Moscow International Business Center

The Moscow International Business Center (MIBC) (Russian: Московский международный деловой центр, tr. Moskovskiy mezhdunarodniy delovoy tsentr), also known as Moscow-City, (Russian: Москва-Сити, tr. Moskva-Siti),[1][2] is a commercial development located just east of the Third Ring Road at the western edge of the Presnensky District in the Central Administrative Okrug of the city of Moscow, Russia. As of 2019 the MIBC is still under development. Construction of the MIBC takes place on the Presnenskaya Embankment of the Moskva River, approximately 4 kilometers (2.5 mi) west of Red Square, overlooked by the Third Ring Road. The project occupies an area of 60 hectares.[3]

Moscow International Business Center
Московский Международный Деловой Центр
Moscow International Business Center-1.jpg
Alternative namesMoskva-Citi
General information
LocationPresnensky District, Central Administrative Okrug, Moscow, Russia
ManagementPJSC City
Nearest metro station#4 Filyovskaya line Mezhdunarodnaya
#4 Filyovskaya line Vystavochnaya
#8A Solntsevskaya line Delovoy Tsentr (closed)
#11 Bolshaya Koltsevaya line Delovoy Tsentr
#14 Moscow Central Circle Delovoy Tsentr

The Moscow government first conceived the project in 1992, as a mixed development of office, residential, retail and entertainment facilities.[4] An estimated 250,000 – 300,000 people will be working in, living in, or visiting the complex at any given time.[3] MIBC includes 6 skyscrapers with maximum height of 300 meters or more (Shanghai has 5, Hong Kong has 6, Chicago has 6). Europe's second tallest building, the Federation Tower, is in the MIBC. The complex also includes the third-tallest, fourth-tallest, sixth-tallest, seventh-tallest, and eighth-tallest buildings in Europe. By 2016, twelve of twenty-three planned facilities of MIBC were already built, seven buildings are in construction and four are in the design stage.[5]

General descriptionEdit

HistoryEdit

Before construction began, the area had been a stone quarry and industrial zone, where most of the buildings were old factories that had been closed or abandoned. A public company, CITY, was created in 1992, to oversee the initial creation and development of Moscow City as well as its subsequent usage. CITY is also a general contractor and both landlord and lessor. Overall responsibility for the architectural planning and design of Moscow City belongs to the architectural studio No. 6, which is a part of the large Moscow practice Mosproject-2 named after Mikhail Vasilyevich Posokhin. This group, headed by Gennady Lvovich Sirota, who is officially the Chief Architect of Moskva-Citi, is in charge of overseeing the design of the complex as a whole and agreeing the details of individual projects. Each building lot has its own investor and architect. By 2014 the volume of investments in Moskva-Citi was approximately $12 billion.[6]

ManagementEdit

Established in the spring of 1992, the PJSC City Company manages the creation and development of the MIBC. On 30 December 1994, the Government of Moscow authorized PJSC City to act as the managing company for the MIBC and to negotiate with third parties to help develop the MIBC. As of February 2014, the company was owned by the Solvers Group, led by Oleg Malis.[7][8]

CityscapeEdit

February 2019

BuildingsEdit

Current status of construction
Completed Topped out Under construction On hold Presumably

List of building complexesEdit

Roof height, max height, and floors apply to the tallest building of the respective complex. Completion of construction applies to the building in each complex completed last.

Plot number Name Started Completed Buildings in complex Roof height Max height Floors Total area, m² Notes
0 Tower 2000 and Bagration Bridge 1996 2001 1 104 104 34 61 057 [4][9]
1 One Tower 2019 2024 1 405 405 101 281 608 Once completed, it will become the tallest building in Moscow.[10][11]
2 Evolution Tower 2011 2014 1 246 246 55 169 000 [12][13][14]
3
4 Imperia Tower 2006 2018 2 239 239 59 287 723 Construction of Tower 2. Foundation work.[15][16][17][18]
5 Expocentre 1977 1978 8 15 15 10 165 000
6 Central Core 2005 2022 1 50 50 6 450 000 [19][20][21]
7
8
9 City of Capitals 2005 2009 3 302[22] 302 76 288 680 [23]
10 Naberezhnaya Tower 2003 2007 3 268[24] 268 59 254 000 [25][26][27][28][29]
11 IQ-quarter 2008 2017 3 169[30] 169 42 228 000 [31][32][33][34]
12 Eurasia Tower 2007 2015 1 309 309 70 207 542 [35][36]
13 Federation Tower 2003 2017 2 374[37] 374 101 439 154 Vostok/East Tower is currently the tallest building in Moscow.
14 Mercury City Tower 2009 2013 1 339 339 75 158 528 [38][39][39][40][41]
15 Grand Tower 2013 2022 1 283 283 50 315 282 Construction was put on hold in 2013 and resumed in 2019.[42]
16 OKO 2011 2015 3 354 354 85 429 600 [43][44][45][46][47][48]
17 Neva Towers 2013 2020 2 345 345 79 357 000 [49][50][51]
18
19 Northern Tower 2005 2007 1 108 132 27 135 000

Building galleryEdit

TransportEdit

PedestrianEdit

The Bagration Bridge is a pedestrian bridge that goes over the Moskva River. It connects Tower 2000 and the rest of the MIBC complex.

RoadEdit

Major thoroughfares that connect to the MIBC are the Third Ring Road, 3rd Magistralnaya street, and the Presnenskaya Embankment.

To correspond with the growing MIBC, new highways and interchanges were built to connect the MIBC with the main transport arteries of the city. These projects include the ten-lane Dorogomilovsky Bridge of the Third Ring Road over the Moskva River, the Third Ring Road interchange with Kutuzovsky Avenue, and the extension of the Presnenskaya Embankment. Existing roads were reconstructed and rearranged.

Rapid transitEdit

The MIBC is served by two metro lines, and three stations, and was for a time served by a further station and line. Two of the stations are named Delovoy Tsentr (Russian for "business center"). Vystavochnaya (formerly known as Delovoy Tsentr) and Mezhdunarodnaya are on the Filyovskaya line, while Delovoy Tsentr is on the incomplete Bolshaya Koltsevaya line. The first Delovoy Tsentr was on Kalininsko-Solntsevskaya line since 2014, but was closed after four years operation, pending further development of the line.

The MIBC in addition is served by the Moscow Central Circle urban rail, with a station also named Delovoy Tsentr which opened in 2016. There are also plans to install a high-speed rail system between the MIBC and Sheremetyevo International Airport.[citation needed]

AccidentsEdit

 
Fire on the 67th floor of Vostok of the Federation Towers (2 April 2012).
  • On 2 April 2012, a fire occurred on the 67th floor of Federation Tower East/Vostok while it was under construction. 25 fire-fighting units and 4 helicopters of the Moscow Aviation Center responded and took four hours to extinguish the fire. Nobody was injured.[52]
  • On 25 January 2013, a fire occurred on the 24th floor of one of the skyscrapers at the OKO complex while it was under construction.[53]
  • On 12 January 2014, a fire occurred on the 15th floor of a 17-story building on Testovaya Street while it was under construction. The fire was extinguished and nobody was injured.[54]
  • On 9 July 2014, a fire occurred on Evolution Tower. The fire was extinguished and nobody was injured.[55]
  • On 18:45 on 31 August 2015, a fire occurred on the 33rd floor of Federation Tower East/Vostok due to the ignition of construction materials.[56]
  • On 13 April 2016, a worker fell to his death on the Naberezhnaya Tower, presumably from the hundredth floor.[57]
  • On 18 June 2017, roofer Sergey Delyashov climbed on Eurasia/Steel Peak and was later rescued.[58]

See alsoEdit

Other commercial districts in Russia:

Building comparisons:

ReferencesEdit

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  2. ^ "Construction World: Integrated Body For Urban Design Policy And Development of Moscow". Stroi.ru. Archived from the original on 15 October 2007. Retrieved 25 September 2010.
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  4. ^ a b "Moscow International Business Centre (MIBC), Moscow". Design Build Network. Retrieved 25 September 2010.
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  6. ^ Ведомости (18 March 2014). "Анатомия проекта: 25 лет спустя".
  7. ^ Ведомости (16 June 2014). ""Последние, кого здесь ждали, - люди, которые придут наводить порядок", - Олег Малис, управляющий партнер группы Solvers". Retrieved 24 March 2018.
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  30. ^ Height of Tower 3
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External linksEdit