the amt was divided into northern and southern parts: Nordre Bergenhus amt and Søndre Bergenhus amt. When the amt was split, the present day municipality of Gulen was split with the southern part ending up in Søndre Bergenhus amt. In 1773, the border was re-drawn so that all of Gulen was located in the northern part.
On 1 January 1919, Nordre Bergenhus amt was renamed Sogn og Fjordane fylke and Søndre Bergenhus amt was renamed Hordaland fylke during a period of time when many location names in Norway were changed.
The city of Bergen was removed from the Bergenhus amt in 1831 and it was classified as a city-county (byamt) from 1831–1972. During that time in 1915, the municipality of Årstad was annexed into Bergen. In 1972, the neighbouring municipalities of Arna, Fana, Laksevåg and Åsane were annexed into the city of Bergen. Also at that same time, the city of Bergen lost its county status, and became a part of Hordaland county once again.
On 1 January 2020, Hordaland and Sogn og Fjordane counties were merged back together once again, forming Vestland county.
Vestland is located on the western coast of Norway. It is split up by several long, deep fjords including the Nordfjorden, Sognefjorden, and Hardangerfjorden, some of Norway's most notatble fjords and great tourist attractions. About half of the Hardangervidda National Park is in the county. It also includes the Jostedal, Folgefonna, and Hardangerjøkulen glaciers. The county also includes many well-known waterfalls, such as Vøringsfossen and Stykkjedalsfossen. Ramnefjellsfossen (previously called Utigardfossen) is the tallest in Norway and third tallest in the world and Vettisfossen is one of Norway's highest waterfalls with a vertical drop of 275 metres (902 ft). Both are located in the Jotunheim mountains.
Outside of the Bergen metropolitan area, the county is mostly a rural area with a scattered population. Cruise ships visit Vestland all summer because of the unique vistas of high mountains and deep blue fjords. The famous Nærøyfjord is located in the south of the county. This is a UNESCO listed fjord area. There are several archipelagos, including Øygarden, Austevoll, Bulandet, Bremangerlandet, and Kinn. The westernmost point in Norway proper is Holmebåen in Solund municipality. The island of Unst, part of Shetland Islands is around 300 kilometres (190 mi) west of Holmebåen.
The terrain changes quite rapidly with mostly smaller mountains on the coastline, gradually increasing to mountains reaching more than 2,000 metres (6,600 ft). Because of the steep rise in elevation and fjords cutting through the terrain, the amount of precipitation is very high. Low pressure systems come in from the west and meet the mountains (a phenomenon known as orographic lifting) and cause rain and snowfall.
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A county (fylke) is the chief local administrative area in Norway. The whole country is divided into 11 counties. A county is also an election area, with popular votes taking place every 4 years. In Vestland, the government of the county is the Vestland County Municipality. It includes 65 members who are elected to form a county council (Fylkesting). Heading the Fylkesting is the county mayor (fylkesordførar). Since 2020, the Vestland County Municipality has been led by Jon Askeland, the county mayor.
The municipalities in Vestland are divided among several district courts (tingrett): Nordhordland District Court, Sunnhordland District Court, Bergen District Court, Hardanger District Court, and Sogn og Fjordane District Court. All of these courts are subordinate to the Gulating Court of Appeal district based in Bergen.
Vestland County has a total of 43 municipalities:
|Name||Adm. Centre||Location in
|Established||Old Municipal No.
|4601||Bergen||Bergen||1 Jan 1972||1201 Bergen||Hordaland|
|4602||Kinn||Florø||1 Jan 2020||1401 Flora
1439 Vågsøy (part)
|Sogn og Fjordane|
|4611||Etne||Etnesjøen||1 Jan 1838||1211 Etne||Hordaland|
|4612||Sveio||Sveio||1 Jan 1865||1216 Sveio|
|4613||Bømlo||Svortland||1 Jan 1916||1219 Bømlo|
|4614||Stord||Leirvik||1 Jan 1838||1221 Stord|
|4615||Fitjar||Fitjar||1 Jan 1863||1222 Fitjar|
|4616||Tysnes||Uggdal||1 Jan 1838||1223 Tysnes|
|4617||Kvinnherad||Rosendal||1 Jan 1838||1224 Kvinnherad|
|4618||Ullensvang||Odda||1 Jan 1838||1227 Jondal|
|4619||Eidfjord||Eidfjord||1 Jan 1977||1232 Eidfjord|
|4620||Ulvik||Ulvik||1 Jan 1838||1233 Ulvik|
|4621||Voss||Vossevangen||1 Jan 1838||1234 Granvin|
|4622||Kvam||Norheimsund||1 Jan 1838||1238 Kvam|
|4623||Samnanger||Tysse||1 Jan 1907||1242 Samnanger|
|4624||Bjørnafjorden||Osøyro||1 Jan 2020||1241 Fusa|
|4625||Austevoll||Storebø||1 Jan 1886||1244 Austevoll|
|4626||Øygarden||Straume||1 Jan 1964||1245 Sund|
|4627||Askøy||Kleppestø||1 Jan 1838||1247 Askøy|
|4628||Vaksdal||Dale||1 Jan 1964||1251 Vaksdal|
|4629||Modalen||Mo||1 Jan 1910||1252 Modalen|
|4630||Osterøy||Lonevåg||1 Jan 1964||1253 Osterøy|
|4631||Alver||Knarvik||1 Jan 2020||1256 Meland|
|4632||Austrheim||Årås||1 Jan 1910||1264 Austrheim|
|4633||Fedje||Fedje||1 Jan 1947||1265 Fedje|
|4634||Masfjorden||Masfjordnes||1 Mar 1879||1266 Masfjorden|
|4635||Gulen||Eivindvik||1 Jan 1838||1411 Gulen||Sogn og Fjordane|
|4636||Solund||Hardbakke||1 Jan 1858||1412 Solund|
|4637||Hyllestad||Hyllestad||1 Jan 1862||1413 Hyllestad|
|4638||Høyanger||Høyanger||1 Jan 1964||1416 Høyanger|
|4639||Vik||Vikøyri||1 Jan 1838||1417 Vik|
|4640||Sogndal||Hermansverk||1 Jan 1838||1418 Balestrand|
|4641||Aurland||Aurlandsvangen||1 Jan 1838||1421 Aurland|
|4642||Lærdal||Lærdalsøyri||1 Jan 1838||1422 Lærdal|
|4643||Årdal||Årdalstangen||1 Jan 1863||1424 Årdal|
|4644||Luster||Gaupne||1 Jan 1838||1426 Luster|
|4645||Askvoll||Askvoll||1 Jan 1838||1428 Askvoll|
|4646||Fjaler||Dale||1 Jan 1838||1429 Fjaler|
|4647||Sunnfjord||Førde||1 Jan 2020||1430 Gaular|
|4648||Bremanger||Svelgen||1 Jan 1866||1438 Bremanger|
|4649||Stad||Nordfjordeid||1 Jan 2020||1439 Vågsøy (part)|
|4650||Gloppen||Sandane||1 Jan 1838||1445 Gloppen|
|4651||Stryn||Stryn||1 Jan 1843||1449 Stryn|
- Statistisk sentralbyrå (2020). "09280: Area of land and fresh water (km²) (M)" (in Norwegian).
- Statistisk sentralbyrå (2020). "Table: 06913: Population 1 January and population changes during the calendar year (M)" (in Norwegian).
- "Forskrift om målvedtak i kommunar og fylkeskommunar (målvedtaksforskrifta)" (in Norwegian). Lovdata.no. Retrieved 18 June 2020.
- "Arealstatistikk for Norge". Kartverket (in Norwegian Bokmål). 8 March 2013. Retrieved 2 January 2020.
- "19 fylker blir til 11 – dette skal de hete (19 counties becoming 11 – this will be their names)" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 28 May 2019.
- "Forskrift om målvedtak i kommunar og fylkeskommunar (målvedtaksforskrifta)" (in Norwegian). Lovdata.no. Retrieved 19 June 2020.
- "Navn på nye kommuner (Name of new municipalities)" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 28 May 2019.
- Natvik, Oddvar (29 August 2005). "Sogn og Fjordane". Archived from the original on 24 July 2011. Retrieved 23 August 2008.
- List of Norwegian municipality numbers