Kolding (Danish pronunciation: [ˈkʰʌle̝ŋ]) is a Danish seaport located at the head of Kolding Fjord in the Region of Southern Denmark. It is the seat of Kolding Municipality. It is a transportation, commercial, and manufacturing centre, and has numerous industrial companies, principally geared towards shipbuilding. The manufacturing of machinery and textiles and livestock export are other economically significant activities.

Castle Lake (Slotsø) in Kolding
Castle Lake (Slotsø) in Kolding
Coat of arms of Kolding
Kolding is located in Denmark
Kolding (left center) in Denmark
Kolding is located in Region of Southern Denmark
Kolding (Region of Southern Denmark)
Coordinates: 55°29′30″N 9°30′0″E / 55.49167°N 9.50000°E / 55.49167; 9.50000
RegionSouthern Denmark (Syddanmark)
First documented1231[1]
 • MayorKnud Erik Langhoff
 • Urban
38.3 km2 (14.8 sq mi)
50 m (160 ft)
 • Urban
 • Urban density1,600/km2 (4,200/sq mi)
 • Gender [3]
30,854 males and 31,590 females
Demonym(s)Koldingenser, Koldinger
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
Area code(+45) 7

With a population of 94,932 (1 January 2024), the Kolding municipality is the eleventh most populous in Denmark. The city itself has a population of 62,444 (1 January 2024)[2] and is the eighth largest city in Denmark.

The city is part of the Triangle Region, which includes the neighbouring cities of Fredericia and Vejle.



Koldinghus would be besieged and presumably occupied by Holstein in 1369.

Battle of Kolding, 1658

In the Battle of Kolding, fought on 25 December 1658, the allied Polish and Danish forces under hetman Stefan Czarniecki defeated the Swedish forces of Charles X Gustav of Sweden.[citation needed]

A battle between German and Danish forces took place near the town on 23 April 1849 during the First War of Schleswig.[citation needed]

On 9 September, 1955, Kolding was impacted by a high-end F2/T5 Tornado that displaced a car 20 meters into a yard.[4]

On 3 November 2004, the N. P. Johnsen's Fireworks Factory in the suburb of Seest exploded. One firefighter died, 85 people were injured, and around 2000 people were evacuated and some of them lost their homes during this disaster in this suburb of Kolding.[citation needed]


Evangelical Lutheran church in Kolding

Located in Kolding is the former royal castle of Koldinghus. This was built in the 13th century by King Eric Klipping and is a museum with certain parts of the castle, including its chapel and hall, being used for governmental ceremonial events. It was the last royal residence in Jutland. Another notable site is the 13th century stone Church of Saint Nicholas (Danish: Sankt Nicolai), which is one of the oldest in Denmark.[citation needed]

Main sights


The municipal museum, the Museet på Koldinghus, is located in the castle and former royal palace. It has a collection of Danish art from the late Middle Ages to the 1940s, miscellaneous artefacts of local interest, and an extensive collection of items in gold and silver.

The Trapholt art museum features many pieces primarily by Danish artists in its collections of arts from 1900 onwards and a smaller number of non-Danish exhibits. It also features a large collection of chairs.

Botanical garden Geografisk Have is a 14 hectares large park with more than 2000 different trees, bushes and plants organised in geographical areas,

Also Kolding houses the Danish Museum of Nurses (Danish: Dansk Sygeplejemuseum), which is situated in the reception building of the former tuberculosis sanatorium for children. The exhibition also include this past of the buildings. The main part of the sanatorium is now a hotel, situated in a minor forest and overlooking the water. The building itself is very beautiful and built to resemble a palace.

Design School Kolding



A branch of University College South (Danish: University College Syd) can be found in Kolding.

A branch campus of University of Southern Denmark (Danish: Syddansk Universitet) is located in the former hospital which was closed in 1975. The new Campus Kolding opened downtown in 2014.[5] The new building of University of Southern Denmark will be built further to the east at Grønborggrunden in central Kolding.[6]

Kolding is also home to Design School Kolding (Designskolen Kolding), a university design school, which was established in 1967 to provide undergraduate and postgraduate degrees in the areas of fashion, graphic design and textiles.[7]

Sister cities


Kolding is twinned with the following towns.[8]

City Region Country Year
  Anjō   Aichi Prefecture   Japan 1997
  Delmenhorst   Lower Saxony   Germany 1979
  Drammen   Buskerud   Norway 1946
  Huéscar   Granada   Spain 1982
  Lappeenranta   South Karelia   Finland 1947
Nanortalik   Kujalleq   Greenland 2007
  Örebro   Närke   Sweden 1946
  Panevėžys   Panevėžys County   Lithuania 2000
  Pisa   Tuscany   Italy 2007
  Stykkishólmur   Western Region   Iceland 1979
  Szombathely   Vas County   Hungary 1991




Front facade of Kolding railway station

Kolding is served by Kolding railway station. It is located on the Fredericia-Flensburg railway line and offers direct InterCity services to Copenhagen, Hamburg, Sønderborg, Aarhus and Esbjerg as well as regional train services to Fredericia and Esbjerg.[9]

Notable people


Public service and public thinking

Mathias Sommerhielm, 1814

Arts and entertainment

Anne Marie Carl-Nielsen


Jan Mølby, 2012

See also



  1. ^ Bøje, Jens Anker (19 June 2007). "Kolding - byens historie i korte træk" (in Danish). kolding.dk. Archived from the original on 7 June 2007. Retrieved 24 June 2007.
  2. ^ a b BY3: Population 1st January by urban areas, area and population density The Mobile Statbank from Statistics Denmark
  3. ^ BY1: Population 1. January by urban areas, age and sex The Mobile Statbank from Statistics Denmark
  4. ^ "European Severe Weather Database". Archived from the original on 12 December 2022.
  5. ^ "Campus Kolding".
  6. ^ "Syddansk Universitet". Archived from the original on 12 April 2011. Retrieved 16 December 2012.
  7. ^ "Design School Kolding". Cumulus. Archived from the original on 20 March 2014. Retrieved 19 March 2014.
  8. ^ "Venskabsbyer". Archived from the original on 10 June 2007.
  9. ^ "Kolding Station" (in Danish). DSB. Retrieved 11 January 2023.
  10. ^ IMDb Database retrieved 5 May 2020
  11. ^ Byars, Mel (2004). The Design Encyclopedia. L. King Pub. p. 307. ISBN 978-0-87070-012-5.
  12. ^ IMDb Database retrieved 5 May 2020
  13. ^ IMDb Database retrieved 5 May 2020
  14. ^ IMDb Database retrieved 5 May 2020