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Swimming at the Summer Paralympics


Swimming has been contested at every Summer Paralympics. At the first games, the 1960 Paralympics, 62 swimming events were held in distances of 25 and 50 metres, plus a 3×50 metre relay for men. Since then, swimming at the Paralympics has grown to 140 events covering distances from 50 to 400 metres, plus 4×50 and 4×100 metre relays. Along with track and field athletics, it is one of the largest sports at the Paralympics in terms of the number of events, competitors, and spectators.

Swimming at the Summer Paralympics
Swimming pictogram (Paralympics).svg
Governing bodyIPC
Events147 (men: 82; women: 65)
Games

As with most Paralympic sports, athletes are classified according to the type and extent of their disability.

The International Paralympic Committee recognizes the fastest times swam at the games as Paralympic records.

Medal tableEdit

Updated to 2016 Summer Paralympics. Countries in italics are former countries who participated in the Paralympic Games.

RankNationGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1  United States (USA)269204214687
2  Great Britain (GBR)222246220688
3  Netherlands (NED)181127109417
4  Canada (CAN)162122121405
5  Australia (AUS)125154153432
6  France (FRA)120105105330
7  China (CHN)11910387309
8  Poland (POL)11711585317
9  Spain (ESP)108116113337
10  Sweden (SWE)10611475295
11  West Germany (FRG)766758201
12  Norway (NOR)725140163
13  Ukraine (UKR)696269200
14  Germany (GER)597358190
15  Israel (ISR)555749161
16  Italy (ITA)384946133
17  Japan (JPN)38233899
18  Denmark (DEN)373765139
19  South Africa (RSA)34252786
20  Russia (RUS)33263392
21  New Zealand (NZL)29201463
22  Mexico (MEX)25162263
23  Brazil (BRA)23303285
24  Hungary (HUN)22233378
25  Belarus (BLR)2111638
26  Austria (AUT)19131749
27  Iceland (ISL)1481739
28  Argentina (ARG)13222257
29  Czech Republic (CZE)1351634
30  Rhodesia (RHO)12131136
31  Greece (GRE)10171138
32  Ireland (IRL)109928
33  Finland (FIN)7172448
34  South Korea (KOR)72514
35  Belgium (BEL)6161537
36  Jamaica (JAM)56314
37  Unified Team (EUN)43714
38  Yugoslavia (YUG)35917
39  Singapore (SIN)3115
40  Switzerland (SUI)29718
41  Colombia (COL)25411
42  Estonia (EST)2529
43  Uzbekistan (UZB)24612
44  Slovakia (SVK)2215
45  Peru (PER)2136
46  Cyprus (CYP)2114
47  Faroe Islands (FRO)17513
48  Azerbaijan (AZE)1708
49  Egypt (EGY)13610
50  Thailand (THA)1348
51  Cuba (CUB)1225
52  Luxembourg (LUX)1203
53  Independent Paralympic Participants (IPP)1102
54  Hong Kong (HKG)1034
55  India (IND)1001
  Kazakhstan (KAZ)1001
  Kenya (KEN)1001
58  Soviet Union (URS)011920
59  Portugal (POR)0369
60  Zimbabwe (ZIM)0235
61  Kuwait (KUW)0123
62  Czechoslovakia (TCH)0112
63  Bulgaria (BUL)0101
  Lithuania (LTU)0101
  Vietnam (VIE)0101
66  Croatia (CRO)0044
67  Slovenia (SLO)0022
68  Bahamas (BAH)0011
  Morocco (MAR)0011
  Trinidad and Tobago (TTO)0011
Totals (70 nations)2311218621136610

Multiple Paralympic swimming medalistsEdit

This table is updated to the 2016 Paralympics.

 
Australian swimmer Priya Cooper acknowledges the crowd after another winning performance in the S8 class at the 1996 Atlanta Paralympic Games
Athlete Nation Years active Class(es) Gold Silver Bronze Total
Trischa Zorn   United States 1980 - 2004 B1, B2, B3 41 9 4 54
Daniel Dias   Brazil 2008 - 2016 S5 14 7 3 24
Jacqueline Freney   Australia 2008 - 2012 SM7, S7, S8, 34pts 8 0 3 11
Mayumi Narita   Japan 1996 - 2004 SM4, S4, SB3, 20pts 15 3 2 20
Michael Edgson   Canada 1984 - 1992 B3 18 0 0 18
Elizabeth Scott   United States 1992 - 2000 B3? 10 2 5 17
Béatrice Hess   France 1984 - 2004 S5 20 5 0 25
Erin Popovich   United States 2000 - 2008 S6, S7 14 5 0 19
Uri Bergman   Israel 1976 - 1988 ? 11 0 1 12
Claudia Hengst   West Germany 1988 - 2004 L6, SM10 13 4 8 25
Siobhan Paton   Australia 2000 S14 6 0 0 6
Mike Kenny   Great Britain 1976 - 1988 1A, 1C 16 2 0 18
Matthew Cowdrey   Australia 2004 - 2012 S9 13 7 3 23
Stephanie Dixon   Canada 2000 - 2008 S9 7 8 2 17
Priya Cooper   Australia 1992 - 2000 S8 9 3 4 16
Natalie du Toit   South Africa 2004 - 2012 S9 13 2 0 15
Erling Trondsen   Norway 1976 - 1992 ? 13 ? ? 20
David Roberts   Great Britain 2000 - 2008 S7 11 4 1 16
Christopher Holmes   Great Britain 1988 - 2000 S12? 9 5 1 15

NationsEdit

Nation 60 64 68 72 76 80 84 88 92 96 00 04 08 12 16 Years
  Argentina (ARG) 5 8 10 7 8 5 2 2 8 8 10 12 8 11 14
  Armenia (ARM) 1 1 2
  Aruba (ARU) 1 1
  Australia (AUS) 1 8 14 7 8 11 29 25 27 30 53 30 35 34 36 15
  Austria (AUT) 8 4 17 9 10 9 4 3 1 3 2 2 3 2 14
  Azerbaijan (AZE) 1 2 2
  Bahamas (BAH) 2 4 2
  Barbados (BAR) 1 1
  Belarus (BLR) 2 2 7 6 6 6 6
  Belgium (BEL) 4 2 11 12 3 2 4 4 4 3 2 4 4 13
  Bosnia and Herzegovina (BIH) 1 1
  Brazil (BRA) 1 1 1 5 9 13 11 63 21 24 20 34 12
  Bulgaria (BUL) 1 1
  Canada (CAN) 15 14 26 31 53 27 23 13 25 19 21 24 26 13
  Chile (CHI) 1 1 1 1 1 2 6
  China (CHN) 15 10 7 11 27 51 40 51 61 9
  Chinese Taipei (TPE) 2 3 1 1 1 2 6
  Colombia (COL) 2 4 2 3 6 9 6
  Costa Rica (CRC) 1 1
  Croatia (CRO) 3 2 2 3 4 4 2 7
  Cuba (CUB) 4 2 1 1 1 2 3 7
  Cyprus (CYP) 1 2 1 2 3 2 1 1 8
  Czechoslovakia (TCH) 3 2 2
  Czech Republic (CZE) 2 13 16 7 7 6 6
  Denmark (DEN) 3 5 5 15 15 14 14 14 14 8 4 5 4 13
  Ecuador (ECU) 3 1 1 3
  Egypt (EGY) 7 8 3 9 3 5 1 2 8
  Estonia (EST) 3 4 4 3 2 2 3 7
  Faroe Islands (FRO) 3 4 2 1 2 1 1 1 1 9
  Fiji (FIJ) 7 1 1 3
  Finland (FIN) 1 10 14 8 7 7 4 4 5 4 1 2 3 13
  France (FRA) 1 1 13 19 20 28 29 25 19 16 15 11 12 10 6 15
  Georgia (GEO) 1 1 2
  Germany (GER) 7 4 34 28 26 18 21 21 30 9
  Great Britain (GBR) 14 13 29 23 15 22 70 42 45 53 48 34 35 49 30 15
  Greece (GRE) 2 2 1 5 10 12 13 11 16 9
  Guatemala (GUA) 5 2 2
  Honduras (HON) 1 1
  Hong Kong (HKG) 3 2 3 2 3 4 5 2 8
  Hungary (HUN) 9 8 8 10 12 8 11 9 10 9
  Iceland (ISL) 5 7 10 9 8 4 1 2 2 3 10
  India (IND) 3 3 2 1 1 5
  Indonesia (INA) 1 3 1 1 1 1 1 4 8
  Individual Paralympic Athletes (IPA) 1 1
  Iran (IRI) 1 1 2
  Iraq (IRQ) 1 1 2
  Ireland (IRL) 1 3 4 4 1 5 5 4 3 3 3 6 5 4 14
  Israel (ISR) 2 5 19 15 24 8 13 12 11 7 8 8 7 5 7 15
  Italy (ITA) 16 14 12 4 5 2 11 20 10 7 2 7 10 11 21 15
  Jamaica (JAM) 3 8 4 1 1 5
  Japan (JPN) 6 3 1 8 6 7 37 10 7 17 24 18 20 19 14
  Kazakhstan (KAZ) 1 1 2 4 4
  Kenya (KEN) 1 2 1 3
  Kuwait (KUW) 3 2 1 3
  Latvia (LAT) 1 1 2
  Lithuania (LTU) 1 1 2 1 1 5
  Luxembourg (LUX) 1 2 1 1 4
  Macau (MAC) 1 1 1 1 4
  Madagascar (MAD) 1 1
  Malaysia (MAS) 2 2 1 2 3 2 2 1 8
  Malta (MLT) 1 1 2
  Mauritius (MRI) 1 1 2
  Mexico (MEX) 1 19 15 8 1 3 4 12 11 11 16 20 12
  Moldova (MDA) 1 1
  Montenegro (MNE) 1 1 2
  Morocco (MAR) 3 3 1 3
  Myanmar (MYA) 2 1 1 3
  Namibia (NAM) 1 1
  Nepal (NEP) 1 1
  Netherlands (NED) 2 4 12 15 24 38 27 18 12 19 15 7 7 13 19 15
  New Zealand (NZL) 6 5 3 6 1 3 3 7 5 5 3 6 8 13
  Norway (NOR) 10 10 11 10 14 23 1 10 8 7 6 5 4 3 14
  Pakistan (PAK) 1 1
  Panama (PAN) 1 1 2
  Peru (PER) 1 1 2 2 2 2 6
  Philippines (PHI) 1 1 1 3
  Poland (POL) 14 18 29 14 17 9 8 23 24 12 9 8 12
  Portugal (POR) 6 6 5 8 4 5 6
  Puerto Rico (PUR) 2 1
  Rhodesia (RHO) 1 3 11 12 4
  Romania (ROU) 2 3 2
  Russia (RUS) 10 20 15 34 36 5
  Rwanda (RWA) 1 1
  Serbia and Montenegro (SCG) 2 1 1
  Seychelles (SEY) 1 1
  Singapore (SGP) 2 1 2 2 2 5
  Slovakia (SVK) 5 6 4 3 2 1 6
  Slovenia (SLO) 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 7
  Soviet Union (URS) 8 1
  South Africa (RSA) 3 3 9 10 2 12 9 10 10 6 10
  South Korea (KOR) 16 3 2 3 4 5 9 8 8
  Spain (ESP) 4 14 6 10 20 19 52 41 55 47 39 32 12
  Sri Lanka (SRI) 1 1 2
  Sudan (SUD) 2 1
  Sweden (SWE) 5 10 25 31 23 24 18 17 8 3 4 5 6 13
  Switzerland (SUI) 2 9 6 9 9 3 5 3 3 2 5 1 1 1 14
  Syria (SYR) 1 1
  Thailand (THA) 2 2 1 1 10 12 8 7 4 9
  Trinidad and Tobago (TTO) 4 4 1 3
  Turkey (TUR) 1 1 2 2 3 5
  Uganda (UGA) 1 1
  Ukraine (UKR) 7 11 21 31 44 45 6
  Unified Team (EUN) 11 1
  United States (USA) 6 25 33 20 32 45 63 73 66 42 29 45 38 34 33 15
  Uruguay (URU) 1 1 1 3
  Uzbekistan (UZB) 1 1 7 3
  Venezuela (VEN) 1 2 1 3 3 4 2 7
  Vietnam (VIE) 1 1 3 4 4
  West Germany (FRG) 20 19 18 44 35 14 6
  Yemen (YEM) 1 1
  Yugoslavia (YUG) 3 5 7 2 1 1 6
  Zimbabwe (ZIM) 3 1 2
Nations 15 13 24 33 34 36 43 44 56 50 62 61 62 66 79
Competitors 77 98 264 279 362 441 541 502 487 457 575 560 547 600 593
Year 60 64 68 72 76 80 84 88 92 96 00 04 08 12 16

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • "Swimming - About the sport". International Paralympic Committee. 2008. Retrieved 2008-09-14.