Sogn is a traditional district in Western Norway (Vestlandet). It is located in the county of Vestland, surrounding the Sognefjord, the largest/longest fjord in Norway. The district of Sogn consists of the municipalities of Aurland, Balestrand, Hyllestad, Høyanger, Gulen, Leikanger, Luster, Lærdal, Sogndal, Solund, Vik, and Årdal. The district covers 10,675 square kilometres (4,122 sq mi) and contains about 35% of the county's population. The largest urban area in Sogn is the village of Sogndalsfjøra (in Sogndal municipality), with 3,455 residents. The second largest urban area is the village Øvre Årdal (in Årdal municipality), with 3,397 people (this village used to be the largest, but recently it was passed by Sogndalsfjøra).[2][3]

Sogn
Hafslovatnet with Sognefjord behind
Hafslovatnet with Sognefjord behind
Vestland.png
Districts of Vestland:
  Inner Sogn
  Outer Sogn
  Voss
CountryNorway
CountyVestland
RegionVestlandet
Adm. CenterHermansverk[1]
Area
 • Total10,675 km2 (4,122 sq mi)
Population
 (2006)
 • Total38,858
 • Density3.6/km2 (9.4/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Sogning

The district of Sogn comprises the southern part of the former county Sogn og Fjordane. The districts of Sunnfjord and Nordfjord are the other two districts in the county.

EtymologyEdit

 
Shore community in Sogn, Norway.

The name Sogn derived from the name of Sognefjord. The name of the fjord is from the root of súga "to suck", referring to the strong tidal streams at the mouth of the fjord. On old name for the district is Sygnafylki. The first element in this name is the genitive of sygnir which means "people from Sogn" and the last element is fylki "county".[1][4]

HistoryEdit

 
Sogndalsfjorden and Barsnesfjorden.
Historical population
YearPop.±%
176919,366—    
195141,846+116.1%
196040,558−3.1%
197040,254−0.7%
198039,689−1.4%
199038,996−1.7%
200037,841−3.0%
201036,511−3.5%
202036,232−0.8%
203036,773+1.5%
Source: Statistics Norway.

Viking AgeEdit

Since early in the Viking Age, Sogn was a petty kingdom called Sygnafylki. Some notable Kings of Sogn were Harald Gullskjegg ("Goldbeard", father of Ragnhild, first wife of Halfdan the Black), Halfdan the Black, and Harald Fairhair.

1662-presentEdit

In 1662, Sogn fogderi was created as part of the Nordre Bergenhus amt (county). Sogn was further divided into Indre Sogn (Inner Sogn) and Ytre Sogn (Outer Sogn).

In 1919, Nordre Bergenhus amt was renamed Sogn og Fjordane fylke.[5]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Askheim, Svein. "Sogn i Sogn og Fjordane". snl.no. Retrieved 17 July 2015.
  2. ^ Store norske leksikon. "Sogn – Sogn og Fjordane" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 14 August 2010.
  3. ^ Statistisk sentralbyrå (1 January 2012). "Urban settlements. Population and area, by municipality".
  4. ^ Norseng, Per. "Gulating". snl.no.
  5. ^ Askheim, Svein. "Sogn og Fjordane". snl.no.

Coordinates: 61°11′N 06°48′E / 61.183°N 6.800°E / 61.183; 6.800