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Ilulissat, formerly Jakobshavn or Jacobshaven,[4] is the municipal seat and largest town of the Avannaata municipality in western Greenland, located approximately 350 km (220 mi) north of the Arctic Circle. With the population of 4,541 as of 2013,[5] it is the third-largest city in Greenland, after Nuuk and Sisimiut. The city is home to almost as many sled-dogs as people.

Ilulissat

Jakobshavn
The colors from Ilulissat - Greenland. - panoramio.jpg
Ilulissat.jpg
Sailing in the Icefjord.jpg
Rasmussenhaus.JPG
Ilulissat 4 Eglise Groenland 2009 Expédition ACarré.JPG
From upper left: Illumiut neighbourhood, Old town, Ilulissat Icefjord, Knud Rasmussen's Museum, Zion's Church
Ilulissat is located in Greenland
Ilulissat
Ilulissat
Location within Greenland
Coordinates: 69°13′N 51°06′W / 69.217°N 51.100°W / 69.217; -51.100Coordinates: 69°13′N 51°06′W / 69.217°N 51.100°W / 69.217; -51.100
State Kingdom of Denmark
Constituent country Greenland
MunicipalityAvannaata
First mention16th century
City Status16th century
Area
 • City11.25 km2 (4.34 sq mi)
 • Metro
47.00 km2 (18.15 sq mi)
Highest elevation
2,010 m (6,590 ft)
Lowest elevation
1 m (3 ft)
Population
 (2018 (city, settlements))[3]
 • City4,905
 • Density440/km2 (1,100/sq mi)
 • Urban
4,491 (City of Ilulissat)
 • Metro
342 (Settlements: Ilimanaq, Oqaatsut, Qeqertaq and Saqqaq)
 • Metro density103.5/km2 (268/sq mi)
 • Ethnicity
90.98% Greenlandic
9.02% Other[2]
Time zoneUTC-3 (WGT)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-2 (WGST)
Postal code
3952
Area code(s)(+299) 94

In direct translation, Ilulissat is the Kalaallisut word for "Icebergs" (Danish: Isbjerge).[6] The nearby Ilulissat Icefjord is a UNESCO World Heritage Site,[7] and has made Ilulissat the most popular tourist destination in Greenland.[8] Tourism is now the town's principal industry. The city neighbours the Ilulissat Icefjord, where there are enormous icebergs from the most productive glacier in the northern hemisphere.

Contents

HistoryEdit

The town was established as a trading post by Jacob Severin's company in 1741 and was named in his honor.[9][10]

The Zion Church (Zions Kirke) was built in the late 18th century, and was the largest man-made structure in Greenland at the time.[10] The final resident of nearby Sermermiut moved to Ilulissat in 1850.[11]

Ilulissat DeclarationEdit

The town was the site of the Arctic Ocean Conference in May 2008.[12] The joint meeting between Canada, Denmark, Norway, Russia, and the United States was held to discuss key issues relating to territorial claims in the Arctic (particularly Hans Island and Arktika 2007) and Arctic shrinkage produced by climate change.[13]

The Ilulissat Declaration arose from the conference. It stated that the law of the sea provided for important rights and obligations concerning the delineation of the outer limits of the continental shelf, the protection of the marine environment, including ice-covered areas, freedom of navigation, marine scientific research, and other uses of the sea. It also said that it remained committed to this legal framework and to the orderly settlement of any possible overlapping claims.

With this existing legal framework, providing a solid foundation for responsible management, there was no need to develop a new comprehensive international legal regime to govern the Arctic Ocean. The states involved, would keep abreast of the developments in the Arctic Ocean and continue to implement appropriate measures.[14]

A panoramic view at Ilulissat in February 2006

Geography and environmentEdit

The Ilulissat Icefjord (Greenlandic: Ilulissat Kangerlua) southeast of Ilulissat was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2004.[15]

Climate data for Ilulissat, 1961-1990
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 12.2
(54.0)
9.0
(48.2)
12.0
(53.6)
10.2
(50.4)
16.5
(61.7)
18.0
(64.4)
20.6
(69.1)
20.4
(68.7)
16.1
(61.0)
12.4
(54.3)
11.4
(52.5)
11.6
(52.9)
20.6
(69.1)
Average high °C (°F) −9.0
(15.8)
−10.1
(13.8)
−10.6
(12.9)
−3.8
(25.2)
3.4
(38.1)
8.3
(46.9)
11.4
(52.5)
10.2
(50.4)
5.5
(41.9)
−0.5
(31.1)
−4.8
(23.4)
−7.6
(18.3)
−0.6
(30.9)
Average low °C (°F) −16.6
(2.1)
−18.3
(−0.9)
−19.3
(−2.7)
−12.6
(9.3)
−3.4
(25.9)
1.8
(35.2)
4.4
(39.9)
3.3
(37.9)
−0.8
(30.6)
−6.7
(19.9)
−11.1
(12.0)
−14.8
(5.4)
−7.8
(17.9)
Record low °C (°F) −33.6
(−28.5)
−33.6
(−28.5)
−37.8
(−36.0)
−29.5
(−21.1)
−21.1
(−6.0)
−5.9
(21.4)
−1.5
(29.3)
−3.0
(26.6)
−13.8
(7.2)
−18.2
(−0.8)
−27.5
(−17.5)
−34.0
(−29.2)
−37.8
(−36.0)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 13
(0.5)
16
(0.6)
13
(0.5)
18
(0.7)
18
(0.7)
24
(0.9)
32
(1.3)
31
(1.2)
41
(1.6)
25
(1.0)
22
(0.9)
18
(0.7)
271
(10.6)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 4.3 4.0 4.0 5.0 4.2 4.8 5.3 5.4 7.4 5.3 5.6 5.0 60.3
Average snowy days 7.6 7.2 7.8 8.0 6.0 0.6 0.0 0.4 3.3 5.9 7.3 7.2 61.3
Mean monthly sunshine hours 0 28 93 180 279 300 279 217 120 62 30 0 1,588
Percent possible sunshine 0.0 13.2 25.8 37.4 41.7 41.7 38.4 39.3 30.1 21.9 23.3 0.0 26.1
Source #1: Danish Meteorological Institute[16]
Source #2: World Climate Guide[17]

PopulationEdit

With 4,905 inhabitants in 2018, Ilulissat is the largest town in the Avannaata municipality. The population increased over 8% relative to 1990 levels but has remained steady since around 2003.[18]

 

TransportEdit

 
Ilulissat domestic airport destinations
Air

Ilulissat Airport is located 2.8 km (1.7 mi) to the northeast of the town center and was built in 1983.[19] It serves Ilulissat with connections to towns in northwestern and midwestern Greenland via Air Greenland. Service to Reykjavík, Iceland, began in April 2011 via Air Iceland Connect and Air Greenland in 2017.

Sea

The Arctic Umiaq ferry links Ilulissat with Sisimiut, Nuuk, and other towns and settlements on the western and southwestern coast of Greenland.

SportEdit

The town is home to Nagdlunguaq-48 who play in the Greenlandic Men's Football Championship, Greenland's top soccer competition. Nagdlunguaq-48, who play all their league games in Nuuk, have won the championship ten times (as of 2016).

Notable peopleEdit

International relationsEdit

Twin towns – Sister citiesEdit

Ilulissat is twinned or cooperating with several towns and cities, including:

GalleryEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Den Store Danske: Areal fordelt efter kommune / region". Naatsorsueqqissaartarfik. Retrieved 23 January 2014.
  2. ^ Naatsorsueqqissaartarfik: Naatsorsueqqissaartarfik, table BEDST3', period 2014
  3. ^ "Naatsorsueqqissaartarfik: Ilulissat City/Settlements (Ilulissat Municipality, Qaasuitsup Kommunia), 2014 (table: BEDST3)". Statistics Greenland. Retrieved 14 February 2014.
  4. ^ i.a., Lieber, Francis & al. Encyclopædia Americana: A Popular Dictionary of Arts, Sciences, Literature, History, Politics and Biography. "Greenland". B.B. Mussey & Co., 1854.
  5. ^ Greenland in Figures 2013 (PDF). Statistics Greenland. ISBN 978-87-986787-7-9. ISSN 1602-5709. Retrieved 5 September 2013.
  6. ^ "Ilulissat". Qaasuitsup Municipality. Archived from the original on 2 June 2012. Retrieved 11 July 2010.
  7. ^ "21 World Heritage Sites you have probably never heard of". Daily Telegraph.
  8. ^ "Ilulissat Icefjord". Qaasuitsup Municipality. Retrieved 11 August 2012.
  9. ^ Marquardt, Ole. "Change and Continuity in Denmark's Greenland Policy" in The Oldenburg Monarchy: An Underestimated Empire?. Verlag Ludwig (Kiel), 2006.
  10. ^ a b Kjærgaard, Kathrine (2010). "Grønland som del af den bibelske fortælling – en 1700-tals studie Archived 15 July 2012 at the Wayback Machine" ["Greenland as Part of the Biblical Narrative – a Study of the 18th Century"]. Kirkehistoriske Samlinger, 51-130. ‹See Tfd›(in Danish)
  11. ^ Guide to Ilulissat Museum, Ilulissat Museum
  12. ^ Arctic Council (26 May 2008). "Conference on the Arctic Ocean". arctic-council.org. Archived from the original on 20 August 2008. Retrieved 6 June 2008.
  13. ^ "Greenland hosts Arctic sovereignty talks". Reuters. 27 May 2008. Retrieved 5 October 2010.
  14. ^ "Ilulissat Declaration" (PDF). Government of Greenland. Retrieved 11 August 2012.
  15. ^ "UNESCO Listing". Retrieved 11 August 2012.
  16. ^ Danish Meteorological Institute |language=Danish
  17. ^ "World Weather Information Service – Ilulissat". Weather2Travel.com. Retrieved 30 September 2013.
  18. ^ Statistics Greenland, Population in districts and municipalities January 1st 1977-2018 BEEST3
  19. ^ Air Greenland, History Archived 23 May 2010 at the Wayback Machine
  20. ^ Jean Malaurie, 1982.
  21. ^ Knud Johan Victor Rasmussen Archived 12 October 2010 at the Wayback Machine, biography by Sam Alley. Minnesota State University.
  22. ^ Elizabeth Cruwys, 2003.
  23. ^ Famous sons Archived 25 December 2008 at the Wayback Machine

External linksEdit

Overviews and dataEdit

GovernmentEdit

  • Avannaata Official municipal and city website

MapsEdit

News and mediaEdit

TravelEdit