Province of Parma
|Province of Parmigiana|
Map highlighting the location of the province of Parma in Italy
|• President||Filippo Fritelli|
|• Total||3,449 km2 (1,332 sq mi)|
|Population (1 January 2016)|
|• Density||130/km2 (340/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
|Telephone prefix||0521, 0524, 0525|
It is made up of 47 sub-divisions called comuni, which have their own elected sindaco (mayor), legislative body and executive body. It has an area of 3,449 square kilometres (1,332 sq mi) and a total population of about 475,000.
The province is enclosed by the Province of Reggio Emilia to the east, the Piacenza to the west, Lombardy's provinces of Cremona and Mantova to the north and to the south, Liguria's provinces of Spezia and Genoa.
In October 2012, it was confirmed that the Province of Parma would be merged with the Province of Piacenza in 2014 to become the Province of Piacenza and Parma, despite controversy over the chosen name. However, its name was altered to the Province of Parma–Piacenza in the following month.
The province is divided into three zones from north to south: the pianura (plains), the collina (hills) and the montagna (mountains). The first of these is surrounded by the Po. The main centres of the collina and montagna are situated along the course of the main rivers, which descend from the Parmesan Apennine Mountains.
The Province of Parma comprises 47 comuni. The 20 largest of these are:
|Borgo Val di Taro||7,142|
|Fornovo di Taro||6,060|
|San Secondo Parmense||5,194|
Parma is famous for its Prosciutto di Parma. The whole area is renowned for its sausage production, as well as for the Parmigiano Reggiano cheese and some kinds of pasta like gnocchi di patate, cappelletti (or anolini) in brodo, tortelli with different stuffing (erbetta, potatoes, pumpkin, mushrooms, chestnuts, Tortél Dóls di Colorno) and chicche. And the world famous Parmigiana which was originally created in the Province of Parma.
There are two main highways that go through Parma: A1 and A15.
The Province of Parma is served by the Giuseppe Verdi Airport.
The province is crossed by the Milan-Bologna railroad, one of the most important in Italy, with a station in Parma. The latter is the starting point for the following lines, connecting the city to the Tyrrhenian Sea, Alps and the Po River delta:
- Pontremolese line, with a branch to Fidenza and Fornovo di Taro
- Parma-Suzzara (held by Ferrovie Emilia Romagna Srl.
The station of Fidenza is an exchange point for the lines:
Parma F.C. was founded in 1913. It is a Serie A football club renowned in Italy and Europe for its successes including three national cups, a European Cup Winner's Cup, two UEFA Cups, a European Supercup and an Italian Supercup. It plays in the city's stade Ennio Tardini which used to host up to 29,000 spectators but is being renovated in 2008 after the club was demoted to Serie B. In spring 2009 the team was promoted again in the top league (Serie A). Crociati Noceto play in Lega Pro Seconda Divisione, the fourth tier.
- "Il governo della Provincia di Parma fino al 1951" [The governing of the Province of Parma until 1951].
- Salvia, Lorenzo (22 October 2012). "Thirty-six Provinces to Go". Corriere della Sera. RCS MediaGroup.
- "Nuova Provincia? Nel nome prima Piacenza e poi Parma" [New Province? In name first Piacenza and then Parma]. La Repubblica Parma (in Italian). 16 October 2012.