Swimming at the 2016 Summer Olympics – Women's 100 metre freestyle
|Women's 100 metre freestyle|
at the Games of the XXXI Olympiad
|Venue||Olympic Aquatics Stadium|
|Dates||10 August 2016 (heats &|
11 August 2016 (final)
|Competitors||48 from 37 nations|
|Winning time||52.70 OR|
In one of the most unexpected results at these Games, Canadian teenager Penny Oleksiak and U.S. sprinter Simone Manuel pulled off an enormous upset from Australia's pre-race favorites Bronte and Cate Campbell down the home stretch to be in a dead heat for the gold medal. About midway of the final lap, both Oleksiak and Manuel came from behind to overhaul almost the entire field, before touching the wall simultaneously for an Olympic record in 52.70. Building a new milestone, Manuel became the first ever African-American female to earn an Olympic gold in swimming, while Oleksiak picked up her fourth medal to establish herself as Canada's most successful athlete at a single edition in Summer Olympic history.
Sweden's Sarah Sjöström captured the bronze with a 52.99 to complete a full set of medals at the Games, edging out Bronte Campbell (53.04) to fourth by a 0.05-second deficit. Dutch sprinter Ranomi Kromowidjojo missed her chance to defend the title with a fifth-place time in 53.08, while world-record holder Cate Campbell, who broke the existing Olympic record twice each in both the heats and semifinals earlier, slipped to sixth in 53.24. Manuel's teammate Abbey Weitzeil (53.30) and Denmark's four-time Olympian Jeanette Ottesen (53.36) rounded out the top eight.
Notable swimmers missed the final roster, including Brazil's home-crowd favorite Etiene Medeiros, Belarus' two-time Olympic medalist Aliaksandra Herasimenia, and Italy's Federica Pellegrini, who scratched the afternoon prelims earlier to focus on her 4×200 m freestyle relay duty instead.
In the victory ceremony, the medals for the competition were presented by James Tomkins, Australia, member of the International Olympic Committee, and the gifts were presented by Matthew Dunn, Australia, Bureau Member of FINA.
Prior to this competition, the existing world and Olympic records were as follows.
|World record||Cate Campbell (AUS)||52.06||Brisbane, Australia||2 July 2016|
|Olympic record||Ranomi Kromowidjojo (NED)||53.00||London, Great Britain||2 August 2012|
The following records were established during the competition:
|August 10||Heat 5||Cate Campbell||Australia||52.78||OR|
|August 10||Semifinal 2||Cate Campbell||Australia||52.71||OR|
|August 11||Final||Simone Manuel
| United States
|1||4||Simone Manuel||United States||53.11||Q|
|3||3||Jeanette Ottesen||Denmark||53.35||Q, NR|
|1||4||Cate Campbell||Australia||52.71||Q, OR|
|2||3||Penny Oleksiak||Canada||52.72||Q, WJR, AM|
|4||6||Abbey Weitzeil||United States||53.53||Q|
|5||2||Chantal Van Landeghem||Canada||54.00|
|5||Penny Oleksiak||Canada||52.70||OR, WJR|
|3||Simone Manuel||United States||OR|
|7||8||Abbey Weitzeil||United States||53.30|
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