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Volda is a municipality in Møre og Romsdal county, Norway. It is part of the Sunnmøre region. The administrative centre is the village of Volda. Other villages in the municipality include Dravlaus, Folkestad, Fyrde, Lauvstad, and Straumshamn. The municipality is located about 50 kilometres (31 mi) south of the city of Ålesund.

Volda kommune
View of Volda and the Voldsfjorden
View of Volda and the Voldsfjorden
Official logo of Volda kommune
Møre og Romsdal within
Norway
Volda within Møre og Romsdal
Volda within Møre og Romsdal
Coordinates: 62°05′16″N 06°00′51″E / 62.08778°N 6.01417°E / 62.08778; 6.01417Coordinates: 62°05′16″N 06°00′51″E / 62.08778°N 6.01417°E / 62.08778; 6.01417
CountryNorway
CountyMøre og Romsdal
DistrictSunnmøre
Established1 Jan 1838
Administrative centreVolda
Government
 • Mayor (2015)Jørgen Amdam (Ap)
Area
 • Total547.24 km2 (211.29 sq mi)
 • Land524.58 km2 (202.54 sq mi)
 • Water22.66 km2 (8.75 sq mi)  4.1%
Area rank197 in Norway
Population
 (2018)
 • Total9,188
 • Rank123 in Norway
 • Density17.5/km2 (45/sq mi)
 • Change (10 years)
9.3%
Demonym(s)Volding[1]
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
ISO 3166 codeNO-1519
Official language formNynorsk
Websitevolda.kommune.no

The 547-square-kilometre (211 sq mi) municipality is the 197th largest by area out of the 422 municipalities in Norway. Volda is the 123rd most populous municipality in Norway with a population of 9,188. The municipality's population density is 17.5 inhabitants per square kilometre (45/sq mi) and its population has increased by 9.3% over the last decade.[2][3]

General informationEdit

 
Farm of Sivert Aarflot. The Sivert Aarflot museum to the left.

The municipality of Volden was established on 1 January 1838 (see formannskapsdistrikt law). The original municipality was the same as the parish (prestegjeld) of Volden, including the sub-parishes of Ørsta and Dalsfjord. On 1 August 1883, the sub-parish of Ørsta (population: 2,070) was separated from Volden to form a new municipality of its own. This left Volden with 3,485 residents. On 1 January 1893, the Ytrestølen farm in Ørsta municipality (population: 13) was transferred to Volden municipality. In 1918, the name was changed from Volden to Volda. On 1 July 1924, the sub-parish of Dalsfjord (population: 960) was separated from Volda to become a municipality of its own. This left Volda with 4,715 residents.

During the 1960s, there were many municipal mergers across Norway due to the work of the Schei Committee. On 1 January 1964, the municipalities of Dalsfjord (population: 1,151) and Volda (population: 6,056) were merged back together. The new Volda municipality had 7,207 residents.[4]

On 1 January 2020, another large municipal border adjustment will take place. The neighboring municipality of Hornindal (in Sogn og Fjordane county) and the Bjørke and Leira areas of Ørsta Municipality will merge with Volda to make a much larger Volda Municipality (in Møre og Romsdal county).[5]

NameEdit

The municipality is named after the Voldsfjorden (Vǫld). The name is probably derived from an old word meaning "wave". (Compare with the German: Welle which means "wave".) Before 1918, the name was written Volden.[6]

Coat of armsEdit

The coat of arms was granted on 19 June 1987. The arms show a white- or silver-colored tip of a fountain pen on a blue background. This is a symbol for the long history of education in Volda.[7]

ChurchesEdit

The Church of Norway has four parishes (sokn) within the municipality of Volda. It is part of the Søre Sunnmøre prosti (deanery) in the Diocese of Møre.

Churches in Volda
Parish (sokn) Church name Location of the church Year built
Austefjord Austefjord Church Fyrde 1773
Dalsfjord Dalsfjord Church Dravlaus 1910
Kilsfjord Kilsfjord Church Straumshamn 1974
Volda Volda Church Volda 1932

GeographyEdit

Volda's main geographical feature is the Voldsfjorden which branches off into the Austefjorden, Kilsfjorden, and Dalsfjorden. It is also mountainous, particularly southeast of the fjords, with the Sunnmørsalpene mountains surrounding the region. The 1,482-metre (4,862 ft) tall mountain Eidskyrkja is located in the southeastern part of the municipality.

Volda is bordered by Vanylven Municipality to the south-west/west, the municipalities of Herøy and Ulstein (only by sea) to the west, and Ørsta Municipality to the north and east. To the south it is adjacent to the municipalities of Hornindal and Eid in Sogn og Fjordane county.

The dominant centre, both in terms of population and administration, is the village of Volda, in the northernmost part of the municipality. Other population concentrations include Mork, Ekset, Folkestad, Fyrde, Steinsvika, Lauvstad, Bjørkedal, and Straumshamn.

ClimateEdit

Climate data for Volda
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 0
(32)
1
(34)
3
(37)
5
(41)
10
(50)
13
(55)
14
(57)
15
(59)
11
(52)
8
(46)
3
(37)
1
(34)
7
(45)
Daily mean °C (°F) −1.5
(29.3)
−1
(30)
0
(32)
2
(36)
7
(45)
10
(50)
11
(52)
11.5
(52.7)
8.5
(47.3)
6
(43)
1
(34)
−1
(30)
4.5
(40.1)
Average low °C (°F) −3
(27)
−3
(27)
−3
(27)
−1
(30)
4
(39)
7
(45)
8
(46)
8
(46)
6
(43)
4
(39)
−1
(30)
−3
(27)
2
(36)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 188
(7.4)
146
(5.7)
154
(6.1)
100
(3.9)
77
(3.0)
95
(3.7)
117
(4.6)
136
(5.4)
238
(9.4)
237
(9.3)
218
(8.6)
237
(9.3)
1,943
(76.4)
Average precipitation days 25 22 22 19 16 17 21 22 26 25 25 27 267
Mean monthly sunshine hours 14 39 86 136 200 197 171 151 80 58 28 0 1,159
Source: World Climate Guide[8]

GovernmentEdit

All municipalities in Norway, including Volda, are responsible for primary education (through 10th grade), outpatient health services, senior citizen services, unemployment and other social services, zoning, economic development, and municipal roads. The municipality is governed by a municipal council of elected representatives, which in turn elect a mayor.[9] The municipality falls under the Søre Sunnmøre District Court and the Frostating Court of Appeal.

Municipal councilEdit

The municipal council (Kommunestyre) of Volda is made up of 27 representatives that are elected to four year terms. Currently, the party breakdown is as follows:[10]

Volda Kommunestyre 2015–2019
Party Name Name in Norwegian Number of
representatives
 Labour PartyArbeiderpartiet6
 Progress PartyFramstegspartiet4
 Conservative PartyHøgre3
 Christian Democratic PartyKristelig Folkeparti6
 Green PartyMiljøpartiet Dei Grøne1
 Centre PartySenterpartiet3
 Socialist Left PartySosialistisk Venstreparti2
 Liberal PartyVenstre2
Total number of members:27

CultureEdit

 
Volda Church

Volda is primarily known for strong cultural heritage and academic traditions. A private library at Egset, the first rural of its kind in Norway, is said to have inspired the young Ivar Aasen in the 19th century. Martin Ulvestad, Norwegian–American author who published an English-Danish-Norwegian dictionary in 1895, (Engelsk-Dansk-Norsk Ordbog med fuldstændig Udtalebetegnelse) was born in Volda. The Norsk Landboeblad newspaper was based in Volda in the 1800s. Volda landsgymnas (established 1910) was the first Norwegian secondary school outside a major city. Among the most important institutions today is the Volda University College.

Volda University College is one of 25 university colleges in Norway. Volda University College enrolls about 3,000 students and specializes in education of teachers, animators, and journalists.

There is a thriving creative community in the town, with several animation companies, as well as the Norsk Animasjonsentrum/Norwegian Animation Centre and a yearly animation festival, run in cooperation with Volda University College.

Volda also hosts a national documentary film festival as well as an annual student festival. The festival, Den Norske Dokumentarfilmfestivalen is usually held in late April. The national ski festival X2 is also held in Volda during April every year. The Volda TI sports club includes a Third Division association football team that competes in Volda.

As a logical consequence of the huge influx of students, as well as a county hospital, public services are by far the most dominant sector, representing almost 50% of economic life in Volda. Industry and agriculture are also prevalent. Bjørkedalen is noted for its tradition in building wooden boats.

The Sivert Aarflot Museum is located at Ekset in Volda.[11] Volda and its environs are featured prominently in the film Troll Hunter (2010).

TransportationEdit

The Ørsta-Volda Airport, Hovden is located in neighbouring Ørsta Municipality, just north of the village of Volda. The European route E39 highway passes north through the municipality on its way to the city of Ålesund. As noted, the municipality is criss-crossed by fjords; therefore, both Lauvstad and Folkestad are linked to the population centre Volda by ferry. In February 2008, the underwater Eiksund Tunnel connected the municipalities of Ulstein, Hareid, Herøy, and Sande to Ørsta and Volda. The tunnel is the deepest undersea tunnel in the world. The Kviven Tunnel was completed in 2012, connecting Fyrde in eastern Volda to the village of Grodås in Hornindal Municipality to the south (in Sogn og Fjordane county).

Notable residentsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Navn på steder og personer: Innbyggjarnamn" (in Norwegian). Språkrådet. Retrieved 2015-12-01.
  2. ^ Statistisk sentralbyrå (2018). "Table: 06913: Population 1 January and population changes during the calendar year (M)" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2019-09-21.
  3. ^ Statistisk sentralbyrå. "09280: Area of land and fresh water (km²) (M)" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2019-09-21.
  4. ^ Rygh, Oluf (1908). Norske gaardnavne: Romsdals amt (in Norwegian) (13 ed.). Kristiania, Norge: W. C. Fabritius & sønners bogtrikkeri.
  5. ^ "Nye Volda" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2017-10-20.
  6. ^ Rygh, Oluf (1908). Norske gaardnavne: Romsdals amt (in Norwegian) (13 ed.). Kristiania, Norge: W. C. Fabritius & sønners bogtrikkeri. p. 67.
  7. ^ "Civic heraldry of Norway - Norske Kommunevåpen". Heraldry of the World. Retrieved 2019-09-21.
  8. ^ "Volda Climate Guide, Norway". World Climate Guide. Retrieved March 18, 2012.
  9. ^ Hansen, Tore, ed. (2016-05-12). "kommunestyre". Store norske leksikon (in Norwegian). Kunnskapsforlaget. Retrieved 2019-04-06.
  10. ^ "Table: 04813: Members of the local councils, by party/electoral list at the Municipal Council election (M)" (in Norwegian). Statistics Norway.
  11. ^ "Sivert Aarflot Museum, Volda". Stiftinga Sunnmøre Museum. Retrieved February 1, 2018.

External linksEdit