Hyllestad

Hyllestad is a municipality in the county of Vestland, Norway. It is located in the traditional district of Sogn. The administrative center is the village of Hyllestad. Other villages in the municipality include Sørbøvågen and Leirvik. Hyllestad municipality has existed since 1862 when it was created from parts of the neighboring municipalities of Askvoll and Lavik. Hyllestad is located on the north side of the Sognefjorden, near the mouth of the fjord.

Hyllestad kommune
View of the village of Hyllestad
View of the village of Hyllestad
Official logo of Hyllestad kommune
Vestland within
Norway
Hyllestad within Vestland
Hyllestad within Vestland
Coordinates: 61°09′48″N 05°20′20″E / 61.16333°N 5.33889°E / 61.16333; 5.33889Coordinates: 61°09′48″N 05°20′20″E / 61.16333°N 5.33889°E / 61.16333; 5.33889
CountryNorway
CountyVestland
DistrictSogn
Established1862
Administrative centreHyllestad
Government
 • Mayor (2015)Morten Askvik (Sp)
Area
 • Total258.90 km2 (99.96 sq mi)
 • Land247.76 km2 (95.66 sq mi)
 • Water11.14 km2 (4.30 sq mi)  4.3%
Area rank280 in Norway
Population
 (2020)
 • Total1,328
 • Rank311 in Norway
 • Density5.4/km2 (14/sq mi)
 • Change (10 years)
-11.6%
Demonym(s)Hyllestadsokning[1]
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
ISO 3166 codeNO-4637
Official language formNynorsk[2]
Websitehyllestad.kommune.no

The 259-square-kilometre (100 sq mi) municipality is the 280th largest by area out of the 356 municipalities in Norway. Hyllestad is the 311th most populous municipality in Norway with a population of 1,328. The municipality's population density is 5.4 inhabitants per square kilometre (14/sq mi) and its population has decreased by 11.6% over the previous 10-year period.[3][4]

In 2016, the chief of police for Vestlandet formally suggested a reconfiguration of police districts and stations. He proposed that the police station in Hyllestad be closed.[5]

General informationEdit

 
View of the Birkeland area
 
View of an abandoned building with Lihesten in the background
 
View of Hyllestad Church with Lihesten in the background
 
View of the municipal government building in Hyllestad

Hyllestad was created as a municipality in 1862. Two sub-parishes (sokn) from the Askvoll parish (Øn and Hyllestad) and one sub-parish (sokn) from the Lavik og Brekke parish (Bø) were merged to form a separate municipality which was named Hyllestad. The population at that time in Hyllestad was 2,475. On 1 January 1888, the Krakken farm (population: 17) on the northeastern corner of the island of Sula was transferred from Hyllestad to the neighboring municipality of Utvær. The municipal boundaries have not changed since that time.[6][7]

On 1 January 2020, the municipality became part of the newly created Vestland county after Sogn og Fjordane and Hordaland counties were merged.

NameEdit

The municipality (originally the parish) is named after the old farm "Hyllestad" (Old Norse: Hyllistaðir), since that was where the first Hyllestad Church in the parish was built. The meaning of the first element Hylli is unknown (perhaps an old uncompounded name of the nearby Hyllestadfjorden) and the last element is staðir which means "homestead" or "farm".[8]

Coat of armsEdit

The coat of arms was granted on 10 March 1989. It shows three white millstones on a blue background. The millstones were chosen because the production of millstones is the oldest industry in the municipality and has been very important to the life of the community.[9]

ChurchesEdit

The Church of Norway has one parish (sokn) within the municipality of Hyllestad. It is part of the Sunnfjord prosti (deanery) in the Diocese of Bjørgvin.

Churches in Hyllestad
Parish (sokn) Church name Location of the church Year built
Hyllestad Bø Church Leirvik 1868
Hyllestad Church Hyllestad 1880
Øn Church Sørbøvågen 1958

GovernmentEdit

All municipalities in Norway, including Hyllestad, are responsible for primary education (through 10th grade), outpatient health services, senior citizen services, unemployment and other social services, zoning, economic development, and municipal roads. The municipality is governed by a municipal council of elected representatives, which in turn elect a mayor.[10] The municipality falls under the Sogn og Fjordane District Court and the Gulating Court of Appeal.

Municipal councilEdit

The municipal council (Kommunestyre) of Hyllestad is made up of 17 representatives that are elected to four year terms. The party breakdown of the council is as follows:

Hyllestad Kommunestyre 2020–2023 [11]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)6
 Conservative Party (Høgre)3
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristeleg Folkeparti)1
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)7
Total number of members:17
Hyllestad Kommunestyre 2016–2019 [12]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)6
 Conservative Party (Høgre)4
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristeleg Folkeparti)1
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)6
Total number of members:17
Hyllestad Kommunestyre 2012–2015 [13]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)5
 Conservative Party (Høgre)3
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)5
 Collaborative List (Samlingslista)4
Total number of members:17
Hyllestad Kommunestyre 2008–2011 [12]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)5
 Conservative Party (Høgre)2
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristeleg Folkeparti)2
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)5
 Common list (Samlingslista)3
Total number of members:17
Hyllestad Kommunestyre 2004–2007 [12]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)8
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)9
 Common list (Samlingslista)4
Total number of members:21
Hyllestad Kommunestyre 2000–2003 [12]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)6
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)9
 Common list (Samlingslista)6
Total number of members:21
Hyllestad Kommunestyre 1996–1999 [14]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)6
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)9
 Common list (Samlingslista)6
Total number of members:21
Hyllestad Kommunestyre 1992–1995 [15]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)5
 Conservative Party (Høgre)2
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristeleg Folkeparti)1
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)13
Total number of members:21
Hyllestad Kommunestyre 1988–1991 [16]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)6
 Conservative Party (Høgre)4
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristeleg Folkeparti)2
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)7
 Liberal Party (Venstre)2
Total number of members:21
Hyllestad Kommunestyre 1984–1987 [17]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)6
 Conservative Party (Høgre)4
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristeleg Folkeparti)2
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)6
 Liberal Party (Venstre)3
Total number of members:21
Hyllestad Kommunestyre 1980–1983 [18]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)5
 Conservative Party (Høgre)3
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristeleg Folkeparti)3
 Joint list of the Liberal Party (Venstre) and
Liberal People's Party (Liberale Folkepartiet)
4
 Village list for Øn (Bygdeliste for Øn)3
 Common list for Hyllestad and Bø
(Samlingsliste for Hyllestad og Bø)
3
Total number of members:21
Hyllestad Kommunestyre 1976–1979 [19]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)5
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristeleg Folkeparti)5
 New People's Party (Nye Folkepartiet)1
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)7
 Local list for Øen (Bygdelista for Øen)3
Total number of members:21
Hyllestad Kommunestyre 1972–1975 [20]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)3
 Joint List(s) of Non-Socialist Parties (Borgarlege Felleslister)5
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)13
Total number of members:21
Hyllestad Kommunestyre 1968–1971 [21]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)7
 Joint List(s) of Non-Socialist Parties (Borgarlege Felleslister)9
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)5
Total number of members:21
Hyllestad Kommunestyre 1964–1967 [22]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)7
 Liberal Party (Venstre)3
 Joint List(s) of Non-Socialist Parties (Borgarlege Felleslister)11
Total number of members:21
Hyllestad Heradsstyre 1960–1963 [23]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)5
 Liberal Party (Venstre)3
 Joint List(s) of Non-Socialist Parties (Borgarlege Felleslister)13
Total number of members:21
Hyllestad Heradsstyre 1956–1959 [24]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)8
 Liberal Party (Venstre)3
 Joint List(s) of Non-Socialist Parties (Borgarlege Felleslister)9
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)1
Total number of members:21
Hyllestad Heradsstyre 1952–1955 [25]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)11
 Liberal Party (Venstre)5
 Joint List(s) of Non-Socialist Parties (Borgarlege Felleslister)12
Total number of members:28
Hyllestad Heradsstyre 1948–1951 [26]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)6
 Farmers' Party (Bondepartiet)3
 Liberal Party (Venstre)3
 List of workers, fishermen, and small farmholders
(Arbeidarar, fiskarar, småbrukarar liste)
3
 Joint List(s) of Non-Socialist Parties (Borgarlege Felleslister)13
Total number of members:28
Hyllestad Heradsstyre 1945–1947 [27]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)5
 Liberal Party (Venstre)3
 List of workers, fishermen, and small farmholders
(Arbeidarar, fiskarar, småbrukarar liste)
7
 Joint List(s) of Non-Socialist Parties (Borgarlege Felleslister)7
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)6
Total number of members:28
Hyllestad Heradsstyre 1938–1941* [28]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)6
 Farmers' Party (Bondepartiet)3
 List of workers, fishermen, and small farmholders
(Arbeidarar, fiskarar, småbrukarar liste)
3
 Joint List(s) of Non-Socialist Parties (Borgarlege Felleslister)6
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)10
Total number of members:28

MayorEdit

The mayor (ordførar) of a municipality in Norway is a representative of the majority party of the municipal council who is elected to lead the council. The mayors of Hyllestad (incomplete list):

  • 2015–present: Morten Askvik (Sp)
  • 2011-2015: Jan Olav Gjerde (Ap)
  • 2007-2011: Tore Bråstad (Sp)

GeographyEdit

 
View of the Rønset area
 
Lihesten (mountain in Hyllestad)
 
Another view of Lihesten

Hyllestad is located north of the Sognefjorden along the Åfjorden/Hyllestadfjorden, which flows through the middle of the municipality. Hyllestad is bordered to the north by the municipality of Fjaler, to the east by Høyanger, to the south (across the fjord) by Gulen, and to the west by the island municipality of Solund.

AttractionsEdit

Kvernsteins Millstone ParkEdit

The production of millstones in Hyllestad started over 1,000 years ago and used to be a major industry employing up to 1,000 people. Millstones were exported to Denmark, the Baltic Sea region, and across Norway. Many of the stone crosses to be seen along the coast are made from millstones from Hyllestad, including the crosses in Eivindvik and Korssund. The park offers nature trails that visualize the history of the industry, with debris, broken product, and half-carved stones still not separated from the rock surface. At the stonemason camp there is a guided tour of the historic stone quarry in the mill stone park and a visit to Åfjordstein where you can see how mill stones are used in a modern, new design.[29]

LihestenEdit

The majestic and bewitching Lihesten is one of the most prominent mountains on the coast of Norway. There are several marked routes to the peak, over 714 metres (2,343 ft) above sea level, with views both straight out to the open sea and inwards over the fjords. Lihesten also has a number of good fishing lakes.[29]

Trondheim Postal RoadEdit

Many bicyclists have described the well-preserved section of the Trondheim postal road between Hyllestad and Fjaler as one of the most exhilarating cycling experiences in the country. There were originally 19 stone bridges on the route between the villages of Dale and Leirvik, and many of them are still standing as proud and impressive examples of early dry masonry. There are only a few places along the 40 kilometres (25 mi) stretch between Dale in Fjaler and Leirvik in Hyllestad where the surface is so uneven that it is best to push a bike rather than ride it. Occasionally it is necessary to join the paved road (Fylkesvei 57), but most of the route is free from cars and idyllic.[29]

Water MillsEdit

On the postroad, by Skor, lies a beautiful cluster of five authentic, newly renovated gristmills.[29]

Notable residentsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Navn på steder og personer: Innbyggjarnamn" (in Norwegian). Språkrådet.
  2. ^ "Forskrift om målvedtak i kommunar og fylkeskommunar" (in Norwegian). Lovdata.no.
  3. ^ Statistisk sentralbyrå (2020). "Table: 06913: Population 1 January and population changes during the calendar year (M)" (in Norwegian).
  4. ^ Statistisk sentralbyrå (2020). "09280: Area of land and fresh water (km²) (M)" (in Norwegian).
  5. ^ Fjelltveit, Ingvild; Raunholm, Per Vidar (2016-12-20). "Foreslår å legge ned 17 lensmannskontor i Vest politidistrikt". NRK Hordaland (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2017-10-20.
  6. ^ Natvik, Oddvar (9 February 2005). "Some historical data on the 26 Kommunes". Archived from the original on 13 June 2008. Retrieved 12 June 2008.
  7. ^ Jukvam, Dag (1999). "Historisk oversikt over endringer i kommune- og fylkesinndelingen" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Statistics Norway.
  8. ^ Rygh, Oluf (1919). Norske gaardnavne: Nordre Bergenhus amt (in Norwegian) (12 ed.). Kristiania, Norge: W. C. Fabritius & sønners bogtrikkeri. p. 235.
  9. ^ "Civic heraldry of Norway - Norske Kommunevåpen". Heraldry of the World. Retrieved 2017-10-22.
  10. ^ Hansen, Tore, ed. (2016-05-12). "kommunestyre". Store norske leksikon (in Norwegian). Kunnskapsforlaget. Retrieved 2019-04-06.
  11. ^ "Tall for Norge: Kommunestyrevalg 2019 - Vestland". Valg Direktoratet. Retrieved 2019-10-29.
  12. ^ a b c d "Table: 04813: Members of the local councils, by party/electoral list at the Municipal Council election (M)" (in Norwegian). Statistics Norway.
  13. ^ "Tall for Norge: Kommunestyrevalg 2011 - Sogn og Fjordane". Valg Direktoratet. Retrieved 2019-10-29.
  14. ^ "Kommunestyrevalget 1995" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo-Kongsvinger: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1996. Retrieved 2020-02-18.
  15. ^ "Kommunestyrevalget 1991" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo-Kongsvinger: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1993. Retrieved 2020-02-18.
  16. ^ "Kommunestyrevalget 1987" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo-Kongsvinger: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1988. Retrieved 2020-02-18.
  17. ^ "Kommunestyrevalget 1983" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo-Kongsvinger: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1984. Retrieved 2020-02-18.
  18. ^ "Kommunestyrevalget 1979" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1979. Retrieved 2020-02-18.
  19. ^ "Kommunevalgene 1975" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1977. Retrieved 2020-05-01.
  20. ^ "Kommunevalgene 1972" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1973. Retrieved 2020-05-01.
  21. ^ "Kommunevalgene 1967" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1967. Retrieved 2020-05-01.
  22. ^ "Kommunevalgene 1963" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1964. Retrieved 2020-05-01.
  23. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1959" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1960. Retrieved 2020-05-01.
  24. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1955" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1957. Retrieved 2020-05-01.
  25. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1951" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1952. Retrieved 2020-05-01.
  26. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1947" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1948. Retrieved 2020-05-01.
  27. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1945" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1947. Retrieved 2020-05-01.
  28. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1937" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1938. Retrieved 2020-05-01.
  29. ^ a b c d GoNorway.no. "Hyllestad in Norway". Retrieved 12 June 2008.

External linksEdit