Moscow International Business Center
The Moscow International Business Center (MIBC) (Russian: Московский международный деловой центр, tr. Moskovskiy mezhdunarodniy delovoy tsentr), also known as “Moscow City” (Russian: «Москва-Сити», tr. "Moskva-Citi"), is a commercial district in central Moscow, Russia. Located east of the Third Ring Road in the Presnensky District of the Central Administrative Okrug, the MIBC is currently under development. Construction of the MIBC took place on the Presnenskaya Embankment next to the Moskva River, approximately 4 kilometers (2.5 mi) west of Red Square, and just east of the Third Ring Road. The project occupies an area of 60 hectares, with the territory chosen being the only area in central Moscow that can accommodate such a project.
|Moscow International Business Center|
Московский Международный Деловой Центр
|Alternative names||Moscow City|
|Location||Presnensky District, Moscow, Russia|
|Nearest metro station|| Mezhdunarodnaya|
Delovoy Tsentr (closed)
The MIBC is expected to become the first zone in Russia to combine business activity, living space and entertainment in one single development. The Moscow government first conceived the project in 1992. An estimated 250,000 – 300,000 people will be working in, living in, or visiting the complex at any given time. MIBC includes 6 skyscrapers with maximum height of 300 meters or more (Shanghai has 5, Hong Kong has 6, Chicago has 6, New York has 8). Europe's second tallest building, the Federation Tower, is in the MIBC. The complex also includes the third-tallest, fourth-tallest, sixth-tallest, seventh-tallest, and eighth-tallest buildings in Europe. By 2016 twelve of twenty-three planned facilities of MIBC were already built, seven buildings are in construction and four are in the design stage.
Before construction began, the area had been an old stone quarry where most of the buildings were old factories and industrial complexes that had been closed or abandoned. In order to manage the project, a public company, CITY, was created in 1992 in order to oversee the initial creation and development of Moscow City as well as its subsequent usage. CITY is also a general contractor and both landlord and leaser. Overall responsibility for the architectural planning and design of Moscow City belongs to the architectural studio No. 6, which is a part of the large Moscow practice Mosproject-2 named after Mikhail Vasilyevich Posokhin. This group, headed by Gennady Lvovich Sirota, who is officially the Chief Architect of Moscow City, is in charge of overseeing the design of the complex as a whole and agreeing the details of individual projects. Each building lot has its own investor and architect. By 2014 the volume of investments in Moscow City was approximately $12 billion.
|Completed||Designed height||Under construction||On hold||Presumably|
Table organized by complexEdit
Roof height, max height, and floors apply to the tallest building of the respective complex. Completion of construction applies to the building in each complex completed last.
|Plot number||Image||Name||Started||Completed||Buildings in complex||Roof height||Max height||Floors||Total area, m²||Notes|
|0||Tower 2000 and Bagration Bridge||1996||2001||1||104||104||34||61 057|||
|1||Multifunctional Complex||2018||2022||1||404||404||109||281 608||Will become the tallest building in Moscow|
|2||Evolution Tower||2011||2014||1||246||246||54||169 000|||
|4||Empire||2006||2018||2||239||239||59||287 723||Construction of Tower 2. Foundation work.|
|6||Central Core||2005||2019||1||50||50||6||450 000||Construction of a Cinema-Concert Hall|
|9||City of Capitals||2005||2009||3||302||302||76||288 680|||
|10||Naberezhnaya Tower||2003||2007||3||268||268||59||254 000|||
|12||Eurasia Tower||2007||2015||1||309||309||70||207 542|||
|13||Federation Towers||2003||2017||2||374||374||101||439 154||Vostok/East Tower is currently the second tallest building in Russia and Europe.|
|14||Mercury City Tower||2009||2013||1||339||339||75||158 528|||
|15||Grand Tower||2013||2019||1||283||283||50||315 282||Construction put on hold in 2013. There is only a tower crane on the site.|
|17||Neva Towers||2013||2019||2||338||338||77||357 000|||
|19||Northern Tower||2005||2007||1||108||132||27||135 000|
Table organized by individual buildingsEdit
|Plot number||Name||Started||Completed||Current height (m)||Roof height (m)||Max height (m)||Floors||Notes|
|4||Empire Stage 1||2006||2011||239||230||239||59|
|Empire Stage 2||2013||2018||0||53||14||Construction of Tower 2. Foundation work.|
|9||City of Capitals: Office building||2005||2008||70||17|
|City of Capitals: Saint Petersburg||2009||257||65|
|City of Capitals: Moscow||302||73|
|10||Naberezhnaya Tower A||2003||2004||85||17|
|Naberezhnaya Tower B||2004||2005||127||27|
|Naberezhnaya Tower C||2005||2007||268||59|
|11||IQ-quarter: Tower 1||2008||2017||85||22|
|IQ-quarter: Tower 2||141||32|
|IQ-quarter: Tower 3||173||42|
|13||Federation Towers: Zapad||2003||2008||242||63|
|Federation Towers: Vostok||2004||2017||374||95||The tallest completed building in Europe|
|14||Mercury City Tower||2009||2013||339||75|
|16||OKO: South Tower||2011||2015||354||85|
|OKO: North Tower||245||49|
|17–18||Neva Tower 1||2013||2019||202||337||77||The construction of the 49th floor (on 18 October 2017)|
|Neva Tower 2||0||290||63||Zero level (on 18 October 2017)|
Established in the spring of 1992, the PJSC City Company manages the creation and development of the MIBC. On December 30, 1994, the Government of Moscow authorized PJSC City to act as the managing company for the MIBC and to negotiate with third parties to help develop the MIBC. As of February 2014, the company is owned by the Solvers Group led by Oleg Malis.
To correspond with the growing MIBC, new highways and interchanges were built to connect the MIBC with the main transport arteries of the city. These projects include the ten-lane Dorogomilovsky Bridge of the Third Ring Road over the Moskva River, the Third Ring Road interchange with Kutuzovsky Avenue, and the extension of the Presnenskaya Embankment. Existing roads were reconstructed and rearranged.
Major thoroughfares that connect to the MIBC are the Third Ring Road, 3rd Magistralnaya street, and the Presnenskaya Embankment.
The MIBC is served by several metro stations, two of which are named Delovoy Tsentr (Russian for business district). Stations Vystavochnaya (formerly known as Delovoy Tsentr) and Mezhdunarodnaya opened on the Filyovskaya Line in 2005 and 2006 respectively, Delovoy Tsentr on the Kalininsko-Solntsevskaya Line in 2014, and a second Delovoy Tsentr on the Bolshaya Koltsevaya line in 2017.
The MIBC in addition is served by Moscow Central Circle with the station also named Delovoy Tsentr which opened in 2016. There are also plans to install a high-speed rail system between the MIBC and Sheremetyevo International Airport.
- On April 2, 2012, a fire occurred on the 67th floor of Federation Tower East/Vostok while it was under construction. 25 fire-fighting units and 4 helicopters of the Moscow Aviation Center responded and took four hours to extinguish the fire. Nobody was injured.
- On January 25, 2013, a fire occurred on the 24th floor of one of the skyscrapers at the OKO complex while it was under construction.
- On January 12, 2014, a fire occurred on the 15th floor of a 17-story building on Testovaya Street while it was under construction. The fire was extinguished and nobody was injured.
- On July 9, 2014, a fire occurred on Evolution Tower. The fire was extinguished and nobody was injured.
- On 18:45 on August 31, 2015, a fire occurred on the 33rd floor of Federation Tower East/Vostok due to the ignition of construction materials.
- On April 13, 2016, a worker fell to his death on the Naberezhnaya Tower, presumably from the hundredth floor.
- On June 18, 2017, roofer Sergey Delyashov climbed on Eurasia/Steel Peak and was later rescued.
Other commercial districts in Russia:
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