Lindås

Lindås is a former municipality in the Nordhordland district in the old Hordaland county, Norway. It existed from 1838 until its dissolution on 1 January 2020 when it was merged into the new Alver Municipality. The administrative centre of the municipality was the village of Knarvik, located in the southwestern part of the municipality. Other notable villages in the municipality included Alversund, Isdalstø, Lindås, Ostereidet, and Seim. The Mongstad industrial area in extreme northern Lindås has one of the largest oil refineries and largest seaports in Norway. The oil refinery at Mongstad is by far the largest employer in the municipality.

Lindås kommune
View of Veland along the Hindnesfjorden
View of Veland along the Hindnesfjorden
Official logo of Lindås kommune
Hordaland within
Norway
Lindås within Hordaland
Lindås within Hordaland
Coordinates: 60°37′29″N 05°19′42″E / 60.62472°N 5.32833°E / 60.62472; 5.32833Coordinates: 60°37′29″N 05°19′42″E / 60.62472°N 5.32833°E / 60.62472; 5.32833
CountryNorway
CountyHordaland
DistrictNordhordland
Established1 Jan 1838
Disestablished1 Jan 2020
Administrative centreKnarvik
Government
 • Mayor (2007-2019)Astrid Aarhus Byrknes (KrF)
Area
 • Total474.99 km2 (183.39 sq mi)
 • Land456.14 km2 (176.12 sq mi)
 • Water18.85 km2 (7.28 sq mi)  4%
Area rank213 in Norway
 *Area at municipal dissolution.
Population
 (2019)
 • Total15,731
 • Rank75 in Norway
 • Density34.5/km2 (89/sq mi)
 • Change (10 years)
15.7%
Demonym(s)Lindåsing[1]
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
ISO 3166 codeNO-1263
Official language formNynorsk[2]
Created asFormannskapsdistrikt in 1838
Succeeded byAlver in 2020
Websitelindas.kommune.no

Prior to its dissolution in 2020, the 475-square-kilometre (183 sq mi) municipality is the 213th largest by area out of the 422 municipalities in Norway. Lindås is the 75th most populous municipality in Norway with a population of 15,731. The municipality's population density is 34.5 inhabitants per square kilometre (89/sq mi) and its population has increased by 15.7% over the last decade.[3]

General informationEdit

 
View of Knarvik
 
Knarvik Senter, the largest mall in the region
 
View of the Mongstad industrial area
 
Lindås Church
 
Ostereidet Church

The parish of Lindaas was established as a municipality on 1 January 1838 (see formannskapsdistrikt law). On 1 March 1879, the northeastern district of Lindaas was separated to form the new Masfjorden Municipality, leaving 6,374 inhabitants in Lindaas. On 1 January 1910, the northwestern island district of Lindaas was separated to form the new Austrheim Municipality. This left Lindaas with 4,433 residents.[4]

During the 1960s, there were many municipal mergers across Norway due to the work of the Schei Committee. On 1 January 1964, the following places were merged into one large municipality of Lindås:

Also on this date, there were two other changes. The Sletta area (population: 305) on the island of Radøy was switched from Lindås to the new Radøy Municipality. The other change was the Einestrand, Eikebotn, and Kikallen areas (population: 25) was transferred from Lindås to Modalen Municipality.[4]

On 1 January 2020, the neighboring municipalities of Meland, Radøy, and Lindås were merged the large new municipality of Alver.[5]

NameEdit

The municipality (originally the parish) is named after the old Lindås farm (Old Norse: Lindiáss), since the first Lindås Church was built there. The first element is lindi which means "linden (Tilia) wood" and the last element is áss which means "mountain ridge". Before 1921, the name was written "Lindaas".[6]

Coat of armsEdit

The coat of arms was granted on 4 May 1979. The arms show a silver colored linden tree on a red background. They are a canting arms since the name of the municipality refers to a linden tree.[7]

ChurchesEdit

The Church of Norway had eight parishes (sokn) within the municipality of Lindås. It is part of the Nordhordland prosti (deanery) in the Diocese of Bjørgvin.

Churches in Lindås
Parish (sokn) Church name Location of the church Year built
Alversund Alversund Church Alversund 1879
Knarvik Church Knarvik 2014
Hundvin Hundvin Church Hundvin 1936
Lindås Lindås Church Lindås 1865
Lygra Lygra Church Luro 1892
Myking Myking Church Myking 1861
Ostereidet Ostereidet Church Ostereidet 1988
Seim Seim Church Seim 1878
Vike Vike Church Vikanes 1891

GovernmentEdit

All municipalities in Norway, including Lindås, are responsible for primary education (through 10th grade), outpatient health services, senior citizen services, unemployment and other social services, zoning, economic development, and municipal roads. The municipality is governed by a municipal council of elected representatives, which in turn elect a mayor.[8] The municipality falls under the Bergen District Court and the Gulating Court of Appeal.

Municipal councilEdit

The municipal council (Kommunestyre) of Lindås was made up of 31 representatives that are elected to four year terms. The party breakdown of the final municipal council was as follows:

Lindås Kommunestyre 2016–2019 [9]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)6
 Progress Party (Framstegspartiet)5
 Conservative Party (Høgre)4
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristeleg Folkeparti)9
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)4
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)1
 Liberal Party (Venstre)1
Total number of members:31
Lindås Kommunestyre 2012–2015 [10]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)6
 Progress Party (Framstegspartiet)5
 Conservative Party (Høgre)7
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristeleg Folkeparti)8
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)3
 Liberal Party (Venstre)2
Total number of members:31
Lindås Kommunestyre 2008–2011 [9]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)6
 Progress Party (Framstegspartiet)9
 Conservative Party (Høgre)5
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristeleg Folkeparti)4
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)5
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)1
 Liberal Party (Venstre)1
Total number of members:31
Lindås Kommunestyre 2004–2007 [9]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)7
 Progress Party (Framstegspartiet)7
 Conservative Party (Høgre)4
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristeleg Folkeparti)5
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)5
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)2
 Liberal Party (Venstre)1
Total number of members:31
Lindås Kommunestyre 2000–2003 [9]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)8
 Progress Party (Framstegspartiet)6
 Conservative Party (Høgre)7
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristeleg Folkeparti)9
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)6
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)3
 Liberal Party (Venstre)2
Total number of members:41
Lindås Kommunestyre 1996–1999 [11]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)8
 Progress Party (Framstegspartiet)4
 Conservative Party (Høgre)6
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristeleg Folkeparti)7
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)11
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)2
 Liberal Party (Venstre)3
Total number of members:41
Lindås Kommunestyre 1992–1995 [12]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)6
 Progress Party (Framstegspartiet)3
 Conservative Party (Høgre)7
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristeleg Folkeparti)9
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)10
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)4
 Liberal Party (Venstre)2
Total number of members:41
Lindås Kommunestyre 1988–1991 [13]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)9
 Progress Party (Framstegspartiet)4
 Conservative Party (Høgre)9
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristeleg Folkeparti)8
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)7
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)1
 Liberal Party (Venstre)3
Total number of members:41
Lindås Kommunestyre 1984–1987 [14]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)9
 Progress Party (Framstegspartiet)2
 Conservative Party (Høgre)9
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristeleg Folkeparti)10
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)7
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)1
 Liberal Party (Venstre)3
Total number of members:41
Lindås Kommunestyre 1980–1983 [15]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)8
 Conservative Party (Høgre)11
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristeleg Folkeparti)9
 Liberal People's Party (Liberale Folkepartiet)1
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)8
 Liberal Party (Venstre)4
Total number of members:41
Lindås Kommunestyre 1976–1979 [16]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)8
 Conservative Party (Høgre)7
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristeleg Folkeparti)12
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)12
 Liberal Party (Venstre)2
Total number of members:41
Lindås Kommunestyre 1972–1975 [17]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)8
 Conservative Party (Høgre)3
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristeleg Folkeparti)10
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)10
 Liberal Party (Venstre)8
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)2
Total number of members:41
Lindås Kommunestyre 1968–1971 [18]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)8
 Conservative Party (Høgre)3
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristeleg Folkeparti)11
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)9
 Liberal Party (Venstre)10
Total number of members:41
Lindås Kommunestyre 1964–1967 [19]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)8
 Conservative Party (Høgre)2
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristeleg Folkeparti)10
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)11
 Liberal Party (Venstre)10
Total number of members:41
Lindås Heradsstyre 1960–1963 [20]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)25
Total number of members:25
Lindås Heradsstyre 1956–1959 [21]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)25
Total number of members:25
Lindås Heradsstyre 1952–1955 [22]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)24
Total number of members:24
Lindås Heradsstyre 1948–1951 [23]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)24
Total number of members:24
Lindås Heradsstyre 1945–1947 [24]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 List of workers, fishermen, and small farmholders
(Arbeidarar, fiskarar, småbrukarar liste)
1
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)23
Total number of members:24
Lindås Heradsstyre 1938–1941* [25]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)2
 Joint List(s) of Non-Socialist Parties (Borgarlege Felleslister)5
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)17
Total number of members:24

HistoryEdit

Historical population
YearPop.±%
19514,121—    
19604,084−0.9%
19707,776+90.4%
198010,099+29.9%
199011,861+17.4%
200012,492+5.3%
201014,286+14.4%
201715,731+10.1%
Source: Statistics Norway.

Ancient settlements of Vikings are found in several places. At Lindås there are stories of monks coming from England and living with the Viking population.

Håkonshaugen (from Old Norse haugr meaning mound) at the village of Seim is the burial mound of King Haakon the Good, the third king of Norway. King Haakon was mortally wounded in 961 at the Battle of Fitjar at nearby Stord.[26] Håkonshaugen is the millennium site in the municipality of Lindås.

The historical play Håkonarspelet ("King with the golden helmet") is performed here every year. The play is one of several plays written by author Johannes Heggland. The play was written in five parts between 1995 and 1996. It centers on events in the life of King Haakon the Good and the king's only daughter, Thora.[27][28]

GeographyEdit

Lindås municipality was located mostly on the mainland of the Nordhordland region, just north of the city of Bergen. The municipality was north of the Osterfjorden and Romarheimsfjorden. The Lindås peninsula heads north from there. The peninsula juts out west of the Austfjorden, south of the Fensfjorden, and east of the Radfjorden. The municipality includes the very southernmost tip of the neighboring island of Radøy as well as the island of Luro. The Lurefjorden cuts into the middle of the peninsula. On the east side of the municipality, lies a mountainous area that is sparsely populated.

The municipality was surrounded by water on three sides, and the fourth side is mountainous, so there are few road connections to Lindås. On the east side, the municipality is accessible by the Eikefet Tunnel, part of the European route E39 highway. On the southwest side, the Hagelsund Bridge crosses the fjord to connect to the municipalities of Bergen and Meland to the southwest. The Alversund Bridge on the west side connects Lindås to the island municipality of Radøy. The municipality of Austrheim lies to the north, and it includes a small part of the mainland Lindås peninsula, so there is road access there too.

AttractionsEdit

Lindås ChurchEdit

Lindås Church (Lindås kirke) was consecrated 20 September 1865. The church was built just west of where the old stone church stood. The architect was Ole Syslak who was responsible for the construction of several other churches in western Norway. The church received its first church organ in 1906, which was replaced in 1978 with an organ built by Josef Hilmar Jørgensen. The church has two church bells. The oldest clock was made by Laxevaag Værk in Bergen in 1865, while the other was made by O. Olsen & Son in Tønsberg in 1955.

The first time a church in Lindås mentioned was in 1315. This was a stone altar, which stood under the open sky. Walls were erected later, so that the priest was standing under a roof, while the audience stood on the ground outside and listened. Later walls were raised so that the church was under roof. This church was extended in 1600 and repaired in the 1700s.[29]

Heathland Centre at LygraEdit

 
Lyngheisenteret

Heathland Centre at Lygra (Lyngheisenteret på Lygra) is a cultural museum consisting of a conserved heather moorland. It is also an information centre for the coastal heathlands. The center was established in the 1970s. An information center with a restaurant, auditorium, and permanent exhibition was opened in 2000. Heathland was founded by the University of Bergen, Vestland county, Lindås Municipality, the Regional Council in Nordhordland and Gulen. It is administrated by the Museum Centre in Hordaland.[30]

Notable residentsEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Navn på steder og personer: Innbyggjarnamn" (in Norwegian). Språkrådet.
  2. ^ "Forskrift om målvedtak i kommunar og fylkeskommunar" (in Norwegian). Lovdata.no.
  3. ^ Statistisk sentralbyrå (2017). "Table: 06913: Population 1 January and population changes during the calendar year (M)" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2017-10-26.
  4. ^ a b Jukvam, Dag (1999). "Historisk oversikt over endringer i kommune- og fylkesinndelingen" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Statistisk sentralbyrå.
  5. ^ "Ein kommune" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2017-10-26.
  6. ^ Rygh, Oluf (1919). Norske gaardnavne: Nordre Bergenhus amt (in Norwegian) (12 ed.). Kristiania, Norge: W. C. Fabritius & sønners bogtrikkeri. p. 413.
  7. ^ "Civic heraldry of Norway - Norske Kommunevåpen". Heraldry of the World. Retrieved 2014-03-31.
  8. ^ Hansen, Tore, ed. (2016-05-12). "kommunestyre". Store norske leksikon (in Norwegian). Kunnskapsforlaget. Retrieved 2019-04-06.
  9. ^ a b c d "Table: 04813: Members of the local councils, by party/electoral list at the Municipal Council election (M)" (in Norwegian). Statistics Norway.
  10. ^ "Tall for Norge: Kommunestyrevalg 2011 - Hordaland". Valg Direktoratet. Retrieved 2020-02-02.
  11. ^ "Kommunestyrevalget 1995" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo-Kongsvinger: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1996. Retrieved 2020-05-14.
  12. ^ "Kommunestyrevalget 1991" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo-Kongsvinger: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1993. Retrieved 2020-05-14.
  13. ^ "Kommunestyrevalget 1987" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo-Kongsvinger: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1988. Retrieved 2020-05-14.
  14. ^ "Kommunestyrevalget 1983" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo-Kongsvinger: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1984. Retrieved 2020-05-14.
  15. ^ "Kommunestyrevalget 1979" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1979. Retrieved 2020-05-14.
  16. ^ "Kommunevalgene 1975" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1977. Retrieved 2020-05-14.
  17. ^ "Kommunevalgene 1972" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1973. Retrieved 2020-05-14.
  18. ^ "Kommunevalgene 1967" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1967. Retrieved 2020-05-14.
  19. ^ "Kommunevalgene 1963" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1964. Retrieved 2020-05-14.
  20. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1959" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1960. Retrieved 2020-05-14.
  21. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1955" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1957. Retrieved 2020-05-14.
  22. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1951" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1952. Retrieved 2020-05-14.
  23. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1947" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1948. Retrieved 2020-05-14.
  24. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1945" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1947. Retrieved 2020-05-14.
  25. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1937" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1938. Retrieved 2020-05-14.
  26. ^ Håkonshaugen (Meland municipality)
  27. ^ "RV 57 - 565 - 568 route (Nordhordland Guide )". Archived from the original on 2011-07-24. Retrieved 2010-02-27.
  28. ^ Håkonarspelet (Culturenet.no) Archived 2011-07-24 at the Wayback Machine
  29. ^ Lindås Kommune (Kirker i Hordaland Fylke) Archived 2003-08-21 at the Wayback Machine
  30. ^ Lyngheisenteret på Lygra (Museumssenteret i Hordaland)

External linksEdit