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The Metropolitan City of Florence (Italian: Città Metropolitana di Firenze) is a metropolitan city in the Tuscany region, Italy. Its capital is the city of Florence. It replaced the Province of Florence. It was first created by the reform of local authorities (Law 142/1990) and then established by the Law 56/2014. It has been operative since January 1, 2015.

Metropolitan City of Florence
Palazzo Medici Riccardi, the seat of the metropolitan city
Palazzo Medici Riccardi, the seat of the metropolitan city
Coat of arms of Metropolitan City of Florence
Coat of arms
Map highlighting the location of the province of Florence in Italy
Map highlighting the location of the province of Florence in Italy
Country Italy
RegionTuscany
Created1 January 2015
Capital(s)Florence
Comuni44
Government
 • Metropolitan MayorDario Nardella (PD)
Area
 • Total3,514 km2 (1,357 sq mi)
Population
 (30 June 2015)
 • Total1,012,388
 • Density290/km2 (750/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
n/a
Telephone prefixn/a
Vehicle registrationFI
ISTAT248[1]
Websitewww.provincia.fi.it

GeographyEdit

The Metropolitan City of Florence is bordered by the Metropolitan City of Bologna in the north, the province of Ravenna and Forlì-Cesena in the north-east, the province of Prato, Pistoia and Lucca in the north-west, the province of Pisa in the west, the province of Siena in the south and the province of Arezzo in the east and southeast.[2]

Much of its territory lies in the plain of the Arno river and has thus become an exurban sprawl around the city of Florence. The northeastern part of the metropolitan city, in the Apennines, remains less developed. Romagna Granducale is the name given to the region lying on the northern slopes of Apennines. Corn, wine and silk are the chief products in the valley regions. Silk manufacturing was an important industry in the medieval times.[3] The well known Renaissance artist Leonardo da Vinci was born in the village of Anchiano which is a part of the Metropolitan City of Florence.[4] The capital Florence is a well known cultural and a large tourist centre.[5]

Main sightsEdit

The Metropolitan City receives large number of tourists every year.

The capital city Florence has been recognised as UNESCO World Heritage Site. Major tourist attractions of the city are Piazza del Duomo, Duomo of Santa Maria del Fiore, the Baptistery of San Giovanni, Giotto's Bell Tower, the Loggia del Bigallo and Museo dell'Opera di Santa Maria del Fiore, Ponte Vecchio and many others.

Sights in Barberino di Mugello include Cattani Castle and Palazzo Pretorio. The Certosa del Galluzzo houses artworks by Pontormo. Giovanni Boccaccio's hometown Certaldo is home to the Palazzo Pretorio and Boccaccio’s House, while Vinci, birthplace of Leonardo da Vinci, houses a museum dedicated to the Italian polymath. Sesto Fiorentino is known for the Etruscan tomb “La Montagnola”.[6]

GovernmentEdit

List of Metropolitan Mayors of FlorenceEdit

  Metropolitan Mayor Term start Term end Party
1 Dario Nardella 1 January 2015 Incumbent Democratic Party

EconomyEdit

Wholesale and retail is the largest sector in the Metropolitan City: As of 2008, almost 29% of the firms in the former Province of Florence were involved in it. Manufacturing, construction, real estate and agriculture are the next important ones with a percentage share of about 19.5%, 14%, 13.6% and 8% respectively.[7]

Tourism is also an important industry. Empoli is known for its ancient glass-making industry.[8]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Codici delle città metropolitane al 1° gennaio 2017". www.istat.it (in Italian). 23 December 2016.
  2. ^ Domenico 2002, p. 314.
  3. ^ Society for the diffusion of useful knowledge (1838). The penny cyclopædia [ed. by G. Long]. p. 319.
  4. ^ Domenico 2002, p. 318.
  5. ^ Domenico 2002, p. 315.
  6. ^ "Florence, Tuscany". ITALIA. Retrieved 18 September 2014.
  7. ^ Cooke & Schwartz 2008, p. 185.
  8. ^ Domenico 2002, p. 324.

See alsoEdit

External linksEdit