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Swimming at the 2012 Summer Olympics – Women's 100 metre freestyle

The women's 100 metre freestyle event at the 2012 Summer Olympics took place on 1–2 August at the London Aquatics Centre in London, United Kingdom.[1]

Women's 100 metre freestyle
at the Games of the XXX Olympiad
VenueLondon Aquatics Centre
DateAugust 1, 2012 (heats &
semifinals)
August 2, 2012 (final)
Competitors50 from 44 nations
Winning time53.00 OR
Medalists
1st, gold medalist(s) Ranomi Kromowidjojo
 Netherlands
2nd, silver medalist(s) Aliaksandra Herasimenia
 Belarus
3rd, bronze medalist(s) Tang Yi
 China
← 2008
2016 →

Dutch swimmer Ranomi Kromowidjojo blasted a new Olympic record to become the country's third gold medalist in the event since Rie Mastenbroek topped the podium in 1936 and Inge de Bruijn in 2000. Flipping fourth at the halfway turn, she pulled ahead of a tightly-packed field to touch the wall first and improve her own record in 53.00.[2][3] Belarus' Aliaksandra Herasimenia strengthened her lead on the first length under a world-record pace, but faded down the stretch to pick up a silver in 53.38.[4] Meanwhile, China's Tang Yi produced a fast burst on the final lap to capture the bronze in 53.44.[5][6]

Australia's Melanie Schlanger finished fourth in 53.47, while American teenage sensation Missy Franklin denied a chance for another Olympic medal with a fifth-place time in 53.64.[7] Great Britain's home favorite Francesca Halsall (53.66), Denmark's Jeanette Ottesen (53.75), who shared the title with Herasimenia at the 2011 World Championships, and U.S. swimmer Jessica Hardy (54.02) rounded out the finale.[6][8]

Before the breakthrough finale, Kromowidjojo threw down a top-seeded time of 53.05 to slice 0.07 seconds off the previous Olympic record set by Germany's defending champion Britta Steffen, who later missed the final roster with a twelfth-place finish (54.18) from the semifinals.[9][10]

Among the fifty swimmers registered in the event, only forty-eight had competed. Sweden's five-time Olympian Therese Alshammar suffered from a pinched nerve in her neck, and decided to skip most of her events. Additionally, Australia's Cate Campbell scratched her first individual race because of a glandular fever.[11][12]

Contents

RecordsEdit

Prior to this competition, the existing world and Olympic records were as follows.

World record   Britta Steffen (GER) 52.07 Rome, Italy 31 July 2009
Olympic record   Britta Steffen (GER) 53.12 Beijing, China 15 August 2008

The following records were established during the competition:

Date Event Name Nationality Time Record
August 1 Semifinal 2 Ranomi Kromowidjojo   Netherlands 53.05 OR
August 2 Final Ranomi Kromowidjojo   Netherlands 53.00 OR

ResultsEdit

HeatsEdit

 
One of the heats during the qualification

[16]

Rank Heat Lane Name Nationality Time Notes
1 5 3 Tang Yi   China 53.28 Q
2 7 6 Melanie Schlanger   Australia 53.50 Q
3 5 4 Jeanette Ottesen   Denmark 53.51 Q
4 7 5 Aliaksandra Herasimenia   Belarus 53.63 Q, NR
5 7 4 Ranomi Kromowidjojo   Netherlands 53.66 Q
6 6 7 Arianna Vanderpool-Wallace   Bahamas 53.73 Q, NR
7 6 5 Francesca Halsall   Great Britain 54.02 Q
8 5 6 Jessica Hardy   United States 54.09 Q
9 6 1 Julia Wilkinson   Canada 54.16 Q
10 6 4 Sarah Sjöström   Sweden 54.26 Q
7 3 Missy Franklin   United States Q
12 7 2 Haruka Ueda   Japan 54.35 Q
13 6 2 Amy Smith   Great Britain 54.37 Q
14 6 3 Britta Steffen   Germany 54.42 Q
15 5 5 Femke Heemskerk   Netherlands 54.43 Q
5 7 Daniela Schreiber   Germany Q
17 7 7 Veronika Popova   Russia 54.66
18 6 8 Hanna-Maria Seppälä   Finland 54.93
19 5 2 Pernille Blume   Denmark 55.04
20 7 8 Charlotte Bonnet   France 55.12
21 5 1 Hannah Wilson   Hong Kong 55.33
22 4 4 Burcu Dolunay   Turkey 55.35
23 3 4 Eszter Dara   Hungary 55.37
24 4 2 Nina Rangelova   Bulgaria 55.52 NR
25 3 5 Liliana Ibáñez   Mexico 55.71 NR
26 4 6 Daynara de Paula   Brazil 55.94
27 4 3 Katarzyna Wilk   Poland 56.13
28 3 3 Nastja Govejšek   Slovenia 56.21
29 3 2 Mylene Ong   Singapore 56.33
4 7 Rūta Meilutytė   Lithuania
31 4 8 Katarína Filová   Slovakia 56.58
32 5 8 Nery Mantey Niangkouara   Greece 56.63
33 4 5 Arlene Semeco   Venezuela 56.90
34 3 6 Jasmine Alkhaldi   Philippines 57.13
35 3 1 Megan Fonteno   American Samoa 57.45
4 1 Miroslava Najdanovski   Serbia
37 3 7 Karen Torrez   Bolivia 57.78 NR
38 3 8 Clelia Tini   San Marino 58.29
39 2 3 Jade Howard   Zambia 59.35
40 2 5 Bayan Jumah   Syria 59.78
41 2 4 Karen Riveros   Paraguay 59.86
42 2 6 Brittany van Lange   Guyana 1:01.62
43 2 2 Estellah Fils Rabetsara   Madagascar 1:02.39
44 2 7 Reshika Udugampola   Sri Lanka 1:04.93
45 2 1 Magdalena Moshi   Tanzania 1:05.80
46 1 4 Mareme Faye   Senegal 1:06.42
47 1 5 Shreya Dhital   Nepal 1:10.80
48 1 3 Ayouba Ali Sihame   Comoros 1:14.40
6 6 Cate Campbell   Australia DNS
7 1 Therese Alshammar   Sweden DNS

SemifinalsEdit

[17]

Semifinal 1Edit

Rank Lane Name Nationality Time Notes
1 4 Melanie Schlanger   Australia 53.38 Q
2 5 Aliaksandra Herasimenia   Belarus 53.78 Q
3 6 Jessica Hardy   United States 53.86 Q
4 2 Sarah Sjöström   Sweden 53.93
5 3 Arianna Vanderpool-Wallace   Bahamas 54.12
6 1 Britta Steffen   Germany 54.18
7 8 Daniela Schreiber   Germany 54.39
8 7 Haruka Ueda   Japan 54.59

Semifinal 2Edit

Rank Lane Name Nationality Time Notes
1 3 Ranomi Kromowidjojo   Netherlands 53.05 Q, OR
2 7 Missy Franklin   United States 53.59 Q
3 4 Tang Yi   China 53.60 Q
4 5 Jeanette Ottesen   Denmark 53.77 Q
6 Francesca Halsall   Great Britain Q
6 8 Femke Heemskerk   Netherlands 54.13
7 2 Julia Wilkinson   Canada 54.25
8 1 Amy Smith   Great Britain 54.28

FinalEdit

[18]

Rank Lane Name Nationality Time Notes
  4 Ranomi Kromowidjojo   Netherlands 53.00 OR
  1 Aliaksandra Herasimenia   Belarus 53.38 NR
  6 Tang Yi   China 53.44
4 5 Melanie Schlanger   Australia 53.47
5 3 Missy Franklin   United States 53.64
6 7 Francesca Halsall   Great Britain 53.66
7 2 Jeanette Ottesen   Denmark 53.75
8 8 Jessica Hardy   United States 54.02

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Swimming: Results & Schedules". London 2012. NBC Olympics. 29 July 2012. Archived from the original on 3 July 2013. Retrieved 7 July 2013.
  2. ^ "Kromowidjojo wins women's 100 free with OR". Fox News. 2 August 2012. Retrieved 10 July 2013.
  3. ^ "Flying Dutchwoman: Kromowidjojo cruises to gold". Washington Examiner. 2 August 2012. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 10 July 2013.
  4. ^ "Herasimenia claims silver at London 2012". Belarusian Telegraph Agency. 3 August 2012. Archived from the original on 2013-07-10. Retrieved 10 July 2013.
  5. ^ "China's Tang Yi bags bronze medal in women's 100m freestyle". China Daily. 2 August 2012. Retrieved 10 July 2013.
  6. ^ a b "2012 London Olympics: Ranomi Kromowidjojo Clinches 100 Free Gold With Olympic Record; Aliaksandra Herasimenia, Tang Yi Get Silver-Bronze; Missy Franklin, Jessica Hardy Miss Podium". Swimming World Magazine. 2 August 2012. Archived from the original on 2013-11-05. Retrieved 10 July 2013.
  7. ^ "Melanie Schlanger rues missing 100m free medal". The Australian. 2 August 2012. Retrieved 10 July 2013.
  8. ^ "Soni wins gold, breaks world record in 200m breast". USA Swimming. 2 August 2012. Retrieved 10 July 2013.
  9. ^ "2012 London Olympics: The Netherlands' Ranomi Kromowidjojo Clips Olympic Record in 100 Free Semis; Missy Franklin, Jessica Hardy Make Finals". Swimming World Magazine. 1 August 2012. Archived from the original on 2013-05-27. Retrieved 10 July 2013.
  10. ^ "Nathan Adrian of U.S. wins 100-meter freestyle gold medal by smallest of margins". CBS News. 1 August 2012. Retrieved 10 July 2013.
  11. ^ "2012 London Olympics: China's Tang Yi Posts Olympic Textile Best in 100 Free Prelims; Jessica Hardy, Missy Franklin Advance; Defending Champ Britta Steffen In". Swimming World Magazine. 1 August 2012. Archived from the original on 27 September 2013. Retrieved 10 July 2013.
  12. ^ Wordsworth, Matt (1 August 2012). "Cate Campbell pulls out of 100m freestyle". ABC News Australia. Retrieved 10 July 2013.
  13. ^ Bull, Andy (31 July 2009). "Fran Halsall dreams of puppy after freestyle silver at world championships". Guardian.co.uk. Retrieved 10 July 2013.
  14. ^ Cowley, Michael (1 August 2009). "Australians cast in bronze as more records tumble". The Age. Retrieved 10 July 2013.
  15. ^ "Steffen wins first swimming gold for Germany". NBC Olympics. 14 August 2008. Archived from the original on 2014-01-04. Retrieved 13 May 2013.
  16. ^ "Women's 100m Freestyle – Heats". London 2012. Retrieved 27 July 2012.
  17. ^ "Women's 100m Freestyle – Semifinals". London 2012. Retrieved 1 August 2012.
  18. ^ "Women's 100m Freestyle – Final". London 2012. Retrieved 1 August 2012.

External linksEdit