Open main menu

Athletics at the Summer Paralympics

Athletics has been contested at every Summer Paralympics since the first games in 1960. Men and women from all disability groups compete in the sport.

Athletics at the Summer Paralympics
Athletics pictogram (Paralympics).svg
Governing bodyIPC
Events160 (men: 100; women: 60)
Games

Some athletes use wheelchairs or prosthetic limbs.

Visually impaired athletes participate in running events with the help of a sighted guide, to whom they may be attached by a tether. Sound-emitting devices or a sighted "caller" are used to indicate target areas for throwing events, take-off points for jumping events, and other important locations for visually impaired competitors.[1]

Contents

ClassificationEdit

Athletes compete in various classes which group them according to their impairments and abilities.

Class Criteria
T/F11 From no light perception at all in either eye, up to and including the ability to perceive light; inability to recognize objects or contours in any direction and at any distance.
T/F12 Ability to recognise objects up to a distance of 2 metres i.e. below 2/60 and/or visual field of less than five (5) degrees
T/F13 Can recognise contours between 2 and 6 metres away i.e. 2/60 O 6/60 and visual field of more than five (5) degrees and less than twenty (20) degrees.
T/F20 Athletes who have a recognised intellectual impairment according to international standards as recognised by the World Health Organisation i.e. IQ testing of 75 and below.
T/F33 Moderate quadriplegia. Fair functional strength and moderate problems in upper extremities and torso. Wheelchair for daily activities but may be ambulant with assistive devices.
T/F34 Moderate to severe problems in lower limbs, good functional strength and minimal control problems in upper limbs and torso. Wheelchair for daily activities but may be ambulant with assistive devices
T/F35 Good functional strength and minimal control problems in upper limbs. No wheelchair. May or may not use assistive devices.
T/F36 Greater upper limb involvement, less coordination / balance problems when running or throwing. Ambulates without walking devices.
T/F37 Moderate to minimal hemiplegia (i.e. one half of the body affected - arm and leg on same side). Good functional ability in non affected side. Walks / runs without assistive devices, but with a limp.
T/F38 Minimal hemiplegia. May have minimal coordination problems, good balance. Runs and jumps freely
T40 Les Autres- French for "The Others"- disabilities that do not fall into any specific categories, for example Dwarfism. Height limit, Males 145cm, Females 140cm.
T42 Single leg, above or through knee amputation. Combined lower plus upper limb amputations. Minimal disability.
T43 Double leg, below knee amputation. Combined lower plus upper limb amputations. Normal function in throwing arm.
T44 Single leg below knee amputation. Combined lower plus upper limb amputations. Ambulant with moderately reduced function in one or both lower limbs
T45 Double arm above elbow. Double arm below elbow
T46 Single arm, above elbow. Single arm, below elbow. Normal function in both lower limbs. Other impairments in trunk. Upper limb function in throwing.
T52 Damage to spinal cord in the higher parts of the back. Substantially impaired or no trunk function; no leg function. Pushing power comes from elbow extensions.
T53 Impaired trunk movements, some with no spinal control. Some interference in their ability to perform long and forceful strokes and the ability to rapidly grasp and release the pushing rim of the wheel.
T54 Have normal or nearly normal upper limb function. May have no upper trunk movements and when pushing, the trunk is usually lying on the legs. Those with almost normal trunk function are able to perform long and forceful strokes. Double above the knee amputations.
F52 Limited arm function. Difficulty gripping with non-throwing arm.

Shot - Unable to form a fist and therefore do not usually have finger contact with the shot at the release point. Discus - Have difficulty placing fingers over the edge of the discus. Javelin - Usually grip the Javelin between the index and middle fingers, or between the middle and ring fingers.

F53 Have nearly normal grip with non-throwing arm.

Shot - Usually a good fist can be made. Can spread fingers apart and can 'grasp' the shot put when throwing. Discus - Have good finger function to hold the discus and may be able to impart spin on the discus. Are able to spread and close the fingers, but not with normal power. Javelin - Usually grip javelin between the thumb and the index finger. Have ability to hold javelin.

F54 Normal arm function; no trunk or leg function.

Shot, Discus and Javelin - Have no sitting balance and usually hold on to part of chair whilst throwing

F55 Some trunk function; no leg function. Fair to good sitting balance.
F56 Trunk function with some upper leg function. Good balance and movements backwards and forwards.
F57 Usually one 'good' leg and one 'bad' leg. Good movements backwards and forwards, usually to one side. Can raise from a sitting to a standing position with assistance during the throw.
F58 Seated. Better function than F57 athletes, but not enough to stand to throw. Usually similar impairment in both legs.

[2]

Medal summaryEdit

Medal tableEdit

Updated to 2016 Summer Paralympics. Countries in italics are former countries who participated in the Paralympic Games.

RankNationGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1  United States (USA)3803663211067
2  Canada (CAN)197161162520
3  Great Britain (GBR)196158176530
4  China (CHN)16013689385
5  Australia (AUS)151155157463
6  West Germany (FRG)140125121386
7  Poland (POL)11210487303
8  Spain (ESP)766052188
9  France (FRA)738373229
10  South Africa (RSA)675452173
11  Germany (GER)6691100257
12  Mexico (MEX)626363188
13  Switzerland (SUI)606559184
14  Japan (JPN)576348168
15  Sweden (SWE)554834137
16  Italy (ITA)525463169
17  Belgium (BEL)524532129
18  Finland (FIN)456152158
19  Austria (AUT)436265170
20  Russia (RUS)43302194
21  Brazil (BRA)406135136
22  Ireland (IRL)383856132
23  Tunisia (TUN)38342193
24  Denmark (DEN)36241676
25  Israel (ISR)353739111
26  Netherlands (NED)334642121
27  New Zealand (NZL)33352492
28  Ukraine (UKR)324041113
29  Iran (IRI)30222678
30  Cuba (CUB)30151661
31  Norway (NOR)26292681
32  Egypt (EGY)25273587
33  South Korea (KOR)21161754
34  Soviet Union (URS)219636
35  Algeria (ALG)20182765
36  Kenya (KEN)18141345
37  Portugal (POR)17142051
38  Argentina (ARG)15312874
39  Czech Republic (CZE)15191650
40  Jamaica (JAM)1481335
41  Nigeria (NGR)133218
42  Thailand (THA)12141137
43  Morocco (MAR)127726
44  Kuwait (KUW)11151541
45  Unified Team (EUN)1110728
46  Belarus (BLR)10171946
47  Yugoslavia (YUG)10111637
48  Hong Kong (HKG)871732
49  Greece (GRE)5152343
50  Lithuania (LTU)591226
51  Bulgaria (BUL)56314
52  Latvia (LAT)54615
53  Rhodesia (RHO)45514
54  Croatia (CRO)441220
55  Angola (ANG)4318
56  Czechoslovakia (TCH)42612
57  Serbia (SRB)4217
58  Azerbaijan (AZE)36716
59  India (IND)3429
60  Panama (PAN)3418
61  Uzbekistan (UZB)3137
62  Ivory Coast (CIV)3115
  Trinidad and Tobago (TTO)3115
64  Malaysia (MAS)3025
65  Hungary (HUN)210618
66  Slovenia (SLO)24511
67  Bahrain (BRN)23510
68  Namibia (NAM)2338
69  Myanmar (MYA)2327
  Zimbabwe (ZIM)2327
71  Iraq (IRQ)2215
72  Slovakia (SVK)2147
73  Chinese Taipei (TPE)2002
74  Iceland (ISL)15612
75  United Arab Emirates (UAE)15511
76  Colombia (COL)1359
77  Indonesia (INA)1337
78  Estonia (EST)1326
79  Puerto Rico (PUR)1225
80  Saudi Arabia (KSA)1214
81  Independent Paralympic Participants (IPP)1102
82  Botswana (BOT)1001
  Chile (CHI)1001
  Dominican Republic (DOM)1001
  Fiji (FIJ)1001
  Sudan (SUD)1001
87  Venezuela (VEN)05813
88  Jordan (JOR)0426
89  East Germany (GDR)0303
90  Bahamas (BAH)0224
91  Luxembourg (LUX)0213
92  Cyprus (CYP)0202
  Ethiopia (ETH)0202
94  Palestine (PLE)0123
95  Malta (MLT)0112
96  Pakistan (PAK)0101
  Papua New Guinea (PNG)0101
  Uganda (UGA)0101
99  Sri Lanka (SRI)0022
100  Cape Verde (CPV)0011
  Moldova (MDA)0011
  Mozambique (MOZ)0011
  Peru (PER)0011
  Rwanda (RWA)0011
  Serbia and Montenegro (SCG)0011
  Turkey (TUR)0011
  Uruguay (URU)0011
  Vietnam (VIE)0011
Totals (108 nations)2803275026038156

Multi-medallistsEdit

Athletes who achieved more than three medals in the Paralympic Games. Updated to 2016 Summer Paralympics.

T/F11 - 13Edit

No. Athlete Country Class Years Athletic event Gold Silver Bronze Total
1 Maher Bouallegue   Tunisia T13 2000-2004 800m
1500m
5000m
10000m
6 1 0 7
2 José Sayovo   Angola T11 2004-2012 100m
200m
400m
4 3 2 9
3 Li Duan   China F11 2000-2012 Long jump
Triple jump
4 2 2 8
4 Adekundo Adesoji   Nigeria T12 2004 100m
200m
400m
3 0 0 3
Royal Mitchell   United States T13 2000-2008 100m
200m
400m
4x100m relay
3 0 0 3
6 Odair Santos   Brazil T11 2004-2016 800m
1500m
5000m
10000m
0 4 4 8
7 Li Yansong   China T12 2008-2012 100m
200m
400m
4x100m relay
2 3 2 7
8 Nathan Meyer   South Africa T13 2000-2004 100m
200m
2 1 0 3
9 Ildar Pomykalov   Russia T12 1996-2008 5000m
Marathon
2 0 2 4
10 Carlos Amaral Ferreira   Portugal T11 1996-2004 10000m
Marathon
1 3 1 5
11 André Andrade   Brazil T13 2000-2008 100m
200m
1 3 0 4
12 Diosmani Gonzalez   Cuba T12 1996-2004 5000m
10000m
1 2 0 3
13 José Alves   Portugal T13 2000-2004 100m
200m
400m
4x100m relay
4x400m relay
1 0 3 4
14 Luis Bullido   Spain T11 2000-2004 100m
200m
400m
4x400m relay
0 4 1 5
15 Lex Gillette   United States F11 2004-2016 Long jump 0 4 0 4
16 Jason Dunkerley   Canada T11 2000-2012 800m
1500m
5000m
0 3 2 5
17 Ricardo Santana   Venezuela T12 2000-2008 100m
200m
4x100m relay
0 2 3 5
18 Kestutis Bartkenas   Lithuania T11/13 1996-2004 5000m
10000m
0 1 3 4
Oleksandr Ivaniukhin   Ukraine T11/F11/P11 2000-2008 100m
200m
400m
Long jump
Triple jump
Pentathlon
0 1 3 4
Gautier Makunda   France T11 2004-2012 100m
4x100m relay
0 1 3 4
21 Stuart McGregor   Canada T13 1996-2004 800m
1500m
0 1 2 3

T/F32 - 38Edit

No. Athlete Country Class Years Athletic event(s) Gender Gold Silver Bronze Total
1 So Wa Wai   Hong Kong T36 1996-2012 100m
200m
400m
4x100m relay
M 6 3 3 12
2 Alex Hermans   Belgium C6 1980-2000 Discus throw
Long jump
Shot put
M 6 1 1 8
3 Darren Thrupp   Australia F/T37 1992-2008 100m
200m
4x100m relay
Long jump
M 6 0 3 9
4 David Larson   United States C3-4/T33 1988-2000 100m
200m
400m
800m
M 5 0 3 8
5 Mohamed Allek   Algeria T36-37 1996-2008 100m
200m
400m
M 5 0 1 6
6 Benny Govaerts   Belgium C7/T37 1988-2004 800m
1500m
5000m
M 4 1 2 7
7 Kim Du-chun   South Korea C6/T35 1988-2000 100m
200m
400m
M 4 1 1 6
8 Peter Haber   Germany C7/T36/F36 1992-2000 100m
200m
400m
Long jump
M 3 5 0 8
9 Willem Noorduin   Netherlands C5/F35 1988-2008 Discus throw
Shot put
M 3 4 2 9
10 Malcolm Pringle   South Africa T37/38 1996-2004 400m
800m
1500m
M 3 3 1 7
11 Stephen Payton   Great Britain T37/38 1996-2008 100m
200m
400m
4x100m relay
M 3 2 4 9
12 Freeman Register   United States C5-6/T35 1992-2000 100m
200m
4x100m relay
M 3 1 2 6
13 Andrzej Wrobel   Poland C7-8/T37 1992-2000 800m
1500m
M 3 1 1 5
14 James Shaw   Canada F34/37 1996-2004 Discus throw
Javelin throw
Shot put
M 3 0 1
15 Ross Davis   United States C3-4/T34 1992-2000 100m
200m
400m
800m
M 2 4 3 9
16 Ahmed Hassan Mahmoud   Egypt C7/T36-37 1992-2000 100m
200m
400m
M 1 1 4 6
17 Shing Chung Chan   Hong Kong C7-8/T38 1988-2000 100m
4x100m relay
M 1 1 3 5
18 Fernando Gomez   Spain T35 1996 100m
200m
400m
4x100m relay
M 0 3 0 3
19 Lamouri Rahmouni   France T36 1992-2000 400m
4x100m relay
M 0 2 1 3

T/F42 - 46Edit

T/F52 - 58Edit

EventsEdit

Note that not all events at a particular games are competed across all classifications

Men's eventsEdit

Event 60 64 68 72 76 80 84 88 92 96 00 04 08 12 16
Current program
100 metres
200 metres
400 metres
800 metres
1500 metres
5000 metres
Marathon
4 × 100 metres relay
High jump
Long jump
Shot put
Discus throw
Javelin throw
Club throw
Past events
20 metres
60 metres
80 metres
10,000 meters
1500 metres race walk
5000 metres walk
4 x 40 metres relay
4 x 60 metres relay
4 x 80 metres relay
4 x 200 metres relay
4 × 400 metres relay
Triple jump
Precision javelin
Football accuracy
Football distance
Slalom
Pentathlon

Women's eventsEdit

Event 60 64 68 72 76 80 84 88 92 96 00 04 08 12 16
Current program
100 metres
200 metres
400 metres
800 metres
1500 metres
5000 metres
Marathon
4 × 100 metres relay
Long jump
Shot put
Discus throw
Javelin throw
Club throw
Past events
20 metres
4 x 40 metre relay
4 x 60 metre relay
4 x 200 metre relay
60 metres
1000 metres cross country
3000 metres
10,000 metres
High jump
Precision club throw
Precision javelin
Slalom
Pentathlon

NationsEdit

Event 60 64 68 72 76 80 84 88 92 96 00 04 08 12 16 Years
  Afghanistan (AFG) 2 1 2
  Algeria (ALG) 2 7 6 14 23 23 21 7
  Angola (ANG) 2 1 4 6 4 4 6
  Antigua and Barbuda (ANT) 1 1
  Argentina (ARG) 9 18 19 15 5 6 6 9 6 10 9 8 8 12 14
  Australia (AUS) 3 4 22 21 26 36 54 76 49 42 65 43 47 43 45 15
  Austria (AUT) 5 6 20 27 37 36 30 24 18 18 17 15 7 6 5 15
  Azerbaijan (AZE) 1 3 6 7 8 10 6
  Bahamas (BAH) 1 6 6 2 4 5
  Bahrain (BRN) 12 9 3 4 2 3 2 2 2 9
  Bangladesh (BAN) 1 1 2
  Belarus (BLR) 8 16 16 18 7 6 6
  Belgium (BEL) 10 10 23 37 18 15 18 11 7 3 3 3 5 13
  Benin (BEN) 1 1 1 1 4
  Bermuda (BER) 1 1 2
  Bosnia and Herzegovina (BIH) 2 1 1 2 1 2 6
  Botswana (BOT) 1 1 2
  Brazil (BRA) 7 15 1 25 34 13 12 10 17 47 35 61 12
  Brunei (BRU) 1 1
  Bulgaria (BUL) 3 5 4 4 6 7 7 5 8
  Burkina Faso (BUR) 1 1
  Burundi (BDI) 3 1 1 3
  Cambodia (CAM) 2 1 1 1 4
  Cameroon (CMR) 1 1
  Canada (CAN) 22 35 66 66 114 79 47 40 44 39 26 22 22 13
  Cape Verde (CPV) 1 1 1 2 4
  Central African Republic (CAF) 1 1 1 3
  Chile (CHI) 1 1 1 1 4 5
  China (CHN) 12 19 12 15 27 74 80 80 75 9
  Chinese Taipei (TPE) 5 4 1 4 1 4 2 7
  Colombia (COL) 10 8 11 3 2 1 1 1 11 19 10
  Republic of the Congo (CGO) 1 1
  Costa Rica (CRC) 2 1 1 1 4
  Croatia (CRO) 1 3 7 6 13 14 11 7
  Cuba (CUB) 8 8 7 15 17 11 11 7
  Cyprus (CYP) 3 2 3 2 1 1 1 1 8
  Czech Republic (CZE) 14 20 21 25 15 11 6
  Czechoslovakia (TCH) 19 5 14 3
  Democratic Republic of the Congo (COD) 2 1 2
  Denmark (DEN) 1 13 25 11 7 3 3 5 4 3 6 7 12
  Djibouti (DJI) 1 1
  Dominican Republic (DOM) 1 2 2 1 1 1 6
  East Germany (GDR) 4 1
  Ecuador (ECU) 2 2 3 2 2 1 5 7
  Egypt (EGY) 1 23 28 18 9 3 17 14 15 6 6 7 12
  El Salvador (ESA) 1 2 1 1 4
  Estonia (EST) 3 4 4 1 2 2 6
  Ethiopia (ETH) 2 1 1 2 4 5 6
  Fiji (FIJ) 8 2 2 1 1 1 1 7
  Finland (FIN) 2 15 40 49 34 24 13 11 4 5 4 7 7 13
  France (FRA) 1 1 12 11 8 21 27 20 18 21 24 27 25 25 20 15
  Gabon (GAB) 1 1 1 3
  The Gambia (GAM) 2 1 2
  Germany (GER) 4 4 63 61 70 53 42 33 38 9
  Ghana (GHA) 2 2 2 1 4
  Great Britain (GBR) 3 11 33 33 30 36 130 64 62 62 46 35 35 48 54 15
  Greece (GRE) 1 5 3 2 5 11 19 32 29 25 18 11
  Guatemala (GUA) 2 1 1 1 4
  Guinea (GUI) 1 1 1 3
  Guinea-Bissau (GBS) 2 1 2
  Haiti (HAI) 2 1 2
  Honduras (HON) 2 1 2 1 1 5
  Hong Kong (HKG) 9 9 6 17 14 6 5 7 3 2 2 1 12
  Hungary (HUN) 4 1 12 4 6 6 8 2 4 5 10
  Iceland (ISL) 3 5 3 2 2 2 1 2 2 1 10
  Individual Paralympic Athletes (IPA) 1 1 2
  Independent Paralympic Participants (IPP) 7 1
  India (IND) 9 9 4 2 9 7 1 10 2 5 15 11
  Indonesia (INA) 12 12 8 10 3 1 2 7
  Iran (IRI) 17 14 7 12 28 14 16 26 8
  Iraq (IRQ) 7 3 3 1 8 6 6
  Ireland (IRL) 1 2 11 12 17 43 33 28 28 17 11 10 10 10 14
  Israel (ISR) 4 26 19 32 14 10 4 5 3 2 1 1 1 1 14
  Italy (ITA) 9 7 22 13 15 28 34 39 27 18 21 20 10 11 13 15
  Ivory Coast (CIV) 1 1 2 2 4 5
  Jamaica (JAM) 7 17 13 1 4 3 3 3 4 4 3 3 12
  Japan (JPN) 1 38 24 31 24 28 64 20 19 38 34 31 36 36 14
  Jordan (JOR) 7 4 4 2 3 5 3 1 8
  Kazakhstan (KAZ) 1 6 1 3 1 5
  Kenya (KEN) 3 17 13 8 13 16 12 15 12 13 7 11
  Kuwait (KUW) 9 17 18 13 11 16 10 3 5 5 10
  Latvia (LAT) 2 5 5 7 4 6 4 7
  Lebanon (LBN) 2 1
  Lesotho (LES) 2 2 1 1 2 5
  Libya (LBA) 1 1 2
  Liechtenstein (LIE) 1 1 2
  Lithuania (LTU) 4 8 9 11 8 4 4 7
  Luxembourg (LUX) 3 1 2
  Macau (MAC) 7 2 1 1 1 1 1 7
  Madagascar (MAD) 1 1 1 3
  Malawi (MAW) 1 1
  Malaysia (MAS) 3 9 5 3 3 2 1 8 9 9
  Mali (MLI) 1 2 2
  Malta (MLT) 2 1 6 8 3 1 6
  Mauritania (MTN) 1 1 2 3
  Mauritius (MRI) 2 2 1 1 1 5
  Mexico (MEX) 5 29 23 47 20 13 15 24 40 34 38 27 12
  Moldova (MDA) 3 6 2 1 4
  Mongolia (MGL) 1 2 1 1 4
  Montenegro (MNE) 1 1 2
  Morocco (MAR) 5 2 2 1 6 14 15 14 8
  Mozambique (MOZ) 2 1 2
  Myanmar (MYA) 4 10 1 1 1 1 6
  Namibia (NAM) 2 1 4 7 4
  Nepal (NEP) 1 1 2 1 4
  Netherlands (NED) 1 3 14 13 17 29 16 15 15 7 8 9 8 11 14 15
  New Zealand (NZL) 12 10 12 15 10 11 6 7 9 7 5 3 8 13
  Nicaragua (NCA) 1 2 2 3
  Niger (NIG) 1 2 2 3
  Nigeria (NGR) 1 1 4 4 9 9 6 7
  North Korea (PRK) 2 1
  Norway (NOR) 8 5 15 21 31 11 9 4 8 5 2 1 2 13
  Oman (OMA) 5 4 2 1 1 2 6
  Pakistan (PAK) 1 9 2 2 1 5
  Palestine (PLE) 2 2 2 2 1 5
  Panama (PAN) 2 1 1 1 1 2 2 7
  Papua New Guinea (PNG) 4 2 2 1 2 5
  Peru (PER) 1 1 1 5 4
  Philippines (PHI) 3 1 1 1 4
  Poland (POL) 9 18 43 20 17 10 17 27 25 29 31 31 12
  Portugal (POR) 15 10 11 12 16 11 13 15 17 9
  Puerto Rico (PUR) 5 3 2 2 1 1 1 7
  Qatar (QAT) 1 1 1 1 3 5
  Rhodesia (RHO) 3 7 4 3
  Romania (ROU) 1 2 2
  Russia (RUS) 20 22 24 39 53 5
  Rwanda (RWA) 2 1 2 1 4
  Samoa (SAM) 1 2 1 2 2 5
  San Marino (SMR) 1 1
  São Tomé and Príncipe (STP) 1 1
  Saudi Arabia (KSA) 4 2 2 3 3 5
  Senegal (SEN) 2 2 1 2 4
  Serbia (SRB) 6 4 6 3
  Serbia and Montenegro (SCG) 1 2 2
  Seychelles (SEY) 2 1 2
  Sierra Leone (SLE) 1 1 2
  Singapore (SGP) 7 4 1 1 2 1 3 7
  Slovakia (SVK) 4 8 5 5 4 2 6
  Slovenia (SLO) 5 4 5 3 4 4 1 7
  Solomon Islands (SOL) 1 1
  Somalia (SOM) 1 1
  South Africa (RSA) 3 8 19 33 8 18 29 24 17 25 19 11
  South Korea (KOR) 2 2 1 24 5 47 12 16 8 9 8 6 5 13
  Soviet Union (URS) 14 1
  Spain (ESP) 5 6 16 14 7 11 67 59 56 36 24 24 22 13
  Sri Lanka (SRI) 1 1 1 3 5 7 6
  Sudan (SUD) 10 2 2
  Suriname (SUR) 2 1 1 1 4
  Sweden (SWE) 14 20 25 25 13 14 15 14 6 6 7 5 12
  Switzerland (SUI) 1 16 28 38 45 26 20 19 18 18 15 14 12 11 14
  Syria (SYR) 1 2 1 3
  Tajikistan (TJK) 1 1
  Tanzania (TAN) 2 1 1 1 4
  Thailand (THA) 1 6 4 3 12 12 11 15 13 9
  East Timor (TLS) 1 2 2
  Tonga (TGA) 1 1 1 1 2 5
  Trinidad and Tobago (TTO) 7 1 1 2 4
  Tunisia (TUN) 1 1 3 9 22 33 31 31 8
  Turkey (TUR) 1 1 5 10 4
  Turkmenistan (TKM) 1 1
  Uganda (UGA) 2 1 1 2 1 5
  Ukraine (UKR) 7 22 24 28 31 26 6
  Unified Team (EUN) 19 1
  United Arab Emirates (UAE) 4 12 9 5 11 11 6
  United States (USA) 2 24 61 43 70 95 167 195 122 109 73 42 43 54 73 15
  Uruguay (URU) 2 1 1 1 1 1 6
  Uzbekistan (UZB) 6 11 2
  Vanuatu (VAN) 2 1 2
  Venezuela (VEN) 5 3 1 6 16 15 13 7
  Vietnam (VIE) 1 1 3 3 3 5
  Virgin Islands (ISV) 1 1
  West Germany (FRG) 1 39 49 63 77 74 64 7
  Yemen (YEM) 2 1
  Yugoslavia (YUG) 20 24 16 10 2 2 6
  Zambia (ZAM) 1 2 1 2 4
  Zimbabwe (ZIM) 3 7 2 2 2 2 1 1 8
Nations 10 16 26 39 39 40 51 57 74 84 104 116 111 141 146
Competitors 31 82 423 549 774 936 1198 1141 928 908 1044 1064 1028 1133 1140
Year 60 64 68 72 76 80 84 88 92 96 00 04 08 12 16

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit