European route E45

The European route E45 goes between Norway and Italy, through Finland, Sweden, Denmark, Germany and Austria. With a length of about 5,190 kilometres (3,225 mi), it is the longest north–south European route (some east–west routes are longer).

E45 shield
E45
Major junctions
North endAlta, Norway
South endGela, Italy
Location
Countries Norway
 Finland
 Sweden
 Denmark
 Germany
 Austria
 Italy
Highway system
International E-road network
E45 between Sorsele and Slagnäs in Lappland, Sweden. The speed limit here has been reduced to 100 km/h (62 mph)[1] from 110 km/h (68 mph) since this picture was taken.
Northernmost exit on the Danish part of E45; just south of Frederikshavn

The route passes through Alta (Norway) – KautokeinoHetta (Finland) – PalojoensuuKaaresuvantoGällivare (Sweden) – PorjusJokkmokkArvidsjaurÖstersundMoraSäffleÅmålBrålandaGothenburg ... Frederikshavn (Denmark) – AalborgRandersAarhusSkanderborgVejleKoldingFrøslevFlensburg (Germany) – HamburgHanoverHildesheimGöttingenKasselFuldaWürzburgNurembergMunichRosenheimWörgl (Austria) – InnsbruckBrennerFortezza (Italy) – BolzanoTrentoVeronaModenaBolognaCesenaPerugiaFiano RomanoNaplesSalernoSicignanoCosenzaVilla San Giovanni ... MessinaCataniaSiracusaGela.[2]

Norway and FinlandEdit

E45 is 172 km long in Norway and 101 km long in Finland. It has no other number in Norway, but follows routes 21 and 93 in Finland.

The E45 was not signposted in Finland after the 2006 extension,[3] since the official document[2] uses the Swedish version ("Karesuando") of the name of the village at the Finnish–Swedish border, hinting that it would start on the Swedish side. The Swedish government proposed the extension alone in 2005 and let the E45 end at the border, partly because of lack of interest from Finnish authorities. The gap between the end of E45 and the European route E8 was about 1 km along the existing Finnish regional road 959 Karesuvanto (FIN) – Karesuando (SWE)

In August 2016, after a political proposal in 2007, the governments of Norway and Finland applied for an extension of E45 KaresuandoKaaresuvantoPalojoensuuHettaKautokeinoAlta.[4] This was approved by the work group, and became valid on 5 December 2017.[5] E45 sign posts were mounted starting 9 February 2018,[6] replacing route 93 in Norway, and complementing road 959, 21 and 93 in Finland.

SwedenEdit

In November 2006, the E45 was extended with the then existing Swedish national road 45, which makes it start from Karesuando at the Swedish–Finnish border (near the E8), over ÖstersundMoraGrums, to Gothenburg and on. This extended the length of the route by about 1,690 km (1,050 mi). The signs of road 45 was changed to E45 during the summer of 2007. The E45 has now no other national number. In Sweden the road is called Inlandsvägen.

The E45 in Sweden is mostly a standard road. Between Karesuando and Torsby (1370 km) the road is usually 6–8 meters wide, and goes mostly through sparsely populated forests, with occasional villages and only two cities above 10,000 people, Östersund and Mora. The E45 is a motorway for 6 km together with the E18 south of Grums. Between Säffle and Trollhättan several parts of it is 2+1 road with a middle barrier, totally around 40 km. Between Trollhättan and Surte there is a 52 km long motorway, finished in 2012. Between Surte and Gothenburg there is a 17 km road designed equivalently to a motorway. The exception is that there are two gaps in the Trollhättan–Surte motorway and there are two traffic lights along the Surte–Gothenburg road. The speed limit is usually 100 km/h north of Mora and usually 90 km/h south thereof. There are 27 road crossings or intersections where the Swedish E45 does not follow the straight direction. There are 26 level crossings with railways. There are 19 motorway exits and 29 other motorway-like exits.

The ferry GothenburgFrederikshavn has about 6 daily departures and takes 3½ hours.

DenmarkEdit

In Denmark the E45 is a motorway (speed limit 110 to 130 km/h or 70 to 80 mph) from the south of Frederikshavn along the east coast of Jutland to the Denmark–Germany border. The E45 has no other national number. It connects to the E39 and E20 motorways.

 
E3 in Denmark, before 1992: Changed to E45; the number E3 was re-attributed.

In 1992 it was renamed from E3 (which before 1985 ended in Lisbon, Portugal) and until 2006, with the extension in Sweden, the northern endpoint was Frederikshavn.

The total length in Denmark is 357 km.

Exits in DenmarkEdit

Name/Location # Destinations Notes
Sæby N 12   Sekundærrute 180 Sæby, Vangen
Rest area Øksenhede    
Sæby S 13   Sekundærrute 180  Sekundærrute 541 Sæby, Syvsten, to   Sekundærrute 553
Flauenskjold 14   Sekundærrute 589 Flauenskjold, Dybvad, Voerså
Jyske Ås 15 Klokkerholm
Hjallerup N 16   Sekundærrute 559 Hjallerup, Asaa, Dronninglund, to   Sekundærrute 180
Rest area Hjallerup Enge       Gas station on the east-side
Lyngdrup 17   Sekundærrute 180 Hjallerup, Grindsted
Vodskov N 18 Vodskov, Langholt, to   Sekundærrute 180
Vodskov 19 Vodskov, Hals
Bouet 20 Nørresundby, to   E 39   Primærrute 11   Primærrute 55   Sekundærrute 180
  Vendsyssel   E 39   Primærrute 11 Brønderslev, Hjørring, Hirtshals, Thisted, to   Primærrute 55   Sekundærrute 180 Northbound exit, southbound entrance
Nørresundby N 21 Nørresundby, Lindholm   Aalborg Airport, to   Sekundærrute 180
Nørresundby C 22   Sekundærrute 180 Nørresundby Northbound exit, southbound entrance
  Limfjordstunnelen 582 metres (1,909 ft) length. Max height 4,3m
Aalborg N 23 Aalborg, Rørdal Southbound exit, northbound entrance
Ø. Uttrup Vej 24 Aalborg, Rørdal
Humlebakken 25 Vejgaard, Aalborg Ø Southbound exit, northbound entrance
Th. Sauers Vej 26   Sekundærrute 507   Sekundærrute 595 Aalborg
Aalborg C 27 Aalborg Northbound exit, southbound entrance
Aalborg S 28   Sekundærrute 187 Aalborg, Skalborg
Rest area Dall/Limfjorden         Restaurant on the west-side
Svenstrup 29   Sekundærrute 180 Svenstrup, Ellidshøj
Støvring N 30 Støvring
Støvring S 31   Sekundærrute 519 Støvring, Sørup
Service area Himmerland        
Sønderup 32   Primærrute 13 Viborg, Aars Southbound exit, northbound entrance
Haverslev 33   Sekundærrute 535 Haverslev, Arden
Rest area Senhøj    
Hobro N 34   Primærrute 29   Sekundærrute 541 Hobro
Hobro V 35   Sekundærrute 579 Hobro
Onsild 36   Sekundærrute 517   Sekundærrute 555 Onsild, Viborg, Mariager
Handest 37   Sekundærrute 180 Handest, Hobro
Rest area Glenshøj    
Purhus 38 Purhus, Fårup
Randers N 39   Sekundærrute 180  Sekundærrute 507 Randers, Hadsund
Randers C 40   Primærrute 16 Randers, Viborg
Rest area Gudenå      
Randers S 42   Primærrute 46 Randers
Sønder Borup 43   Primærrute 16   Primærrute 21   Sekundærrute 180   Sekundærrute 511 Grenaa, Ebeltoft, Sønder Borup, Hadsten,   Sjællands Odde
Hadsten 44   Sekundærrute 587 Hadsten, Ebeltoft, Grenaa   Aarhus Airport
  Århus Nord   Primærrute 15 Århus N, Grenaa, Ebeltoft, Skejby,   Sjællands Odde
Århus N 46   Sekundærrute 505 Hinnerup, Lisbjerg
Tilst 47   Primærrute 26 Tilst, Viborg
  Tilst   Primærrute 26 Viborg (planned)
Rest area Pedersminde/Blankhøj      
  Århus Vest   Primærrute 15 Århus, Silkeborg, Herning
Århus S 49 Århus, Hasselager   Sjællands Odde Southbound exit, northbound entrance
Hørning 50 Hørning, Hasselager Southbound exit, northbound entrance
  Århus Syd   Sekundærrute 501 Hasselager, Hørning, Viby J,   Sjællands Odde Northbound exit, southbound entrance
Skanderborg N 51   Sekundærrute 511 Skanderborg, Stilling
Rest area Fuglsang    
Skanderborg V 52   Sekundærrute 511 Skanderborg, Ry, Odder
Skanderborg S 53   Sekundærrute 409 Skanderborg, Østbirk, Nørre Snede Southbound exit, northbound entrance
Ejer Bavnehøj 54 Ejer Bavnehøj        
Horsens N 55   Sekundærrute 461 Horsens, Østbirk
Horsens V 56   Primærrute 52 Horsens, Juelsminde, Silkeborg
Horsens C 56b Horsens, Hatting
Horsens S 57   Primærrute 30   Sekundærrute 451 Horsens, Odder, Billund   Billund Airport
Rest area Merring/Nørremark    
Hedensted 58 Hedensted, Løsning
Hornstrup 59   Primærrute 23 Hornstrup, Vejle N
  Vejle   Primærrute 18   Primærrute 13 Herning, Viborg
Vejle N 60   Sekundærrute 170 Vejle, Juelsminde
Vejle C 61a   Primærrute 28 Vejle, Fredericia, Billund
Vejle S 61b
Service area Skærup        
  Skærup   E 20 Odense Southbound exit, northbound entrance
  Kolding   E 20 Odense Northbound exit, southbound entrance. Concurrency with   E 20 begins
Kolding Ø 62   Sekundærrute 170  Sekundærrute 176 Kolding, Billund   Billund Airport
Bramdrupdam 63 Bramdrupdam
Kolding Vest 64   E 20 Kolding, Varde, Esbjerg Concurrency with   E 20 ends
Rest area Hylkedal      
Kolding S 65a   Primærrute 25 Kolding, Vamdrup, Tønder
Vonsild 65b Vonsild
Christiansfeld 66 Christiansfeld
Haderslev N 67 Haderslev
Vojens 68   Primærrute 47 Vojens, Ribe, Haderslev   Vojens Airport
Service area Ustrup      
Haderslev S 69   Sekundærrute 435 Haderslev, Tønder
Rest area Øster Løgum    
Aabenraa N 70   Primærrute 24 Aabenraa, Rødekro, Ribe
Rest area Årslev       Restaurant on east-side
Aabenraa 71   Primærrute 41 Aabenraa Southbound exit, northbound entrance
Aabenraa S 72   Primærrute 42 Aabenraa, Tinglev
  Kliplev   Primærrute 8 Sønderborg,   Fynshav
Kliplev 73   Primærrute 8   Sekundærrute 481 Kliplev, Tønder, Gråsten, Tinglev, Ribe
Rest area Oksekær    
Kruså 74 Kruså, Flensburg Southbound exit, northbound entrance
Bov 75   Sekundærrute 401 Bov, Tønder, Padborg, Kruså, Egernsund
Padborg 76 Padborg, Frøslev Southbound exit, northbound entrance
Service area Frøslev      
Padborg 76 Padborg, Frøslev Northbound exit, southbound entrance

GermanyEdit

The E45 follows:

The length in Germany is 1022 km.

Between Nuremberg and Verona, Italy the E45 corresponds with the route of the old imperial road, the Via Imperii, though the Autobahns are newer roads.

AustriaEdit

The E45 follows:

The length in Austria is 109 km.

ItalyEdit

Owing to the greater recognition of motorways and nationally or locally numbered major roads in Italy, in colloquial usage "E45" often refers to the Cesena-Orte segment,[7] possibly further expanded to include the Ravenna-Cesena section of the SS3bis (formally part of the E55, and forming together the Strada di Grande Comunicazione Ravenna-Orte) and/or the Orte-Rome segment.

RouteEdit

  Norway
  Finland
  Sweden
  Denmark
  Germany
  Austria
  Italy
 
Signs for the E45 route in Sicily.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Vägverket "Nya hastighetsgränser på nationella vägar"[permanent dead link]
  2. ^ a b United Nations Economic Commission for Europe, Inland Transport Committee (2005-07-19). "Road Transport Infrastructure. European Agreement on Main International Traffic Arteries (AGR). Consideration of new proposals for amendments to Annex I to the AGR (TRANS/SC.1/2005/3)" (PDF). United Nations Economic and Social Council. Retrieved 2007-05-28.
  3. ^ Karesuando och Karesuvanto... (Bilder) and SV: Skyltning efter vägarna !!
  4. ^ ECE/TRANS/SC.1/2016/2 Amendments to the Agreement Submitted by the Governments Finland and Norway
  5. ^ Report of the Working Party on Road Transport on its 112th session
  6. ^ Klart for E45 (NRK 9 February 2018, in Norwegian)
  7. ^ "Itinerari E45-E55 e Orte-Civitavecchia" (in Italian). Anas SpA. Retrieved 6 November 2019.

External linksEdit