Lodi (// LOH-dee, Italian: [ˈlɔːdi] (listen); Lodigiano: Lòd) is a city and comune in Lombardy, northern Italy, on primarily on the western bank of the River Adda. It is the capital of the province of Lodi.
|Comune di Lodi|
Piazza della Vittoria
|Frazioni||Fontana, Olmo, Riolo, San Grato|
|• Mayor||Sara Casanova (Lega Nord)|
|• Total||41 km2 (16 sq mi)|
|Elevation||87 m (285 ft)|
(1 January 2017)
|• Density||1,100/km2 (2,900/sq mi)|
|Demonym(s)||Lodigiani or Laudensi|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+2 (CEST)|
|Patron saint||St. Bassianus|
|Saint day||19 January|
Lodi was a Celtic village; in Roman times it was called, in Latin, Laus Pompeia (probably in honour of the consul Gnaeus Pompeius Strabo) and was known also because its position allowed many Gauls of Gallia Cisalpina to obtain Roman citizenship. It was in an important position where a vital Roman road crossed the River Adda.
A free commune around 1000, it fiercely resisted the Milanese, who destroyed it in 1111. The old town corresponds to the modern Lodi Vecchio. Frederick Barbarossa rebuilt it on its current location in 1158.
From 1220, the Lodigiani (inhabitants of Lodi) spent decades in constructing a system of miles of artificial rivers and channels (called Consorzio di Muzza). It was created to give water to the countryside, turning arid areas into one of the region's important agricultural areas.
From the 14th century Lodi was ruled by the Visconti family, who built a castle there. In 1413, the antipope John XXIII launched the bull by which he convened the Council of Constance from the Duomo of Lodi. The council marked the end of the Great Schism.
In 1454, representatives from all the regional states of Italy met in Lodi to sign the treaty known as the peace of Lodi, by which they intended to pursue Italian unification. This peace lasted 40 years.
On 10 May 1796, in the first major battle of his career as a general, the young Napoleon Bonaparte defeated the Austrians aka the 1526-1804 Habsburg Monarchy in the Battle of Lodi. In the second half of the 19th century, Lodi began to expand outside the city walls, boosted by economic expansion and the construction of railway lines that followed the unification of Italy.
- Piazza della Vittoria, listed by the Italian Touring Club among the most beautiful squares in Italy. Featuring porticoes on all its four sides, it includes the Basilica della Vergine Assunta and the Broletto (town hall).
- Piazza Broletto, with a Verona marble baptismal font dating to the 14th century.
- Beata Vergine Incoronata, church in style of Lombard Renaissance.
- San Francesco, a Gothic-style church built in 1280-1307.
- San Lorenzo, a church with frescoes by Callisto Piazza.
- Santa Maria Maddalena, a Baroque church. The original Romanesque structure (1162) was replaced in the 18th century. The interior has frescoes by Carlo Innocenzo Carloni and a Deposition attributed to Robert De Longe.
- Sant'Agnese, church in Lombard Gothic style (14th century). It includes the Galliani Polyptych by Albertino Piazza (1520), and has, on the façade, a rose window decorated with polychrome majolica.
- San Filippo, Rococo-style church
- Palazzo Vescovile (Bishopric Palace), of medieval origin but rebuilt in the 18th century.
- San Cristoforo, church designed by Pellegrino Tibaldi.
- Visconti Castle (Torrione), a medieval castle now partially destroyed.
- Palazzo Mozzanica (15th century)
- Torre di Lodi, a modern building high 70 meters about, under renovation. It is located in the Business District, and it is the tallest building in the city.
- Biblioteca Laudense located in Palazzo San Filippo, adjacent to church
In Lodi there is the headquarters of 'Zucchetti', in Lodi Tower. Zucchetti is a company specialized in Information Technology.
In the city is situated the headquarters of 'Erbolario'.
- "Superficie di Comuni Province e Regioni italiane al 9 ottobre 2011". Istat. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
- "Popolazione Residente al 1° Gennaio 2018". Istat. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
- Population data from Istat - Italian Institute of Statistics
- - (2004). Piazze d'Italia. Milan: Touring Club Italiano. ISBN 88-365-3498-8.