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The Autostrada A1, nicknamed Autostrada del Sole ("Sun Motorway"), is the oldest European Highway and the most important in Italy. The highway links the largest cities on the Tyrrhenian side of Italy: Milan, Bologna, Florence, Rome and Naples. At 754 km, it is the longest Italian autostrada, running parallel to Autostrada Adriatica A14. It is a part of the E35 and E45 European routes.

A1 Motorway shield}}

A1 Motorway
Autostrada A1
Autostrada del Sole
Route information
Part of E35 and E45
Length759.6 km (472.0 mi)
Existed1964–present
Major junctions
North endAutostrada A50 Italia.svgAutostrada A51 Italia.svg A50 / A51 in Milan
 Autostrada A21 Italia.svg A21 in Piacenza
Autostrada A15 Italia.svg A15 in Parma
Autostrada A22 Italia.svgStrada Statale 12 Italia.svg A22 / SS 12 in Modena
Autostrada A13 Italia.svgAutostrada A14 Italia.svg A13 / A14 in Bologna
Autostrada A11 Italia.svgItalian traffic signs - raccordo autostradale 3.svg A11 / RA 3 in Florence
Italian traffic signs - raccordo autostradale 6.svg RA 6 in Bettolle-Valdichiana
Strada Statale 3bis Italia.svgStrada Statale 675 Italia.svg SS 3 bis / SS 675 in Terni
Autostrada A1dir Italia.svgAutostrada A90 Italia.svg A1 dir / GRA in Fiano Romano
Autostrada A24 Italia.svgAutostrada A90 Italia.svg A24 / GRA in Lunghezza
Autostrada A1dir Italia.svgAutostrada A90 Italia.svg A1 dir / GRA in San Cesareo
Autostrada A30 Italia.svg A30 in Caserta
South endAutostrada A3 Italia.svgAutostrada A16 Italia.svg A3 / A16 in Naples
Location
Regions:Lombardy, Emilia-Romagna, Tuscany, Umbria, Lazio, Campania
Highway system
Autostrade of Italy
A91A2
Highway at Reggio Emilia
SS 675 highway near A1 interchange at Orte

The A1 reduced travel time between Milan and Naples from two days to just seven to eight hours. The mountain crossing from Bologna to Florence is known as Variante di Valico.

HistoryEdit

Throughout the 1950s and 1960s, successive administrations wanted this major infrastructure project to be completed as quickly as possible, as it would be a great boost for the national economy. Construction began in 1956, and the highway was opened to traffic by then-prime minister Aldo Moro on October 4, 1964.

The section between Rome and Naples was originally designated A2, but it was incorporated into A1 following the opening of the bypass from Fiano Romano to San Cesareo on July 21, 1988.

RouteEdit

A1 MILAN - NAPLES
Autostrada del Sole
Exit ↓km↓ ↑km↑ Province European Route
    Tangenziale Est
  San Donato Milanese
-1,6 759,6 MI
  Milano P.le Corvetto
Metanopoli - Old Motorway
1,5 758,1 MI
  San Giuliano Milanese 2,8 756,8 MI
    Tangenziale Ovest 4,4 755,2 MI   E35
  Melegnano
road toll if going to Milan
8,7 750,2 MI   E35
  Toll gate Milano sud 8,9 749,7 MI   E35
  Rest area "San Zenone" 15,1 745 MI   E35
  Lodi 22,7 737 LO   E35
  Casalpusterlengo 37,9 722 LO   E35
  Rest area "Somaglia" 43,5 716 LO   E35
  Basso Lodigiano 50,7 710 LO   E35
    Torino - Brescia
56,428 PC   E35
    Torino - Brescia
57,134 PC   E35
  Piacenza Sud 58,162 PC   E35
  Rest area Bidirezionale "Arda" 74,3 687 PC   E35
    Brescia
  Fiorenzuola
75,0 687 PC   E35
  Fidenza - Salsomaggiore Terme 91,4 670 PR   E35
    La Spezia 103,0 658 PR   E35
  Parma 110,4 651 PR   E35
  Rest area "San Martino" 115,1 646 PR   E35
  Reggio Emilia 138,1 622 RE   E35
    E45   Brennero 156,1 605 MO   E35
  Rest area "Secchia" 157,5 604 MO   E35   E45
  Modena Nord 158,6 603 MO   E35   E45
  Modena Sud 171,8 589 MO   E35   E45
    E45   Ancona 189,8 571 BO   E35
    Tangenziale di Bologna
Bologna Casalecchio -   E45   Ancona
196,1 565 BO   E35
   Rest area "Cantagallo" 199 BO   E35
  Sasso Marconi 207 553 BO   E35
  Rioveggio 223 537 BO   E35
  Pian del Voglio 237 523 BO   E35
   Rest area "Roncobilaccio" 242 518 BO   E35
  Roncobilaccio 242 519 BO   E35
   Rest area "Aglio" 256 504 FI   E35
  Barberino 262 498 FI   E35
  Calenzano - Sesto Fiorentino 278 482 FI   E35
   Rest area "Bisenzio" 279 481 FI   E35
    Pisa nord 280 480 FI   E35
  Firenze Nord 280 480 FI   E35
  Firenze Scandicci
  SGC FI-PI-LI
286 474 FI   E35
  Villa Costanza 288 472 FI   E35
  Firenze Impruneta previous "Firenze Certosa"
  Siena - Autopalio
295 465 FI   E35
  Firenze Sud 301 459 FI   E35
   Rest area "Chianti" 305 455 FI   E35
  Incisa 320 440 FI   E35
  Rest area Reggello 321 439 FI   E35
  Valdarno 336 424 AR   E35
  Arezzo 358 402 AR   E35
   Rest area "Badia al Pino" 362 398 AR   E35
  Monte San Savino 372 388 AR   E35
   Rest area "Lucignano" 381 379 AR   E35
  Valdichiana - Bettolle - Sinalunga
  Raccordo Siena - Bettolle - Perugia
385 375 SI   E35
   Rest area "Montepulciano" 395 365 SI   E35
  Chiusi - Chianciano 410 350 SI   E35
   Rest area "Fabro" 428 332 TR   E35
  Fabro 428 332 TR   E35
  Orvieto 451 309 TR   E35
   Rest area "Tevere" 465 VT   E35
  Attigliano 479 281 TR   E35
   Rest area "Giove" 481 279 TR   E35
  Orte
  E45   Strada Statale 675 Umbro-Laziale-Viterbo
491 269 VT   E35
  Magliano Sabina 501 259 RI   E35   E45
   Rest area "Flaminia" 509 251 RM   E35   E45
  Ponzano Romano - Soratte 516 244 RM   E35   E45
    E35   Roma nord - GRA 531 229 RM   E45
   Rest area "Mascherone" 536 224 RM   E45
    L'Aquila - Teramo 562 198 RM   E45
   Rest area "Prenestina" 566 194 RM   E45
    Roma sud - GRA 576 184 RM   E45
  Valmontone 585 175 RM   E45
  Colleferro 593 167 RM   E45
  Anagni - Fiuggi 611 149 FR   E45
   Rest area "La Macchia" 613 147 FR   E45
  Ferentino 619 141 FR   E45
  Frosinone 624 136 FR   E45
  Ceprano 644 116 FR   E45
  Pontecorvo 659 101 FR   E45
   Rest area "Casilina" 660 100 FR   E45
  Cassino 670 90 FR   E45
  San Vittore 679 81 FR   E45
  Caianello 701 59 CE   E45
   Rest area "Teano" 708 52 CE   E45
  Capua 729 31 CE   E45
  Santa Maria Capua Vetere 720 40 CE   E45
  Caserta Nord 734 26 CE   E45
   Rest area "San Nicola" 737 23 CE   E45
    Salerno 739 21 CE   E45
  Toll gate Napoli Nord 740 20 CE   E45
  Caserta Sud 741 19 CE   E45
  Pomigliano - Villa Literno
  Asse di Supporto
743 17 NA   E45
  Afragola - Acerra
  Asse Mediano
749 11 NA   E45
    Bari 753 7 NA   E45
  Casoria - Napoli Nord 754 4 NA   E45
  Diramazione Capodichino
  Tangenziale di Napoli
755 5 NA   E45
   Rest area "Masseria" 755 5 NA   E45
  Napoli Centro Direzionale
  SS 162dir
758 2 NA   E45
      Salerno - Reggio Calabria 760 0 NA

External linksEdit

  Media related to Autostrada A1 (Italy) at Wikimedia Commons