Swimming at the 1964 Summer Olympics – Men's 200 metre backstroke

The men's 200 metre backstroke event at the 1964 Summer Olympics took place between October 11 and 13.[1] There were 34 competitors from 21 nations, with each nation having up to 3 swimmers.[2] The medals were swept by the United States, with Jed Graef, Gary Dilley, and Bob Bennett taking gold, silver, and bronze respectively.

Men's 200 metre backstroke
at the Games of the XVIII Olympiad
Jed Graef 1964.jpg
Gold medalist Jed Graef
VenueYoyogi National Gymnasium
Dates11 October (heats)
12 October (semifinals)
13 October (final)
Competitors34 from 21 nations
Winning time2:10.3 WR
Medalists
1st place, gold medalist(s) Jed Graef  United States
2nd place, silver medalist(s) Gary Dilley  United States
3rd place, bronze medalist(s) Bob Bennett  United States
← 1900
1968 →

BackgroundEdit

This was the second appearance of the 200 metre backstroke event. It was first held in 1900. The event did not return until 1964; since then, it has been on the programme at every Summer Games. From 1904 to 1960, a men's 100 metre backstroke was held instead. In 1964, only the 200 metres was held. Beginning in 1968 and ever since, both the 100 and 200 metre versions have been held.[2]

As there were 64 years between the prior edition of this event and this one, no swimmers returned from the 1900 Games. Reigning Olympic champion Ernst Hoppenberg had died in 1937. The American team was so strong that the world record holder, Tom Stock, did not make the team.[2]

16 nations made their debut in the event, while 5 returned from the 1900 Games. Sweden was the only nation that had competed in the event in 1900 that did not compete again in 1964, other than Germany (now competing as the United Team of Germany).

Competition formatEdit

The competition used a three-round (heats, semifinals, final) format. The advancement rule followed the format introduced in 1952. A swimmer's place in the heat was not used to determine advancement; instead, the fastest times from across all heats in a round were used. There were 9 heats of 7 or 8 swimmers each. The top 24 swimmers advanced to the semifinals. There were 3 semifinals of 8 swimmers each. The top 8 swimmers advanced to the final. Swim-offs were used as necessary to break ties.

This swimming event used backstroke. Because an Olympic size swimming pool is 50 metres long, this race consisted of four lengths of the pool.

RecordsEdit

These were the standing world and Olympic records (in seconds) prior to the 1964 Summer Olympics.

World record   Tom Stock (USA) 2:10.9 Cuyahoga Falls, United States 10 August 1962
Olympic record   Ernst Hoppenberg (GER) 2:47.0 Paris, France 12 August 1900

The Olympic record was 64 years old, as the event had not been held since the 1900 Games. In the first heat, Bob Bennett broke the record by over 30 seconds, swimming an unrushed 2:16.1. The Olympic record continued to drop throughout the heats and semifinals (with only one of the 7 races in the first two rounds not resulting the record being broken). Shigeo Fukushima swam 2:14.7 in heat 2, Jed Graef 2:14.5 in heat 3, Gary Dilley 2:14.2 in heat 5, Dilley 2:13.8 in semifinal 1, and Graef 2:13.7 in semifinal 2. In the final, Graef and Dilley both broke the world record; the former took gold and the new record with 2:10.3.

ScheduleEdit

Date Time Round
Sunday, 11 October 1964 20:15 Heats
Monday, 12 October 1964 19:40 Semifinals
Tuesday, 13 October 1964 20:20 Final

ResultsEdit

HeatsEdit

Five heats were held; the fastest sixteen swimmers advanced to the semifinals.

Rank Heat Swimmer Nation Time Notes
1 5 Gary Dilley   United States 2:14.2 Q, OR
2 3 Jed Graef   United States 2:14.5 Q, OR
3 2 Shigeo Fukushima   Japan 2:14.7 Q, OR
4 5 Peter Reynolds   Australia 2:15.9 Q
5 1 Bob Bennett   United States 2:16.1 Q, OR
6 4 Ezio Della Savia   Italy 2:16.6 Q
7 3 Keisuke Ito   Japan 2:16.7 Q
8 2 Viktor Mazanov   Soviet Union 2:16.8 Q
9 1 Isagi Osumi   Japan 2:17.3 Q
10 1 Ralph Hutton   Canada 2:17.8 Q
11 3 Chiaffredo Rora   Italy 2:17.8 Q
12 4 Ernst-Joachim Küppers   United Team of Germany 2:17.9 Q
13 5 József Csikány   Hungary 2:18.3 Q
14 5 Wolfgang Wagner   United Team of Germany 2:18.5 Q
15 1 Henri van Osch   Netherlands 2:19.1 Q
16 5 Carlos van der Maath   Argentina 2:19.6 Q
17 3 Jesús Cabrera   Spain 2:19.7
18 4 Ivan Ferák   Czechoslovakia 2:20.0
19 2 Jürgen Dietze   United Team of Germany 2:20.4
20 2 Jan Weeteling   Netherlands 2:20.4
21 4 Friedrich Suda   Austria 2:20.7
22 4 Ron Jacks   Canada 2:21.3
23 4 Geoffrey Thwaites   Great Britain 2:22.0
24 5 Robert Christophe   France 2:22.5
25 1 Lars Kraus Jensen   Denmark 2:23.3
26 1 Herman Verbauwen   Belgium 2:24.9
27 3 Pedro Diz   Argentina 2:24.9
28 3 Gerhard Wieland   Austria 2:25.9
29 2 John Byrom   Australia 2:27.0
30 3 Augusto Ferrero   Peru 2:29.9
31 2 Ákos Gulyás   Hungary 2:30.5
32 2 Eliot Chenaux   Puerto Rico 2:33.1
33 1 Michael Eu   Malaysia 2:35.8
34 4 Chan Kam Hong   Hong Kong 2:46.0

SemifinalsEdit

Two heats were held; the fastest eight swimmers advanced to the final.

Rank Heat Swimmer Nation Time Notes
1 2 Jed Graef   United States 2:13.7 Q, OR
2 1 Gary Dilley   United States 2:13.8 Q, OR
3 1 Shigeo Fukushima   Japan 2:14.1 Q
4 2 Ernst-Joachim Küppers   United Team of Germany 2:15.4 Q
5 2 Viktor Mazanov   Soviet Union 2:15.4 Q
6 2 Peter Reynolds   Australia 2:15.6 Q
7 1 Ralph Hutton   Canada 2:15.8 Q
8 1 Bob Bennett   United States 2:16.3 Q
9 2 Chiaffredo Rora   Italy 2:16.7
10 1 Isagi Osumi   Japan 2:17.0
11 1 József Csikány   Hungary 2:17.5
12 1 Keisuke Ito   Japan 2:17.6
13 2 Ezio Della Savia   Italy 2:18.4
14 1 Henri van Osch   Netherlands 2:19.7
15 2 Wolfgang Wagner   United Team of Germany 2:20.2
16 2 Carlos van der Maath   Argentina 2:21.3

FinalEdit

Rank Swimmer Nation Time Notes
  Jed Graef   United States 2:10.3 WR
  Gary Dilley   United States 2:10.5
  Bob Bennett   United States 2:13.1
4 Shigeo Fukushima   Japan 2:13.2
5 Ernst-Joachim Küppers   United Team of Germany 2:15.7
6 Viktor Mazanov   Soviet Union 2:15.9
7 Ralph Hutton   Canada 2:15.9
8 Peter Reynolds   Australia 2:16.6

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Swimming at the 1964 Tokyo Summer Games: Men's 200 metres Backstroke". Sports Reference. Archived from the original on 17 April 2020. Retrieved 27 October 2016.
  2. ^ a b c "200 metres Backstroke, Men". Olympedia. Retrieved 6 July 2021.