Portal:Roads

PortalsTechnologyTransportRoads

- - - - - - - - The World Roads Portal - - - - - - - -

A road is a path connecting two points. The English word ‘road’ comes from the same root as the word ‘ride’ –the Middle English ‘rood’ and Old English ‘rad’ –meaning the act of riding. Thus a road refers foremost to the right of way between an origin and destination. In an urban context, the word street is often used rather than road, which dates to the Latin word ‘strata’, meaning pavement (the additional layer or stratum that might be on top of a path).

Modern roads are generally paved, and unpaved routes are considered trails. The pavement of roads began early in history. Approximately 2600 BCE, the Egyptians constructed a paved road out of sandstone and limestone slabs to assist with the movement of stones on rollers between the quarry and the site of construction of the pyramids. The Romans and others used brick or stone pavers to provide a more level, and smoother surface, especially in urban areas, which allows faster travel, especially of wheeled vehicles. The innovations of Thomas Telford and John McAdam reinvented roads in the early nineteenth century, by using less expensive smaller and broken stones, or aggregate, to maintain a smooth ride and allow for drainage. Later in the nineteenth century, application of tar (asphalt) further smoothed the ride. In 1824, asphalt blocks were used on the Champs-Élysées in Paris. In 1872, the first asphalt street (Fifth Avenue) was paved in New York (due to Edward de Smedt), but it wasn’t until bicycles became popular in the late nineteenth century that the “Good Roads Movement” took off. Bicycle travel, more so than travel by other vehicles at the time, was sensitive to rough roads. Demands for higher quality roads really took off with the widespread adoption of the automobile in the United States in the early twentieth century.

The first good roads in the twentieth century were constructed of Portland cement concrete (PCC). The material is stiffer than asphalt (or asphalt concrete) and provides a smoother ride. Concrete lasts slightly longer than asphalt between major repairs, and can carry a heavier load, but is more expensive to build and repair. However over the remainder of the twentieth century, the vast majority of roadways were paved with asphalt. In general only the most important roads, carrying the heaviest loads, would be built with concrete. Fundamentals of Transportation/Geography and Networks

- - - - - - - - Selected article - - - - - - - -

The desert Cities in the Negev were linked to the Mediterranean end of the ancient Incense and Spice trading routes
The Incense Route or the Incense Road was a series of major ancient trading routes stretching across Egypt to India through Arabia. The incense trade flourished from South Arabia to the Mediterranean between roughly the 3rd century BCE to the 2nd century CE. The Incense Route served as a channel for trading of goods such as Arabian frankincense and myrrh; Indian spices, ebony, silk and fine textiles; and East African rare woods, feathers, animal skins and gold.

- - - - - - - - In the news - - - - - - - -

Wikinews Roads portal
Read and edit Wikinews


- - - - - - - - Selected image - - - - - - - -

{{{caption}}}


28th October Street in Ostrava Quality image
Credit: (Pudelek)

- - - - - - - - Did you know - - - - - - - -

...that cross-country cyclists are more prone to injury than road cyclists but the injuries sustained by the former are less severe on average?
... that a 25-foot (7.6 m) tall, traditionally-dressed Ukrainian woman offers bread and salt to Saskatchewan Highway 5 travelers at Canora, a town in Saskatchewan, Canada?

...that Dogs Trust, a British animal welfare charity, provided AA wardens with pistols to painlessly euthanise animals injured in road accidents?

- - - - - - - - WikiProjects - - - - - - - -

- - - - - - - - Selected panorama - - - - - - - -

{{{caption}}}


The C14 a few kilometres south of the Tropic of Capricorn in Namibia Quality image
Credit: Hans Hillewaert (Biopics)

- - - - - - - - Topics - - - - - - - -

- - - - - - - - Related portals - - - - - - - -

- - - - - - - - Things to do - - - - - - - -

This list is transcluded from the tasks page, to edit this section click here.

Nuvola apps package editors.png

Here are some tasks you can do for WikiProject Highways:

  • Improve: You may always improve the quality of road articles by adding more information and references to enhance the overall readers' experience. Improvements to GA and FA quality is much appreciated! Also, nominations for Selected article and Selected picture are always needed, as with Did you know and News. Add to the Portal
  • Photo request: Just about all of them! Any pictures of Highways regions, road surface or infrastruture varieties or Highways would be useful. In particular we need Highways region maps that can be licensed for Wikipedia.
vieweditdiscusshistorywatch

- - - - - - - - Associated Wikimedia - - - - - - - -

The following Wikimedia Foundation sister projects provide more on this subject:

Wikibooks
Books

Commons
Media

Wikinews 
News

Wikiquote 
Quotations

Wikisource 
Texts

Wikiversity
Learning resources

Wiktionary 
Definitions

Wikidata 
Database

- - - - - - - - Sources - - - - - - - -

  1. ^ "Saskatchewan's Global Transportation Hub". About Highways/Transportation Hub/. Government of Saskatchewan. Retrieved 2009-02-09. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  2. ^ Police don't know what prompted vicious bus attack, CTV.ca, July 31, 2008. Accessed August 6, 2008.

Portals

Purge server cache