Bundesautobahn 8

Bundesautobahn 8 (translates from German as Federal Motorway 8, short form Autobahn 8, abbreviated as BAB 8 or A 8) is an autobahn in southern Germany that runs 497 km (309 mi) from the Luxembourg A13 motorway at Schengen via Neunkirchen, Pirmasens, Karlsruhe, Stuttgart, Ulm, Augsburg and Munich to the Austrian West Autobahn near Salzburg.

A8 shield}}

A8
Bundesautobahn 8
Route information
Length497 km (309 mi)
Major junctions
FromLuxembourg A13 motorway
 
Route
A13 Luxembourg

EU-Icon.svg (1) Perl border crossing
AB-AS-blau.svg (2) Perl-Besch B419
AB-Brücke.svg Talbrücke 300 m
AB-AS-blau.svg (3) Perl-Borg B407
AB-Tunnel.svg Tunnel Pellinger Berg 596 m
AB-AS-blau.svg (4) Merzig-Wellingen
AB-Brücke.svg Kohlenbrucher-Bach-Brücke 300 m Zeichen 125 - Gegenverkehr, StVO 1992.svg
AB-Brücke.svg Talbrücke 200 m Zeichen 125 - Gegenverkehr, StVO 1992.svg
Parkplatz mit WC (Zeichen).png Rest area Weiler Pfeil unten.svg
AB-AS-blau.svg (5) Merzig-Schwemlingen B51
AB-AS-blau.svg (6) Merzig
AB-AS-blau.svg (7) Rehlingen
AB-AS-blau.svg (8) Dillingen-Mitte
AB-Kreuz-blau.svg (9) Saarlouis 3-way interchange A620
AB-Brücke.svg
AB-AS-blau.svg (10) Dillingen-Süd
AB-AS-blau.svg (11) Saarlouis-Steinrausch
AB-AS-blau.svg (12) Nalbach B269
AB-Brücke.svg
AB-AS-blau.svg (13) Saarwellingen B405
AB-AS-blau.svg (14) Schwalbach
AB-AS-blau.svg (15) Schwalbach / Schwarzenholz
AB-AS-blau.svg (16) Heusweiler B268
AB-Kreuz-blau.svg (17) Saarbrücken 4-way interchange A1
AB-AS-blau.svg (18) Merchweiler
AB-AS-blau.svg (19) Friedrichsthal-Bildstock
AB-Kreuz-blau.svg (20) Friedrichsthal 3-way interchange A623
AB-Brücke.svg Sulzbachtalviadukt 800 m
AB-AS-blau.svg (21) Elversberg
AB-AS-blau.svg (22) Neunkirchen-Heinitz
AB-AS-blau.svg (23) Neunkirchen / Spiesen B41
AB-Brücke.svg Talbrücke 400 m
AB-AS-blau.svg (24) Neunkirchen-Oberstadt
AB-AS-blau.svg (25) Neunkirchen-Wellesweiler
AB-AS-blau.svg (26) Neunkirchen-Kohlhof
AB-Kreuz-blau.svg (27) Neunkirchen 4-way interchange A6
AB-AS-blau.svg (28) Limbach (Neckar-Odenwald)
AB-AS-blau.svg (30) Einöd B423
AB-Brücke.svg Schwarzbachbrücke 100 m
AB-AS-blau.svg (31) Zweibrücken-Ernstweiler
AB-AS-blau.svg (32) Zweibrücken
AB-AS-blau.svg (33) Zweibrücken-Ixheim B424
AB-AS-blau.svg (34) Contwig
AB-AS-blau.svg (35) Walshausen
AB-Brücke.svg Talbrücke 300 m
AB-Brücke.svg Talbrücke 250 m
AB-Kreuz-blau.svg (36) Pirmasens 3-way interchange A62 B10

AB-Kreuz-blau.svg (41) Dreieck Karlsruhe 3-way interchange A5 B3
AB-AS-blau.svg (42) Karlsbad
AB-AS-blau.svg (43) Pforzheim-West B10
AB-AS-blau.svg (44) Pforzheim-Nord B294
AB-AS-blau.svg (45a) Pforzheim-Ost B10
AB-AS-blau.svg (45b) Pforzheim-Süd
AB-AS-blau.svg (46) Heimsheim
AB-AS-blau.svg (47) Rutesheim
AB-AS-blau.svg (48) Leonberg-West
AB-Kreuz-blau.svg (49) Dreieck Leonberg 3-way interchange A81
AB-AS-blau.svg (50) Leonberg-Ost
AB-Brücke.svg Friedensbrücke 338 m
AB-Tank.svg AB-Rast.svg Services Sindelfinger Wald Ri. Osten
AB-Kreuz-blau.svg (51) Stuttgart 4-way interchange A81, A831
AB-AS-blau.svg (52a) Stuttgart-Möhringen
AB-AS-blau.svg (52b) Stuttgart-Degerloch B27
AB-AS-blau.svg (53a) Stuttgart-Flughafen-Messe
AB-AS-blau.svg (53b) Stuttgart-Plieningen
AB-AS-blau.svg (54) Esslingen
AB-Tank.svg AB-Rast.svg Services Denkendorf Ri. Westen
AB-Brücke.svg Sulzbachviadukt 370 m
AB-AS-blau.svg (55) Wendlingen B313
AB-Brücke.svg Neckarbrücke 144 m
AB-AS-blau.svg (56) Kirchheim (Teck)-West
AB-AS-blau.svg (57) Kirchheim (Teck)-Ost B465
AB-AS-blau.svg (58) Aichelberg
AB-Brücke.svg Maustobelviadukt 500 m
AB-Brücke.svg Franzosenschluchtviadukt 300 m
AB-Tank.svg AB-Rast.svg Services Gruibingen
AB-AS-blau.svg (59) Mühlhausen B466
AB-Brücke.svg Filstalbrücke 800 m
AB-Tunnel.svg Tunnel Himmelschleife 1170 m
AB-Brücke.svg Gosbachtalbrücke 460 m
AB-Tunnel.svg Tunnel Drarckenstein 1670 m
BAB-Grenze.svg (59a) Road toll
AB-AS-blau.svg (60) Hohenstadt
AB-AS-blau.svg (61) Merklingen
AB-Tank.svg AB-Rast.svg Services Aichen
AB-AS-blau.svg (62) Ulm-West B10
AB-AS-blau.svg (63) Ulm-Ost
AB-AS-blau.svg (64) Oberelchingen
AB-Kreuz-blau.svg (65) Ulm / Elchingen 4-way interchange A7
AB-Brücke.svg Donaubrücke 375 m
AB-AS-blau.svg (66) Leipheim B10
AB-Tank.svg AB-Rast.svg Services Leipheim Ri. Osten
AB-AS-blau.svg (67) Günzburg B16
AB-AS-blau.svg (68) Unterknöringen (geplant)
AB-Tank.svg AB-Rast.svg Services Burgauer See Ri. Westen
AB-AS-blau.svg (69) Burgau
AB-Tank.svg AB-Rast.svg Services Burgauer See
AB-AS-blau.svg (70) Zusmarshausen B10
AB-Rast.svg Raststätte Lüftenberg Ri. Osten
AB-AS-blau.svg (71a) Adelsried
AB-Tank.svg AB-Rast.svg AB-Autobahnhotel.svg Services / Motel Edenbergen
AB-AS-blau.svg (71b) Neusäß
AB-AS-blau.svg (72) Augsburg-West B2, B17
AB-Brücke.svg Lechbrücke 93 m
AB-Tank.svg AB-Rast.svg Services Augsburg
AB-AS-blau.svg (73) Augsburg-Ost
AB-AS-blau.svg (73a) Friedberg
AB-AS-blau.svg (74) Dasing B300
AB-AS-blau.svg (75) Adelzhausen
AB-AS-blau.svg (76) Odelzhausen
AB-AS-blau.svg (77) Sulzemoos
AB-AS-blau.svg (78) Dachau / Fürstenfeldbruck B471
AB-Kreuz-blau.svg (79) München-Eschenried
(Eschenrieder Spange) 3-way interchange A99
AB-AS-blau.svg (80) München-Langwied
AB-Kreuz-blau.svg (81) München-West 4-way interchange A99
AB-AS-blau.svg (82) München-Obermenzing

AB-AS-blau.svg (91) München-Ramersdorf B2 R
AB-AS-blau.svg (92a) München-Perlach
AB-AS-blau.svg (92b) Neubiberg
AB-Tunnel.svg Tunnel GTunnel Neubiberg 327 m
AB-AS-blau.svg (93) Unterhaching-Ost
AB-AS-blau.svg (94) Taufkirchen-Ost
AB-Kreuz-blau.svg (95) München-Süd 4-way interchange A99, A995
AB-Rast.svg Raststätte Hofoldinger Forst Ri. Osten
AB-AS-blau.svg (96) Hofoldinger Forst
AB-Tank.svg AB-Rast.svg Services Holzkirchen Ri. Osten
AB-AS-blau.svg (97) Holzkirchen B318
AB-Tank.svg AB-Rast.svg Services Holzkirchen Ri. Westen
AB-Brücke.svg Mangfalltalbrücke 310 m
AB-AS-blau.svg (98) Weyarn
AB-AS-blau.svg (99) Irschenberg B472
AB-Tank.svg AB-Rast.svg Services Irschenberg Ri. Osten
AB-AS-blau.svg (100) Bad Aibling
AB-AS-blau.svg (??) Kolbermoor (geplant) B15n
AB-AS-blau.svg (??) Rosenheim-West (geplant) B15
AB-Kreuz-blau.svg (101) Dreieck Inntal 3-way interchange A93
AB-AS-blau.svg (102) Rosenheim B15
AB-Brücke.svg Innbrücke
AB-AS-blau.svg (103) Rohrdorf
AB-Tank.svg AB-Rast.svg Services Samerberg
AB-AS-blau.svg (104) Achenmühle
AB-AS-blau.svg (105) Frasdorf
AB-AS-blau.svg (106) Bernau am Chiemsee B305
AB-Rast.svg Raststätte Chiemsee Ri. Westen
AB-AS-blau.svg (107) Felden
AB-AS-blau.svg (108) Übersee
AB-Tank.svg AB-Rast.svg Services Hochfelln
AB-AS-blau.svg (109) Grabenstätt
AB-AS-blau.svg (110) Bergen
AB-AS-blau.svg (111) Schweinbach
AB-AS-blau.svg (112) Traunstein / Siegsdorf B306
AB-AS-blau.svg (113) Neukirchen
AB-Brücke.svg Loithalbrücke
AB-AS-blau.svg (114) Anger
AB-AS-blau.svg (115) Bad Reichenhall / Piding B20
AB-Brücke.svg Saalachbrücke
EU-Icon.svg (116) Piding/Walserberg border crossing

A1 Austria
ToAustrian West Autobahn near Salzburg
Location
StatesSaarland, Rhineland-Palatinate, Baden-Württemberg, Bavaria
Highway system
A7A9
BAB 93 junction near Rosenheim

The A 8 is a significant East-West transit route. Its construction began in March 1934 during Nazi rule as a Reichsautobahn, the section between Karlsruhe and Salzburg having been completed by the time road works were discontinued in World War II. Although most parts have been modernized and extended since, significant sections remain in their original configuration from the 1930s - 2+2 lanes, no emergency lanes, steep hills and tight curves. In combination with today's traffic this makes the A 8 one of the most crowded and dangerous autobahns in Germany. Especially in winter the slopes of the Black Forest, the Swabian Alb near Aichelberg, as well as the Irschenberg become bottlenecks when heavy trucks traverse the A8 uphill.

As of 2016, the following sections have three lanes in each direction of travel: Karlsruhe - Pforzheim-North, Pforzheim-South - Stuttgart - Mühlhausen, AK Ulm/Elchingen - Augsburg - Munich-Eschenried, and AK Munich-South - AD Inntal. Other sections in Saarland, Rhineland-Palatinate and Munich have two lanes in each direction of travel and follow current Autobahn standards.

As of 2016, the following sections have sections which are either incomplete or do not comply with modern Autobahn standards: near Merzig (under construction), AK Neunkirchen - Zweibrücken (no emergency lanes yet), Enz crossing near Pforzheim (modernizing planned), Alb crossing Mühlhausen - Hohenstadt (planned), Hohenstadt - Ulm-West (under construction), Ulm-West - AK Ulm/Elchingen (planned) and AD Inntal - Salzburg (planned). At least, complete section Karlsruhe - Salzburg will be extended to 3 + 3 lanes.

IncompleteEdit

Plans for the section between Pirmasens and Karlsruhe were abandoned in the 1980s. Instead of this section B10 Pirmasens - Landau was expanded. Landau - Karlsruhe was built as a part of A65 in the 90s. In Munich there is also a gap: section from Augsburg ends in Munich-Obermenzing, section from Salzburg ends in Munich-Haidhausen. Transit traffic has to use A99 north around Munich or A99 west, "Mittlerer Ring" and A 995 (shorter but not complete autobahn)

Along the routeEdit

Near Merzig was a section with only one lane for each direction, but it is under construction and will be extended to 2+2.

Near Heusweiler a wire netting was built as a faraday cage to protect vehicle electronics from radiation of Heusweiler radio transmitter. The transmitter has been deactivated but has yet to be removed - together with the wire netting.

Pirmasens-Winzeln is one of only four "left slip roads" in German autobahn network: coming from Zweibrücken, left lane is exit to Winzeln and right lane stays A 8; access from Winzeln leads to left lane. Towards Zweibrücken exit and access are as usual. A 8 and A 62 should meet here in an interchange. After A 8 section Pirmasens -Karlsruhe had been cancelled the "interchange" was later used for Winzeln slip road.

In Gruibingen (section Stuttgart - Ulm) motorway service Gruibingen was built according to feng shui philosophy.

At Drakensteiner Hang between Mühlhausen and Hohenstadt (section Stuttgart - Ulm) A 8 is divided into separate northbound and southbound routes on either side of the peak.

Near Adelsried (section Ulm - Munich) is Autobahnkirche ("motorway church") Maria, Schutz der Reisenden ("Mary, patron saint of travellers"). It was built 1956 as first of meanwhile 42 in Germany.

For extension of section Ulm/Elchingen - Augsburg - Munich a new kind of financial funding was used, an operator model: consortiums of constructing companies funded their work for themselves and in return were remitted lorry road charges for 30 years. They are also responsible for maintenance during this period.

For transit traffic around Munich road marks signalize to use orbital motorway A99 north/east at Eschenried and Munich-South interchanges. But those who are familiar with place often use A 99 west - Mittlerer Ring - A 995 as a shorter and faster route. However this route leads through Munich and therefore authorities want to keep transit traffic out of town.

Austria demands toll for its autobahns, so many drivers who do not want to pay for the short section border - Salzburg use slip roads Bad Reichenhall or Schwarzbach and country roads which sometimes causes traffic jams.

External linksEdit

Coordinates: 48°05′41″N 11°36′53″E / 48.09459°N 11.61461°E / 48.09459; 11.61461