List of world records in swimming

The world records in swimming are ratified by World Aquatics (formerly known as FINA), the international governing body of swimming. Records can be set in long course (50 metres) or short course (25 metres) swimming pools. World Aquatics recognizes world records in the following events for both men and women,[1][2] except for the mixed relays, where teams consist of two men and two women, in any order.

Caeleb Dressel holds the most world swimming records in men's swimming with six (four individual and two relays).
Sarah Sjöström holds the most individual world records in women's swimming with four. She is tied with Katie Ledecky and Kaylee McKeown.

The ratification process is described in FINA Rule SW12,[1] and involves submission of paperwork certifying the accuracy of the timing system and the length of the pool, satisfaction of FINA rules regarding swimwear and a negative doping test by the swimmer(s) involved. Records can be set at intermediate distances in an individual race and for the first leg of a relay race. Records which have not yet been fully ratified are marked with a '#' symbol in these lists.

Some of the records below were established by swimmers wearing bodysuits or suits made of polyurethane or other non-textile materials allowed in the race pool from February 2008 until December 2009. On the eve of the 2009 FINA World Championships in Rome, the international governing body for five Olympic aquatic sports voted to ban the use of bodysuits and all suits made of non-textile materials starting 1 January 2010.[3][4] The suits seemed to improve the performance in those with larger physiques, boosting performance in some athletes more than others,[who?] depending on morphology and physiology.[5] Since then, best times set by swimmers wearing textile materials have once again overtaken more than half of the world records recognized by World Aquatics.

On 25 July 2013, FINA Technical Swimming Congress voted to allow world records in the long course mixed 400 free relay and mixed 400 medley relay, as well as in six events in short course meters: the mixed 200 medley and 200 free relays, as well as the men's and women's 200 free relays and the men's and women's 200 medley relays.[6] In October 2013, FINA decided to establish "standards" before something can be recognized as the first World Record in these events.[7] But later on 13 March 2014 FINA has officially ratified the eight world records set by Indiana University swimmers at the IU Relay Rally held on 26 September 2013 in Bloomington.[8]

Long course (50m pool) edit

Men edit

Event Time Name Nationality Date Meet Location Ref
50m freestyle 20.91 ss César Cielo   Brazil 18 December 2009 Brazilian Championships São Paulo, Brazil [9][10][11][12]
100m freestyle 46.80 r Pan Zhanle   China 11 February 2024 World Championships Doha, Qatar [13] [14]
200m freestyle 1:42.00 ss Paul Biedermann   Germany 28 July 2009 World Championships Rome, Italy [15][16][17]
400m freestyle 3:40.07 ss Paul Biedermann   Germany 26 July 2009 World Championships Rome, Italy [18][19][20]
800m freestyle 7:32.12 ss Zhang Lin   China 29 July 2009 World Championships Rome, Italy [21][22]
1500m freestyle 14:31.02 Sun Yang   China 4 August 2012 Olympic Games London, United Kingdom [23][24]
50m backstroke 23.55 sf Kliment Kolesnikov   Russia 27 July 2023 Russian Cup Kazan, Russia [25]
100m backstroke 51.60 Thomas Ceccon   Italy 20 June 2022 World Championships Budapest, Hungary [27][28]
200m backstroke 1:51.92 ss Aaron Peirsol   United States 31 July 2009 World Championships Rome, Italy [29][30][31]
50m breaststroke 25.95 sf Adam Peaty   Great Britain 25 July 2017 World Championships Budapest, Hungary [32][33]
100m breaststroke 56.88 sf Adam Peaty   Great Britain 21 July 2019 World Championships Gwangju, South Korea [34][35]
200m breaststroke 2:05.48 Qin Haiyang   China 28 July 2023 World Championships Fukuoka, Japan [36] [37]
50m butterfly 22.27 Andriy Govorov   Ukraine 1 July 2018 Sette Colli Trophy Rome, Italy [38][39]
100m butterfly 49.45 Caeleb Dressel   United States 31 July 2021 Olympic Games Tokyo, Japan [40][41]
200m butterfly 1:50.34 Kristóf Milák   Hungary 21 June 2022 World Championships Budapest, Hungary [42][43]
200m individual medley 1:54.00 Ryan Lochte   United States 28 July 2011 World Championships Shanghai, China [44][45][46]
400m individual medley 4:02.50 Léon Marchand   France 23 July 2023 World Championships Fukuoka, Japan [47] [48]
4 × 100 m freestyle relay 3:08.24 ss   United States 11 August 2008 Olympic Games Beijing, China [49][50][51]
4 × 200 m freestyle relay 6:58.55 ss
  United States 31 July 2009 World Championships Rome, Italy [52][53]
4 × 100 m medley relay 3:26.78
  United States 1 August 2021 Olympic Games Tokyo, Japan [54]
Legend: # – Record awaiting ratification by World Aquatics;
Records not set in finals: h – heat; sf – semifinal; r – relay 1st leg; rh – relay heat 1st leg; b – B final; – en route to final mark; tt – time trial

ss – supersuited/non-textile world record[clarification needed]

Men's records by race distance edit

Women edit

Event Time Name Nationality Date Meet Location Ref
50m freestyle 23.61 sf Sarah Sjöström   Sweden 29 July 2023 World Championships Fukuoka, Japan [55] [56]
100m freestyle 51.71 r Sarah Sjöström   Sweden 23 July 2017 World Championships Budapest, Hungary [57][58]
200m freestyle 1:52.85 Mollie O'Callaghan   Australia 26 July 2023 World Championships Fukuoka, Japan [59] [60]
400m freestyle 3:55.38 Ariarne Titmus   Australia 23 July 2023 World Championships Fukuoka, Japan [61] [62]
800m freestyle 8:04.79 Katie Ledecky   United States 12 August 2016 Olympic Games Rio de Janeiro, Brazil [63][64]
1500m freestyle 15:20.48 Katie Ledecky   United States 16 May 2018 TYR Pro Swim Series Indianapolis, United States [65][66]
50m backstroke 26.86 Kaylee McKeown   Australia 20 October 2023 World Cup Budapest, Hungary [67]
100m backstroke 57.33 Kaylee McKeown   Australia 21 October 2023 World Cup Budapest, Hungary [68]
200m backstroke 2:03.14 Kaylee McKeown   Australia 10 March 2023 NSW State Championships Sydney, Australia [69]
50m breaststroke 29.16 Rūta Meilutytė   Lithuania 30 July 2023 World Championships Fukuoka, Japan [70][71]
100m breaststroke 1:04.13 Lilly King   United States 25 July 2017 World Championships Budapest, Hungary [72][73]
200m breaststroke 2:17.55 Evgeniia Chikunova   Russia 21 April 2023 Russian Championships Kazan, Russia [74][75] [76]
50m butterfly 24.43 Sarah Sjöström   Sweden 5 July 2014 Swedish Championships Borås, Sweden [77][78]
100m butterfly 55.48 Sarah Sjöström   Sweden 7 August 2016 Olympic Games Rio de Janeiro, Brazil [79][80]
200m butterfly 2:01.81 ss Liu Zige   China 21 October 2009 Chinese National Games Jinan, China [81][82]
200m individual medley 2:06.12 Katinka Hosszú   Hungary 3 August 2015 World Championships Kazan, Russia [83][84]
400m individual medley 4:25.87 Summer McIntosh   Canada 1 April 2023 Canadian Trials Toronto, Canada [85][86]
400m individual medley 4:24.38 '#' Summer McIntosh   Canada 16 May 2024 Canadian Trials Toronto, Canada [87]
4 × 100 m freestyle relay 3:27.96
  Australia 23 July 2023 World Championships Fukuoka, Japan [88]
4 × 200 m freestyle relay 7:37.50
  Australia 27 July 2023 World Championships Fukuoka, Japan [89] [90]
4 × 100 m medley relay 3:50.40
  United States 28 July 2019 World Championships Gwangju, South Korea [91][92]
Legend: # – Record awaiting ratification by World Aquatics;
Records not set in finals: h – heat; sf – semifinal; r – relay 1st leg; rh – relay heat 1st leg; b – B final; – en route to final mark; tt – time trial

ss – supersuited/non-textile world record[clarification needed]

Mixed relay edit

Event Time Name Nationality Date Meet Location Ref
4 × 100 m freestyle relay 3:18.83   Australia 29 July 2023 World Championships Fukuoka, Japan [93] [94]
4 × 100 m medley relay 3:37.58
  Great Britain 31 July 2021 Olympic Games Tokyo, Japan [95]
Legend: # – Record awaiting ratification by World Aquatics;
Records not set in finals: h – heat

Short course (25m pool) edit

Men edit

Event Time Name Nationality Date Meet Location Ref
50m freestyle 20.16 Caeleb Dressel   United States 21 November 2020 International Swimming League Budapest, Hungary [96][97]
100m freestyle 44.84 Kyle Chalmers   Australia 29 October 2021 World Cup Kazan, Russia [98][99]
200m freestyle 1:39.37 ss Paul Biedermann   Germany 15 November 2009 World Cup Berlin, Germany [100]
400m freestyle 3:32.25 Yannick Agnel   France 15 November 2012 French Nationals Angers, France [101][102]
800m freestyle 7:20.46 Daniel Wiffen   Ireland 10 December 2023 European Championships Otopeni, Romania [103][104]
1500m freestyle 14:06.88 Florian Wellbrock   Germany 21 December 2021 World Championships Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates [105]
50m backstroke 22.11 Kliment Kolesnikov   Russia 23 November 2022 Solidarity Games Kazan, Russia [106][107] [108]
100m backstroke 48.33 Coleman Stewart   United States 29 August 2021 International Swimming League Naples, Italy [109]
200m backstroke 1:45.63 Mitch Larkin   Australia 27 November 2015 Australian Championships Sydney, Australia [110][111]
50m breaststroke 24.95 Emre Sakçı   Turkey 27 December 2021 Turkish Championships Gaziantep, Turkey [112]
100m breaststroke 55.28 Ilya Shymanovich   Belarus 26 November 2021 International Swimming League Eindhoven, Netherlands [113]
200m breaststroke 2:00.16 Kirill Prigoda   Russia 13 December 2018 World Championships Hangzhou, China [114][115]
50m butterfly 21.75 = Nicholas Santos   Brazil 6 October 2018 World Cup Budapest, Hungary [116][117]
50m butterfly 21.75 = Szebasztián Szabó   Hungary 6 November 2021 European Championships Kazan, Russia [118]
100m butterfly 47.78 Caeleb Dressel   United States 21 November 2020 International Swimming League Budapest, Hungary [119][120]
200m butterfly 1:46.85 Tomoru Honda   Japan 22 October 2022 Japanese Championships Tokyo, Japan [121][122]
100m individual medley 49.28 Caeleb Dressel   United States 22 November 2020 International Swimming League Budapest, Hungary [123][124]
200m individual medley 1:49.63 Ryan Lochte   United States 14 December 2012 World Championships Istanbul, Turkey [125][126]
400m individual medley 3:54.81 Daiya Seto   Japan 20 December 2019 International Swimming League Las Vegas, United States [127][128]
4 × 50 m freestyle relay 1:21.80
  United States 14 December 2018 World Championships Hangzhou, China [129]
4 × 50 m freestyle relay 1:20.77 WB[130] ss   France 14 December 2008 European Championships Rijeka, Croatia [131]
4 × 100 m freestyle relay 3:02.75   Italy 13 December 2022 World Championships Melbourne, Australia [132]
4 × 200 m freestyle relay 6:44.12
  United States 16 December 2022 World Championships Melbourne, Australia [133][134]
4 × 50 m medley relay 1:29.72   Italy 17 December 2022 World Championships Melbourne, Australia [135]
4 × 100 m medley relay 3:18.98 =
  Australia 18 December 2022 World Championships Melbourne, Australia [136]
4 × 100 m medley relay 3:18.98 =
  United States 18 December 2022 World Championships Melbourne, Australia [137]
Legend: # – Record awaiting ratification by World Aquatics;
Records not set in finals: h – heat; sf – semifinal; r – relay 1st leg; rh – relay heat 1st leg; b – B final; – en route to final mark; tt – time trial

ss – supersuited/non-textile world record[clarification needed]

WB - world best time swam that will not be ratified by FINA.

Women edit

Event Time Name Nationality Date Meet Location Ref
50m freestyle 22.93 Ranomi Kromowidjojo   Netherlands 7 August 2017 World Cup Berlin, Germany [138]
100m freestyle 50.25 Cate Campbell   Australia 26 October 2017 Australian Championships Adelaide, Australia [139][140]
200m freestyle 1:50.31 Siobhán Haughey   Hong Kong 16 December 2021 World Championships Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates [141]
400m freestyle 3:51.30 Li Bingjie   China 27 October 2022 Chinese Championships Beijing, China [142]
800m freestyle 7:57.42 Katie Ledecky   United States 5 November 2022 World Cup Indianapolis, United States [143][144]
1500m freestyle 15:08.24 Katie Ledecky   United States 29 October 2022 World Cup Toronto, Canada [145][146]
50m backstroke 25.25 Maggie Mac Neil   Canada 16 December 2022 World Championships Melbourne, Australia [147]
100m backstroke 54.89 Minna Atherton   Australia 27 October 2019 International Swimming League Budapest, Hungary [148][149]
200m backstroke 1:58.94 Kaylee McKeown   Australia 28 November 2020 Australian Championships Brisbane, Australia [150]
50m breaststroke 28.37 sf Rūta Meilutytė   Lithuania 17 December 2022 World Championships Melbourne, Australia [151]
100m breaststroke 1:02.36 = Rūta Meilutytė   Lithuania 12 October 2013 World Cup Moscow, Russia [152]
100m breaststroke 1:02.36 = Alia Atkinson   Jamaica 6 December 2014 World Championships Doha, Qatar [153][154]
100m breaststroke 1:02.36 = Alia Atkinson   Jamaica 26 August 2016 World Cup Chartres, France [155]
200m breaststroke 2:14.57 ss Rebecca Soni   United States 18 December 2009 Duel in the Pool Manchester, United Kingdom [156]
50m butterfly 24.38 ss Therese Alshammar   Sweden 22 November 2009 World Cup Singapore, Singapore [157]
100m butterfly 54.05 Maggie Mac Neil   Canada 18 December 2022 World Championships Melbourne, Australia [158]
200m butterfly 1:59.61 Mireia Belmonte   Spain 3 December 2014 World Championships Doha, Qatar [159][160]
100m individual medley 56.51 Katinka Hosszú   Hungary 7 August 2017 World Cup Berlin, Germany [161][162]
200m individual medley 2:01.86 Katinka Hosszú   Hungary 6 December 2014 World Championships Doha, Qatar [163][164]
400m individual medley 4:18.94 Mireia Belmonte   Spain 12 August 2017 World Cup Eindhoven, Netherlands [165][166]
4 × 50 m freestyle relay 1:32.50 tt   Netherlands 12 December 2020 Wouda Cup Eindhoven, Netherlands [167]
4 × 100 m freestyle relay 3:25.43
  Australia 13 December 2022 World Championships Melbourne, Australia [168][169]
4 × 200 m freestyle relay 7:30.87
  Australia 14 December 2022 World Championships Melbourne, Australia [170]
4 × 50 m medley relay 1:42.35   Australia 17 December 2022 World Championships Melbourne, Australia [171]
4 × 100 m medley relay 3:44.35
  United States 18 December 2022 World Championships Melbourne, Australia [172]
Legend: # – Record awaiting ratification by World Aquatics;
Records not set in finals: h – heat; sf – semifinal; r – relay 1st leg; rh – relay heat 1st leg; b – B final; – en route to final mark; tt – time trial

ss – supersuited/non-textile world record[clarification needed]

Mixed relay edit

Event Time Name Nationality Date Meet Location Ref
4 × 50 m freestyle relay 1:27.33   France 16 December 2022 World Championships Melbourne, Australia [173]
4 × 50 m medley relay 1:35.15
  United States 14 December 2022 World Championships Melbourne, Australia [174][175]
Legend: # – Record awaiting ratification by World Aquatics;
Records not set in finals: h – heat

Record holders' rankings edit

By nation edit

Nation Record
tally
LC SC Total LC SC Total LC SC Total
Men Women Mixed
  United States 22 6 7 13 4 4 8 1 1
  Australia 17 3 3 7 6 13 1 1
  China 6 4 4 1 1 2
  Hungary 5 1 1 2 1 2 3
  Sweden 5 4 1 5
  France 4 1 2 3 1 1
  Germany 4 2 2 4
  Russia 4 1 2 3 1 1
  Canada 3 1 2 3
  Great Britain 3 2 2 1 1
  Italy 3 1 2 3
  Lithuania 3 1 2 3
  Brazil 2 1 1 2
  Japan 2 2 2
  Netherlands 2 2 2
  Spain 2 2 2
  Belarus 1 1 1
  Hong Kong 1 1 1
  Ireland 1 1 1
  Jamaica 1 1 1
  Turkey 1 1 1
  Ukraine 1 1 1
Total 93 20 25 45 20 24 44 2 2 4

References edit

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