Long Thanh International Airport

Long Thanh International Airport (Vietnamese: Sân bay Quốc tế Long Thành) is an international airport currently under construction in Long Thành district, Đồng Nai province, Vietnam, approximately 40 km (25 mi) east of Ho Chi Minh City. The Vietnamese government approved its construction on January 4, 2021. Construction began the next day on January 5, 2021, and its first phase is scheduled to be finished by 2025.[2][3] The airport will serve over 100 million passengers annually when built to the maximum designed capacity. The project is the most expensive infrastructure project in Vietnam's history.[4] It will replace the existing Tan Son Nhat International Airport as the city's main airport.

Long Thanh International Airport

Sân bay Quốc tế Long Thành
Airport typePublic
OwnerGovernment of Vietnam
OperatorAirports Corporation of Vietnam (ACV)
ServesHo Chi Minh City
LocationBình Sơn, Long Thanh, Dong Nai, Vietnam
Hub forVietnam Airlines[1]
Elevation AMSLN/A m / N/A ft
Coordinates10°46′21.4″N 107°02′43″E / 10.772611°N 107.04528°E / 10.772611; 107.04528
Long Thanh International Airport is located in Vietnam
Long Thanh International Airport
Long Thanh International Airport
Direction Length Surface
m ft
N/A 4,000 13,123 Concrete
N/A 4,000 13,123 Concrete
N/A 4,000 13,123 Concrete
N/A 4,000 13,123 Concrete
The being-constructed Phase 1 projection with its associated facilities

Vietnam Airlines is suggested by the project consultants as the only Vietnamese carrier to operate flights from Long Thanh; other airlines will wholly stay at the older Tan Son Nhat Airport.[1]

The first phase of the project (with a capacity of 25 million passengers per year, one terminal, one 4000 m x 60 m runway) was officially approved by the Prime Minister of Vietnam on November 11, 2020, with completion planned in 2025.[5]

History Edit

Background Edit

Tan Son Nhat International Airport is the only international airport in the planned Ho Chi Minh City Metropolitan Area (covering 30,404 square kilometres (11,739 sq mi), with an estimated population of 20-22 million inhabitants by 2020, of which there will be 16 - 17 million urban inhabitants, accounting for 77 - 80% of total population).[6] Tan Son Nhat airport was built during the Vietnam War to support war transportation, hence its location inside the crowded Ho Chi Minh City where growth is limited. Due to location and safety issues, it is difficult to expand to meet the increasing annual growth of passengers. The maximum design capacity of Tan Son Nhat is 25 million passengers per annum but in 2016 it handled 32.5 million.[7][8]

The flow of international tourists to the South of Vietnam is increasing dramatically, by 15 to 20 percent annually. Promoting the domestic market (current population of 87 million, forecast of 100 million by 2020) by building a new airport that can adapt to future needs is necessary. Tan Son Nhat airport will serve the international and domestic flights until the completion of the new Long Thanh International Airport. The airport will be able to handle the world's biggest commercial aircraft.

Under current plans by the Vietnamese government, the Airports Corporation of Vietnam will be the main investor and operator of the airport.[9]

Construction Edit

Construction of the 28,500 resident Loc An - Binh Son resettlement area began in April 2020,[4] and by December 2020, mine clearance of the airport site started.[10] As of January 2021, soldiers have found several unexploded mortar shells at the site.[11] On March 30, 2022, construction of the terminal building started.[12]

Master Plan Edit

The Master Plan for Long Thanh International Airport was approved by the Prime Minister Phan Văn Khải in 2006 and several adjustments have been made through time. The project faced mixed public reaction for its expensive cost and far distance from the center of Ho Chi Minh City.[13]

Based on the demand of transportation, the investment will be divided in phases. The Southern Airports Corporation (a company under the Ministry of Transport (Vietnam)) is in charge of development of this project.

Phase 1 (2021 – 2025) Edit

The first phase is estimated to cost US$7.8 billion and will be divided into 3 sub-phases.[14]

Phase 1A (2021 – 2023) Edit

According to the original plan, the airport would handle 25 million passengers per year after this phase is completed; however, the proposed capacity was later lowered to 17 million passengers per year to reduce construction cost.[15] US$5.6 billion will be allocated to this phase. One terminal will be built along with a single runway.[16]

Phase 1B (2023 – 2025) Edit

Another runway will be built and increase the total capacity to 25 million passengers per annum.

Phase 1C (2025) Edit

The rest of necessary facilities will be built and land-clearance for future phases will be made. The airport will begin operating in 2025.

Phase 2 (2025 – 2035) Edit

The capacity will be doubled to 50 million passengers per annum and the third runway will be added when the phase is finished, which is scheduled to be in 2035.

Phase 3 (After 2035) Edit

The airport will reach its maximum designed capacity at 80-100 million passengers and 5 million tonnes of cargo per year. Four runways will be operational after the third phase.

Terminal Edit

Terminal 1 was designed by Korea-based[17] Heerim Architects, and is said to be shaped like a lotus flower, the national flower of Vietnam. The design was based on feedback from the Vietnamese public and experts.[18][19] The building will have a floor area of 399,987 m2 (4,305,420 sq ft) divided over four floors.[20][21]

Ground transportation Edit

Road Edit

The airport will be accessible via the National Highway 51 and Ho Chi Minh City–Long Thanh–Dau Giay Expressway, construction is expected be completed before the airport opens in 2025. A third road is planned east of the airport and will connect with the Dau Giay–Phan Thiet Expressway as part of the second phase of the airport plan from 2025. The airport will also be accessible via the future Bien Hoa-Vung Tau Expressway.[22]

Rail Edit

Light rail

A light rail line connecting the airport to Thu Thiem, just east of HCMC, is planned.[22] This line would be 38 km long.[23]

High-speed rail

A new high-speed railway service is proposed to be connected to the new airport as part of the Ho Chi Minh City–Nha Trang section of the North-South high-speed railway line. Airport planners propose a high-speed railway line be built to the airport as it will give passengers a more direct and efficient transit option to Ho Chi Minh City than by road which is already congested closer to the city centre.

See also Edit

References Edit

  1. ^ a b NLD.COM.VN (2018-10-23). "Vietnam Airlines là hãng hàng không nội duy nhất khai thác sân bay Long Thành?". Người lao động (in Vietnamese). Retrieved 2020-11-05.
  2. ^ "New airport in Dong Nai expected to open by 2020". Archived from the original on 2011-07-16. Retrieved 2011-03-10.
  3. ^ "Work on Long Thanh Airport can begin in May 2021: ACV - VnExpress International".
  4. ^ a b VietnamPlus (2020-07-28). "Dong Nai intensifies site clearance for Long Thanh Int'l Airport | Videos | Vietnam+ (VietnamPlus)". VietnamPlus. Retrieved 2020-12-08.
  5. ^ "Thủ tướng phê duyệt Dự án Sân bay Long Thành giai đoạn 1 trị giá 4,664 tỷ USD (PM approved the project first phase costed US $4.664 billion)". Vietnam Investment Review. 2020-11-12. Retrieved 2020-11-12.
  6. ^ "Planning for Saigon Metropolitan Area". Archived from the original on 2012-03-30. Retrieved 2011-08-15.
  7. ^ "Overcapacity And The Investment Capital Headache". Archived from the original on 2017-12-26. Retrieved 2011-08-15.
  8. ^ Long Thanh Airport on Dong Nai government official website
  9. ^ "Long Thanh airport will operate by 2025: transport minister". Vietnam News Agency (VNA). 25 October 2019. Retrieved 9 November 2019.
  10. ^ "Clearing bombs and mines, starting the project of Long Thanh airport in December -". 2020-12-07. Retrieved 2020-12-08.
  11. ^ "Phát hiện nhiều bom mìn tại mặt bằng sân bay Long Thành". zingnews.vn. 9 January 2021. Retrieved 2021-01-09.
  12. ^ "Work begins on passenger terminal of Long Thanh airport project". The Saigon Times. 2022-03-30. Retrieved 2022-03-31.
  13. ^ Kiên, Cường; Hoàng, Thư. "Ý kiến trái chiều trong việc xây sân bay Long Thành". vnexpress.net. VNExpress. Retrieved 19 September 2014.
  14. ^ "Gánh nặng 8 tỷ USD với dự án sân bay Long Thành". vnexpress.net. VNExpress. Retrieved 19 September 2014.
  15. ^ "Thu hẹp Sân bay Long Thành giai đoạn 1". vnexpress.net. VNExpress. Retrieved 19 September 2014.
  16. ^ "Sân bay Long Thành trông đợi vào ngân sách nhà nước". vnexpress.net. VNExpress. Retrieved 19 September 2014.
  17. ^ "Heerim Architects & Planners creates design solutions for future". South China Morning Post. 2020-04-19. Retrieved 2020-12-08.
  18. ^ "Long Thanh Airport lotus design criticised for high cost - News VietNamNet". english.vietnamnet.vn. Retrieved 2020-12-08.
  19. ^ "Vietnamese spirit in Long Thanh airport designs - Culture - Sport - Dong Nai Newspaper". baodongnai.com.vn. Retrieved 2020-12-08.
  20. ^ "Heerim Architects & Planners". www.heerim.com (in Korean). Retrieved 2020-12-08.
  21. ^ "Heerim Architects & Planners". www.heerim.com (in Korean). Retrieved 2020-12-08.
  22. ^ a b The Saigon Times Daily (9 October 2019). "ACV proposes two road projects for Long Thanh airport". Retrieved 9 November 2019.
  23. ^ Viet, Thuan (2022-03-30). "Light rail transit to link HCMC urban area with new airport". VnExpress International.

External links Edit