Ranomi Kromowidjojo

Ranomi Kromowidjojo (Dutch pronunciation: [raːˈnoːmi ˌkroːmoːʋiˈɟoːjoː]; born 20 August 1990) is a retired Dutch swimmer[1] of mixed Dutch-Javanese Surinamese origin who mainly specialises in sprint freestyle events. She is a triple Olympic champion, winning the gold medal in the 4 × 100 m freestyle relay at the 2008 Olympics, and in the 50 m freestyle and 100 m freestyle at the 2012 Olympics. Kromowidjojo holds the world record in the 50 meter freestyle short course (25 m pool), and as part of the Dutch team she holds the world records in the 4×50 m, 4 × 100 m, and 4 × 200 m freestyle relays (short course).[2] She has won a total of 39 medals in FINA World Championship events.

Ranomi Kromowidjojo
Ranomi Kromowidjojo 2010 closeup.jpg
Kromowidjojo in 2010
Personal information
National teamNetherlands
Born (1990-08-20) 20 August 1990 (age 31)
Sauwerd, Netherlands
Height1.80 m (5 ft 11 in)
Weight67 kg (148 lb)
WebsiteRanomi.nl
Sport
SportSwimming
StrokesFreestyle, butterfly
ClubTeam Iron (ISL)
Medal record
Women's swimming
Representing  Netherlands
Event 1st 2nd 3rd
Olympic Games 3 1 0
World Championships (LC) 3 8 6
World Championships (SC) 14 9 5
European Championships (LC) 6 7 1
European Championships (SC) 18 5 3
Total 44 30 15
Olympic Games
Gold medal – first place 2008 Beijing 4×100 m freestyle
Gold medal – first place 2012 London 50 m freestyle
Gold medal – first place 2012 London 100 m freestyle
Silver medal – second place 2012 London 4×100 m freestyle
World Championships (LC)
Gold medal – first place 2009 Rome 4×100 m freestyle
Gold medal – first place 2011 Shanghai 4×100 m freestyle
Gold medal – first place 2013 Barcelona 50 m freestyle
Silver medal – second place 2011 Shanghai 50 m freestyle
Silver medal – second place 2015 Kazan 50 m freestyle
Silver medal – second place 2015 Kazan 4×100 m freestyle
Silver medal – second place 2015 Kazan 4×100 m mixed freestyle
Silver medal – second place 2017 Budapest 50 m freestyle
Silver medal – second place 2017 Budapest 50 m butterfly
Silver medal – second place 2017 Budapest 4×100 m mixed freestyle
Silver medal – second place 2019 Gwangju 50 m butterfly
Bronze medal – third place 2007 Melbourne 4×100 m freestyle
Bronze medal – third place 2011 Shanghai 100 m freestyle
Bronze medal – third place 2013 Barcelona 100 m freestyle
Bronze medal – third place 2013 Barcelona 50 m butterfly
Bronze medal – third place 2013 Barcelona 4×100 m freestyle
Bronze medal – third place 2017 Budapest 4×100 m freestyle
World Championships (SC)
Gold medal – first place 2008 Manchester 4×200 m freestyle
Gold medal – first place 2010 Dubai 50 m freestyle
Gold medal – first place 2010 Dubai 100 m freestyle
Gold medal – first place 2010 Dubai 4×100 m freestyle
Gold medal – first place 2014 Doha 50 m freestyle
Gold medal – first place 2014 Doha 4×50 m freestyle
Gold medal – first place 2014 Doha 4×100 m freestyle
Gold medal – first place 2014 Doha 4×200 m freestyle
Gold medal – first place 2016 Windsor 50 m freestyle
Gold medal – first place 2018 Hangzhou 50 m freestyle
Gold medal – first place 2018 Hangzhou 100 m freestyle
Gold medal – first place 2018 Hangzhou 50 m butterfly
Gold medal – first place 2021 Abu Dhabi 4×50 m mixed medley
Gold medal – first place 2021 Abu Dhabi 50 m butterfly
Silver medal – second place 2016 Windsor 100 m freestyle
Silver medal – second place 2016 Windsor 4×50 m freestyle
Silver medal – second place 2016 Windsor 4×50 m mixed freestyle
Silver medal – second place 2018 Hangzhou 4×50 m freestyle
Silver medal – second place 2018 Hangzhou 4×100 m freestyle
Silver medal – second place 2018 Hangzhou 4×50 m mixed freestyle
Silver medal – second place 2018 Hangzhou 4×50 m mixed medley
Silver medal – second place 2021 Abu Dhabi 4×50 m mixed freestyle
Silver medal – second place 2021 Abu Dhabi 50 m freestyle
Bronze medal – third place 2014 Doha 100 m freestyle
Bronze medal – third place 2016 Windsor 4×100 m freestyle
Bronze medal – third place 2018 Hangzhou 4×50 m medley
Bronze medal – third place 2021 Abu Dhabi 4×50 m medley
Bronze medal – third place 2021 Abu Dhabi 4×50 m freestyle
European Championships (LC)
Gold medal – first place 2008 Eindhoven 4×100 m freestyle
Gold medal – first place 2016 London 50 m freestyle
Gold medal – first place 2016 London 4×100 m freestyle
Gold medal – first place 2016 London 4×100 m mixed freestyle
Gold medal – first place 2020 Budapest 50 m freestyle
Gold medal – first place 2020 Budapest 50 m butterfly
Silver medal – second place 2006 Budapest 4×100 m freestyle
Silver medal – second place 2016 London 100 m freestyle
Silver medal – second place 2018 Glasgow 4x100 m freestyle
Silver medal – second place 2018 Glasgow 4×100 m mixed freestyle
Silver medal – second place 2020 Budapest 4×100 m freestyle
Silver medal – second place 2020 Budapest 4×100 m mixed freestyle
Silver medal – second place 2020 Budapest 4×100 m mixed medley
Bronze medal – third place 2018 Glasgow 50 m freestyle
European Championships (SC)
Gold medal – first place 2007 Debrecen 4×50 m freestyle
Gold medal – first place 2008 Rijeka 4×50 m freestyle
Gold medal – first place 2008 Rijeka 4×50 m medley
Gold medal – first place 2009 Istanbul 4×50 m freestyle
Gold medal – first place 2009 Istanbul 4×50 m medley
Gold medal – first place 2010 Eindhoven 50 m freestyle
Gold medal – first place 2010 Eindhoven 100 m freestyle
Gold medal – first place 2010 Eindhoven 4×50 m freestyle
Gold medal – first place 2010 Eindhoven 4×50 m medley
Gold medal – first place 2013 Herning 50 m freestyle
Gold medal – first place 2013 Herning 100 m freestyle
Gold medal – first place 2015 Netanya 50 m freestyle
Gold medal – first place 2015 Netanya 4×50 m medley
Gold medal – first place 2017 Copenhagen 100 m freestyle
Gold medal – first place 2017 Copenhagen 50 m butterfly
Gold medal – first place 2017 Copenhagen 4×50 m freestyle
Gold medal – first place 2017 Copenhagen 4×50 m mixed freestyle
Gold medal – first place 2017 Copenhagen 4×50 m mixed medley
Silver medal – second place 2009 Istanbul 50 m freestyle
Silver medal – second place 2009 Istanbul 100 m freestyle
Silver medal – second place 2015 Netanya 100 m freestyle
Silver medal – second place 2015 Netanya 4×50 m freestyle
Silver medal – second place 2017 Copenhagen 50 m freestyle
Bronze medal – third place 2008 Rijeka 100 m freestyle
Bronze medal – third place 2013 Herning 4×50 m mixed freestyle
Bronze medal – third place 2015 Netanya 4×50 m mixed freestyle

Swimming careerEdit

JuniorsEdit

Kromowidjojo won a total of three medals at the European Junior Swimming Championships in 2005 and 2006, in the 50 meter freestyle and butterfly events.

2006Edit

Kromowidjojo made her international senior debut at the European LC Championships 2006 in Budapest, Hungary. She won her first international senior medal in the 4 × 100 m freestyle relay, alongside Inge Dekker, Chantal Groot and Marleen Veldhuis, at the age of 15.

2007Edit

Kromowidjojo qualified for her first World Championships in 2007. At the World LC Championships 2007 in Melbourne, Australia, she won a bronze medal in the 4×100 freestyle relay together with Inge Dekker, Femke Heemskerk and Marleen Veldhuis. Individually she finished 13th in the 100 freestyle. At the end of 2007 she swam the A-qualification standard for the 2008 Summer Olympics in the 50 m and 100 m freestyle and swam the world record in the 4 × 100 m freestyle Short course, with Hinkelien Schreuder, Femke Heemskerk and Marleen Veldhuis, at the Dutch Open Swim Cup. In the week afterwards she competed in the European Short Course Swimming Championships 2007 in Debrecen, Hungary. There she swam another world record in the 4 × 50 m freestyle short course with Hinkelien Schreuder, Inge Dekker and Marleen Veldhuis.

2008Edit

SpringEdit

 
Ranomi Kromowidjojo back in Amsterdam, after the 2008 Olympics.

Kromowidjojo's first major tournament in 2008 was the 2008 European Aquatics Championships in Eindhoven. In the 4 × 100 m freestyle, she won the gold medal and with the team: Inge Dekker, Femke Heemskerk and Marleen Veldhuis. They broke the world record with a time of 3:33.62. With the same team she finished fourth in the 4 × 200 m freestyle. Individually she finished 9th in the 200 m freestyle. A few weeks later at the 2008 FINA Short Course World Championships in Manchester she won the world title in the 4 × 200 m freestyle relay and broke another world record, again with Dekker, Heemskerk and Veldhuis. After the 100 m freestyle heats she withdrew from the tournament with an elbow injury.

Beijing OlympicsEdit

At the 2008 Summer Olympics in Beijing and a few days before her 18th birthday, Kromowidjojo became an Olympic champion by winning the gold medal in the 4 × 100 m freestyle, again alongside Inge Dekker, Femke Heemskerk and Marleen Veldhuis. Their time was 3:33.76; just outside their own world record.[3] The day after she started individually in the 200 m freestyle ending 23rd in the heats. She was also part of both the 4 × 200 m freestyle and 4 × 100 m medley relay teams, which failed to qualify for the respective finals.[4]

AutumnEdit

At the end of the year, Kromowidjojo took part in several championships. She started with the Swim Cup Eindhoven 2008, where she broke the national record in the 50 m backstroke long course, her first individual national record, and qualified for the 2009 World Aquatics Championships in the 100 m freestyle. One week afterwards she took part in the European Short Course Swimming Championships 2008 in Rijeka, Croatia. She won two gold medals, in the 4×50 m freestyle and 4×50 m medley relay, and a bronze medal in the 100 m freestyle behind Marleen Veldhuis and Jeanette Ottesen. She also became sixth in the 50 m backstroke.

2009Edit

On 26 July 2009 at the World LC Championships 2009 in Rome, Italy, she won gold in the 4×100 freestyle relay with Inge Dekker, Femke Heemskerk and Marleen Veldhuis, setting a new world record (3:31.72).

2010Edit

 
Ranomi Kromowidjojo (right) and Britta Steffen (left) during the European short course championships 2010 in Eindhoven, Netherlands.

In 2010, Kromowidjojo took part in the 2010 FINA World Swimming Championships (25 m) winning individual gold medals in both the 50m freestyle and the 100m freestyle, setting a championship record of 51.45. She also won a gold medal as part of the 4 × 100 m freestyle relay team alongside Inge Dekker, Femke Heemskerk and Hinkelien Schreuder with another championship record of 3:28.54.

2011Edit

In 2011, Kromowidjojo won a gold medal at the 2011 World Aquatics Championships as part of the 4 × 100 m freestyle relay team alongside Inge Dekker, Marleen Veldhuis and Femke Heemskerk in a time of 3:33.96, 2.24 seconds above their own world record. Individually she won a bronze medal in the 100m freestyle with a time of 53.66 behind Jeanette Ottesen and Aleksandra Gerasimenya who tied for first in 53.45.

2012Edit

At the 2012 Summer Olympics in London, Kromowidjojo and her teammates started the meet with a silver medal in the 4 × 100 m freestyle relay, an event in which they were the defending champions. The gold medal went to Australia.

Later during the week, Kromowidjojo set an Olympic record of 53.05 s in the semifinals of the 100 m freestyle. The next day in the final she followed this up by winning a gold medal in a new Olympic record of 53.00 seconds, ahead of reigning world champion Aleksandra Gerasimenya and Tang Yi. In the 50 m freestyle she qualified fastest for the final with a personal record of 24.07 seconds. In the final she completed the sprint double by winning a gold medal in a new Olympic record of 24.05 seconds, again beating Gerasimenya, as well as training partner and compatriot Marleen Veldhuis. Kromowidjojo was honoured for her performances in the 2012 Holland Heineken House in London.

By winning the 50 m and 100 m freestyle, Kromowidjojo followed in the footsteps of compatriot Inge de Bruijn, who won both events at the 2000 Olympics in Sydney. The European Swimming Federation named Kromowidjojo female European swimmer of the year 2012.[5]

2013Edit

At the 2013 World Aquatics Championships in Barcelona, Kromowidjojo won the gold medal in the 50 m freestyle. This was her first individual long course world title.[6] She also won three bronze medals, in the 100 m freestyle, 50 m butterfly, and 4 × 100 m freestyle relay.

2015Edit

She lost her world title in the 50 meter freestyle to Bronte Campbell of Australia, winning the silver medal 0.10 s behind.[7] She won two more silver medals in relays.

2016Edit

Kromowidjojo qualified for the 2016 Summer Olympics in Rio de Janeiro, her third Olympics, in the 50 and 100 meter freestyle and the 4 × 100 meter freestyle relay.[8] In the relay, the Dutch team finished 4th, the first time they finished outside the medals since the 1996 Olympics. In the 100 m freestyle, Kromowidjojo finished 5th, 0.09 seconds behind the third-place finisher. In the 50 m freestyle she finished 6th, 0.12 seconds behind gold medalist Pernille Blume.

2017Edit

Kromowidjojo competed in the Swim Cup Eindhoven (Dutch Championships) in April 2017 in the 100 m freestyle and won gold with a time of 53.72,[9] also qualifying for Budapest World Championships. The race was very close and in the first 50 m Femke Heemskerk had the lead but in the second 50 m Kromowidjojo overtook her and finished first.

2019Edit

She represented the Netherlands at the 2019 World Aquatics Championships and won the silver medal in the women's 50 metre butterfly event.

International Swimming LeagueEdit

In 2019, she was member[10] of the 2019 International Swimming League representing Team Iron. She had a perfect record of winning all the skin races at each match the team competed in. She also won the 50 freestyle in Budapest and came third in the 100 freestyle. In Lewisville she picked up two second places in the 50 and 100 freestyle.

2022Edit

Kromowidjojo retired from competitive swimming in January 2022.[11] Her retirement was the second in a two-month period by a professional female Dutch swimmer who competed at the 2008 and 2012 Olympic Games after Femke Heemskerk retired in December 2021.[12][13] Kromowidjojo said to FINA, "I fulfilled my career as a professional athlete. Swimming will remain my passion, but no longer on a professional level."[14]

Personal lifeEdit

Kromowidjojo was born in Sauwerd to a Javanese Surinamese father and a Dutch mother.[15] She started swimming at the age of 3, while on a family holiday in Spain.

She suffered viral meningitis while training with her national team in the Canary Islands in July 2010, but recovered to take part in the World Championships later that year.

Kromowidjojo was a student at the Business School Notenboom in Eindhoven. In 2013–14, she was dating former elite swimmer Pieter van den Hoogenband.[16][17] They were chosen as the hottest couple of 2013 by several Dutch newspapers.[18] Since 2015 she has a relationship with Dutch swimmer Ferry Weertman.[19][20] In 2019 Kromowidjojo and Weertman announced their engagement.[21][22]

Personal bestsEdit

Short course[23][24]
Event Time Date Location
50 m freestyle 22.93 WR 2017-08-07 Berlin, Germany
100 m freestyle 50.95NR 2017-12-15 Copenhagen, Denmark
200 m freestyle 1:55.77 2011-12-18 Atlanta, United States
50 m backstroke 26.10 2018-09-28 Eindhoven, Netherlands
100 m backstroke 59.57 2018-10-05 Budapest, Hungary
50 m butterfly 24.44NR 2021-12-19 Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates
100 m butterfly 56.63 2017-08-07 Berlin, Germany
Long course[23][24]
Event Time Date Location
50 m freestyle 23.85NR 2017-07-30 Budapest, Hungary
100 m freestyle 52.75 2012-04-13 Eindhoven, Netherlands
200 m freestyle 1:59.47 2016-07-02 Vichy, France
50 m backstroke 28.20 2021-04-10 Eindhoven, Netherlands
100 m backstroke 1:02.93 2021-04-30 Eindhoven, Netherlands
50 m butterfly 25.24NR 2021-03-13 Amsterdam, Netherlands
100 m butterfly 58.38 2020-12-04 Rotterdam, Netherlands

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ deolympische-spelen.nl Archived 24 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine.
  2. ^ "Archived copy". www.rio2016.com. Archived from the original on 26 August 2016. Retrieved 15 January 2022.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  3. ^ Olympic Champions 4×100m freestyle Archived 11 August 2008 at the Wayback Machine. En.beijing2008.cn. Retrieved 16 February 2014.
  4. ^ Evans, Hilary; Gjerde, Arild; Heijmans, Jeroen; Mallon, Bill; et al. "Ranomi Kromowidjojo". Olympics at Sports-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Archived from the original on 17 April 2020.
  5. ^ 2012 LEN Awards: European Aquatic Athletes of the Year Archived 21 February 2014 at the Wayback Machine. len.eu
  6. ^ "Ranomi Kromowidjojo Sprints Way to Third Career World Title". Swimming World. 4 August 2013. Retrieved 2 August 2016.
  7. ^ "Bronte Campbell wins 50m freestyle crown at world titles as Australia finishes with seven gold medals". ABC News. ABC Online. 9 August 2015. Retrieved 2 August 2016.
  8. ^ Race, Loretta (12 July 2016). "Kromowidjojo, Dekker, Verschuren Among 17-Strong Dutch Olympic Roster". Swimswam. Retrieved 2 August 2016.
  9. ^ "knzb 2017 live scores" (PDF).
  10. ^ "ISL Team Iron Starts Loading Arsenal With Atkinson & Kromowidjojo". SwimSwam. 14 March 2019. Retrieved 15 May 2020.
  11. ^ "Drievoudig olympisch kampioene Kromowidjojo (31) stopt met zwemmen". NU.nl (in Dutch). 27 January 2022. Retrieved 27 January 2022.
  12. ^ Byrnes, Liz (27 January 2022). "Three-time Olympic Champion Ranomi Kromowidjojo Calls Time On Her Career". Swimming World. Retrieved 27 January 2022.
  13. ^ Keith, Braden (27 January 2022). "Three-Time Olympic Gold Medalist Ranomi Kromowidjojo Retires At 31". SwimSwam. Retrieved 27 January 2022.
  14. ^ Koos, Torin (27 January 2022). "Dutch swimming star Ranomi Kromowidjojo calls time on her career". FINA. Retrieved 27 January 2022.
  15. ^ Language Log » Celebrating "Kromowidjojo". Languagelog.ldc.upenn.edu (3 August 2012). Retrieved 16 February 2014.
  16. ^ Pieter van den Hoogenband wil nog niet samenwonen met Ranomi. Algemeen Dagblad. 25 April 2013
  17. ^ "Ranomi Kromowidjojo en Pieter van den Hoogenband uit elkaar" (in Dutch), Algemeen Dagblad, 2014. Retrieved 30 August 2015.
  18. ^ Ranomi en Pieter zijn leukste stel van 2013. RTL News. 26 December 2013
  19. ^ "Ranomi Kromowidjojo is 'perfecte vrouw' voor Ferry Weertman" (in Dutch). Nu.nl. 28 June 2016. Retrieved 16 August 2016.
  20. ^ "Ferry flikt het; vriend van Kromo is wereldkampioen" (in Dutch). RTV Noord. 18 July 2017. Retrieved 29 August 2017.
  21. ^ Race, Retta (29 December 2019). "Kromo & Weertman Set To Tie The Knot After Tokyo Olympic Games". SwimSwam. Retrieved 15 January 2022.
  22. ^ "Ranomi Kromowidjojo and Ferry Weertman Ringing in New Year With Wedding Plans". Swimming World. 29 December 2019. Retrieved 15 January 2022.
  23. ^ a b Ranomi Kromowidjojo. Zwemkroniek Online. Retrieved 18 March 2008.
  24. ^ a b KROMOWIDJOJO, Ranomi. Swimrankings.net. Retrieved 16 February 2014.

External linksEdit