Florø (help·info) is a town and the administrative centre of Flora Municipality in Sogn og Fjordane county, Norway. The town was founded by royal decree in 1860 as a ladested on the island of Florelandet, located between the Botnafjorden and Solheimsfjorden. Florø is Norway's (and thus the Scandinavian Peninsula's) westernmost town—west of Amsterdam, Brussels, and Nice. It is the most western town on the mainland in the Nordic countries.
View of the town
|County||Sogn og Fjordane|
|• Total||6.45 km2 (2.49 sq mi)|
|Elevation||7 m (23 ft)|
|• Density||1,399/km2 (3,620/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+01:00 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+02:00 (CEST)|
|Created from||Kinn in 1860|
|Merged into||Flora in 1964|
|Area||0.72 km2 (0.28 sq mi)|
The town encompasses the entire island of Florelandet and the western half of the island of Brandsøya. The Norwegian National Road 5 highway is the main road connecting Florø to the rest of Norway. The nearby villages of Brandsøy and Grov lie several kilometers to the east of Florø. The islands of Reksta, Kinn, Skorpa lie several kilometers to the west of the town. Florø is also home to Florø Airport and Florø Church.
Florø is also a former municipality that existed as an independent town-municipality for just over 100 years (1860-1964) before being merged into the municipality of Flora. On 1 January 2020, the town will become part of the new Kinn Municipality after another municipal merger.
The municipality is named after the farm Flora (Old Norse: Flóðra) since the town of Florø was built on its ground in 1860. The name is probably derived from flóð which means "(strong) stream". The name of the town and former municipality of Florø has the same name, but instead of ending with an "a", it has the Danish word ø meaning "island" added to the end since the town is located on an island.
Florø was founded as a town (ladested) in 1860. Shortly after its founding, on 3 January 1861, it was removed from the municipality of Kinn and made into a municipality of its own with a population of 846. During the 1960s, there were many municipal mergers across Norway due to the work of the Schei Committee. On 1 January 1964, the town of Florø (population: 2,040) was merged with Eikefjord Municipality (population: 919), Kinn Municipality (population: 3,567), the parts of Bru Municipality located north of the Førdefjorden (population: 1,155), the Husefest and Breivik areas of Bremanger Municipality (population: 9), and the Steindal area of Vevring Municipality (population: 25) were combined to form the newly created Flora Municipality.
The basis for the foundation of the town was the rich herring fisheries, symbolised by the three herrings in the town's coat of arms. Fishing is still an important part of the economy, in addition to shipbuilding and service industries. After the discovery of petroleum in the North Sea in the 1960s, Florø has been used as a supply base for the petroleum industry.
- Statistisk sentralbyrå (1 January 2018). "Urban settlements. Population and area, by municipality".
- "Florø, Flora (Sogn og Fjordane)". yr.no. Retrieved 2019-09-28.
- Helland, Amund (1901). "Florø ladested". Norges land og folk: Nordre Bergenhus amt (in Norwegian). XIV. Kristiania, Norway: H. Aschehoug & Company. p. 482. Retrieved 2019-09-28.
- Rygh, Oluf (1919). Norske gaardnavne: Nordre Bergenhus amt (in Norwegian) (12 ed.). Kristiania, Norge: W. C. Fabritius & sønners bogtrikkeri. p. 357.
- Jukvam, Dag (1999). "Historisk oversikt over endringer i kommune- og fylkesinndelingen" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Statistisk sentralbyrå. Cite journal requires
- Florø travel guide from Wikivoyage