Swimming at the Summer Olympics

Swimming has been a sport at every modern Summer Olympics. It has been open to women since 1912. Swimming has the second-highest number of Olympic medal contested events after athletics.

Swimming at the Summer Olympics
Swimming pictogram.svg
IOC Discipline CodeSWM, OWS (Marathon Swimming)
Governing bodyFINA
Events37 (men: 18; women: 18; mixed: 1)
Games

SummaryEdit

Games Year Events Best Nation
1 1896 4   Hungary
2 1900 7   Great Britain
3 1904 9   Germany
4 1908 6   Great Britain
5 1912 9   Germany
6
7 1920 10   United States
8 1924 11   United States
9 1928 11   United States
10 1932 11   Japan
11 1936 11   Japan
12
13
14 1948 11   United States
15 1952 11   United States
16 1956 13   Australia
Games Year Events Best Nation
17 1960 15   United States
18 1964 18   United States
19 1968 29   United States
20 1972 29   United States
21 1976 26   United States
22 1980 26   East Germany
23 1984 29   United States
24 1988 31   East Germany
25 1992 31   United States
26 1996 32   United States
27 2000 32   United States
28 2004 32   United States
29 2008 34   United States
30 2012 34   United States
31 2016 34   United States
32 2020 37   United States

Long course swimmingEdit

Men's eventsEdit

Current program
Event 96 00 04 08 12 20 24 28 32 36 48 52 56 60 64 68 72 76 80 84 88 92 96 00 04 08 12 16 20 Years
50 metres freestyle X[1] X X X X X X X X X 10
100 metres freestyle X X[1] X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 28
200 metres freestyle (details) X X[1] X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 16
400 metres freestyle X[1] X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 27
800 metre freestyle X[1] X 2
1500 metre freestyle X[1] X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 27
100 metre backstroke X[1] X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 26
200 metre backstroke X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 16
100 metre breaststroke X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 14
200 metre breaststroke X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 26
100 metre butterfly X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 14
200 metre butterfly X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 17
200 metre individual medley X X X X X X X X X X X X 12
400 metre individual medley X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 15
4 × 100 metre freestyle relay X X X X X X X X X X X X X 13
4 × 200 metre freestyle relay X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 26
4 × 100 metre medley relay X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 16
Past events
Event 96 00 04 08 12 20 24 28 32 36 48 52 56 60 64 68 72 76 80 84 88 92 96 00 04 08 12 16 20 Years
500 metre freestyle X 1
1000 metre freestyle X 1
1200 metre freestyle X 1
4000 metre freestyle X 1
400 metre breaststroke X[1] X X 3
4 × 50 yard freestyle relay X[1] 1
200 metre team swimming X 1
200 metre obstacle event X 1
Underwater swimming X 1
100 metre freestyle for sailors X 1
Events 4 7 9 6 7 7 6 6 6 6 6 6 7 8 10 15 15 13 13 15 16 16 16 16 16 17 17 17 18

Women's eventsEdit

Current program
Event 96 00 04 08 12 20 24 28 32 36 48 52 56 60 64 68 72 76 80 84 88 92 96 00 04 08 12 16 20 Years
50 metre freestyle X X X X X X X X X 9
100 metre freestyle X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 25
200 metre freestyle (details) X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 14
400 metre freestyle X[2] X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 24
800 metre freestyle X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 14
1500 metre freestyle X 1
100 metre backstroke X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 23
200 metre backstroke X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 14
100 metre breaststroke X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 14
200 metre breaststroke X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 23
100 metre butterfly X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 17
200 metre butterfly X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 14
200 metre individual medley X X X X X X X X X X X X 12
400 metre individual medley X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 15
4 × 100 metre freestyle relay X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 25
4 × 200 metre freestyle relay X X X X X X X 7
4 × 100 metre medley relay X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 16
Events 2 3 5 5 5 5 5 5 6 7 8 14 14 13 13 14 15 15 16 16 16 17 17 17 18

Mixed eventsEdit

Current program
Event 96 00 04 08 12 20 24 28 32 36 48 52 56 60 64 68 72 76 80 84 88 92 96 00 04 08 12 16 20 Years
4 × 100 metre medley relay X 1
Events 1

Medal tableEdit

Last updated after the 2020 Summer Olympics[3]

RankNationGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1  United States (USA)257178143578
2  Australia (AUS)697073212
3  East Germany (GDR)38322292
4  Hungary (HUN)28262074
5  Japan (JPN)24273283
6  Great Britain (GBR)20293079
7  Netherlands (NED)19201958
8  China (CHN)16211249
9  Germany (GER)13183061
10  Soviet Union (URS)12212659
11  Canada (CAN)9182754
12  Sweden (SWE)9161439
13  France (FRA)8161943
14  South Africa (RSA)77620
15  Unified Team (EUN)63110
16  Italy (ITA)561526
17  Russia (RUS)49922
18  Ukraine (UKR)4329
19  West Germany (FRG)351422
20  Denmark (DEN)35715
21  Romania (ROU)3249
22  Ireland (IRL)3014
23  Zimbabwe (ZIM)2417
24  Australasia (ANZ)2338
25  Spain (ESP)2248
26  ROC2215
27  New Zealand (NZL)2136
28  Tunisia (TUN)2013
29  Austria (AUT)16512
30  United Team of Germany (EUA)15612
31  Brazil (BRA)141015
32  Greece (GRE)1326
  Poland (POL)1326
34  South Korea (KOR)1304
35  Belgium (BEL)1225
36  Costa Rica (CRC)1124
37  Argentina (ARG)1113
  Bulgaria (BUL)1113
39  Yugoslavia (YUG)1102
40  Mexico (MEX)1012
  Suriname (SUR)1012
42  Kazakhstan (KAZ)1001
  Lithuania (LTU)1001
  Singapore (SIN)1001
45  Belarus (BLR)0213
46  Hong Kong (HKG)0202
  Slovakia (SVK)0202
48  Finland (FIN)0145
49  Cuba (CUB)0112
  Norway (NOR)0112
51  Croatia (CRO)0101
  Serbia (SRB)0101
  Slovenia (SLO)0101
54  Switzerland (SUI)0033
55  Philippines (PHI)0022
56  Trinidad and Tobago (TRI)0011
  Venezuela (VEN)0011
Totals (57 nations)5885865861760

Marathon swimmingEdit

EventsEdit

Event 96 00 04 08 12 20 24 28 32 36 48 52 56 60 64 68 72 76 80 84 88 92 96 00 04 08 12 16 20 Years
Men's 10 km X X X X 4
Women's 10 km X X X X 4
Events 2 2 2 2

Medal tableEdit

Last updated after the 2020 Summer Olympics[4]

RankNationGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1  Netherlands (NED)3104
2  Germany (GER)1113
3  Hungary (HUN)1102
4  Brazil (BRA)1012
5  Russia (RUS)1001
  Tunisia (TUN)1001
7  Great Britain (GBR)0213
8  Italy (ITA)0123
9  Greece (GRE)0101
  United States (USA)0101
11  Australia (AUS)0011
  Canada (CAN)0011
  France (FRA)0011
Totals (13 nations)88824

Overall medal tableEdit

Last updated after the 2020 Summer Olympics

RankNationGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1  United States257179143579
2  Australia697074213
3  East Germany (GDR)38322292
4  Hungary29272076
5  Japan24273283
6  Netherlands22211962
7  Great Britain20313182
8  China16211249
9  Germany14193164
10  Soviet Union (URS)12212659
11  Canada9182855
12  Sweden9161439
13  France8162044
14  South Africa77620
15  Unified Team (EUN)63110
16  Russia59923
17  Italy571729
18  Ukraine4329
19  West Germany (FRG)351422
20  Denmark35715
21  Romania3249
22  Ireland3014
  Tunisia3014
24  Brazil241117
25  Zimbabwe2417
26  Australasia (ANZ)2338
27  Spain2248
28  ROC2215
29  New Zealand2136
30  Austria16512
31  United Team of Germany (EUA)15612
32  Greece1427
33  Poland1326
34  South Korea1304
35  Belgium1225
36  Costa Rica1124
37  Argentina1113
  Bulgaria1113
39  Yugoslavia (YUG)1102
40  Mexico1012
  Suriname1012
42  Kazakhstan1001
  Lithuania1001
  Singapore1001
45  Belarus0213
46  Hong Kong0202
  Slovakia0202
48  Finland0145
49  Cuba0112
  Norway0112
51  Croatia0101
  Serbia0101
  Slovenia0101
54  Switzerland0033
55  Philippines0022
56  Trinidad and Tobago0011
  Venezuela0011
Totals (57 nations)5965945941784

NationsEdit

Nation 96 00 04 08 12 20 24 28 32 36 48 52 56 60 64 68 72 76 80 84 88 92 96 00 04 08 12 16 20 Years
  Albania (ALB) 1 2 2 2 2 5
  Algeria (ALG) 5 1 1 3 6 5 1 1 8
  American Samoa (ASA) 2 2 2
  Andorra (AND) 1 2 2 1 2 2 6
  Angola (ANG) 5 8 3 1 2 1 2 2 2 9
  Antigua and Barbuda (ANT) 2 1 2 3
  Argentina (ARG) 4 4 5 1 17 7 3 7 8 4 5 6 2 3 7 13 10 11 4 5 20
  Armenia (ARM) 1 2 1 1 2 2 6
  Aruba (ARU) 2 1 2 2 4
  Australasia (ANZ) 5 9 2
  Australia (AUS) 1 6 5 5 5 5 10 10 26 26 32 24 24 28 17 31 25 33 33 44 41 43 47 39 24
  Austria (AUT) 2 3 1 1 8 3 8 2 3 10 7 3 2 1 5 6 6 2 4 8 6 12 11 6 24
  Azerbaijan (AZE) 1 2 4 12 2 2 6
  Bahamas (BAH) 2 2 1 2 1 4 4 4 1 3 10
  Bahrain (BRN) 2 2 2 2 2 1 6
  Bangladesh (BAN) 2 1 1 2 2 2 1 2 8
  Barbados (BAR) 1 1 1 2 3 4 4 1 2 9
  Belarus (BLR) 10 9 9 8 8 8 6
  Belgium (BEL) 1 7 5 12 6 5 6 10 6 3 2 6 4 10 7 4 7 7 4 9 7 13 10 23
  Benin (BEN) 2 2 2 3
  Bermuda (BER) 5 5 2 1 1 6 1 1 2 1 2 11
  Bolivia (BOL) 1 1 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 9
  Bosnia and Herzegovina (BIH) 2 2 2 1 1 2 2 7
  Botswana (BOT) 2 2 2
  Brazil (BRA) 2 8 16 13 12 4 5 4 4 12 9 9 7 15 9 10 13 23 25 19 36 21
  British Virgin Islands (IVB) 1 1
  Brunei (BRU) 1 1
  Bulgaria (BUL) 3 3 5 13 8 5 1 6 6 4 4 3 12
  Burkina Faso (BUR) 1 2 2 2 4
  Burundi (BDI) 2 1 2 2 4
  Cambodia (CAM) 4 2 2 2 2 2 2 7
  Cameroon (CMR) 1 2 2 3
  Canada (CAN) 1 1 3 2 6 14 14 9 9 8 8 12 15 38 38 37 31 29 27 39 20 27 33 30 24
  Cayman Islands (CAY) 3 2 2 2 4
  Central African Republic (CAF) 1 2 2
  Chile (CHI) 4 4 1 1 2 3 2 1 2 9
  China (CHN) 2 1 1 14 24 16 21 21 28 42 51 45 12
  Chinese Taipei (TPE) 1 4 3 5 8 8 13 13 5 3 2 11
  Colombia (COL) 2 3 1 9 4 5 2 1 1 1 5 5 3 5 3 4 16
  Comoros (COM) 1 1 2 3
  Republic of the Congo (CGO) 1 2 2 2 1 2 2 7
  Cook Islands (COK) 1 2 2 2
  Costa Rica (CRC) 1 1 2 1 8 1 3 2 1 2 2 1 12
  Croatia (CRO) 11 17 13 13 4 2 6
  Cuba (CUB) 2 2 2 1 3 2 3 7 2 2 1 11
  Cyprus (CYP) 4 2 2 7 5 2 1 2 8
  Czechoslovakia (TCH) 4 9 1 3 3 4 2 3 3 1 3 1 5 6 8 17
  Czech Republic (CZE) 10 6 12 10 6 8 6
  Democratic Republic of the Congo (COD) 1 1
  Denmark (DEN) 1 5 1 4 5 2 18 6 9 2 4 3 3 6 2 1 3 15 8 10 7 6 9 10 15 25
  Djibouti (DJI) 1 1 2
  Dominica (DMA) 1 2 2
  Dominican Republic (DOM) 1 1 2 2 4
  East Germany (GDR) 24 37 23 30 26 5
  Ecuador (ECU) 3 1 1 2 1 5 3 1 2 3 3 11
  Egypt (EGY) 1 6 3 2 8 5 2 2 6 2 3 3 7 13
  El Salvador (ESA) 14 7 2 1 2 1 1 1 2 2 10
  Equatorial Guinea (GEQ) 2 1
  Estonia (EST) 2 4 1 4 6 9 2 2 8
  Ethiopia (ETH) 2 2 2
  Fiji (FIJ) 3 5 3 2 2 1 1 2 2 9
  Finland (FIN) 3 6 1 2 1 1 2 1 13 1 5 6 3 1 1 1 2 1 12 12 7 7 5 7 8 25
  France (FRA) 47 4 3 13 20 13 5 8 17 16 16 19 9 16 18 16 13 16 25 25 25 19 21 35 31 30 26
  Gabon (GAB) 1 1
  The Gambia (GAM) 1 1
  Georgia (GEO) 1 1 2 1 2 5
  Germany (GER) 6 4 5 17 19 2 24 9 18 26 38 24 28 35 35 25 30 29 18
  Ghana (GHA) 2 1
  Great Britain (GBR) 7 25 18 18 26 21 15 22 32 26 22 32 33 27 36 40 32 33 31 28 39 32 37 24 44 28 26
  Greece (GRE) 15 1 1 5 2 2 5 2 2 3 4 2 8 14 28 18 14 15 18
  Grenada (GRN) 1 2 1 2 4
  Guam (GUM) 4 7 2 1 1 1 3 2 8
  Guatemala (GUA) 1 3 6 1 5 2 1 4 1 1 2 11
  Guinea (GUI) 2 1 2 1 2 5
  Guyana (GUY) 1 1 2 2 4
  Haiti (HAI) 1 2 2
  Honduras (HON) 6 3 4 1 2 2 2 2 2 9
  Hong Kong (HKG) 4 2 1 3 3 2 4 8 10 8 3 9 7 4 3 7 16
  Hungary (HUN) 1 1 2 10 8 6 8 5 13 15 15 16 18 19 14 16 8 13 13 13 21 18 25 28 32 35 26
  Iceland (ISL) 8 2 2 4 4 3 4 6 2 3 9 7 8 7 3 15
  Independent Olympic Participants (IOP) 4 1
  India (IND) 1 7 5 2 1 2 2 1 4 1 2 11
  Independent Olympic Athletes (IOA) 2 1
  Indonesia (INA) 1 3 2 1 1 2 1 6 3 2 1 2 12
  Iran (IRI) 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 7
  Iraq (IRQ) 2 1 1 1 4
  Ireland (IRL) 2 4 7 4 3 2 5 2 5 4 2 3 4 3 14
  Israel (ISR) 1 1 4 2 6 1 2 3 1 4 4 10 2 7 5 7 16
  Italy (ITA) 2 4 2 4 6 5 2 10 7 23 16 10 24 13 13 26 21 24 14 21 29 34 35 38 24
  Ivory Coast (CIV) 2 1 2 2 4
  Jamaica (JAM) 1 1 4 1 4 3 1 2 8
  Japan (JPN) 2 6 10 23 21 22 19 21 38 20 15 15 22 23 25 27 21 20 31 29 36 21
  Jordan (JOR) 2 2 2 2 2 2 6
  Kazakhstan (KAZ) 7 8 11 12 7 3 6
  Kenya (KEN) 1 2 2 2 2 2 6
  Kosovo (KOS) 2 1
  Kuwait (KUW) 2 3 5 2 3 3 2 1 2 9
  Kyrgyzstan (KGZ) 12 18 6 3 2 2 6
  Laos (LAO) 1 2 2 1 2 5
  Latvia (LAT) 1 4 4 5 2 2 2 7
  Lebanon (LIB) 1 2 2 4 4 1 2 5 2 2 2 11
  Lesotho (LES) 1 1
  Libya (LBA) 4 2 2 1 2 5
  Liechtenstein (LIE) 1 2 2
  Lithuania (LTU) 2 8 6 10 9 4 6 6 8
  Luxembourg (LUX) 2 4 3 4 1 1 4 1 1 2 1 3 2 4 1 3 16
  North Macedonia (MKD) 4 4 4 2 2 2 6
  Madagascar (MAD) 3 1 2 2 2 2 2 2 8
  Malawi (MAW) 2 2 1 2 4
  Malaysia (MAS) 2 2 7 2 1 1 2 1 5 9 4 5 2 3 14
  Maldives (MDV) 2 1 2 2 2 2 2 7
  Mali (MLI) 2 2 2 2 2 5
  Malta (MLT) 1 2 2 2 2 2 6
  Marshall Islands (MHL) 2 2 2 3
  Mauritius (MRI) 6 2 2 2 2 2 2 7
  Mexico (MEX) 3 9 8 4 11 10 27 22 9 7 12 10 7 2 7 6 6 9 3 19
  Federated States of Micronesia (FSM) 2 2 2 2 2 5
  Moldova (MDA) 5 10 3 2 2 5
  Monaco (MON) 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 7
  Mongolia (MGL) 2 1 2 2 2 5
  Montenegro (MNE) 1 2 2
  Morocco (MAR) 1 1 1 1 2 5
  Mozambique (MOZ) 5 2 2 3 1 2 2 2 2 2 10
  Myanmar (MYA) 1 1 1 1 1 5
  Namibia (NAM) 2 1 1 3
  Nepal (NEP) 2 2 2 2 2 2 6
  Netherlands (NED) 4 7 4 12 14 5 14 12 13 19 26 17 19 15 12 16 11 9 20 24 16 18 15 17 24
  Netherlands Antilles (AHO) 3 1 1 2 1 5
  New Zealand (NZL) 1 1 4 1 2 5 2 4 6 9 8 7 11 14 8 13 15 17 9 19
  Nicaragua (NCA) 2 1 1 2 2 2 2 2 8
  Niger (NIG) 2 1 2 1 2 5
  Nigeria (NGR) 2 2 2 2 2 5
  Norway (NOR) 5 2 1 1 1 1 3 1 4 7 3 2 6 5 1 4 3 2 18
  Oman (OMA) 1 1 4 3
  Pakistan (PAK) 4 2 3 1 1 2 2 2 2 9
  Palau (PLW) 2 1 1 1 2 5
  Palestine (PLE) 1 1 2 2 2 5
  Panama (PAN) 1 3 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 1 2 11
  Papua New Guinea (PNG) 2 1 2 2 1 5
  Paraguay (PAR) 3 2 2 2 1 2 2 2 8
  Peru (PER) 3 6 3 3 4 5 2 2 2 3 2 2 3 2 14
  Philippines (PHI) 2 3 5 3 1 8 8 2 7 7 3 4 4 5 2 4 5 5 2 2 20
  Poland (POL) 2 4 7 1 5 4 5 3 8 5 14 11 8 7 15 19 20 17
  Portugal (POR) 1 1 4 5 3 5 2 2 12 9 12 7 11 10 7 5 16
  Puerto Rico (PUR) 1 4 9 12 5 3 6 7 3 6 4 2 2 13
  Qatar (QAT) 1 1 1 2 2 5
  Rhodesia (RHO) 4 1
  Romania (ROU) 1 2 2 2 3 5 2 5 10 14 11 7 6 4 6 15
  Russia (RUS) 4 30 28 30 35 35 36 7
  Rwanda (RWA) 2 2 2 2 2 5
  Saar (SAA) 1 1
  Saint Lucia (LCA) 2 1 1 1 1 5
  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines (VIN) 2 1 1 2 4
  Samoa (SAM) 2 1
  San Marino (SMR) 2 2 1 1 2 2 1 8
  Saudi Arabia (KSA) 2 1 1 1 4
  Senegal (SEN) 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 7
  Serbia and Montenegro (SCG) 4 7 2
  Serbia (SRB) 9 8 6 3
  Seychelles (SEY) 4 1 2 2 2 2 2 7
  Sierra Leone (SLE) 1 2 2
  Singapore (SIN) 1 3 4 5 5 5 8 5 5 5 3 11
  Slovakia (SVK) 3 4 2 3 5 3 6
  Slovenia (SLO) 5 5 6 11 10 12 10 7
  South Africa (RSA) 1 1 5 1 3 6 8 3 10 7 14 8 24 20 13 15
  South Korea (KOR) 4 1 1 3 15 4 20 17 19 16 15 8 12
  Soviet Union (URS) 18 10 23 21 31 26 31 39 27 29 9
  Spain (ESP) 2 4 5 6 3 10 11 13 9 14 11 8 11 21 18 23 16 23 14 24 20
  Sri Lanka (SRI) 1 1 1 2 1 2 2 2 2 2 10
  Sudan (SUD) 1 1 2 2 4
  Suriname (SUR) 2 1 3 4 2 2 2 2 2 9
  Swaziland (SWZ) 1 2 1 2 1 1 1 7
  Sweden (SWE) 1 12 24 13 14 9 2 5 8 12 5 15 14 16 15 18 24 24 18 17 18 16 15 18 12 11 26
  Switzerland (SUI) 4 2 1 4 8 8 9 2 4 10 2 3 13 10 4 5 9 13 7 7 8 21
  Syria (SYR) 1 1 2 1 3 2 2 7
  Tajikistan (TJK) 2 2 1 2 4
  Tanzania (TAN) 2 2 2 3
  Thailand (THA) 2 2 5 6 8 6 2 2 2 9
  Togo (TOG) 1 2 2
  Tonga (TGA) 1 2 2
  Trinidad and Tobago (TRI) 1 1 1 1 2 3 3 3 1 2 10
  Tunisia (TUN) 2 1 1 1 2 2 4 2 8
  Turkey (TUR) 2 2 4 2 3 4 7 9 11 6 4 11
  Turkmenistan (TKM) 2 2 2 2 4
  Uganda (UGA) 1 2 1 2 2 2 6
  Ukraine (UKR) 13 25 27 23 14 7 6
  United Arab Emirates (UAE) 6 5 1 1 1 1 1 2 8
  United States (USA) 1 2 25 8 7 22 26 23 27 28 28 30 28 31 48 52 51 51 43 44 40 44 48 43 43 49 47 27
  Uruguay (URU) 2 1 5 4 1 2 1 1 2 4 4 3 2 2 14
  Uzbekistan (UZB) 6 10 15 7 2 2 6
  Venezuela (VEN) 1 1 2 4 12 3 6 7 5 4 13 10 6 13
  Vietnam (VIE) 1 2 3 2 11 2 2 2 2 1 1 1 2 13
  Virgin Islands (ISV) 2 7 6 3 1 1 2 1 1 2 10
  West Germany (FRG) 27 44 22 24 29 5
  Yemen (YEM) 1 2 2 3
  Yugoslavia (YUG) 6 4 6 3 1 9 2 6 5 4 3 3 3 9 22
  Zambia (ZAM) 2 2 2 2 2 2 6
  Zimbabwe (ZIM) 2 2 4 4 1 3 2 2 1 2 10
Nations 4 12 4 14 17 19 23 28 20 29 34 48 33 45 42 51 52 51 41 67 77 92 117 150 152 162 166 169
Swimmers 19 76 32 100 120 116 118 182 128 248 249 319 235 380 405 468 532 471 333 494 633 641 762 954 937 1026 950 950
Year 96 00 04 08 12 20 24 28 32 36 48 52 56 60 64 68 72 76 80 84 88 92 96 00 04 08 12 16 20

Olympic recordsEdit

The International Olympic Committee recognize the best performances in all 35 current swimming events at the Games as Olympic records.

Notable changes to the sportEdit

Times have consistently dropped over the years due to better training techniques and new developments within the sport.

In the first four Olympics, competitions were not held in pools, but rather in open water (1896, the Mediterranean Sea; 1900, the Seine; 1904, an artificial lake; 1906, the Mediterranean). The 1904 Olympics' races were the only ones ever measured in yards, instead of the usual metres. A 100-metre pool was built for the 1908 Olympics and was located in the centre of the main stadium's track and field oval. The 1912 Olympics, held in the Stockholm harbor, marked the beginning of electrical timing.

Male swimmers wore full body swimsuits up until the 1940s, which caused more drag in the water than their modern swim-wear counterparts. Also, over the years, pool designs have lessened the drag. Some design considerations allow for the reduction of swimming resistance making the pool faster. Namely, proper pool depth, elimination of waves, elimination of currents, increased lane width, energy absorbing racing lane lines and gutters, and the use of other innovative hydraulic, acoustic, illumination, and swimwear designs.

The 1924 Olympics were the first to use the standard 50 metre pool with marked lanes. In the freestyle, swimmers originally dove from the pool walls, but diving blocks were incorporated starting at the 1936 Summer Olympics. The flip-turn was developed by the 1950s. Swimming goggles were first allowed in 1976.

The butterfly stroke events were not held until 1956. Previous rules permitted the butterfly stroke in breaststroke races. After 1956, when these rules were changed, butterfly became its own stroke entirely.

The 800m event was added to the women’s programme in 1968; whilst longer this event was not as far as the men’s 1,500m event. This discrepancy was evened out in 2020: that year, the 1,500 metres was included in the women’s programme in for the first time. The 800 metres freestyle was added to the men’s programme the same year.

Both men and women were granted the 200 metres freestyle race in 1968, giving swimmers an intermediate distance race between 100 metres and 400 metres.

Women's 4x200 metres freestyle relay race was added in 1996 - a men's relay race at that distance had been held since 1912. At six Games, the men had two freestyle relay races, while the women had one. Starting with 1996, both genders have two.

The medley relay races (4×100 metres) were not held for men or for women until 1960, but they have continued in every Games since then. The mixed 4x100 metres relay was added to the programme in 2020.

Starting in 2008, both men and women compete in 10 km open water marathon swim events.

NotesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i Distances at the 1904 Olympics were measured in yards rather than metres. The 50 yard freestyle was 45.7 metres and the 100 yard freestyle and backstroke races were 91.4 metres. The 220, 440, and 880 yard freestyle races were 201, 402, and 805 metres, respectively. Instead of a 1500 metre race, there was a 1 mile race which made for 1609 metres. The 440 yard breaststroke, like the freestyle, was 402 metres. The relay, 4 × 50 yards, was 4 × 45.7 metres.
  2. ^ In 1920, the women's event was 300 metres.
  3. ^ "Olympic Analytics - Medals by Countries". olympanalyt.com. Retrieved 2022-01-31.
  4. ^ "Olympic Analytics - Medals by Countries". olympanalyt.com. Retrieved 2022-01-31.

See alsoEdit

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