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Katinka Hosszú (Hungarian: [ˈkɒtiŋkɒ ˈhossuː]; born 3 May 1989) is a Hungarian competitive swimmer specialized in individual medley events. She is a three-time Olympic champion and a nine-time long-course world champion.[3]

Katinka Hosszú
Kazan 2015 - Hosszú Katinka 200m backstroke.JPG
Personal information
Nickname(s)"Iron Lady"[1][2]
National team Hungary
Born (1989-05-03) 3 May 1989 (age 30)
Pécs, Hungary
Height1.75 m (5 ft 9 in)
Weight68 kg (150 lb)
Sport
SportSwimming
StrokesFreestyle, medley, backstroke, butterfly
ClubIron Swim
College teamUniversity of Southern California

Hosszú is the current world record holder in 100-meter individual medley, 200-meter individual medley (long course and short course), 400-meter individual medley (long course), 100-meter backstroke (short course) and 200-meter backstroke (short course). She was the first swimmer (male or female) to hold world records in all five individual medley events at the same time. She holds two-thirds of the Hungarian national records. Hosszu was named FINA Swimmer of the Year in 2014, 2015, 2016 and 2018[4], and won SwimSwam's Swammy Award for Female Swimmer of the Year in 2013.[5]

She has competed at four Summer Olympics: 2004, 2008, 2012 and 2016. Hosszú currently swims for her own team Iron Swim Budapest. After a long tenure under head coach Shane Tusup, who was her husband,[6] following their divorce Hosszú was coached by Dave Salo before moving onto Árpád Petrov.[7] She is one of the most versatile swimmers in the world, and was nicknamed the "Iron Lady",[1][2] which she has since turned into a fast growing International brand.[8] In 2014 she became the first race-prize dollar millionaire (man or woman) in swimming history.[9]

According to Forbes magazine she is considered the most valuable Hungarian athlete, ranking the first position for the last five years.[10]

Personal lifeEdit

Katinka Hosszú was born in Pécs, Hungary, the daughter of Barbara Bakos and István Hosszú. She is the youngest of three (Gergely and Ádám). Katinka grew up in Baja, Hungary and was coached in swimming by her grandfather, László Bakos until the age of 13. Hosszú met her future husband Shane Tusup in 2009, when they were both freshmen at the University of Southern California. After being crushed under the pressure of expectations at the 2012 London Olympics and not medalling, she asked her then boyfriend Tusup to become her coach, replacing her coach since her U.S.C. swim team days, Dave Salo. After the Olympics, at the Beijing World Cup swim meet, she competed in 8 events, medalling in 5 of them, leading to Chinese newspapers says she was made out of iron, leading to her nickname, The Iron Lady. Hosszú married Tusup in 2013.[11] Hosszú and husband Tusup opened their own swim club in Hungary, Iron Aquatics in September 2016.[12]

On 16 February 2018 Hosszú filed for divorce from Tusup.[13] On 25 May 2018 Hosszú's Facebook page was deleted by Tusup, who was the sole administrator of the page.[14] However, on 6 June 2018 she regained access to her Facebook page with the assistance of activist and women's rights defender Matan Uziel.[15]

In August 2016, Hosszú lost a defamation lawsuit against writer Casey Barrett, magazine Swimming World, and publisher Sports Publications International, Incorporated. She had filed the lawsuit in November 2015 after the magazine published an article on its website in May 2015 questioning whether Hosszú was using performance-enhancing substances, despite Hosszú never having been found to use such substances. The lawsuit was dismissed because the judge ruled the article to clearly be an opinion piece.[16]

Swimming careerEdit

Hosszú is renowned throughout the swimming world for swimming many events well in a short space of time. During the third leg of the 2014 FINA/MASTBANK Swimming World Cup, organised in the Victoria Park Swimming Pool of Hong Kong, she got an unprecedented achievement winning 12 medals out of the 17 individual events for the two-day meet. 10 gold (200m, 400m and 800m free, 50m, 100m and 200m backstroke, 200m butterfly, 100m, 200m and 400m individual medley) and 2 silver (50m free and 50m butterfly).[17][18][19][20]

Hosszú is an active part of the swimming community as well. She is one of those 30 swimmers who have founded the Global Association of Professional Swimmers in 2017.[21] She is also working on reforming swimming as an entertainment by being the ambassador for the International Swimming League, a new initiative with the aim of organizing and reorganizing swimming competitions.[22]

2004Edit

2004 Summer OlympicsEdit

Hosszú made her international debut at the age of 15 representing Hungary at the 2004 Summer Olympics where she competed in a single event 200-meter freestyle finishing in position number 31 (2:04.22).

2004 European Short Course Swimming ChampionshipsEdit

She won her first medal at the 2004 European Short Course Swimming Championships, a bronze in the 400-meter individual medley (4:35,41).

2005 European Junior Swimming ChampionshipsEdit

At the 2005 European Junior Swimming Championships held in Budapest she won three gold medals in 200m freestyle, 400m individual medley and the 4×100m freestyle relay. Two silver medals in 400m freestyle and the 4×200m freestyle relay. And a bronze medal in the 800m freestyle.

2008 European ChampionshipsEdit

She won her first long course medal at the 2008 European Championships, a silver in 400-meter individual medley (4:37.43).

2009 World ChampionshipsEdit

At the 2009 World Championships she won two bronze medals in the 200-meter individual medley and 200-meter butterfly before becoming World Champion in the 400-meter individual medley. She was elected Hungarian Sportswoman of the Year for her achievements.

2010 European ChampionshipsEdit

At the 2010 European Championships held in her home country, she won a silver medal in 400 m medley and became European Champion in 200 m butterfly, 200 m medley and as a member of the 4 × 200 m freestyle relay team.

2011 NCAA ChampionshipsEdit

In 2011 Hosszú had one of the finest seasons in college history winning 3 individual National Championships: 200y IM (1:53.39), 400y IM (3:59.75) and 200y fly (1:51.69). She was named Pac-10 Swimmer of the Year[23], CSCAA Swimmer of the Year[24] and got the Honda Sports Award in swimming and diving, designating her as the nation's top collegiate female athlete in this sport.[25][26]

2012 Summer OlympicsEdit

Competing in the 2012 Summer Olympics, she finished fourth in the 400-meter individual medley with a time of 4:33.49, just outside of the medals. She also finished eighth in the 200-meter individual medley and missed the finals for the 200-meter butterfly.

Despite that after the disappointment at the 2012 London Olympics, Tamás Gyárfás, the then president of the Hungarian Swimming Association even advised her to retire, she decided not to give up her swimming career and since then she has been coached by her husband Shane Tusup, a former American professional swimmer himself.

2013Edit

In 2013, Hosszú set out to redeem herself after her medal-less performance at the 2012 Olympics. She attended numerous competitions and swam highly rigorous programs at each one, earning herself the nickname of the "Iron Lady". She earned three medals (two gold, one bronze) at the World Championships and a gold and two silvers at the European Championships. She also amassed a total of 24 golds and broke 6 world records during the World Cup series.[27]

2013 World ChampionshipsEdit

2013 World Championships
  200 m individual medley 2:07.92
  400 m individual medley 4:30.41
  200 m butterfly 2:05.59

At the 2013 World Championships, she pulled out of the 100 m backstroke after qualifying second in the heats (preliminary races), to concentrate on the final of the 200 m individual medley which she subsequently won with a time of 2:07.92. She then touched third in the 200 m butterfly behind Liu Zige and Mireia Belmonte. She capped off her competition with a final gold in the 400 m individual medley, finishing in 4:30.41.

2013 World Cup SeriesEdit

 
Hosszú in 2013

Throughout the 2013 World Cup series, she set world records in 100-meter IM, 200-meter IM, and 400-meter IM, breaking the 200-meter record twice and 100-meter record three times.

2014Edit

In 2014, Hosszú broke the short course world records in the 100-meter and 200-meter individual backstroke events and in 100-, 200-, and 400-meter individual medleys.

2015Edit

2015 World ChampionshipsEdit

2015 World Championships
  200 m individual medley 2:06.12 (WR)
  400 m individual medley 4:30.39
  200 m backstroke 2:06.84
 
Hosszú (right), Emily Seebohm of Australia and Missy Franklin of U.S in the victory ceremony of 2015 World Aquatics Championships

At the 2015 World Championships in Kazan, Hosszú again dealt with a monster programme, competing in the 200- and 400-meter individual medley, 100- and 200-meter backstroke, 100- and 200-meter freestyle, and 200-meter butterfly. She posted the top time in the prelims of the 100-meter backstroke, but elected to pull out of the semifinal to concentrate on the 200-meter individual medley final, a decision which ultimately paid off. She broke the previous world record set by Ariana Kukors back in 2009 in a stunning time of 2:06.12. Hosszú's time of 58.78 in the prelims of the 100-meter backstroke would have earned her a bronze medal in the final; however the 200-meter individual medley final was 30 minutes after the backstroke semifinal and swimming it might have cost her the gold medal and the world record in the 200-meter individual medley. In addition, Hosszú won bronze in the 200-meter backstroke, placed fifth in the 200-meter freestyle, and capped it off with a victory in the 400-meter individual medley on the last day.

2015 European Short Course ChampionshipsEdit

Hosszú won six gold medals at the 2015 European Short Course Championships, sweeping all three backstroke and three individual medley events. She broke world records in the 100- and 400-meter individual medleys.

2016Edit

2016 Summer OlympicsEdit

2016 Olympics
  100 m backstroke 58.45
  200 m individual medley 2:06.58 (OR)
  400 m individual medley 4:26.36 (WR)
  200 m backstroke 2:06.05
 
Katinka Hosszú in Rio 2016

At the 2016 Summer Olympics in Rio de Janeiro, Hosszú won the gold medal and broke the world record in the 400-meter individual medley,[28] won the gold medal and broke the Olympic record in the 200-meter individual medley, and won a third gold medal in the 100-meter backstroke.[29] She also won a silver in the 200-meter backstroke behind American Maya DiRado.[30] With 3 gold medals and 1 silver, Hosszú won more medals in individual events than any other swimmer in the 2016 Summer Olympics.

2016 World Short Course ChampionshipsEdit

In the World Short Course Championships in Windsor, Hosszú won a record 9 individual medals (7 gold and 2 silver) and reached 11 individual finals. She won the 100-, 200-, and 400-meter individual medley, 100- and 200-meter butterfly, and 100- and 200-meter backstroke. Additionally, she took silver in the 200-meter freestyle and 50-meter backstroke.

2017Edit

2017 Swim Open StockholmEdit

In April, Hosszú competed in Swim Open Stockholm and won the 1500-meter freestyle event with a time of 16:22.30.[31] She came second in the 200-meter freestyle with a time of 1:57.01, finishing behind Michelle Coleman. She also came second in the 50-meter backstroke event with a time of 28.54.[32]

2017 World ChampionshipsEdit

Katinka Hosszú won gold in the 400-meter individual medley

At the 2017 World Championships in her home country Hungary, Hosszú swam another rigorous schedule. She won her first gold medal in the 200-meter individual medley with a time of 2:07.00.[33]. She also won the gold medal and broke the Championships record in the 400-meter individual medley with a time of 4:29.33.[34]

2018Edit

2018 European ChampionshipsEdit

At the 2018 European Championship in Glasgow Hosszú won the gold medal in the 200-meter individual medley becoming the first female swimmer to win the same event in five consecutive editions (2010-2018). She joined her compatriot László Cseh who achieved the same twice, in the 400m IM (2004-2012) and in the 200m IM (2006-2014).[35][36]

2019Edit

2019 World ChampionshipsEdit

2019 World Championships
  200 m individual medley 2:07.53
  400 m individual medley 4:30.39

At the 2019 World Championships held in Gwangju, South Korea, Hosszú became the first female swimmer ever to win four straight world titles (2013-2019) in a single event (200m IM).[37][38] Six days later she also won the gold medal in the 400-meter individual medley to become the first woman to win five world titles in the same event[39] and only the second swimmer after Michael Phelps who achieved the same feat in the 200m fly.[40]

FINA World CupEdit

On November the 1st Hosszú claimed her 300th overall gold medal at the FINA Swimming World Cup. [41]

Personal best timesEdit

Long courseEdit

Event Time Location Date Notes
50 m freestyle 24.89 (r) São Paulo 21 April 2014 NR
100 m freestyle 53.64 Singapore 5 September 2014 NR
200 m freestyle 1:55.41 Dubai 6 November 2015 NR
400 m freestyle 4:04.96 Bergen 29 May 2016
50 m backstroke 27.99 Dubai 6 November 2015 NR
100 m backstroke 58.45 Rio de Janeiro 8 August 2016 NR
200 m backstroke 2:05.85 Budapest 29 July 2017 NR
200 m butterfly 2:04.27 Rome 26 July 2009 ER
200 m IM 2:06.12 Kazan 3 August 2015 WR, ER, NR
400 m IM 4:26.36 Rio de Janeiro 6 August 2016 WR, ER, NR

Short courseEdit

Event Time Location Date Notes
50 m freestyle 24.43 Saint-Paul 29 December 2014 NR
100 m freestyle 52.37 Saint-Paul 30 December 2014 NR
200 m freestyle 1:51.18 Doha 7 December 2014 NR
400 m freestyle 3:58.84 Netanya 6 December 2015 NR
50 m backstroke 25.95 Copenhagen 16 December 2017 NR
100 m backstroke 55.03 Doha 4 December 2014 WR, ER, NR
200 m backstroke 1:59.23 Doha 5 December 2014 WR, ER, NR
200 m butterfly 2:01.12 Doha 3 December 2014 NR
100 m IM 56.51 Berlin 7 August 2017 WR, ER, NR
200 m IM 2:01.86 Doha 6 December 2014 WR, ER, NR
400 m IM 4:19.46 (h) Netanya 2 December 2015 NR
400 yd IM 3:56.54 California 16 March 2012 Former WR

International championships (50 m)Edit

Meet 100 free 200 free 400 free 50 back 100 back 200 back 100 fly 200 fly 200 medley 400 medley 4×100 free 4×200 free 4×100 medley
OG 2004 31st
WC 2005
EC 2006 15th 8th 9th DSQ(h) 8th
WC 2007 25th 12th 11th
EC 2008 49th 22nd 6th   6th
OG 2008 17th 12th
WC 2009       8th 6th 14th
EC 2010       4th  
WC 2011 19th 6th 15th 5th
EC 2012       4th   6th
OG 2012 9th 8th 4th 9th
WC 2013 9th h[a] 6th      
EC 2014 sf[b]   15th   16th h[a]        
WC 2015 5th h[a]   13th    
EC 2016          
OG 2016         6th
WC 2017 7th h[a]         6th
EC 2018 4th   8th
WC 2019 17th 8th     6th
a Hosszu qualified from the heats, but scratched the semi finals
b Hosszu qualified from the semi finals, but scratched the final

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Barry Svrluga (7 August 2016). "Katinka Hosszu, swimming's Iron Lady, is raising all kinds of eyebrows". The Washington Post. Retrieved 10 October 2016.
  2. ^ a b Rachel Lutz (22 July 2016). "Olympic alchemy: Turning Hungary's 'Iron Lady' Katinka Hosszu into gold". NBC Olympics. Archived from the original on 9 August 2016. Retrieved 10 October 2016.
  3. ^ Katinka Hosszú at Rio 2016 web, archived by archive.org
  4. ^ Keith, Braden (16 December 2018). "FINA Awards Le Clos, Hosszu 2018 World Swimmers of the Year". SwimSwam.
  5. ^ Anderson, Jared (8 January 2014). "2013 Swammy Award: Female Swimmer of the Year Katinka Hosszu". SwimSwam.
  6. ^ Stewart, Mel (19 May 2014). "Learn why Katinka Hosszu & Shane Tusup love highend shoes (Video Interview)". SwimSwam.
  7. ^ Hart, Torrey (28 July 2018). "Katinka Hosszu to Train Under Swiss Coach Árpád Petrov". SwimSwam.
  8. ^ Kapser, Daniela (30 August 2016). "Katinka Hosszu – A smart lady behind the iron swimmer". SwimSwam.
  9. ^ "Katinka Hosszu to Become first Race-Prize Dollar Millionaire in Swimming History". SwimVortex. Archived from the original on 13 August 2016. Retrieved 11 August 2016.
  10. ^ "The most valuable Hungarian athlete". Europea Media. 21 March 2019.
  11. ^ Crouse, Karen (3 August 2016). "Katinka Hosszu and Her Husband Raise Eyebrows at the Pool". The New York Times.
  12. ^ Race, Loretta (27 July 2016). "Hungary's Katinka Hosszu to Launch New Iron Aquatics Training Program". SwimSwam.
  13. ^ "Katinka Hosszu filed for divorce". dailynewshungary.com. 16 February 2018.
  14. ^ Keith, Braden (25 May 2018). "Katinka Hosszu Says Her Facebook Page Was Deleted, Not By Her". SwimSwam.
  15. ^ "Hosszú Katinka hat számra nevezett be" (in Hungarian). Zoom. 5 June 2018.
  16. ^ Anderson, Jared (15 August 2016). "Judge Dismisses Katinka Hosszu's Lawsuit Vs Barrett, Swimming World". SwimSwam.
  17. ^ Zaccardi, Nick (29 September 2014). "Katinka Hosszu wins 5 events in one night at FINA World Cup". NBC Sports.
  18. ^ Hoare, Michael (29 September 2014). "SWC 2014, Hong Kong Day 1: Hosszu (HUN) continues to impress". FINA.
  19. ^ Hoare, Michael (30 September 2014). "SWC 2014, Hong Kong Day 2: Hosszu (HUN) finishes show with five gold medals".
  20. ^ "Ten gold medals for Katinka Hosszu (HUN) in Hong Kong". Swimmer′s Daily. 1 October 2014.
  21. ^ Carlson, Reid (4 July 2017). "Katinka Hosszu Launches Pro Swimmers Union". SwimSwam.
  22. ^ Hart, Torrey (18 February 2019). "Katinka Hosszu Signs On an ISL Ambassador & Team Owner". SwimSwam.
  23. ^ "2011 Pac-10 Women's Swimming Awards". Pac-12 Conference. 7 April 2011.
  24. ^ "CSCAA Swimmers and Divers-of-the-Year". CSCAA. Retrieved 31 July 2019.
  25. ^ Keith, Braden (31 March 2011). "USC's Katinka Hosszu Takes Home Honda Award as Top Female Swimmer". SwimSwam.
  26. ^ "Katinka Hosszu wins Honda Award". ESPN. 31 March 2011.
  27. ^ Anderson, Jared. "2013 Swammy Awards: Female Swimmer of the Year Katinka Hosszu". SwimSwam. Retrieved 14 August 2016.
  28. ^ "Katinka Hosszu crushes world record in 400m IM win". Fox Sports.
  29. ^ "Swimming – 100m Backstroke Women's Final". Archived from the original on 8 August 2016.
  30. ^ "Swimming – 200m Backstroke Women's Final". Archived from the original on 27 August 2016.
  31. ^ "IC Control LiveTiming – Swim Open Stockholm 2017". livetiming.se. Retrieved 8 April 2017.
  32. ^ "IC Control LiveTiming – Swim Open Stockholm 2017". livetiming.se. Retrieved 8 April 2017.
  33. ^ "Women's 200 IM Race Video: Hosszu Wins Big in Front of Home Crowd". SwimSwam. 24 July 2017.
  34. ^ "Katinka Hosszu Breaks CR, Wins 400 IM in front of Adoring Budapest Crowd". SwimSwam. 30 July 2017.
  35. ^ "Sarah Sjostrom, Katinka Hosszu strike gold at Europeans". Eurosport. 8 August 2018.
  36. ^ "European Championships 2018 – Swimming facts & figures". LEN. Retrieved 22 July 2019.
  37. ^ Hart, Torrey (22 July 2019). "Katinka Hosszu became the first woman to win four straight world titles in a single event". SwimSwam.
  38. ^ "Hosszu writes history with 4th straight 200m IM title as McNeil upsets Sjostrom". FINA. 23 July 2019.
  39. ^ Ross, Andy (28 July 2019). "Katinka Hosszu Becomes First Woman to Win Five World Titles in Same Event With 4:30 400 IM". Swimming World.
  40. ^ "Day of doubles: open water-pool for Wellbrock, 4th straight IM 200-400 for Hosszu, two titles in an hour for Manuel". FINA. 29 July 2019.
  41. ^ Race, Retta (1 November 2019). "Katinka Hosszu wraps up 300th gold medal with 200 fly win at World Cup in Kazan". SwimSwam.

External linksEdit

Awards
Preceded by
Ildikó Mincza-Nébald
Éva Risztov
Hungarian Sportswoman of The Year
2009
2013 – 2017
Succeeded by
Natasa Dusev-Janics
Danuta Kozák
Preceded by
Ranomi Kromowidjojo
Sarah Sjöström
European Swimmer of the Year
2013, 2014
2016
Succeeded by
Sarah Sjöström
Sarah Sjöström
Preceded by
Katie Ledecky
Sarah Sjöström
FINA Swimmer of the Year
2014 – 2016
2018
Succeeded by
Sarah Sjöström
Incumbent
Records
Preceded by
Julia Smit
Women's 200 metre individual medley
world record holder (short course)

7 August 2013 – present
Succeeded by
Incumbent
Preceded by
Hinkelien Schreuder
Women's 100 metre individual medley
world record holder (short course)

8 August 2013 – present
Succeeded by
Incumbent
Preceded by
Julia Smit
Mireia Belmonte
Women's 400 metre individual medley
world record holder (short course)

11 August 2013 – 3 December 2014
2 December 2015 – 12 August 2017
Succeeded by
Mireia Belmonte
Mireia Belmonte
Preceded by
Shiho Sakai
Women's 100 backstroke
world record holder (short course)

4 December 2014 – present
Succeeded by
Incumbent
Preceded by
Missy Franklin
Women's 200 backstroke
world record holder (short course)

5 December 2014 – present
Succeeded by
Incumbent
Preceded by
Ariana Kukors
Women's 200 metre individual medley
world record holder (long course)

3 August 2015 – present
Succeeded by
Incumbent
Preceded by
Ye Shiwen
Women's 400 metre individual medley
world record holder (long course)

6 August 2016 – present
Succeeded by
Incumbent
Sporting positions
Preceded by
Therese Alshammar
Female World Cup Overall Winner
2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016
Succeeded by
Sarah Sjöström