Sejong (Korean pronunciation: [se(ː).dʑoŋ]; Hangul: 세종; Hanja: 世宗), officially Sejong Special Self-Governing City (Hangul: 세종특별자치시; Hanja: 世宗特別自治市) and formerly known as Yeongi (연기, 燕岐) County is South Korea's central administrative city. In early 2007, the South Korean government created a special administrative district from parts of South Chungcheong Province and North Chungcheong Province provinces, near Daejeon, to relocate nine ministries and four national agencies from Seoul. The new offices opened on 2 July 2012, with 36 government agencies slated to move there by 2015.
|Special Self-Governing City|
|Sejong Special Self-Governing City|
|• Revised Romanization||Sejong Teukbyeol-jachisi|
|• McCune-Reischauer||Sechong T’ŭkpyŏl-chach’isi|
Map of South Korea with Sejong highlighted
|• Mayor||Lee Choon-hee (Democratic)|
|• Total||465.23 km2 (179.63 sq mi)|
|Population (November, 2017)|
The city was originally called Yeongi County (연기, 燕岐).
In 2003, former President Roh Moo-hyun of the Democratic Party (now Minjoo Party of Korea) sought to relocate the national capital of South Korea from the metropolitan city of Seoul to a new multifunctional administrative city in the centre of the country. The goal was to reduce the influence and dominance of Seoul on national governance and economics, whilst promoting the regional development of other areas of the country. According to former Home Administration Minister Maeng Hyung-gyu in 2012, “Sejong is a symbol of the country’s efforts toward more balanced regional development", helping to decongest Seoul and spur investment in the country’s central region.
In October 2004, the Constitutional Court dealt a setback to President Roh's plans, ruling that the capital must remain in Seoul in response to a complaint filed by the main opposition Grand National Party (now Liberty Korea Party). As such, the Roh administration was forced to modify the project to relocate the majority of ministries and government institutes to Sejong, which would become a special administrative city instead of a new capital. The revised plan was approved by the parliament in March 2005. Challenges to the new plan were rejected by the Constitutional Court in November 2005.
When the Conservative Grand National Party retook the presidential office in 2008, President Lee Myung-bak opposed the idea of moving government agencies, claiming that it would hurt the capital’s global competitiveness and result in inefficiency. Plans were made to make Sejong an industrial, science and education hub instead. This plan was opposed by many, including Roh’s allies and some members of the ruling Grand National Party, including Lee’s archrival and eventual successor Park Geun-hye. Defeat in the mid-2010 local elections forced Lee to present the proposal to the National Assembly, which voted them down.
As of 2014, 36 central government offices, including nine ministries, and 16 state-run organisations have moved into the city. However, the national assembly and many important government bodies are still in Seoul.
As of 2012 much of the city was under construction. The residential area, by 2012, had several high-rises built for transferees. At that time the residential area was cordoned off from much of the under-development governmental area and had some restaurants, six schools, and one grocery store.
The six haengjeong-dong and Jochiwon-eup is the city main urban center. Sejong is divided into 7 haengjeong-dong (administrative neighbourhood), 1 eup (town) and 9 myeon (townships).
|— Administrative Neighbourhoods —|
|— Towns —|
|— Townships —|
- There are no Hanja for Hansol, Dodam, Areum, Goeun, Boram, or Serom.
Population and demographicsEdit
The city aims to have a population of 200,000 at the end of 2012, 300,000 by 2020 and 500,000 by 2030.
Government and infrastructureEdit
The South Korean government plans to move 36 government ministries and agencies to Sejong City.
The Sejong Government Complex is located in Sejong City. The complex, on a 213,000-square-metre (2,290,000 sq ft) plot of land, has seven stories and one basement. Construction began in November 2011 in what was South Chungcheong Province, and the complex was completed on November 16, 2013. The ceremony to mark the movement of several government agencies to the complex occurred on December 23, 2013.
The Sejong Government Complex includes the head offices of the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport (MOLIT), the Ministry of Trade, Industry and Energy (MOTIE), the Ministry of Environment, the Ministry of Oceans and Fisheries, the Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism (MCST), the Ministry of Education, the Ministry of Strategy and Finance, the Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Rural Affairs (MAFRA), and the Ministry of Employment and Labor (MOEL).
Several MOLIT agencies, the Korea Office of Civil Aviation (KOCA), the Korean Maritime Safety Tribunal (KMST), and the Aviation and Railway Accident Investigation Board (ARAIB), have their headquarters in the Sejong Government Complex.
The Ministry of Health and Welfare is also located in Sejong City.
This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. (January 2014)
- KDI School of Public Policy and Management
- Hongik University
- Korea University Sejong Campus
- Global Consortium University
Senior high schools
Sejong is centrally located on Gyeongbu Line operated by Korail. It's a 90 minute journey on the Mugunghwa-ho to Seoul and trains run approximately every 30 minutes. Also just outside Jochiwon-eup limits in Osong, Cheongwon has a new KTX station Osong Station which is a KTX bullet train that frequently travels 300 km/h.
In popular cultureEdit
The 2015 tvN television series Let's Eat 2 is based in Sejong city.During the month of April, various Sejong Spring Festival festivals will be held in various places in the city such as cherry blossoms, peach blossoms, and flower arrangements. Open the 7th cherry blossom festival. On the 14th, we will hold the 'Daehwangang and Ewha Rangwang Hanmadang' on the theme of peach blossoms and flower blossoms. The 2018 Peace Spring Flower Festival of the Sejong Restoration Center will be held under the sponsorship of the Jochiwon, Peach Festival Promotion Committee. It was prepared as a five-sensory satisfaction program to enjoy and enjoy nature such as peach flower, pear flower, rape blossom, and to escape from the performance-oriented festival method.
- 세종특별자치시청. "한눈에보는 세종 >". www.sejong.go.kr.
- , p. 39.
- "South Korea opens 'mini capital' in Sejong City". BBC. 2012-02-07. Retrieved 2012-02-07.
- BBC NEWS: S Korea chooses new capital site
- "Sejong City to open Sunday". Korea Herald. Retrieved 24 June 2016.
- "Sejong City to Become Biz Hub, Not Gov't District".
- Harlan, Chico (Contributing: Yoonjung Seo) "With new Sejong City, South Korean government aims to rebalance power." Washington Post. August 17, 2012. Retrieved on December 31, 2013. "But critics — including President Lee Myung-bak, who did not attend a recent launch ceremony here — say it’s crazy to set parts of the administration 75 miles apart."
- Rahn, Kim. "Mini-capital Sejong City opens". The Korea Times. Retrieved July 2012. Check date values in:
- "Korea's new administrative center: Sejong City." (Archive) Korea.net. Korean Culture and Information Service (KOCIS, 해외문화홍보원). Retrieved on December 31, 2013.
- "Home" (English). Ministry of Environment. Retrieved on December 31, 2013. "Government Complex Sejong, 11, Doum6-Ro Sejong-City, 339-012, Republic of Korea"
- "Home." Ministry of Oceans and Fisheries. Retrieved on 2 January 2014. "(우)339-012 세종특별자치시 다솜2로 94 정부세종청사 5동 해양수산부"
- "Location." (Archive) Ministry of Education (South Korea). Retrieved on January 1, 2014. "Address : (339-012) 408 Galmae-ro, Sejong, Republic of Korea"
- "Location Archived 2013-12-31 at WebCite." (Archive) Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Rural Affairs. Retrieved on December 31, 2013. "Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Rural Affairs, 94 Dasom2-ro, Government Complex-Sejong, Sejong-si 339-012, Republic of Korea"
- "Location." (Archive) Ministry of Trade, Industry and Energy. Retrieved on January 1, 2014. "Adress [sic] : 402 Hannuri-daero, Sejong-si, 339-012, Republic of Korea"
- Kwon, Ji-youn (20 April 2015). "Let's Eat actors playing just the right roles". The Korea Times. Retrieved 2015-04-30.
- Lee, Min-ji (10 February 2015). "B2ST's Yoon Du Jun, Seo Hyun Jin, and More Begin Script Reading for Let's Eat 2". enewsWorld. Retrieved 2015-02-13.
- Hong, Soo Jung (23 January 2015). "Let′s Eat 2 Confirms Cast with B2ST′s Yoon Du Jun, Seo Hyun Jin and More". eNewsWorld. Retrieved 10 May 2016.
- "세종시 다양한 봄꽃축제". 충청일보.
- Kang, Jeongmuk. "A Study on the Future Sustainability of Sejong, South Korea’s Multifunctional Administrative City, Focusing on Implementation of Transit Oriented Development." (Master’s Thesis) (Archive) Uppsala University Department of Earth Sciences. Examensarbete i Hållbar Utveckling 93.
- Rahn, Kim. "Mini-capital Sejong City opens" (Archive). The Korea Times. July 1, 2012.
- Ser, Myo-ma and Chun In-sung. "Ministries to start Sejong City move" (Archive). Joongang Daily. December 12, 2013.
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