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Federica Pellegrini (Italian pronunciation: [fedeˈriːka pelleˈɡriːni]; born 5 August 1988)[1] is an Italian swimmer. A native of Mirano, in the province of Venice, she holds the women's 200 m freestyle world record (long course), and won a gold medal at the 2008 Beijing Olympics. At the 2009 World Championships in Rome, Pellegrini became the first woman ever to break the 4 minute barrier in the 400 m freestyle with a time of 3:59.15.[2]

Federica Pellegrini
Federica Pellegrini e Luca Marin (cropped).jpg
Personal information
National teamItaly
Born (1988-08-05) 5 August 1988 (age 31)
Mirano, Italy
Height1.79 m (5 ft 10 in)
Weight65 kg (143 lb)
Sport
SportSwimming
StrokesFreestyle
ClubC.C. Aniene
CoachMatteo Giunta

Pellegrini is the only swimmer − male or female − to have won eight medals in a row in the same event (200 meters freestyle) at the World Championships.[3][4] She is also the first female Olympic champion in the history of Italian swimming and the only Italian swimmer to have set world records in more than one event.

BiographyEdit

CareerEdit

2004 OlympicsEdit

Pellegrini's first international podium was at the 2004 Olympic Games in Athens, where she won the silver medal in the 200 m freestyle at the age of 16, becoming the youngest Italian athlete ever to win an Olympic medal in an individual event.

2005-2007Edit

Pellegrini competed at the 2005 Montreal, where she got a silver in the 200 m freestyle, just behind Solenne Figuès, after being the favourite in the event, because of setting previously the best time of the season in the distance. Two years after, she took part of the 400 m freestyle, her first attempt in the event, where she finished fifth. Then she competed also at the 200 m freestyle, where, in the semifinals, she set her first world record of her career, with a time of 1:56:47, beating the previous one belonging to Franziska Van Almsick. But it was beaten the day after in the final by her rival Laure Manaudou, who got the gold medal, while she got just the bronze, behind Annika Lurz too.

2008Edit

Pellegrini's first long course gold medal came at the 2008 European Championships in Eindhoven, where she won the 400 m freestyle setting a world record (4:01.53). She was disqualified in the heats of 200 m freestyle for a wrong start.

At the 2008 Olympic Games in Beijing, she arrived as the world-record holder and favourite for the gold medal in the 400 m freestyle, having set the Olympic record in the heats (4:02.19), but only finished 5th in the final. On the same day, she recovered from that disappointment by setting a world record (1:55.45) in the heats of the 200 m freestyle; in the final, she broke her own world record (1:54.82) and won her first Olympic gold medal.

Pellegrini also proved her strength in short course events at the 2008 European Short Course Championships in Rijeka when she won the gold medal in the 200 m freestyle at a world-record pace (1:51.85). At the 2009 Mediterranean Games in Pescara, Pellegrini broke the world record in the 400 m freestyle with a time of 4:00.41 to better Joanne Jackson's record of 4:00.66.[5]

2009 World ChampionshipsEdit

At the 2009 World Championships in Rome, Pellegrini broke the world record again in the 400 m freestyle with a time of 3:59.15, winning the gold medal and in doing so becoming the first female swimmer to break the 4 minute barrier in the event; she won the gold medal also in the 200 m freestyle and she broke her own world record with a time of 1:52.98. At 2009 European Short Course Championships in Istanbul she broke the world record in the 200 m freestyle with a time of 1:51.17. At the 2010 European Championships in Budapest Pellegrini won the bronze medal in the 800 m freestyle, behind Lotte Friis and Ophélie-Cyrielle Etienne, and the gold medal in the 200 m freestyle with a time of 1:55.45; in the same year, she announced that she would be working with Laure Manadou's former coach, Philippe Lucas.

2011 World ChampionshipsEdit

At the 2011 World Championships in Shanghai, Pellegrini won the gold medal in the 400 m freestyle with a time of 4:01.97, becoming the second female swimmer after Laure Manaudou to win the gold medal in this event at two consecutive World Aquatics Championships. Two days later, she won the gold medal in the 200 m freestyle too with a time of 1:55:58, becoming the first female swimmer ever to win this title at two consecutive editions of the World Aquatics Championships; after the success in Shanghai, she parted ways with her French coach and began working with Federico Bonifacenti.

2012Edit

In May 2012, she was surprisingly excluded from the final of the 400 metre freestyle at the 2012 European Aquatics Championships, after winning two gold medals in other events (200 metre freestyle and 4 × 200 m freestyle relay) and a bronze medal in 4×100 freestyle relay. [6]

At the 2012 Summer Olympics in London, Pellegrini finished fifth in the 400 metres freestyle with a time of 4:04.50 and the 200 metres freestyle with a time of 1:56.73.

2013 World ChampionshipsEdit

After the Olympics, Pellegrini declared she wouldn't take part to 200 and 400 metres freestyle at 2013 World Aquatics Championships to take a gap year. She chose to prepare herself for 200 metres backstroke competition to compete for Italy at World Championships. Anyway, with a last-minute decision, Pellegrini took part to 200 metres freestyle event at the 2013 World Championships and eventually won a silver medal with a time of 1:55.14, her best since Rome. Pellegrini won the silver medal behind Missy Franklin.

2014Edit

At the 2014 European Aquatics Championships she repeated herself, winning the two gold medals of the previous championship, in the 200 metre freestyle (preceding Hosszu and Heemskerk) and in the 4 × 200 m freestyle relay, this one with an exceptional vamp over the Swedish team. She took part of 400 metre freestyle too, finishing fourth in the final, and this was her last international competition in that event.

2015 World ChampionshipsEdit

At the World Aquatics Championships held in Kazan (Russia) in 2015, she won the silver medal in 200 metres freestyle behind Katie Ledecky and ahead of Missy Franklin with a time of 1:55.32, and the silver medal in the 4x200 meter freestyle relay behind the United States. By winning the silver medal in the individual 200 metres freestyle, she became the first female swimmer in history to get a medal in the same event at six consecutive World Championships.

2016Edit

In May 2016, she competed in European Championships in London and won the 200m freestyle with a time of 1:55.93, beating Femke Heemskerk from Holland.[7][8] At the Settecolli, in June, she set the Italian record in the 100 freestyle (53:18), and she made a very interesting time in the 200 freestyle (1:54:55), her personal best with the textile suit.

At the 2016 Summer Olympics, Pellegrini competed in the following disciplines:[9] 200 freestyle, and in the 4 × 100 and 4 × 200 m freestyle relays.

Pellegrini missed the podium during the competition, ranking fourth during the 200 m final. Eventually, she stated that failing to win an Olympic medal in the women's 200 metres freestyle final in Rio de Janeiro was so devastating for her that she may consider "making changes to her life".[10]

Nevertheless, she got a prime redemption at the World Short Course Championships in Windsor (Ontario), because she won her first gold medal in the 200 freestyle, beating Katinka Hosszu.

2017Edit

Pellegrini competed in a Milan meet on 12 March 2017 and finished first in 100 m freestyle with 54.77 and second in 100 m backstroke with 1:01.59.[11] She competed in Indiana 2017 Arena Pro Swim Series in 2–4 March 2017 and won gold in 200 m freestyle with a time of 1:56.07.[12][13] At the World Aquatics Championships held in Budapest, she won the gold medal in 200 metres freestyle ahead of both Katie Ledecky and Emma McKeon with a time of 1:54.73. This was Ledecky's first loss at a major event. By winning the gold medal in the individual 200 metres freestyle, she became the first swimmer ever to get a medal in the same event at seven consecutive World Championships. She competed in the 100 metres freestyle too.

2019Edit

Pellegrini won the gold medal (her fourth overall) in the 200 m freestyle race at the 2019 World Aquatics Championships held at Gwangju, with a time of 1:54.22, before Ariarne Titmus and Sarah Sjostrom, taking advantage of the Katie Ledecky, Emma McKeon and Taylor Ruck's withdrawals in the event, and so getting better her record of being the one, among female and male swimmers, to get eight podiums in the same event during eight consecutive editions of the World Championships.[4] She didn't go beyond the heats in the 100 metres freestyle and in the 50 metres freestyle. She took part of the finals of the 4×100 metre mixed freestyle relay and the 4×100 m medley relay.

Private lifeEdit

From August 2011 to late 2016,[14] Pellegrini was in a relationship with swimmer Filippo Magnini,[15] having previously been engaged to another teammate, Luca Marin.[16]

Personal bestsEdit

Pellegrini currently holds 1 world record (WR), 3 European records (ER) and 10 National records (NR). Her personal bests (as of 30 July 2009) are:

Event Long course (year) Short course (year)
50 m freestyle 24.92 (2019) 24.55 (2017)
100 m freestyle 53.18 (2016)   52.10 (2019)  
200 m freestyle 1:52.98 (2009)   1:51.17 (2009)  
400 m freestyle 3:59.15 (2009)   3:57.59 (2011)  
800 m freestyle 8:24.99 (2010) 8:15.20 (2010)
100 m backstroke 1.00.03 (2018) 57.55 (2018)
200 m backstroke 2:08.05 (2013) 2:03.75 (2013)
200 m butterfly 2:12.96 (2015) 2:08.69 (2013)
4×50 m freestyle relay 1:37.56 (2013)  
4 × 100 m freestyle relay 3:39.18   3:39.18 (2006)  
4 × 200 m freestyle relay 7:46.57 (2009)   7:50.39 (2006)  
4×50 m medley relay 1:47:05 (2008)  
4 × 100 m medley relay 4:04.90 (2008)  

International championships (50 m)Edit

Meet 100 free 200 free 400 free 800 free 200 back 4×100 free 4×200 free 4×100 medley 4×100 mixed free 4×100 mixed medley
WC 2003 8th[a]
EC 2004 4th 5th 4th
OG 2004 10th   10th DSQ(h)
WC 2005 10th   5th
EC 2006 heats[b] 6th 5th DSQ(h)
WC 2007   5th 13th 10th
EC 2008 DSQ(h)      
OG 2008   5th 10th 4th 14th
WC 2009     4th
EC 2010    
WC 2011     13th 14th
EC 2012   10th    
OG 2012 5th 5th 12th 7th 11th
WC 2013   9th 10th 7th DSQ(h)
EC 2014   4th     5th
WC 2015   6th   5th
EC 2016     5th    
OG 2016 4th 6th 13th 8th
WC 2017 15th   10th 8th 5th 8th
WC 2019 22nd   6th
a Pellegrini swam only in the heats
b Pellegrini qualified from the heats, but scratched the semi finals

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Evans, Hilary; Gjerde, Arild; Heijmans, Jeroen; Mallon, Bill. "Federica Pellegrini". Olympics at Sports-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Archived from the original on 18 July 2012. Retrieved 22 July 2012. Invalid |url-status=yes (help)
  2. ^ "Federica Pellegrini". rio2016.com. Archived from the original on 26 August 2016. Retrieved 31 July 2017. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)
  3. ^ Nuoto, Mondiali: Fede nella leggenda: è oro! Settima medaglia mondiale di fila
  4. ^ a b "Mondiali in Sud Corea, Federica Pellegrini nella storia: è ancora mondiale nei 200 stile". La Gazzetta dello Sport - Tutto il rosa della vita (in Italian). Retrieved 19 September 2019.
  5. ^ http://www.swimmingworldmagazine.com/lane9/news/21514.asp#RT Archived 2013-05-13 at the Wayback Machine
  6. ^ "Nuoto: Pellegrini shock, "forse sono malata"; oro 4x100 misti" (in Italian). agi.it. Archived from the original on 29 May 2012. Retrieved 27 May 2012. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  7. ^ "European Aquatics Championships | London 2016". london2016.microplustiming.com. Retrieved 19 March 2017.
  8. ^ Deportes Plus (21 May 2016), Women 200m Freestyle FINAL European Swimming Championships London 2016, retrieved 19 March 2017
  9. ^ "Federica Pellegrini – Athlete's Page". Rio2016 Official Website. Archived from the original on 11 August 2016. Retrieved 12 August 2016. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  10. ^ "Pellegrini gutted by missing Olympic podium in 200m freestyle final". Adnkronos International, Rome. Archived from the original on 15 August 2016. Retrieved 12 August 2016. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)
  11. ^ "Nuoto, Detti sorprende Greg nei 1500 Primo k.o. di Paltrinieri dal 2013". La Gazzetta dello Sport – Tutto il rosa della vita (in Italian). Retrieved 12 March 2017.
  12. ^ "200m results".
  13. ^ USA Swimming (6 March 2017), Women’s 200 Freestyle A Final | 2017 arena Pro Swim Series at Indianapolis, retrieved 19 March 2017
  14. ^ "Pellegrini Magnini crisi di coppia"
  15. ^ "Filippo Magnini and Federica Pellegrini pose naked in Vanity Fair". swimmersdaily.com. Retrieved 22 May 2012.
  16. ^ "Luca Marin on how Federica Pellegrini split up with him". swimmersdaily.com. Retrieved 22 May 2012.

External linksEdit