List of tallest buildings in Moscow

Moscow, the capital and largest city of Russia, is home to 12,719 completed high-rises,[1] 22 of which stand taller than 183 metres (600 ft). The tallest building in the city is the 101-story East Tower of the Federation Tower complex, which rises 374 metres (1,227 ft) in the Moscow International Business Center (MIBC) and was completed in 2016.[2][3] The Federation Tower was the tallest building in Europe upon its completion, and remained the tallest building until 5 October 2017 when it was surpassed by the Lakhta Center in Saint Petersburg, Russia.[4] The second, third, and fourth-tallest buildings in Moscow are the South Tower of OKO, Neva Towers 2, and the Mercury City Tower, respectively, with OKO and Mercury City Tower also held the position of the tallest building in Europe.[5][6] As of January 2021, Moscow had 50 buildings at least 500 feet (152 m) tall.[7]

The MIBC skyline in May 2018
Tallest buildings in Moscow (pre-2019)

The first skyscrapers to be completed in Moscow are the Stalinist-style Seven Sisters, designed between 1947 and 1953.[8] Among them, the Kotelnicheskaya Embankment Building and the main building of Moscow State University became the tallest buildings in Europe respectively, from 1952 to 1990, when it was surpassed by the Messeturm in Frankfurt, Germany.[9][10] In 1992, the Moscow government conceived the MIBC as a new business district for the city, and would culminate in becoming the center where many of Europe's tallest buildings would be built.[11] In 2005, the Triumph Palace (not in the MIBC) surpassed the Commerzbank Tower in Frankfurt as the tallest building in Europe until almost two years later.[12][13] From 2007 to 2017, skyscrapers based in the MIBC would continuously succeed each other as the tallest building in Europe (with the exception of The Shard based in London, United Kingdom from 2011 to 2012).

Several new skyscrapers that were completed since 2017 include the Neva Towers and Nebo.[14] Skyscrapers that are under construction as of January 2021 include the Capital Towers and the Grand Tower, as well as the One Tower, which is set to become the city's tallest building.[15]

Tallest buildingsEdit

This list ranks Moscow skyscrapers that stand at least 153 metres (502 ft) tall, based on standard height measurement. This height includes spires and architectural details but does not include antenna masts. An equal sign (=) following a rank indicates the same height between two or more buildings; they are listed in order of floor count, then alphabetically.

Rank Name Image Height

m / ft

Floors Year Notes
1 Federation Tower, East Tower 374 / 1,227 101 2016 Also known as Vostok (Russian for 'East'); 2nd-tallest building in Russia and Europe, 53rd-tallest building in the world; tallest building in Europe from 2016 until 2017; surpassed by the Lakhta Center in St. Petersburg.[2][16][17]
2 OKO, South Tower 354.1 / 1,161 85 2015 3rd-tallest building in Russia and Europe; the tallest building in Europe from 2014 to 2016, surpassed by the neighboring Federation Tower.[18][19][20]
3 Neva Towers 2 345 / 1,132 79 2019 4th-tallest building in Russia and Europe.[21][22][23]
4 Mercury City Tower 338.9 / 1,112 75 2013 5th-tallest building in Russia and Europe; the tallest building in Europe from 2013 to 2014, surpassed by OKO.[24][25][26]
5 Eurasia 308.9 / 1,014 67 2015 Also known as Steel Peak.[27][28][29]
6 Neva Towers 1 302 / 991 79 2020 [30][31][32]
7 City of Capitals, Moscow Tower 301.6 / 989 76 2010 Tallest building in Europe from 2010 to 2011; surpassed by The Shard in London, United Kingdom.
8 Naberezhnaya Tower, Block C 268.4 / 881 61 2007 Tallest building in Europe from 2007 to 2010; surpassed by the City of Capitals.
9 Triumph Palace 264.1 / 867 57 2005 Tallest building in Europe from 2005 to 2007; surpassed by Naberezhnaya Tower.
10 City of Capitals, St. Petersburg Tower 256.9 / 843 65 2010
11 Evolution Tower 245.9 / 807 55 2015
12 OKO, North Tower 244.9 / 803 49 2014
13 Federation Tower, West Tower 242.4 / 795 62 2008
14 Main building of Moscow State University 240 / 787 36 1953
15 Imperia Tower 238.6 / 783 60 2011
16 House on Mosfilmovskaya 213.3 / 700 54 2011
17 Hotel Ukraina 206 / 676 34 1957 [33]
18= Tricolor, Tower A 192.1 / 630 58 2014 [34]
18= Tricolor, Tower B 192.1 / 630 58 2015 [35]
20 Continental 191.1 / 627 48 2011 [36]
21 D1: Kingchess Tower 191 / 627 59 2020
22 Sparrow Hills, Tower 2 188.2 / 617 49 2004 [37]
23= Edelweiss 176 / 577 43 2003 [38]
23= Nebo: Tower 1 176 / 577 53 2020
23= Nebo: Tower 2 176 / 577 53 2020
23= Nebo: Tower 3 176 / 577 53 2020
27 Scarlet Sails, Block IV 175.6 / 576 48 2003 [39]
28 Headliner 1 174.9 / 574 53 2019 [40]
29 Kotelnicheskaya Embankment Building 174 / 571 33 1952 [41]
30 Ministry of Foreign Affairs 172 / 564 27 1953 [42]
31 Nordstar Tower 171.5 / 563 42 2009 [43]
32 Sberbank City, Tower B 167.6 / 550 41 2015 [44]
33 IQ-quarter, Tower 2 167 / 548 39 2016 [45]
34 Oruzheyniy 165 / 541 28 2014
35 WellHouse na Leninskom 162 / 531 46 2010 [46]
36 Swissôtel Krasnye Holmy 161.8 / 531 35 2005 [47]
37 Kudrinskaya Square Building 160 / 525 25 1954 [48]
38= Presnya City: Tower 1 156 / 512 44 2018
38= Presnya City: Tower 2 156 / 512 44 2018
38= Presnya City: Tower 3 156 / 512 44 2018
41= Savyolovskiy City: Ellington Tower 155.6 / 510 47 2017
41= Savyolovskiy City: Coltrane Tower 155.6 / 510 47 2017
41= Savyolovskiy City: Armstrong Tower 155.6 / 510 47 2017
44= Sparrow Hills, Tower 1 155 / 509 44 2004 [49]
44= Sparrow Hills, Tower 3 155 / 509 44 2004 [50]
44= Avenue 77 A 155 / 509 43 2008 [51]
44= Avenue 77 B 155 / 509 43 2008 [52]
44= Avenue 77 C 155 / 509 43 2008 [53]
49 Dirigible 153 / 502 40 2012 [54]
50 Zagorye 152.7 / 501 46 2013 [55]

Tallest under constructionEdit

This lists buildings that are under construction in Moscow and are planned to rise at least 120 metres (394 ft). Any buildings that have been topped out but are not completed are also included.

Name Height
m / ft
Floors Year Notes
One Tower 405 / 1,330 108 2024 Construction started in 2019.
National Space Center 288 / 945 (Spire included) N/A 2023 Construction started in 2019. [56]
Grand Tower 283 / 928 50 2022 Construction started in 2013.[57]
Capital Towers 1 266 / 873 61 2020 Construction started in 2017.[58]
Capital Tower 2 266 / 873 61 2020 Construction started in 2017.[59]
Capital Towers 3 266 / 873 61 2020 Construction started in 2017.[60]
iCity Tower 257 / 843 52 2023 Construction started in 2020. [61]
Wellton Towers A 195 / 640 58 2021 Construction started in 2018.[62]
D1 A 191 / 626 60 2021 Construction started in 2018.[63]
Wellton Towers B 179 / 587 53 2021 Construction started in 2018.[62]
Headliner 2 174.9 / 574 53 2022 Construction started in 2019.[40]
Alcon Tower 168 / 551 36 2022 Construction started in 2019[64]
Paveletskaya City: Marlon 165 / 541 46 2022 Construction started in 2019.[65]
Paveletskaya City: Frenk 165 / 541 46 2022 Construction started in 2019.[65]
Wellton Towers C 162 / 531 48 2021 Construction started in 2018.[62]
Hide Towers: RiverSide Tower 151.7 / 498 43 2023 Construction started in 2020.[66]
Hide Towers: ParkLane Tower 151.7 / 498 43 2023 Construction started in 2020.[66]
Hide Towers: WestDale Tower 151.7 / 498 43 2023 Construction started in 2020.[66]
Serdtse Stolitsy 129 / 423 37 2018 Construction started in 2014.[67]
Akadem-Palace 3 120.7 / 396 32 [68]
Radisson SAS Olympisky 120.4 / 395 33 Construction started in 2008. Structurally topped out.[69]

Timeline of tallest buildingsEdit

This is a list of buildings that once held the title of tallest building in Moscow.

Name Years as tallest Height
m / ft
Floors Notes
Kotelnicheskaya Embankment Building 1952–1953 174 / 571 33 [41]
Main building of Moscow State University 1953–2005 240 / 787 36 [70]
Triumph Palace 2005–2007 264.1 / 867 57 [71]
Naberezhnaya Tower, Block C 2007–2010 268.4 / 881 61 [72]
City of Capitals, Moscow Tower 2010–2013 301.6 / 989 76 [73]
Mercury City Tower 2013–2015 338.9 / 1,112 75 [74]
OKO, South Tower 2015–2016 354.1 / 1,161 85 [18]
Federation Tower, East Tower 2016–present 374 / 1,227 101 [16]

See alsoEdit

List of tallest structures built in the Soviet Union

NotesEdit

A. ^ This structure is not a habitable building but is included in this list for comparative purposes. Per a ruling by the Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat, freestanding observation towers, chimneys or masts are not considered to be buildings, as they are not fully habitable structures.

ReferencesEdit

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