Fredericia (Danish pronunciation: [fʁeðəˈʁetɕæ])[3] is a town located in Fredericia Municipality in the southeastern part of the Jutland peninsula in Denmark. The city is part of the Triangle Region, which includes the neighbouring cities of Kolding and Vejle. It was founded in 1650 by Frederick III, after whom it was named.

Fredericia
Town
The statue Landsoldaten ("The Foot Soldier") in Fredericia, Denmark
The statue Landsoldaten ("The Foot Soldier") in Fredericia, Denmark
Coat of arms of Fredericia
Fredericia is located in Denmark
Fredericia
Fredericia
Location in Denmark
Fredericia is located in Region of Southern Denmark
Fredericia
Fredericia
Fredericia (Region of Southern Denmark)
Coordinates: 55°34′N 9°45′E / 55.567°N 9.750°E / 55.567; 9.750Coordinates: 55°34′N 9°45′E / 55.567°N 9.750°E / 55.567; 9.750
CountryDenmark
RegionSouthern Denmark
 (Syddanmark)
MunicipalityFredericia
Founded1650
Current municipality1970
Area
 • Urban
27.1 km2 (10.5 sq mi)
Elevation
15 m (49 ft)
Population
 (2021)[1]
 • Urban
40,814
 • Urban density1,500/km2 (3,900/sq mi)
 • Gender [2]
20,411 males and 20,403 females
Demonym(s)Fredericianer
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
DK-7000 Fredericia
Area code(s)(+45) 72
Websitewww.fredericia.dk

The city itself has a population of 40,814 (1 January 2021)[1] and the Fredericia Municipality has a population of 50,324 (2014).

HistoryEdit

After the devastation caused by the Thirty Years War in a largely unfortified Jutland, King Christian IV realized the necessity of building a strong fortress in Jutland, and decided that this project could be combined with his plans for building a large town in Jutland.

A fortified encampment was built on a point of land called Lyngs Odde, near the current location of Fredericia, with a rampart stretching to either side of the point, thus protecting the encampment from attacks. However, the fortifications were not perfect, and when Swedish Field Marshal Lennart Torstenson invaded Jutland, he was able to break through the ramparts. It was Frederick III who was finally able to complete the plans for the fortification, also adding a flank fortification on nearby Bers Odde as suggested by Danish Marshal of the Realm Anders Bille.

On 15 December 1650, the King signed the document giving the town its first privileges, and work on the new fortifications could begin. In 1651, the town was named Frederiksodde (Frederick's Point) after the king, and on 22 April 1664, it was given the new Latinized name of Fredericia.

Every 6 July, the town of Fredericia holds a festival to commemorate the 1849 Battle of Fredericia, fought during the First War of Schleswig, in which Danish troops won a victory over the Schleswig-Holstein rebels who were laying siege to the town. Fredericia's landmark, Landsoldaten, was unveiled on 6 July 1858.[4]

PresentEdit

The municipality today is part of the East Jutland metropolitan area with 1.2M inhabitants,[5] and is the site of Fredericia municipality's municipal council.

The town is one of Denmark's largest traffic hubs.

The town is a major barracks, home to the Royal Danish Army's Signals Regiment (Telegrafregimentet), which is located at Rye's Barracks (Ryes Kaserne) and Bülow's Barracks (Bülows Kaserne).

Notable peopleEdit

 
Vilhelm Buhl, pre-1954

The ArtsEdit

 
Svend Melsing, 1921
 
Annette Jensen, 2016

SportEdit

  • Jesper Bank (born 1957 in Fredericia) a sailor, twice Olympic gold medallist in 1992 and 2000
  • Peter Kjær (born 1965 in Fredericia) a Danish former footballer with 459 club caps
  • Thomas Sørensen (born 1976 in Fredericia), football goalkeeper, 497 club caps and 101 for Denmark
  • Patrick Hougaard (born 1989 in Fredericia) a Danish motorcycle speedway rider
  • Annette Jensen (born 1991 in Fredericia) a Danish handball player
  • Sara Thygesen (born 1991 in Fredericia) a badminton player, specializing in doubles play.
  • Katrine Veje (born 1991 in Fredericia) a footballer, over 200 club caps and 119 for Denmark women

Twin townsEdit

 
Plan of Fredericia in 1900

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b BY3: Population 1. January by urban areas, area and population density The Mobile Statbank from Statistics Denmark
  2. ^ BY1: Population 1. January by urban areas, age and sex The Mobile Statbank from Statistics Denmark
  3. ^ Erik Hansen: SprogbrevetDR nr. 72, sproget.dk (in Danish)
  4. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 15 June 2006. Retrieved 14 July 2006.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  5. ^ Vision Østjylland (PDF) (in Danish). Styregruppen for projekt Byudvikling i Østjylland. Archived from the original (PDF) on 25 February 2009. Retrieved 12 September 2013.
  6. ^ IMDb Database retrieved 7 May 2020[unreliable source?]
  7. ^ IMDb Database retrieved 7 May 2020[unreliable source?]
  8. ^ IMDb Database retrieved 7 May 2020[unreliable source?]

External linksEdit