List of world records in swimming

The world records in swimming are ratified by FINA, the international governing body of swimming. Records can be set in long course (50 metres) or short course (25 metres) swimming pools. FINA recognizes world records in the following events for both men and women,[1][2] except for the mixed relays, where teams consist of two men and two women, in any order.

Caeleb Dressel holds the most world records in men's swimming with nine (four individual and five relays).
Sarah Sjöström holds the most world records in women's swimming with six, all individual.


The ratification process is described in FINA Rule SW12,[1] and involves submission of paperwork certifying the accuracy of the timing system and the length of the pool, satisfaction of FINA rules regarding swimwear and a negative doping test by the swimmer(s) involved. Records can be set at intermediate distances in an individual race and for the first leg of a relay race. Records which have not yet been fully ratified are marked with a '#' symbol in these lists.

Many of the records below were established by swimmers wearing bodysuits or suits made of polyurethane or other non-textile materials allowed in the race pool from February 2008 until December 2009. On the eve of the 2009 FINA World Championships in Rome, the international governing body for five Olympic aquatic sports voted to ban the use of bodysuits and all suits made of non-textile materials starting 1 January 2010.[3][4] The suits seemed to improve the performance in those with larger physiques, boosting performance in some athletes more than others,[who?] depending on morphology and physiology.[5] Since then, best times set by swimmers wearing textile materials have once again overtaken more than half of the world records recognized by FINA.

On 25 July 2013, FINA Technical Swimming Congress voted to allow world records in the long course mixed 400 free relay and mixed 400 medley relay, as well as in six events in short course meters: the mixed 200 medley and 200 free relays, as well as the men's and women's 200 free relays and the men's and women's 200 medley relays.[6] In October 2013, FINA decided to establish "standards" before something can be recognized as the first World Record in these events.[7] But later on 13 March 2014 FINA has officially ratified the eight world records set by Indiana University swimmers at the IU Relay Rally held on 26 September 2013 in Bloomington.[8]

Long courseEdit

MenEdit

Event Time Name Nationality Date Meet Location Ref
50m freestyle 20.91 ss César Cielo   Brazil 18 December 2009 Brazilian Championships São Paulo, Brazil [9][10][11][12]
100m freestyle 46.91 ss César Cielo   Brazil 30 July 2009 World Championships Rome, Italy [13][14][15]
200m freestyle 1:42.00 ss Paul Biedermann   Germany 28 July 2009 World Championships Rome, Italy [16][17][18]
400m freestyle 3:40.07 ss Paul Biedermann   Germany 26 July 2009 World Championships Rome, Italy [19][20][21]
800m freestyle 7:32.12 ss Zhang Lin   China 29 July 2009 World Championships Rome, Italy [22][23]
1500m freestyle 14:31.02 Sun Yang   China 4 August 2012 Olympic Games London, United Kingdom [24][25]
50m backstroke 23.80 Kliment Kolesnikov   Russia 18 May 2021 European Championships Budapest, Hungary [26][27]
100m backstroke 51.85 r Ryan Murphy   United States 13 August 2016 Olympic Games Rio de Janeiro, Brazil [28][29]
200m backstroke 1:51.92 ss Aaron Peirsol   United States 31 July 2009 World Championships Rome, Italy [30][31][32]
50m breaststroke 25.95 sf Adam Peaty   Great Britain 25 July 2017 World Championships Budapest, Hungary [33][34]
100m breaststroke 56.88 sf Adam Peaty   Great Britain 21 July 2019 World Championships Gwangju, South Korea [35][36]
200m breaststroke 2:06.12 Anton Chupkov   Russia 26 July 2019 World Championships Gwangju, South Korea [37][38]
50m butterfly 22.27 Andriy Govorov   Ukraine 1 July 2018 Sette Colli Trophy Rome, Italy [39][40]
100m butterfly 49.45 Caeleb Dressel   United States 31 July 2021 Olympic Games Tokyo, Japan [41]
200m butterfly 1:50.73 Kristóf Milák   Hungary 24 July 2019 World Championships Gwangju, South Korea [42][43]
200m individual medley 1:54.00 Ryan Lochte   United States 28 July 2011 World Championships Shanghai, China [44][45][46]
400m individual medley 4:03.84 ss Michael Phelps   United States 10 August 2008 Olympic Games Beijing, China [47][48][49]
4×100m freestyle relay 3:08.24 ss   United States 11 August 2008 Olympic Games Beijing, China [50][51][52]
4×200m freestyle relay 6:58.55 ss
  United States 31 July 2009 World Championships Rome, Italy [53][54]
4×100m medley relay 3:26.78
  United States 1 August 2021 Olympic Games Tokyo, Japan [55]
Legend: # – Record awaiting ratification by FINA;
Records not set in finals: h – heat; sf – semifinal; r – relay 1st leg; rh – relay heat 1st leg; b – B final; – en route to final mark; tt – time trial

ss - supersuited/non-textile world record

WomenEdit

Event Time Name Nationality Date Meet Location Ref
50m freestyle 23.67 sf Sarah Sjöström   Sweden 29 July 2017 World Championships Budapest, Hungary [56][57]
100m freestyle 51.71 r Sarah Sjöström   Sweden 23 July 2017 World Championships Budapest, Hungary [58][59]
200m freestyle 1:52.98 ss Federica Pellegrini   Italy 29 July 2009 World Championships Rome, Italy [60][61][62]
400m freestyle 3:56.46 Katie Ledecky   United States 7 August 2016 Olympic Games Rio de Janeiro, Brazil [63][64]
800m freestyle 8:04.79 Katie Ledecky   United States 12 August 2016 Olympic Games Rio de Janeiro, Brazil [65][66]
1500m freestyle 15:20.48 Katie Ledecky   United States 16 May 2018 TYR Pro Swim Series Indianapolis, United States [67][68]
50m backstroke 26.98 Liu Xiang   China 21 August 2018 Asian Games Jakarta, Indonesia [69][70]
100m backstroke 57.45 Kaylee McKeown   Australia 13 June 2021 Australian Olympic Trials Adelaide, Australia [71]
200m backstroke 2:03.35 sf Regan Smith   United States 26 July 2019 World Championships Gwangju, South Korea [72][73]
50m breaststroke 29.30 sf Benedetta Pilato   Italy 22 May 2021 European Championships Budapest, Hungary [74][75]
100m breaststroke 1:04.13 Lilly King   United States 25 July 2017 World Championships Budapest, Hungary [76][77]
200m breaststroke 2:18.95 Tatjana Schoenmaker   South Africa 30 July 2021 Olympic Games Tokyo, Japan [78]
50m butterfly 24.43 Sarah Sjöström   Sweden 5 July 2014 Swedish Championships Borås, Sweden [79][80]
100m butterfly 55.48 Sarah Sjöström   Sweden 7 August 2016 Olympic Games Rio de Janeiro, Brazil [81][82]
200m butterfly 2:01.81 ss Liu Zige   China 21 October 2009 Chinese National Games Jinan, China [83][84]
200m individual medley 2:06.12 Katinka Hosszú   Hungary 3 August 2015 World Championships Kazan, Russia [85][86]
400m individual medley 4:26.36 Katinka Hosszú   Hungary 6 August 2016 Olympic Games Rio de Janeiro, Brazil [87][88]
4×100m freestyle relay 3:29.69
  Australia 25 July 2021 Olympic Games Tokyo, Japan [89]
4×200m freestyle relay 7:40.33
  China 29 July 2021 Olympic Games Tokyo, Japan [90]
4×100m medley relay 3:50.40
  United States 28 July 2019 World Championships Gwangju, South Korea [91][92]
Legend: # – Record awaiting ratification by FINA;
Records not set in finals: h – heat; sf – semifinal; r – relay 1st leg; rh – relay heat 1st leg; b – B final; – en route to final mark; tt – time trial

ss - supersuited/non-textile world record

Mixed relayEdit

Event Time Name Nationality Date Meet Location Ref
4×100m freestyle relay 3:19.40
  United States 27 July 2019 World Championships Gwangju, South Korea [93]
4×100m medley relay 3:37.58
  Great Britain 31 July 2021 Olympic Games Tokyo, Japan [94]
Legend: # – Record awaiting ratification by FINA;
Records not set in finals: h – heat

Short courseEdit

MenEdit

Event Time Name Nationality Date Meet Location Ref
50m freestyle 20.16 Caeleb Dressel   United States 21 November 2020 International Swimming League Budapest, Hungary [95][96]
100m freestyle 44.94 ss Amaury Leveaux   France 13 December 2008 European Championships Rijeka, Croatia [97] [98]
200m freestyle 1:39.37 ss Paul Biedermann   Germany 15 November 2009 World Cup Berlin, Germany [99]
400m freestyle 3:32.25 Yannick Agnel   France 15 November 2012 French Nationals Angers, France [100] [101]
800m freestyle 7:23.42 ss Grant Hackett   Australia 20 July 2008 Victoria Championships Melbourne, Australia [102]
1500m freestyle 14:08.06 Gregorio Paltrinieri   Italy 4 December 2015 European Championships Netanya, Israel [103] [104]
50m backstroke 22.22 Florent Manaudou   France 6 December 2014 World Championships Doha, Qatar [105] [106]
100m backstroke 48.33 Coleman Stewart   United States 29 August 2021 International Swimming League Naples, Italy [107]
200m backstroke 1:45.63 Mitch Larkin   Australia 27 November 2015 Australian Championships Sydney, Australia [108][109]
50m breaststroke 25.25 ss Cameron van der Burgh   South Africa 14 November 2009 World Cup Berlin, Germany [110]
100m breaststroke 55.34 Ilya Shymanovich   Belarus 19 December 2020 Belarusian Championships Brest, Belarus [111][112]
200m breaststroke 2:00.16 Kirill Prigoda   Russia 13 December 2018 World Championships Hangzhou, China [113] [114]
50m butterfly 21.75 Nicholas Santos   Brazil 6 October 2018 World Cup Budapest, Hungary [115][116]
100m butterfly 47.78 Caeleb Dressel   United States 21 November 2020 International Swimming League Budapest, Hungary [117][118]
200m butterfly 1:48.24 Daiya Seto   Japan 11 December 2018 World Championships Hangzhou, China [119] [120]
100m individual medley 49.28 Caeleb Dressel   United States 22 November 2020 International Swimming League Budapest, Hungary [121][122]
200m individual medley 1:49.63 Ryan Lochte   United States 14 December 2012 World Championships Istanbul, Turkey [123] [124]
400m individual medley 3:54.81 Daiya Seto   Japan 20 December 2019 International Swimming League Las Vegas, United States [125][126]
4×50m freestyle relay 1:21.80
  United States 14 December 2018 World Championships Hangzhou, China [127]
4×50m freestyle relay 1:20.77 [WB] ss   France 14 December 2008 European Championships Rijeka, Croatia [128]
4×100m freestyle relay 3:03.03
  United States 11 December 2018 World Championships Hangzhou, China [129] [130]
4×200m freestyle relay 6:46.81   Brazil 14 December 2018 World Championships Hangzhou, China [131] [132]
4×50m medley relay 1:30.44   Russia 17 December 2017 European Championships Copenhagen, Denmark [133]
4×100m medley relay 3:19.16 ss   Russia 20 December 2009 Vladimir Salnikov Cup Saint Petersburg, Russia [134]
Legend: # – Record awaiting ratification by FINA;
Records not set in finals: h – heat; sf – semifinal; r – relay 1st leg; rh – relay heat 1st leg; b – B final; – en route to final mark; tt – time trial

WomenEdit

Event Time Name Nationality Date Meet Location Ref
50m freestyle 22.93 Ranomi Kromowidjojo   Netherlands 7 August 2017 World Cup Berlin, Germany [135]
100m freestyle 50.25 Cate Campbell   Australia 26 October 2017 Australian Championships Adelaide, Australia [136] [137]
200m freestyle 1:50.43 Sarah Sjöström   Sweden 12 August 2017 World Cup Eindhoven, Netherlands [138] [139]
400m freestyle 3:53.92 Ariarne Titmus   Australia 14 December 2018 World Championships Hangzhou, China [140] [141]
800m freestyle 7:59.34 Mireia Belmonte García   Spain 10 August 2013 World Cup Berlin, Germany [142] [143]
1500m freestyle 15:18.01 Sarah Köhler   Germany 16 November 2019 German Championships Berlin, Germany [144]
50m backstroke 25.60 = Kira Toussaint   Netherlands 14 November 2020 International Swimming League Budapest, Hungary [145]
50m backstroke 25.60 = Kira Toussaint   Netherlands 18 December 2020 Amsterdam Christmas Meet Amsterdam, Netherlands [146]
100m backstroke 54.89 Minna Atherton   Australia 27 October 2019 International Swimming League Budapest, Hungary [147][148]
200m backstroke 1:58.94 Kaylee McKeown   Australia 28 November 2020 Australian Championships Brisbane, Australia [149]
50m breaststroke 28.56 Alia Atkinson   Jamaica 6 October 2018 World Cup Budapest, Hungary [150]
100m breaststroke 1:02.36 = Rūta Meilutytė   Lithuania 12 October 2013 World Cup Moscow, Russia [151]
100m breaststroke 1:02.36 = Alia Atkinson   Jamaica 6 December 2014 World Championships Doha, Qatar [152] [153]
100m breaststroke 1:02.36 = Alia Atkinson   Jamaica 26 August 2016 World Cup Chartres, France [154]
200m breaststroke 2:14.57 ss Rebecca Soni   United States 18 December 2009 Duel in the Pool Manchester, United Kingdom [155]
50m butterfly 24.38 ss Therese Alshammar   Sweden 22 November 2009 World Cup Singapore, Singapore [156]
100m butterfly 54.61 Sarah Sjöström   Sweden 7 December 2014 World Championships Doha, Qatar [157] [158]
200m butterfly 1:59.61 Mireia Belmonte Garcia   Spain 3 December 2014 World Championships Doha, Qatar [159] [160]
100m individual medley 56.51 Katinka Hosszú   Hungary 7 August 2017 World Cup Berlin, Germany [161][162]
200m individual medley 2:01.86 Katinka Hosszú   Hungary 6 December 2014 World Championships Doha, Qatar [163] [164]
400m individual medley 4:18.94 Mireia Belmonte Garcia   Spain 12 August 2017 World Cup Eindhoven, Netherlands [165] [166]
4×50m freestyle relay 1:32.50 tt   Netherlands 12 December 2020 Wouda Cup Eindhoven, Netherlands [167]
4×100m freestyle relay 3:26.53   Netherlands 5 December 2014 World Championships Doha, Qatar [168] [169]
4×200m freestyle relay 7:32.85
  Netherlands 3 December 2014 World Championships Doha, Qatar [170]
4×50m medley relay 1:42.38
  United States 12 December 2018 World Championships Hangzhou, China [171] [172]
4×100m medley relay 3:44.52
  United States 21 November 2020 International Swimming League Budapest, Hungary [173]
Legend: # – Record awaiting ratification by FINA;
Records not set in finals: h – heat; sf – semifinal; r – relay 1st leg; rh – relay heat 1st leg; b – B final; – en route to final mark; tt – time trial

Mixed relayEdit

Event Time Name Nationality Date Meet Location Ref
4×50m freestyle relay 1:27.89
  United States 12 December 2018 World Championships Hangzhou, China [174] [175]
4×50m medley relay 1:36.22   Russia 5 December 2019 European Championships Glasgow, United Kingdom [176][177]
Legend: # – Record awaiting ratification by FINA;
Records not set in finals: h – heat

Record holders' rankingsEdit

By nationEdit

Nation Record
tally
LC SC Total LC SC Total LC SC Total
Men Women Mixed
  United States 26 8 7 15 6 3 9 1 1 2
  Australia 8 2 2 2 4 6
  Sweden 7 4 3 7
  Russia 6 2 3 5 1 1
  China 5 2 2 3 3
  Netherlands 5 5 5
  Hungary 5 1 1 2 2 4
  Brazil 4 2 2 4
  Germany 4 2 1 3 1 1
  France 3 3 3
  Great Britain 3 2 2 1 1
  Italy 3 1 1 2 2
  Spain 3 3 3
  Jamaica 2 2 2
  Japan 2 2 2
  South Africa 2 1 1 1 1
  Lithuania 1 1 1
  Ukraine 1 1 1
  Belarus 1 1 1
Total 91 20 23 43 20 24 44 2 2 4

By athlete (men)Edit

Record
count
Name Nationality Events
9 Caeleb Dressel   United States 100m butterfly LC
4 × 100m medley relay LC
Mixed 4 × 100m freestyle relay LC
50m freestyle SC
100m butterfly SC
100m individual medley SC
4 × 50m freestyle relay SC
4 × 100m freestyle relay SC
Mixed 4 × 50m freestyle relay SC
3 Kliment Kolesnikov   Russia 50m backstroke LC
4×50m medley relay SC
Mixed 4 × 50m medley relay SC
Paul Biedermann   Germany 200m freestyle LC
400m freestyle LC
200m freestyle SC
Ryan Lochte   United States 200m individual medley LC
4 × 200m freestyle relay LC
200m individual medley SC
Ryan Held   United States 4 × 50m freestyle relay SC
4 × 100m freestyle relay SC
Mixed 4 × 50m freestyle relay SC
Adam Peaty   Great Britain 50m breaststroke LC
100m breaststroke LC
Mixed 4 × 100m medley relay LC
Michael Phelps   United States 400m individual medley LC
4 × 100m freestyle relay LC
4 × 200m freestyle relay LC

By athlete (women)Edit

Record
count
Name Nationality Events
6 Sarah Sjöström   Sweden 50m freestyle LC
100m freestyle LC
50m butterfly LC
100m butterfly LC
200m freestyle SC
100m butterfly SC
4 Katinka Hosszú   Hungary 200m individual medley LC
400m individual medley LC
100m individual medley SC
200m individual medley SC
Kelsi Dahlia   United States 4 × 100m medley relay LC
4 × 50m medley relay SC
4 × 100m medley relay SC
Mixed 4 × 50m freestyle relay SC
Ranomi Kromowidjojo   Netherlands 50m freestyle SC
4 × 50m freestyle relay SC
4 × 100m freestyle relay SC
4 × 200m freestyle relay SC
3 Mireia Belmonte   Spain 800m freestyle SC
200m butterfly SC
400m individual medley SC
Mallory Comerford   United States Mixed 4 × 100m freestyle relay LC
4 × 50m medley relay SC
Mixed 4 × 50m freestyle relay SC
Inge Dekker   Netherlands 4 × 50m freestyle relay SC
4 × 100m freestyle relay SC
4 × 200m freestyle relay SC
Femke Heemskerk   Netherlands 4 × 50m freestyle relay SC
4 × 100m freestyle relay SC
4 × 200m freestyle relay SC
Katie Ledecky   United States 400m freestyle LC
800m freestyle LC
1500m freestyle LC
Simone Manuel   United States 4 × 100m medley relay LC
Mixed 4 × 100m freestyle relay LC
4 × 100m medley relay SC

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External linksEdit