Open main menu

Kolding (Danish pronunciation: [ˈkʰɒleŋ]) is a Danish seaport located at the head of Kolding Fjord in the Region of Southern Denmark. It is the seat of Kolding Municipality. It is a transportation, commercial, and manufacturing centre, and has numerous industrial companies, principally geared towards shipbuilding. The manufacturing of machinery and textiles and livestock export are other economically significant activities.

Kolding
Town
The castle lake "Kolding Slotsø"
The castle lake "Kolding Slotsø"
Coat of arms of Kolding
Coat of arms
Kolding is located in Denmark
Kolding
Kolding
Kolding (left center) in Denmark
Coordinates: 55°29′30″N 9°30′0″E / 55.49167°N 9.50000°E / 55.49167; 9.50000Coordinates: 55°29′30″N 9°30′0″E / 55.49167°N 9.50000°E / 55.49167; 9.50000
CountryDenmark
RegionSouthern Denmark (Syddanmark)
MunicipalityKolding
First documented1231[1]
Government
 • MayorJørn Pedersen
Elevation
50 m (160 ft)
Population
 (2019)
 • Total60,854
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
6000
Area code(s)(+45) 7
Websitewww.kolding.dk

With a population of 90,066 (1 January 2014), the Kolding municipality is the seventh largest in Denmark. The city itself has a population of 60,854 (1 January 2019)[2] and is also the seventh largest city in Denmark.

The city is part of the Triangle Region, which includes the neighbouring cities of Fredericia and Vejle.

HistoryEdit

 
Battle of Kolding, 1658

In the Battle of Kolding, fought on 25 December 1658, the allied Polish and Danish forces under hetman Stefan Czarniecki defeated the Swedish forces of Charles X Gustav of Sweden.

A battle between German and Danish forces took place near the town on 23 April 1849 during the First War of Schleswig.

On 3 November 2004, the N. P. Johnsen's Fireworks Factory in the suburb of Seest exploded. One firefighter died, 85 people were injured, and around 2000 people were evacuated and some of them lost their homes during this disaster in this suburb of Kolding.

OverviewEdit

 
Evangelical Lutheran church in Kolding
 
Kolding Castle

Located in Kolding is the former royal castle of Koldinghus. This was built in the 13th century by King Eric Klipping and is now a museum with certain parts of the castle, including its chapel and hall, being used for governmental ceremonial events. It was the last royal residence in Jutland. Another notable site is the 13th century stone Church of Saint Nicholas (Danish: Sankt Nicolai), which is one of the oldest in Denmark.[citation needed] Popular tourist attractions include the Trapholt art museum and the gardens Geografisk Have. Trapholt holds collections of Danish arts from 1900 onwards and a smaller number of non-Danish exhibits. Kolding is also the site of Designskolen Kolding, a university design school.

Main sightsEdit

The municipal museum, the Museet på Koldinghus, is located in the castle and former royal palace. It has a collection of Danish art from the late Middle Ages to the 1940s, miscellaneous artefacts of local interest, and an extensive collection of items in gold and silver.

The Trapholt art museum features many pieces from mainly Danish artists, along with a large collection of chairs.

Also Kolding houses the Danish Museum of Nurses (Danish: Dansk Sygeplejemuseum) which is situated in the former reception building of the former tuberculosis sanatorium for children. The exhibition also include this past of the buildings. The main part of the sanatorium is now a hotel, situated in a minor forest and overlooking the water. The building itself is very beautiful and built to resemble a palace.

 
Design School Kolding

EducationEdit

A branch of University College South (Danish: University College Syd) can be found in Kolding.

A branch campus of University of Southern Denmark (Danish: Syddansk Universitet) is located in the former hospital which was closed in 1975. Further, the new Campus Kolding opened downtown in 2014[3]. The city is also home to Design School Kolding (Designskolen Kolding), established in 1967 and teaching undergraduate and postgraduate degrees in the areas of fashion, graphic design and textiles.[4]

The new building of University of Southern Denmark will be built further to the east at Grønborggrunden in central Kolding.[5]

Sister citiesEdit

Notable peopleEdit

 
M Sommerhielm, 1814
 
Anne Marie Carl-Nielsen

SportEdit

 
Allan Jepsen, 2009

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Bøje, Jens Anker (19 June 2007). "Kolding - byens historie i korte træk" (in Danish). kolding.dk. Archived from the original on 7 June 2007. Retrieved 24 June 2007.
  2. ^ BY3: 1st January, by urban areas The Mobile Statbank from Statistics Denmark
  3. ^ https://www.sdu.dk/en/om_sdu/byerne/kolding/studieliv
  4. ^ "Design School Kolding". Cumulus. Archived from the original on 20 March 2014. Retrieved 19 March 2014.
  5. ^ [1]
  6. ^ Venskabsbyer Archived 10 June 2007 at the Wayback Machine

External linksEdit