Viborg, Denmark

Viborg (Danish pronunciation: [ˈviˌpɒˀ]), a city in central Jutland, Denmark, is the capital of both Viborg municipality and Region Midtjylland. Viborg is also the seat of the Western High Court, the High Court for the Jutland peninsula. Viborg Municipality is the second-largest Danish municipality, covering 3.3% of the country's total land area.[2]

Viborg
View of Viborg and its monumental cathedral (Viborg Domkirke), as seen from the Søndersø lake.
View of Viborg and its monumental cathedral (Viborg Domkirke), as seen from the Søndersø lake.
Official seal of Viborg
Seal
Coat of arms of Viborg
Coat of arms
Viborg is located in Denmark
Viborg
Viborg
Location in Denmark
Coordinates: 56°27′12″N 09°24′07″E / 56.45333°N 9.40194°E / 56.45333; 9.40194
CountryDenmark
RegionMid Jutland (Midtjylland)
MunicipalityViborg
Earliest evidence8th century
Government
 • MayorUlrik Wilbek (Venstre)
Area
 • Urban
25.2 km2 (9.7 sq mi)
Elevation
51 m (167 ft)
Population
 (1 January 2020)[1]
 • Urban
40,778
 • Urban density1,600/km2 (4,200/sq mi)
 • Municipal
96,477
Demonym(s)Viborgenser
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
8800
Area code(s)(+45) 8
Websitewww.viborg.dk

HistoryEdit

Viborg is one of the oldest cities in Denmark, with Viking settlements dating back to the late 8th century.[3] Its central location gave the city great strategic importance, in political and religious matters, during the Middle Ages. A motte-and-bailey-type castle was once located in the city. Viborg takes its name from a combination of two Old Norse words: , meaning a holy place, and borg, meaning a fort.

SightsEdit

 
Viborg Cathedral

Viborg is famous for Viborg Cathedral. The construction of the cathedral started in 1130 and took about 50 years. The building has burned to the ground and been re-built several times. Only the crypt of the original cathedral is still preserved. The cathedral was and is the locus of cult of Saint Kjeld of Viborg who was dean of the cathedral chapter there and had a great shrine there in the Middle Ages. The newest parts of the church are from a restoration between 1864 and 1876.[4] The cathedral is famous for its many paintings by Danish painter Joakim Skovgaard, which depict stories from the Bible. Next to the cathedral is the Skovgaard museum, founded in 1937.[5]

Before the Protestant Reformation Viborg was the home of five monasteries,[6] about 12 parish churches, several chapels and of course the cathedral. The Black Friars' church dates from the 13th century.[4] Today only the cathedral and a few remains of the Franciscan and the Dominican monasteries are left.

SportsEdit

Since the 1990s, Viborg has had a reputation as one of Denmark's leading cities for sports. It started with the city's women's handball team (a popular sport in Denmark), which became one of Europe's top-5 clubs. Subsequently, both the men's handball team and most notably the professional football team established themselves at the top of the Danish leagues. From 1998 to 2008, Viborg FF was a constant member of the Danish Superliga, reaching an all-time high when winning the Danish cup in 2000.

Viborg hosts the annual Haervejsmarchen international two-day walking festival, which regularly attracts 8,000 participants, including many from outside Denmark. It includes marked routes of distances of up to 45 kilometres a day.[7] The walk is affiliated to the IML Walking Association.[8]

EducationEdit

 
Viborg Katedralskole

Viborg is home to a number of educational institutions, including Viborg Katedralskole (cathedral school). Denmark's oldest educational institution celebrated its 900th birthday in 2000. The school is believed to have been founded about 1060 - at the same time as the city became the seat of a bishop. The church needed to educate boys and young men to enter into the church's service, and to that purpose it created a school. Its current monumental home was built in 1926 to accommodate a larger number of students and later the school added a dormitory to house the many students from outer regions or islands not close to a gymnasium. Although this role is now basically obsolete, the dorm continues to be a popular solution for many students wanting to get away from home or for a small number of students from Greenland. Viborg Katedralskole is today one of four gymnasiums in Viborg.

Viborg is also home to The Animation Workshop, an art school based in a former army barracks on the outskirts of town. The school, which achieved official recognition from the Danish government in 2003, offers students a Bachelor of Arts in character animation.

For international parents Viborg also has an international school where all teaching is in English based on the Cambridge International examinations.

TransportationEdit

 
Front façade of Viborg station.

RailEdit

Viborg is served by Viborg railway station. It is located on the Langå-Struer railway line and offers direct InterCity services to Copenhagen and Struer and regional train services to Aarhus and Struer.

Notable peopleEdit

 
Vitus Bering

Public service and thinkingEdit

ArtsEdit

 
Gudrun Houlberg, 1916
 
Morten Lund, 2017

SportEdit

 
Finn Døssing, 2011

In popular cultureEdit

In the science fiction book The Corridors of Time by Poul Anderson, a Danish-American writer who did considerable research on Danish history, a large part of the plot takes place in 16th-century Viborg. The protagonist - an American time traveller from the 20th century - arrives in the city in 1535 and gets involved with the adherents of the overthrown King Christian II and of the peasant rebel leader Skipper Clement, who face savage persecution in the city.

Viborg is also the setting of "Number 13", a ghost story by the English writer M.R. James.

International relationsEdit

Twin towns — sister citiesEdit

Viborg is twinned with:

See alsoEdit

"Gymnasium" is the Danish equivalent of high school. It is not what English speakers call a gym, or place to work out. It offers a very rigorous education for college-bound students.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ BY3: Population 1 January, by urban areas The Mobile Statbank from Statistics Denmark
  2. ^ Viborg Kommune statistics Archived April 5, 2011, at the Wayback Machine
  3. ^ Viborg History
  4. ^ a b "Viborg" . Encyclopædia Britannica. 28 (11th ed.). 1911. p. 17.
  5. ^ Museum website[permanent dead link]
  6. ^ one for Augustinian canons and one for Augustinian nuns, a Franciscan friary, a Dominican priory and a preceptory of the Knights Hospitallers
  7. ^ "Haervejsmarchen website".
  8. ^ "IML Walking Association website".
  9. ^ IMDb Database retrieved 25 May 2020
  10. ^ IMDb Database retrieved 25 May 2020
  11. ^ IMDb Database retrieved 26 May 2020
  12. ^ IMDb Database retrieved 25 May 2020
  13. ^ IMDb Database retrieved 25 May 2020
  14. ^ IMDb Database retrieved 26 May 2020
  15. ^ "National Commission for Decentralised cooperation". Délégation pour l’Action Extérieure des Collectivités Territoriales (Ministère des Affaires étrangères) (in French). Archived from the original on 2013-11-27. Retrieved 2013-12-26.

External linksEdit

  •   Media related to Viborg at Wikimedia Commons
  •   Viborg travel guide from Wikivoyage

Coordinates: 56°26′N 9°24′E / 56.433°N 9.400°E / 56.433; 9.400