The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland has participated (under the name "Great Britain") in every summer and winter Paralympic Games.
|Great Britain at the|
|NPC||British Paralympic Association|
While the Olympic Games find their origin in Greece, Britain, and specifically the Stoke Mandeville Hospital is recognised as the spiritual home of the Paralympic Games. The first Paralympic Games, held in Rome in 1960, were simultaneously the 9th International Stoke Mandeville Wheelchair Games, a competition first devised by Dr Ludwig Guttmann in 1948 to coincide with the London Olympic Games of 1948, for soldiers with spinal cord injuries being cared for in Stoke Mandeville Hospital. While the Stoke Mandeville Games continue to exist as the IWAS World Games, a specific event for wheelchair and amputee athletes, the Paralympic Games evolved from its Stoke Mandeville Games roots to include a comprehensive range of disabilities. This legacy is commemorated before each Paralympic Games since 2012 with the lighting of a 'legacy flame' at Stoke Mandeville as part of the Paralympic torch event.
Britain has performed particularly well at the Summer Paralympic Games, consistently finishing between second and fifth on the medal tables - a slightly better performance than at the Olympics reflecting Britain's long-time connection and support of the event. Britain has won one gold medal at the Winter Paralympics and 626 at the Summer Games. Britain is second on the all-time Paralympic Games medal table.
Although the country uses the name "Great Britain", athletes from Northern Ireland are entitled to compete as part of British delegations. Representatives of the devolved Northern Ireland government, however, have objected to the name, which they argue creates a perception that Northern Ireland is not part of the British Olympic team, and have called for the team to be renamed as Team UK.
Under the terms of a long-standing settlement between the British Olympic Association and the Olympic Council of Ireland, athletes from Northern Ireland can elect to represent Ireland at the Olympics, as Northern Irish people are legally entitled to dual citizenship.
Britain's most successful Paralympian is swimmer turned cyclist Sarah Storey, who took the honour at the 2020 Summer Paralympics when she won her 16th gold medal, and 27th medal in all. Prior to 2020, the record had been held for decades by swimmer Mike Kenny who also won 16 individual gold medals, as well as two relay silvers, in four Games. Although Great Britain has competed in every Games, the British Paralympic Committee was only founded in 1989, after Kenny's retirement. Media in Britain consistently referred to the most decorated Paralympic athletes from that year, Tanni Grey-Thompson, Dave Roberts and Sarah Storey as Britain's "greatest Paralympians", occasionally with the phrase "of the modern era", attached. The International Paralympic Committee, however, recognise all of Kenny's eighteen medals as Paralympic medals, and he remains Great Britain's most successful male Paralympian and the most successful British Paralympian in a single sport (Of her 16 gold medals, Storey won 11 in cycling and 5 in swimming).
Britain's first Paralympic gold was earned at the 1960 Rome Games by Margaret Maughan. Her feat was recognised when Maughan was chosen to light the Paralympic Flame during the Opening Ceremony of the 2012 Summer Paralympics.
Multiple athletes have won 4 medals at the Winter Paralympics for Great Britain, each in alpine skiing. Most recently by Menna Fitzpatrick and her guide Jennifer Kehoe in 2018, Jade Etherington and guide Caroline Powell in 2014. Richard Burt won 4 medals across two games in 1992 and 1994. However, Fitzpatrick and her guide Kehoe are the only athletes to have won a gold medal. The only other British athlete to have won a gold medal at the Winter Paralympics is Kelly Gallagher and her guide Charlotte Evans, also in alpine skiing in 2014.
In 2012, Great Britain became the second nation, the other being the United States, to host the Summer Paralympic Games twice.
|1984 Summer Paralympics||Stoke Mandeville||22 July – 1 August||41||1100||603|
|2012 Summer Paralympics||London||29 August – 9 September||164||4302||503|
- *Red border colour indicates tournament was held on home soil.
Medals by Summer GamesEdit
Medals by Winter GamesEdit
Summer Games medals by sportEdit
|Medals by sport|
(Last updated: 19 March 2018)
Athletes in bold are still active
Summer Paralympic multi medallistsEdit
Athletes who have won at least three gold medals or five medals.
|1992 – 2020||F||17||8||3||28|
|2||Mike Kenny||Swimming||1976 – 1988||M||16||2||0||18|
|3||Lee Pearson||Equestrian||2000 - 2020||M||14||2||1||17|
|4||Tanni Grey-Thompson||Athletics||1988 – 2000||F||11||4||1||16|
|5||David Roberts||Swimming||2000 – 2008||M||11||4||1||16|
|1984 - 2004||F||10||4||4||18|
|1964 - 1976, 1988||F||10||2||5||17|
|8||Chris Holmes||Swimming||1988 - 2000||M||9||5||1||15|
|9||Robin Surgeoner||Swimming||1984 - 1988||M||9||0||0||9|
|10||Robert Matthews||Athletics||1984 - 2004||M||8||4||1||13|
|1996 - 2020||M||8||3||1||12|
|12||Sophie Christiansen||Equestrian||2004 - 2016||F||8||1||1||10|
|13||Hannah Cockroft||Athletics||2012 - 2020||F||7||0||0||7|
|14||James Anderson||Swimming||1992 - 2012||M||6||9||2||17|
|1964 - 1976||F||6||4||2||12|
|1960 - 1968||M||6||3||6||15|
|17||Darren Kenny||Cycling||2004 - 2012||M||6||3||1||10|
|18||David Weir||Athletics||2004 - 2016||M||6||2||2||10|
|19||Janice Burton||Swimming||1984 - 1996||F||5||10||5||20|
|20||James Muirhead||Swimming||1976 - 1984||M||5||5||3||13|
|21||Noel Thatcher||Athletics||1984 - 2004||M||5||4||2||11|
|1960 - 1972||F||5||2||0||7|
|David Ellis||Swimming||1964 - 1972||M||5||2||0||7|
|23||Ellie Simmonds||Swimming||2008 - 2016||F||5||1||2||8|
|24||Anne Dunham||Equestrian||1996 - 2008||F||5||1||1||7|
|25||Colin Keay||Athletics||1984 - 1988||M||5||1||0||6|
|26||Michael Walker||Athletics||1988 - 1992||M||5||0||0||5|
|Natasha Baker||Equestrian||2012 - 2016||F||5||0||0||5|
|1960 - 1980||F||4||2||0||6|
|Deborah Criddle||Equestrian||2004 - 2012||F||4||2||0||6|
|30||Caroline Innes||Athletics||1992 - 2000||F||4||1||0||5|
|31||James Crisp||Swimming||2000 - 2012||M||3||6||3||12|
|32||Margaret McEleny||Swimming||1992 - 2004||F||3||5||7||15|
|1988 - 2004, 2016||F||3||4||6||13|
|34||Nigel Coultas||Athletics||1988 - 1992||M||3||4||0||7|
|35||Stephen Payton||Athletics||1996 - 2008||M||3||2||4||9|
|36||Giles Long||Swimming||1996 - 2004||M||3||2||2||7|
|2016 - 2020||F||3||1||1||5|
|38||Nicola Tustain||Equestrian||2000 - 2004||F||3||0||3||6|
|39||Kenny Churchill||Athletics||1992 - 2008||M||3||0||2||5|
|40||Peter Hull||Swimming||1988 - 1992||M||3||0||0||3|
|41||Martin Mansell||Swimming||1984 - 1988||M||2||5||1||8|
|1992 - 1996, 2016||F||1||4||0||5|
Multi medals at single GamesEdit
This is a list of British athletes who have won at least two gold medals in a single Games. Ordered categorically by gold (then silver then bronze) medals earned, sports then year.
Multi medals at a single eventEdit
This is a list of British athletes who have won at least two gold medals in a single event at the Summer Paralympics. Ordered categorically by medals earned, sports then gold medals earned.
|1||Sascha Kindred||Swimming||Men's 200m ind. medley||1996-2016||6||M||4||1||0||5|
|2||Tommy Taylor||Table tennis||Men's doubles||1960-1980||6||M||4||0||1||5|
|3||Anne Dunham||Equestrian||Team open||1996-2008||4||F||4||0||0||4|
|4||Stephen Miller||Athletics||Men's club throw F32/51||1996-2016||6||M||3||1||2||6|
|5||Kenny Churchill||Athletics||Men's javelin throw F36||1992-2004||4||M||3||0||1||4|
|6||Caroline Innes||Athletics||Women's 100m T36||1992-2000||3||F||2||1||0||3|
|7||Emma Brown||Powerlifting||Women's -82 kg||2000-2004||2||F||2||0||0||2|
|8||Bethany Firth||Swimming||Women's 100m backstroke S14||2016-2020||2||F||2||0||0||0|
Most successful Paralympian in a sportEdit
This is a list of British athletes who are the most successful Para-athletes in their sport at the Summer Paralympics. Ordered categorically by medals earned, sports then gold medals earned.
This is a list of British athletes who have competed in four or more Summer Paralympics. Active athletes are in bold. Athletes who were aged under 15 years of age and over 40 years of age are in bold.
|No.||Athlete||Sport(s)||Birth Year||Games Years||First/Last Age||Gender||Gold||Silver||Bronze||Total|
|1||Deanna Coates||Shooting||1954||1984 - 2012 (8)||30 - 58||F||3||3||2||8|
|Sarah Storey|| Cycling
|1973||1992 - 2020 (8)||15 - 43||F||15||8||3||26|
|2||Isabel Newstead|| Athletics
|1955||1980 - 2004 (7)||25 - 49||F||10||4||4||18|
|James Rawson||Table tennis||1965||1984 - 2008 (7)||19 - 43||M||5||1||2||8|
|Anthony Peddle||Powerlifting||1971||1988 - 2012 (7)||17 - 41||M||1||0||2||3|
|5||Robert Matthews||Athletics||1961||1984 - 2004 (6)||23 - 51||M||8||4||1||13|
|Jane Stidever||Swimming||1966||1984 - 2004 (6)||18 - 38||F||5||5||5||15|
|James Anderson||Swimming||1963||1992 - 2012 (6)||29 - 49||M||6||9||2||17|
|Jody Cundy|| Cycling
|1978||1996 - 2016 (6)||18 - 38||M||7||0||3||10|
|Stephen Miller||Athletics||1980||1996 - 2016 (6)||16 - 36||M||3||1||2||6|
|10||Christopher Holmes||Swimming||1971||1988 - 2000 (4)||17 - 29||M||9||5||1||15|
|Stephen Brunt||Athletics||1960||1988 - 2000 (4)||18 - 40||M||2||1||0||3|
Guide: Jennifer Kehoe
Guide: Charlotte Evans
Guide: Caroline Powell
|4||Denise Smith||Ice Sledge Speed Racing||1984||F||0||3||0||3|
|5||Richard Burt||Alpine Skiing||1992-1994||M||0||1||3||4|
|Wikinews has related news:|
- "London 2012 Paralympic Games | About Us". paralympic.org. IPC. Archived from the original on 1 July 2012. Retrieved 4 January 2020.
- "No place for 'NI', says Olympic Team GB", Belfast Telegraph, 10 March 2011
- "Minister urges BOA to change 'erroneous Team GB name'". BBC News. 10 March 2011. Retrieved 27 April 2011.
- "Full text of the constitution" (PDF). taoiseach.gov.ie. Department of the Taoiseach. Archived from the original (PDF) on 15 April 2005. Retrieved 17 February 2010.
- "Mike Kenny (swimmer)". Paralympians' Club. Retrieved 29 August 2012.[permanent dead link]
- "Sarah Storey Britain's greatest Paralympian of the modern era". Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 12 October 2012.
- "Meet Britain's other greatest Paralympian". Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 17 February 2012.
- Olympic Broadcasting Service, channel IPC1, Paralympics International Feed, "2012 Summer Paralympics Opening Ceremonies", airdate 29 August 2012
- Firth also won the same event in 2012 representing Ireland