Swimming at the 2016 Summer Olympics – Women's 100 metre freestyle
|Women's 100 metre freestyle
at the Games of the XXXI Olympiad
|Venue||Olympic Aquatics Stadium|
|Dates||10 August 2016 (heats &
11 August 2016 (final)
|Competitors||48 from 37 nations|
|Winning time||52.70 OR|
In one of the most unexpected results at these Games, Canadian teenager Penny Oleksiak and U.S. sprinter Simone Manuel pulled off an enormous upset from Australia's pre-race favorites Bronte and Cate Campbell down the home stretch to share their historic Olympic gold-medal triumph in this event. About midway of the final lap, both Oleksiak and Manuel came from behind to overhaul almost the entire field, before touching the wall simultaneously for an Olympic record in 52.70. Building a new milestone, Manuel became the first ever African-American female to earn an Olympic gold in swimming, while Oleksiak picked up her fourth medal to establish herself as Canada's most successful athlete at a single edition in Summer Olympic history.
Sweden's Sarah Sjöström captured the bronze with a 52.99 to complete a full set of medals at the Games, edging out Bronte Campbell (53.04) to fourth by a 0.05-second deficit. Dutch sprinter Ranomi Kromowidjojo missed her chance to defend the title with a fifth-place time in 53.08, while world-record holder Cate Campbell, who broke the existing Olympic record twice each in both the heats and semifinals earlier, slipped to sixth in 53.24. Manuel's teammate Abbey Weitzeil (53.30) and Denmark's four-time Olympian Jeanette Ottesen (53.36) rounded out the top eight.
Notable swimmers missed the final roster, including Brazil's home-crowd favorite Etiene Medeiros, Belarus' two-time Olympic medalist Aliaksandra Herasimenia, and Italy's Federica Pellegrini, who scratched the afternoon prelims earlier to focus on her 4×200 m freestyle relay duty instead.
In the victory ceremony, the medals for the competition were presented by James Tomkins, Australia, member of the International Olympic Committee, and the gifts were presented by Matthew Dunn, Australia, Bureau Member of FINA.
Prior to this competition, the existing world and Olympic records were as follows.
|World record||Cate Campbell (AUS)||52.06||Brisbane, Australia||2 July 2016|
|Olympic record||Ranomi Kromowidjojo (NED)||53.00||London, Great Britain||2 August 2012|
The following records were established during the competition:
|August 10||Heat 5||Cate Campbell||Australia||52.78||OR|
|August 10||Semifinal 2||Cate Campbell||Australia||52.71||OR|
|August 11||Final||Simone Manuel
| United States
|1||4||Simone Manuel||United States||53.11||Q|
|3||3||Jeanette Ottesen||Denmark||53.35||Q, NR|
|1||4||Cate Campbell||Australia||52.71||Q, OR|
|2||3||Penny Oleksiak||Canada||52.72||Q, WJR, AM|
|4||6||Abbey Weitzeil||United States||53.53||Q|
|5||2||Chantal Van Landeghem||Canada||54.00|
|5||Penny Oleksiak||Canada||52.70||OR, WJR|
|3||Simone Manuel||United States||OR|
|7||8||Abbey Weitzeil||United States||53.30|
- "Women's 100m Freestyle". Rio 2016. Archived from the original on 22 September 2016. Retrieved 5 August 2016.
- "Rio Olympics 2016: Simone Manuel and Penny Oleksiak take joint gold". BBC Sport. 12 August 2016. Retrieved 1 September 2016.
- Fenno, Nathan (12 August 2016). "Simone Manuel and Canada's Penny Oleksiak tie for gold in 100 freestyle". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 1 September 2016.
- "Simone Manuel makes history, ties for Olympic gold". USA Today. 12 August 2016. Retrieved 1 September 2016.
- "Simone Manuel first female African-American swimmer to win individual Olympic medal". ESPN. 12 August 2016. Retrieved 1 September 2016.
- Longley, Rob (12 August 2016). "Penny Oleksiak wins Canada's first gold medal in Rio, cementing her star in Olympic history". National Post. Retrieved 1 September 2016.
- "Rio 2016 Olympics: Penny Oleksiak and Simone Manuel tie for 100m freestyle gold". EuroSport. 12 August 2016. Retrieved 1 September 2016.
- "Simone Manuel, Penny Oleksiak Tie For Gold In Historic 100 Free Final". Swimming World Magazine. 11 August 2016. Retrieved 1 September 2016.
- Lutton, Phil (11 August 2016). "Rio 2016: Cate Campbell breaking records for fun as Olympic mark falls in 100m heat". Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 1 September 2016.
- Pentony, Luke (12 August 2016). "Rio 2016: Cate Campbell misses Olympic medal in stunning upset in 100 metres freestyle final". ABC News Australia. Retrieved 1 September 2016.
- "Cate Campbell Sets Olympic Record in 100 Freestyle Prelims". Swimming World Magazine. 10 August 2016. Retrieved 1 September 2016.
- Pentony, Luke (2 July 2016). "Rio 2016: Cate Campbell sets new world record ahead of Olympics in 100 metres freestyle". Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 1 September 2016.
- Lutz, Rachel (2 July 2016). "Aussie Cate Campbell takes down 100m freestyle world record". NBC Olympics. Retrieved 6 July 2016.
- "Kromowidjojo wins women's 100 free with OR". Fox News. 2 August 2012. Retrieved 10 July 2013.