A sabbatical (from Hebrew: shabbat (שבת) (i.e., Sabbath), in Latin: sabbaticus, in Greek: sabbatikos (σαββατικός)) is a rest or break from work.


The concept of the sabbatical is based on the Biblical practice of shmita, which is related to agriculture. According to Leviticus 25, Jews in the Land of Israel must take a year-long break from working the fields every seven years.[citation needed]

A "sabbatical" has come to mean a lengthy, intentional break from a career.[citation needed]

Some universities and other institutional employers of scientists, physicians, and academics offer the opportunity to qualify for paid sabbatical as an employee benefit, called sabbatical leave. Some companies offer unpaid sabbatical for people wanting to take career breaks; this is a growing trend in the United Kingdom, with 20% of companies having a career break policy, and a further 10% considering introducing one.[1]

In British and Irish students' unions, particularly in higher education institutions, students can be elected to become sabbatical officers of their students' union, either taking a year out of their study (in the academic year following their election) or remaining at the institution for a year following completion of study. In Israel, school teachers and preschool teachers are entitled to take a sabbatical leave.[citation needed]

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ Confederation of British Industry survey, 2005.

Further readingEdit

  • Eells, Walter C. (September 1962). "The Origin and Early History of Sabbatical Leave". Bulletin, American Association of University Professors. 48 (3): 253–256. doi:10.2307/40222893. JSTOR 40222893.
  • Kimball, Bruce A. (July–August 1978). "The Origin of the Sabbath and Its Legacy to the Modern Sabbatical". The Journal of Higher Education. 49 (4): 303–315. doi:10.2307/1979188. JSTOR 1979188.
  • Zahorski, Kenneth J. (1994). The Sabbatical Mentor: A Practical Guide to Successful Sabbaticals. Bolton, Mass.: Anker Publishing. ISBN 9781882982004. OCLC 31393781.

External linksEdit