Great Britain at the Paralympics
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland has participated (under the name "Great Britain") in every summer and winter Paralympic Games.
|Great Britain at the|
|NPC||British Paralympic Association|
While the Olympic Games find their origin in Greece, Britain, and specifically the Stoke Mandeville Hospital is recognised as the spiritual home of the Paralympic Games. The first Paralympic Games, held in Rome in 1960, were devised as a direct result of the Stoke Mandeville Wheelchair Games, devised by Dr Ludwig Guttmann for soldiers with spinal cord injuries, and this legacy is commemorated before each Paralympic Games since 2012 with the lighting of a 'legacy flame' at Stoke Mandeville as part of the Paralympic torch event.
Britain has performed particularly well at the Summer Paralympic Games, consistently finishing between second and fifth on the medal tables - a slightly better performance than at the Olympics. Britain has won one gold medal at the Winter Paralympics and 626 at the Summer Games. Britain is second on the all-time Paralympic Games medal table.
Although the country uses the name "Great Britain", athletes from Northern Ireland are entitled to compete as part of British delegations. Representatives of the devolved Northern Ireland government, however, have objected to the name, which they argue creates a perception that Northern Ireland is not part of the British Olympic team, and have called for the team to be renamed as Team UK.
Under the terms of a long-standing settlement between the British Olympic Association and the Olympic Council of Ireland, athletes from Northern Ireland can elect to represent Ireland at the Olympics, as Northern Irish people are legally entitled to dual citizenship.
Britain's most successful Paralympian is swimmer Mike Kenny who won 16 individual gold medals, as well as two relay silvers, in four Games. Although Great Britain has competed in every Games, the British Paralympic Committee was only founded in 1989, after Kenny's retirement. Media in Britain consistently refer to the most decorated Paralympic athletes from that year, Tanni Grey-Thompson, Dave Roberts and Sarah Storey as Britain's "greatest Paralympians", occasionally with the phrase "of the modern era", attached. The International Paralympic Committee, however, recognise all of Kenny's eighteen medals as Paralympic medals.
Britain's first Paralympic gold was earned at the 1960 Rome Games by Margaret Maughan. Her feat was recognised when Maughan was chosen to light the Paralympic Flame during the Opening Ceremony of the 2012 Summer Paralympics.
Jade Etherington and guide Caroline Powell are the first and only Britons to win four medals at a single Winter Paralympics. After winning a silver medal in the Super-G, visually impaired event on 14 March 2014, Etherington became Great Britain's most successful female Winter Paralympian.
In 2012, Great Britain became the second nation, the other being the United States, to host the Summer Paralympic Games twice.
|1984 Summer Paralympics||Stoke Mandeville||22 July – 1 August||41||1100||603|
|2012 Summer Paralympics||London||29 August – 9 September||164||4302||503|
- *Red border colour indicates tournament was held on home soil.
Medals by Summer GamesEdit
Medals by Winter GamesEdit
(Last updated: 19 March 2018)
Athletes in bold are still active
Summer Paralympic multi medallistsEdit
Athletes who have won more than three gold medals or five medals.
|1||Mike Kenny||Swimming||1976 – 1988||M||16||2||0||18|
|1992 – 2016||F||14||8||3||25|
|3||Tanni Grey-Thompson||Athletics||1988 – 2000||F||11||4||1||16|
|4||David Roberts||Swimming||2000 – 2008||M||11||4||1||16|
|5||Lee Pearson||Equestrian||2000 - 2016||M||11||2||1||14|
|1984 - 2004||F||10||4||4||18|
|1964 - 1976, 1988||F||10||2||5||17|
|8||Robin Surgeoner||Swimming||1984 - 1988||M||9||0||0||9|
|9||Robert Matthews||Athletics||1984 - 2004||M||8||4||1||13|
|10||Sophie Christiansen||Equestrian||2004 - 2016||F||8||1||1||10|
|11||James Anderson||Swimming||1992 - 2012||M||6||9||2||17|
|1964 - 1976||F||6||4||2||12|
|1960 - 1968||M||6||3||6||15|
|14||Darren Kenny||Cycling||2004 - 2012||M||6||3||1||10|
|15||David Weir||Athletics||2004 - 2016||M||6||2||2||10|
|16||Janice Burton||Swimming||1984 - 1996||F||5||10||5||20|
|17||James Muirhead||Swimming||1976 - 1984||M||5||5||3||13|
|1960 - 1972||F||5||2||0||7|
|David Ellis||Swimming||1964 - 1972||M||5||2||0||7|
|20||Ellie Simmonds||Swimming||2008 - 2016||M||5||1||2||8|
|21||Anne Dunham||Equestrian||1996 - 2008||F||5||1||1||7|
|22||Colin Keay||Athletics||1984 - 1988||M||5||1||0||6|
|23||Michael Walker||Athletics||1988 - 1992||M||5||0||0||5|
|Hannah Cockroft||Athletics||2012 - 2016||F||5||0||0||5|
|Natasha Baker||Equestrian||2012 - 2016||F||5||0||0||5|
|1960 - 1980||F||4||2||0||6|
|Deborah Criddle||Equestrian||2004 - 2012||F||4||2||0||6|
|28||Caroline Innes||Athletics||1992 - 2000||F||4||1||0||5|
|29||James Crisp||Swimming||2000 - 2012||M||3||6||3||12|
|30||Margaret McEleny||Swimming||1992 - 2004||F||3||5||7||15|
|1988 - 2004, 2016||F||3||4||6||13|
|32||Nigel Coultas||Athletics||1988 - 1992||M||3||4||0||7|
|33||Stephen Payton||Athletics||1996 - 2008||M||3||2||4||9|
|34||Nicola Tustain||Equestrian||2000 - 2004||F||3||0||3||6|
|35||Kenny Churchill||Athletics||1992 - 2008||M||3||0||2||5|
|36||Peter Hull||Swimming||1988 - 1992||M||3||0||0||3|
|37||Martin Mansell||Swimming||1984 - 1988||M||2||5||1||8|
Multi medals at single GamesEdit
This is a list of British athletes who have won at least two gold medals in a single Games. Ordered categorically by gold medals earned, sports then year.
Multi medals at a single eventEdit
This is a list of British athletes who have won at least two gold medals in a single event at the Summer Paralympics. Ordered categorically by medals earned, sports then gold medals earned.
|1||Sascha Kindred||Swimming||Men's 200m ind. medley||1996-2016||6||M||4||1||0||5|
|2||Tommy Taylor||Table tennis||Men's doubles||1960-1980||6||M||4||0||1||5|
|3||Anne Dunham||Equestrian||Team open||1996-2008||4||F||4||0||0||4|
|4||Stephen Miller||Athletics||Men's club throw F32/51||1996-2016||6||M||3||1||2||6|
|5||Kenny Churchill||Athletics||Men's javelin throw F36||1992-2004||4||M||3||0||1||4|
|6||Caroline Innes||Athletics||Women's 100m T36||1992-2000||3||F||2||1||0||3|
|7||Emma Brown||Powerlifting||Women's -82 kg||2000-2004||2||F||2||0||0||2|
This is a list of British athletes who have competed in four or more Summer Paralympics. Active athletes are in bold. Athletes who were aged under 15 years of age and over 40 years of age are in bold.
|No.||Athlete||Sport(s)||Birth Year||Games Years||First/Last Age||Gender||Gold||Silver||Bronze||Total|
|1||Deanna Coates||Shooting||1954||1984-2012 (8)||30 - 58||F||3||3||2||8|
|2||Isabel Newstead|| Athletics
|1955||1980 - 2004 (7)||25 - 49||F||10||4||4||18|
|James Rawson||Table tennis||1965||1984 - 2008 (7)||19 - 43||M||5||1||2||8|
|Anthony Peddle||Powerlifting||1971||1988 - 2012 (7)||17 - 41||M||1||0||2||3|
|5||Robert Matthews||Athletics||1961||1984 - 2004 (6)||23 - 51||M||8||4||1||13|
|Jane Stidever||Swimming||1966||1984 - 2004 (6)||18 - 38||F||5||5||5||15|
|James Anderson||Swimming||1963||1992 - 2012 (6)||29 - 49||M||6||9||2||17|
|Jody Cundy|| Cycling
|1978||1996 - 2016 (6)||18 - 38||M||7||0||3||10|
|Stephen Miller||Athletics||1980||1996 - 2016 (6)||16 - 36||M||3||1||2||6|
|10||Christopher Holmes||Swimming||1971||1988 - 2000 (4)||17 - 29||M||9||5||1||15|
|Stephen Brunt||Athletics||1960||1988 - 2000 (4)||18 - 40||M||2||1||0||3|
Guide: Jennifer Kehoe
Guide: Charlotte Evans
Guide: Caroline Powell
|4||Denise Smith||Ice Sledge Speed Racing||1984||F||0||3||0||3|
|5||Richard Burt||Alpine Skiing||1992-1994||M||0||1||3||4|
|Wikinews has related news: Preparedness for 2012 Paralympic Games differs between National Paralympic Committees|
- "London 2012 Paralympic Games | About Us". paralympic.org. IPC. Archived from the original on 1 July 2012. Retrieved 4 January 2020.
- "No place for 'NI', says Olympic Team GB", Belfast Telegraph, 10 March 2011
- "Minister urges BOA to change 'erroneous Team GB name'". BBC News. 10 March 2011. Retrieved 27 April 2011.
- "Full text of the constitution" (PDF). taoiseach.gov.ie. Department of the Taoiseach. Archived from the original (PDF) on 15 April 2005. Retrieved 17 February 2010.
- "Mike Kenny (swimmer)". Paralympians' Club. Retrieved 29 August 2012.[permanent dead link]
- "Sarah Storey Britain's greatest Paralympian of the modern era". Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 12 October 2012.
- "Meet Britain's other greatest Paralympian". Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 17 February 2012.
- Olympic Broadcasting Service, channel IPC1, Paralympics International Feed, "2012 Summer Paralympics Opening Ceremonies", airdate 29 August 2012
- "Winter Paralympics: Jade Etherington and Caroline Powell claim fourth medal". The Guardian. 14 March 2014. Retrieved 14 March 2014.
- "Etherington becomes GB's most successful female Winter paralympian". ESPN. 14 March 2014. Retrieved 15 March 2014.