Trischa Zorn

Trischa Zorn (born June 1, 1964 in Orange, California)[1] is an American Paralympic swimmer. Blind from birth, she competed in Paralympic swimming (S12, SB12, and SM12 disability categories).[1] She is the most successful athlete in the history of the Paralympic Games, having won 55 medals (41 gold, 9 silver, and 5 bronze),[2] and was inducted into the Paralympic Hall of Fame in 2012.[3] She took the Paralympic Oath for athletes at the 1996 Summer Paralympics in Atlanta.[4]

Trischa Zorn
Trischa Zorn 3.JPG
Zorn at the 2012 Summer Paralympic Games
Sport
Disability classS12, SB12, SM19
Medal record
Women's para swimming
Representing  United States
Paralympic Games
Gold medal – first place 1980 Arnhem 100m backstroke B
Gold medal – first place 1980 Arnhem 100m butterfly B
Gold medal – first place 1980 Arnhem 100m freestyle B
Gold medal – first place 1980 Arnhem 200m individual medley B
Gold medal – first place 1980 Arnhem 400m individual medley B
Gold medal – first place 1980 Arnhem 4x100m freestyle relay A-B
Gold medal – first place 1980 Arnhem 4x100m medley relay A-B
Gold medal – first place 1984 New York 100m backstroke B2
Gold medal – first place 1984 New York 100m butterfly B2
Gold medal – first place 1984 New York 100m freestyle B2
Gold medal – first place 1984 New York 200m individual medley B2
Gold medal – first place 1984 New York 400m individual medley B2
Gold medal – first place 1984 New York 4x100m medley relay B1-B3
Gold medal – first place 1988 Seoul 50m breaststroke B2
Gold medal – first place 1988 Seoul 50m freestyle B2
Gold medal – first place 1988 Seoul 100m backstroke B2
Gold medal – first place 1988 Seoul 100m breaststroke B2
Gold medal – first place 1988 Seoul 100m butterfly B2
Gold medal – first place 1988 Seoul 100m freestyle B2
Gold medal – first place 1988 Seoul 200m breaststroke B2
Gold medal – first place 1988 Seoul 200m individual medley B2
Gold medal – first place 1988 Seoul 400m freestyle B2
Gold medal – first place 1988 Seoul 400m individual medley B2
Gold medal – first place 1988 Seoul 4x100m freestyle relay B1-B3
Gold medal – first place 1988 Seoul 4x100m medley relay B1-B3
Gold medal – first place 1992 Barcelona 50m freestyle B2
Gold medal – first place 1992 Barcelona 100m backstroke B2
Gold medal – first place 1992 Barcelona 100m breaststroke B1-B2
Gold medal – first place 1992 Barcelona 100m freestyle B2
Gold medal – first place 1992 Barcelona 200m backstroke B1-B2
Gold medal – first place 1992 Barcelona 200m breaststroke B1-B3
Gold medal – first place 1992 Barcelona 200m individual medley B2
Gold medal – first place 1992 Barcelona 400m individual medley B1-B3
Gold medal – first place 1992 Barcelona 4x100m freestyle relay B1-B3
Gold medal – first place 1992 Barcelona 4x100m medley relay B1-B3
Gold medal – first place 1996 Atlanta 100m backstroke B2
Gold medal – first place 1996 Atlanta 200m individual medley B2
Silver medal – second place 1984 New York 4x100m freestyle relay B1-B3
Silver medal – second place 1992 Barcelona 100m butterfly B2-B3
Silver medal – second place 1992 Barcelona 400m freestyle B2-B3
Silver medal – second place 1996 Atlanta 50m freestyle B2
Silver medal – second place 1996 Atlanta 400m freestyle B2
Silver medal – second place 1996 Atlanta 4×100m medley relay B1-B3
Silver medal – second place 2000 Sydney 100 m backstroke
Silver medal – second place 2000 Sydney 100 m breaststroke
Silver medal – second place 2000 Sydney 100 m butterfly
Silver medal – second place 2000 Sydney 200 m individual medley
Bronze medal – third place 1996 Atlanta 100 m breaststroke
Bronze medal – third place 1996 Atlanta 100 m freestyle
Bronze medal – third place 1996 Atlanta 4 × 100 m freestyle
Bronze medal – third place 2000 Sydney 50 m breaststroke
Bronze medal – third place 2004 Athens 100 m backstroke

BiographyEdit

Zorn studied special education at the University of Nebraska and school administration and supervision at Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis and law at the IU Robert H. McKinney School of Law.[citation needed]

She competed in the 1980, 1984, 1988, 1992, 1996, 2000 and 2004 Paralympic Games and won a combined total of 55 medals (41 gold, 9 silver, 5 bronze).[1][5] [6] In the 1996 Games in Atlanta, she won more medals than any other athlete: two gold, three silver and three bronze. She had also topped the individual medal table at the 1992 Paralympic Games in Barcelona,[1] with ten gold medals and two silver.[7] She had won seven gold medals during her first Games in 1980.[8]

Following the Athens Games in 2004, she had won 55 medals at the Paralympic Games, more than any other athlete, of any nationality. Of those, 41 were gold medals, 9 were silver and 5 were bronze.[2][9][10] After the Sydney Games in 2000, she also held eight world records in her disability category (50 m backstroke, 100 m backstroke, 200 m backstroke, 200 m individual medley, 400 m individual medley, 200 m breaststroke, 4×50 m medley relay, 4×50 m free relay).[11]

On 1 January 2005, Zorn was one of eight athletes honoured during New Year celebrations in Times Square in New York City. The other seven were Ian Thorpe of Australia, Nadia Comăneci of Romania, George Weah of Liberia, Françoise Mbango Etone of Cameroon, Gao Min of China, Félix Sánchez of the Dominican Republic and Bart Conner of the United States. The eight athletes were "centre stage during the festivities in the countdown leading up to ringing in the New Year".[2] In 2012, she was inducted into the International Paralympian Hall of Fame.[12]

Paralympic medalsEdit

The medals without relay races from 1980 Summer Paralympics to 1988 Summer Paralympics, are 46 (32, 9, 5) for IPC.[13] The relay team of United States, in the category of Zorn, won 5 gold and 1 silver in these three Paralympics. The question marks in the infobox refer however to 9 gold medals (not 5 gold and 1 silver medal), this is to confirm the total number of 55 (of which 41 gold), reported in many websites including that of the official IPC in another of his article.[8]

Paralympics Individual Team[14] Total
                 
1980 Arnhem 5 0 0 2 0 0 7 0 0
1984 New York 5 0 0 1 1 0 6 1 0
1988 Seoul 10 0 0 2 0 0 12 0 0
1992 Barcelona 8 2 0 2 0 0 10 2 0
1996 Atlanta 2 2 2 0 1 1 2 3 3
2000 Sydney 0 4 1 0 0 0 0 4 1
2004 Athens 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 1
Total 30 8 4 7 2 1 37 10 5

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d "Trischa Zorn's biography". sportsillustrated.cnn.com. Archived from the original on 23 October 2012. Retrieved 12 September 2012.
  2. ^ a b c "Times Square Honors Athletes". sports-paralympic.netempire.de. 1 January 2005. Archived from the original on 11 November 2013. Retrieved 12 September 2012.
  3. ^ Reid, Hannah. "Paralympic Hall of Famers". Around the Rings. Archived from the original on 2013-11-11. Retrieved 2013-11-11.
  4. ^ Speakers of the Athletes' Oath Archived 2010-06-19 at the Wayback Machine, International Paralympic Committee
  5. ^ "China shine in Paralympic swimming" Archived 2012-10-02 at the Wayback Machine, People's Daily, September 26, 2004
  6. ^ "Top 10 Paralympians who inspire us ahead of Rio 2016". Disability Horizons. 2016-02-22. Retrieved 2020-04-19.
  7. ^ "Paralympic Summer Games -- Barcelona 1992" Archived 2008-09-06 at the Wayback Machine, official website of the 2008 Beijing Paralympics
  8. ^ a b "Trischa Zorn Wins Fifth Gold", The New York Times, June 23, 1984
  9. ^ "Great Paralympians Past and Present" Archived 2008-08-20 at the Wayback Machine, About Olympics
  10. ^ "American Trischa Zorn Most Decorated Paralympian of All-Time With 55th Medal" Archived 2012-02-13 at the Wayback Machine, Swimming World Magazine, September 27, 2004.
  11. ^ "TRISCHA ZORN" Archived 2007-08-21 at the Wayback Machine, International Blind Sport Federation
  12. ^ "IPC Announces Visa Paralympic Hall of Fame Inductees". Archived from the original on 29 August 2012. Retrieved 30 August 2012.
  13. ^ "Multi-Medallists". paralympic.org. Archived from the original on 13 September 2012. Retrieved 11 September 2012.
  14. ^ This medal (since 1988), is not counted in the profile of the athlete to the IPC website, because the Paralympics until 1988, in some cases, are not considered members of the relay.

External linksEdit