Torvastad

Torvastad is a former municipality in Rogaland county, Norway. The municipality existed from 1838 until 1965. The administrative centre was the village of Haugesund (from 1838 until 1855), and after that it was the village of Torvastad on the island of Karmøy. Today, the area of Torvastad refers to the northern part of the municipality (and island) of Karmøy.[2]

Torvastad herred
Official logo of Torvastad herred
Torvastad within Rogaland
Torvastad within Rogaland
Coordinates: 59°22′49″N 05°14′13″E / 59.38028°N 5.23694°E / 59.38028; 5.23694Coordinates: 59°22′49″N 05°14′13″E / 59.38028°N 5.23694°E / 59.38028; 5.23694
CountryNorway
CountyRogaland
DistrictHaugaland
Established1 Jan 1838
Disestablished1 Jan 1965
Administrative centreTorvastad
Area
 • Total26 km2 (10 sq mi)
 *Area at municipal dissolution.
Population
 (1965)
 • Total3,853
 • Density150/km2 (380/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Torvastadbu[1]
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
ISO 3166 codeNO-1152
Created asFormannskapsdistrikt in 1838
Succeeded byHaugesund and Karmøy in 1965

Torvastad municipality originally encompassed parts of the present-day municipalities of Haugesund, Utsira, and Karmøy. The municipality included the northwesternmost part of the mainland of Rogaland county plus the northern part of the island of Karmøy and the islands of Utsira, Røvær, Vibrandsøy, and Feøy. Upon its dissolution in 1965, the municipality was 26 square kilometres (10 sq mi).[2]

NameEdit

The municipality (originally the parish) is named after the old Torvastad farm (Old Norse: Torfastaðir), since the first Torvastad Church was built there. The first element is the genitive form of the male name Torfi and the last element is staðir which means 'farm'. Thus, the "farm of Torfi".[2]

HistoryEdit

The parish of Torvestad was established as a municipality on 1 January 1838 (see formannskapsdistrikt law). On 1 February 1855 the village of Haugesund was declared a "ladested" (port of lading) and it was separated from Torvastad to form a municipality of its own. The split left Torvastad with 3,242 inhabitants. On 1 November 1881, most of the mainland part of Torvastad was separated to form the new municipality of Skaare. This left Torvastad with 1,918 residents. The island of Utsira was separated from Torvastad on 1 July 1924 to form the new municipality of Utsira. After the split, Torvastad was left with 2,187 residents.[3]

On 1 January 1965, Torvastad municipality was dissolved upon recommendations of the Schei Committee. The small island of Vibrandsøy (population: 70) was transferred to the municipality of Haugesund. The rest of Torvastad, with 3,783 inhabitants, was merged with the neighboring municipalities of Avaldsnes, Kopervik, Skudenes, Skudeneshavn, Stangaland, and Åkra to form the new, much larger municipality of Karmøy.[3]

GovernmentEdit

All municipalities in Norway, including Torvastad, are responsible for primary education (through 10th grade), outpatient health services, senior citizen services, unemployment and other social services, zoning, economic development, and municipal roads. The municipality is governed by a municipal council of elected representatives, which in turn elects a mayor.[4]

Municipal councilEdit

The municipal council (Herredsstyre) of Torvastad was made up of 17 representatives that were elected to four year terms. The party breakdown of the final municipal council was as follows:

Torvastad Herredsstyre 1964–1965 [5]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)7
 Conservative Party (Høyre)2
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)2
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)3
 Liberal Party (Venstre)3
Total number of members:17
Torvastad Herredsstyre 1960–1963 [6]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)5
 Conservative Party (Høyre)2
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)2
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)3
 Liberal Party (Venstre)4
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)1
Total number of members:17
Torvastad Herredsstyre 1956–1959 [7]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)6
 Conservative Party (Høyre)2
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)3
 Farmers' Party (Bondepartiet)2
 Liberal Party (Venstre)4
Total number of members:17
Torvastad Herredsstyre 1952–1955 [8]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)3
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)2
 Liberal Party (Venstre)4
 Joint List(s) of Non-Socialist Parties (Borgerlige Felleslister)3
Total number of members:12
Torvastad Herredsstyre 1948–1951 [9]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)3
 Conservative Party (Høyre)2
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)2
 Farmers' Party (Bondepartiet)1
 Joint list of the Liberal Party (Venstre) and
the Radical People's Party (Radikale Folkepartiet)
4
Total number of members:12
Torvastad Herredsstyre 1945–1947 [10]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)5
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)1
 Farmers' Party (Bondepartiet)1
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)5
Total number of members:12
Torvastad Herredsstyre 1938–1941* [11]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)2
 Farmers' Party (Bondepartiet)2
 Joint List(s) of Non-Socialist Parties (Borgerlige Felleslister)8
Total number of members:12

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Navn på steder og personer: Innbyggjarnamn" (in Norwegian). Språkrådet.
  2. ^ a b c Store norske leksikon. "Torvastad – tidligere kommune" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 28 September 2015.
  3. ^ a b Jukvam, Dag (1999). "Historisk oversikt over endringer i kommune- og fylkesinndelingen" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Statistisk sentralbyrå.
  4. ^ Hansen, Tore, ed. (12 May 2016). "kommunestyre". Store norske leksikon (in Norwegian). Kunnskapsforlaget. Retrieved 13 July 2020.
  5. ^ "Kommunevalgene 1963" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1964. Retrieved 31 July 2020.
  6. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1959" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1960. Retrieved 31 July 2020.
  7. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1955" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1957. Retrieved 31 July 2020.
  8. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1951" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1952. Retrieved 31 July 2020.
  9. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1947" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1948. Retrieved 31 July 2020.
  10. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1945" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1947. Retrieved 31 July 2020.
  11. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1937" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1938. Retrieved 31 July 2020.